10. Ek±dasakanip±to

1. Kis±gotam²ther²g±th±vaººan±

Ek±dasakanip±te kaly±ºamittat±ti-±dik± kis±gotamiy± theriy± g±th±. Aya½ kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patv± ekadivasa½ satthu santike dhamma½ suºant² satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhuni½ l³khac²varadh±r²na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi. S± kappasatasahassa½ devamanussesu sa½sarant² imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ duggatakule nibbatti. Gotam²tiss± n±ma½ ahosi. Kisasar²rat±ya pana “kis±gotam²”ti vohar²yittha. Ta½ patikula½ gata½ duggatakulassa dh²t±ti paribhavi½su. S± eka½ putta½ vij±yi. Puttal±bhena cass± samm±na½ aka½su. So panass± putto ±dh±vitv± paridh±vitv± k²¼anak±le k±lamak±si. Tenass± sokumm±do uppajji.
S± “aha½ pubbe paribhavapatt± hutv± puttassa j±tak±lato paµµh±ya sakk±ra½ p±puºi½ ime mayha½ putta½ bahi cha¹¹etumpi v±yamant²”ti sokumm±davasena mataka¼evara½ aªken±d±ya “puttassa me bhesajja½ deth±”ti gehadv±rapaµip±µiy± nagare vicarati. Manuss± “bhesajja½ kuto”ti paribh±santi. S± tesa½ katha½ na gaºh±ti. Atha na½ eko paº¹itapuriso “aya½ puttasokena cittavikkhepa½ patt±, etiss± bhesajja½ dasabaloyeva j±nissat²”ti cintetv±, “amma, tava puttassa bhesajja½ samm±sambuddha½ upasaªkamitv± pucch±”ti ±ha. S± satthu dhammadesan±vel±ya½ vih±ra½ gantv± “puttassa me bhesajja½ detha bhagav±”ti ±ha. Satth± tass± upanissaya½ disv± “gaccha nagara½ pavisitv± yasmi½ gehe koci matapubbo natthi, tato siddhatthaka½ ±har±”ti ±ha. S± “s±dhu, bhante”ti tuµµham±nas± nagara½ pavisitv± paµhamageheyeva “satth± mama puttassa bhesajjatth±ya siddhatthaka½ ±har±peti. Sace etasmi½ gehe koci matapubbo natthi, siddhatthaka½ me deth±”ti ±ha. Ko idha mate gaºetu½ sakkot²ti. Ki½ tena hi ala½ siddhatthakeh²ti dutiya½ tatiya½ ghara½ gantv± buddh±nubh±vena vigatumm±d± pakaticitte µhit± cintesi– “sakalanagare ayameva niyamo bhavissati, ida½ hit±nukampin± bhagavat± diµµha½ bhavissat²”ti sa½vega½ labhitv± tatova bahi nikkhamitv± putta½ ±makasus±ne cha¹¹etv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Na g±madhammo nigamassa dhammo, na c±piya½ ekakulassa dhammo;
sabbassa lokassa sadevakassa, eseva dhammo yadida½ aniccat±”ti. (Apa. ther² 2.3.82).
Evañca pana vatv± satthu santika½ agam±si. Atha na½ satth± “laddho te, gotami, siddhatthako”ti ±ha. “Niµµhita½, bhante, siddhatthakena kamma½, patiµµh± pana me hoth±”ti ±ha. Athass± satth±–
“Ta½ puttapasusammatta½, by±sattamanasa½ nara½;
sutta½ g±ma½ mahoghova, maccu ±d±ya gacchat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 287)–

G±tham±ha

G±th±pariyos±ne yath±µhit±va sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya satth±ra½ pabbajja½ y±ci. Satth± pabbajja½ anuj±ni. S± satth±ra½ tikkhattu½ padakkhiºa½ katv± vanditv± bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv± pabbajitv± upasampada½ labhitv± nacirasseva yonisomanasik±rena kamma½ karont² vipassana½ va¹¹hesi. Athass± satth±–
“Yo ca vassasata½ j²ve, apassa½ amata½ pada½;
ek±ha½ j²vita½ seyyo, passato amata½ padan”ti. (Dha. pa. 114)–

Ima½ obh±sag±tham±ha.

S± g±th±pariyos±ne arahatta½ p±puºitv± parikkh±ravalañje paramukkaµµh± hutv± t²hi l³khehi samann±gata½ c²vara½ p±rupitv± vicari. Atha na½ satth± jetavane nisinno bhikkhuniyo paµip±µiy± µh±nantare µhapento l³khac²varadh±r²na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi. S± attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± “satth±ra½ niss±ya may± aya½ viseso laddho”ti kaly±ºamittat±ya pasa½s±mukhena im± g±th± abh±si–
213. “Kaly±ºamittat± munin±, loka½ ±dissa vaººit±;
kaly±ºamitte bhajam±no, api b±lo paº¹ito assa.
214. “Bhajitabb± sappuris±, paññ± tath± va¹¹hati bhajant±na½;
bhajam±no sappurise, sabbehipi dukkhehi pamucceyya.
215. “Dukkhañca vij±neyya, dukkhassa ca samudaya½ nirodha½;
aµµhaªgikañca magga½, catt±ripi ariyasacc±ni.
216. “Dukkho itthibh±vo, akkh±to purisadammas±rathin±;
sapattikampi hi dukkha½, appekacc± saki½ vij±t±yo.
217. “Galake api kantanti, sukhum±liniyo vis±ni kh±danti;
janam±rakamajjhagat±, ubhopi byasan±ni anubhonti.
218. “Upavijaññ± gacchant², addas±ha½ pati½ mata½;
panthamhi vij±yitv±na, appatt±va saka½ ghara½.
219. “Dve putt± k±lakat±, pat² ca panthe mato kapaºik±ya;
m±t± pit± ca bh±t±, ¹ayhanti ca ekacitak±ya½.
220. “Kh²ºakul²ne kapaºe, anubh³ta½ te dukha½ aparim±ºa½;
ass³ ca te pavatta½, bah³ni ca j±tisahass±ni.
221. “Vasit± sus±namajjhe, athopi kh±dit±ni puttama½s±ni;
hatakulik± sabbagarahit±, matapatik± amatamadhigacchi½.
222. “Bh±vito me maggo, ariyo aµµhaªgiko amatag±m²;
nibb±na½ sacchikata½, dhamm±d±sa½ avekkhi½ha½.
223. “Ahamamhi kantasall±, ohitabh±r± katañhi karaº²ya½;
kis±gotam² ther², vimuttacitt± ima½ bhaº²”ti.
Tattha kaly±ºamittat±ti kaly±ºo bhaddo sundaro mitto etass±ti kaly±ºamitto. Yo yassa s²l±diguºasam±dapet±, aghassa gh±t±, hitassa vidh±t±, eva½ sabb±k±rena upak±ro mitto hoti, so puggalo kaly±ºamitto, tassa bh±vo kaly±ºamittat±, kaly±ºamittavantat±. Munin±ti satth±r±. Loka½ ±dissa vaººit±ti kaly±ºamitte anugantabbanti sattaloka½ uddissa–
“Sakalamevida½, ±nanda, brahmacariya½ yadida½ kaly±ºamittat± kaly±ºasah±yat± kaly±ºasampavaªkat±” (sa½. ni. 5.2). “Kaly±ºamittasseta½, meghiya, bhikkhuno p±µikaªkha½ kaly±ºasah±yassa kaly±ºasampavaªkassa ya½ s²lav± bhavissati p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharissat²”ti (ud±. 31) ca evam±din± pasa½sit±.
Kaly±ºamitte bhajam±noti-±di kaly±ºamittat±ya ±nisa½sadassana½. Tattha api b±lo paº¹ito ass±ti kaly±ºamitte bhajam±no puggalo pubbe sut±divirahena b±lopi sam±no assutasavan±din± paº¹ito bhaveyya.
Bhajitabb± sappuris±ti b±lass±pi paº¹itabh±vahetuto buddh±dayo sappuris± k±lena k±la½ upasaªkaman±din± sevitabb±. Paññ± tath± pava¹¹hati bhajant±nanti kaly±ºamitte bhajant±na½ tath± paññ± va¹¹hati br³hati p±rip³ri½ gacchati. Yath± tesu yo koci khattiy±diko bhajam±no sappurise sabbehipi j±ti-±didukkhehi pamucceyy±ti yojan±.
Muccanavidhi½ pana kaly±ºamittavidhin± dassetu½ “dukkhañca vij±neyy±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha catt±ri ariyasacc±n²ti dukkhañca dukkhasamudayañca nirodhañca aµµhaªgika½ maggañc±ti im±ni catt±ri ariyasacc±ni vij±neyya paµivijjheyy±ti yojan±.
“Dukkho itthibh±vo”ti-±dik± dve g±th± aññatar±ya yakkhiniy± itthibh±va½ garahantiy± bh±sit±. Tattha dukkho itthibh±vo akkh±toti capalat±, gabbhadh±raºa½, sabbak±la½ parapaµibaddhavuttit±ti evam±d²hi ±d²navehi itthibh±vo dukkhoti, purisadammas±rathin± bhagavat± kathito. Sapattikampi dukkhanti sapattav±so sapattiy± saddhi½ sa½v±sopi dukkho, ayampi itthibh±ve ±d²navoti adhipp±yo. Appekacc± saki½ vij±t±yoti ekacc± itthiyo ekav±rameva vij±t±, paµhamagabbhe vij±yanadukkha½ asahantiyo. Galake api kantant²ti attano g²vampi chindanti. Sukhum±liniyo vis±ni kh±dant²ti sukhum±lasar²r± attano sukhum±labh±vena kheda½ avisahantiyo vis±nipi kh±danti. Janam±rakamajjhagat±ti janam±rako vuccati m³¼hagabbho. M±tug±majanassa m±rako, majjhagat± janam±rak± kucchigat±, m³¼hagabbh±ti attho. Ubhopi byasan±ni anubhont²ti gabbho gabbhin² c±ti dvepi jan± maraºañca m±raºantikabyasan±ni ca p±puºanti. Apare pana bhaºanti “janam±rak± n±ma kiles±, tesa½ majjhagat± kilesasant±napatit± ubhopi j±y±patik± idha kilesapari¼±havasena, ±yati½ duggatiparikkilesavasena byasan±ni p±puºant²”ti. Im± kira dve g±th± s± yakkhin² purimattabh±ve attano anubh³tadukkha½ anussaritv± ±ha. Ther² pana itthibh±ve ±d²navavibh±van±ya paccanubh±sant² avoca.
“Upavijaññ± gacchant²”ti-±dik± dve g±th± paµ±c±r±ya theriy± pavatti½ ±rabbha bh±sit±. Tattha upavijaññ± gacchant²ti upagatavij±yanak±l± magga½ gacchant², apatt±va saka½ geha½ panthe vij±yitv±na pati½ mata½ addasa½ ahanti yojan±.
Kapaºik±y±ti var±k±ya. Im± kira dve g±th± paµ±c±r±ya tad± sokumm±dapatt±ya vutt±k±rassa anukaraºavasena itthibh±ve ±d²navavibh±vanatthameva theriy± vutt±.
Ubhayampeta½ ud±haraºabh±vena ±netv± id±ni attano anubh³ta½ dukkha½ vibh±vent² “kh²ºakuline”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kh²ºakulineti bhog±d²hi p±rijuññapattakulike. Kapaºeti parama-avaññ±ta½ patte. Ubhayañceta½ attano eva ±mantanavacana½. Anubh³ta½ te dukha½ aparim±ºanti imasmi½ attabh±ve, ito purimattabh±vesu v± anappaka½ dukkha½ tay± anubhavita½. Id±ni ta½ dukkha½ ekadesena vibhajitv± dassetu½ “ass³ ca te pavattan”ti-±di vutta½.Tassattho– imasmi½ anamatagge sa½s±re paribbhamantiy± bahuk±ni j±tisahass±ni sok±bhibh³t±ya assu ca pavatta½, avisesita½ katv± vuttañceta½, mah±samuddassa udakatopi bahukameva siy±.
Vasit± sus±namajjheti manussama½sakh±dik± sunakh² siªg±l² ca hutv± sus±namajjhe vusit±. Kh±dit±ni puttama½s±n²ti byagghad²pibi¼±r±dik±le puttama½s±ni kh±dit±ni. Hatakulik±ti vinaµµhakulava½s±. Sabbagarahit±ti sabbehi gharav±s²hi garahit± garahappatt±. Matapatik±ti vidhav±. Ime pana tayo pak±re purimattabh±ve attano anuppatte gahetv± vadati. Eva½bh³t±pi hutv± adhicca laddh±ya kaly±ºamittasev±ya amatamadhigacchi,nibb±na½ anuppatt±.
Id±ni tameva amat±dhigama½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassetu½ “bh±vito”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha bh±vitoti vibh±vito upp±dito va¹¹hito bh±van±bhisamayavasena paµividdho. Dhamm±d±sa½ avekkhi½hanti dhammamaya½ ±d±sa½ addakkhi½ apassi½ aha½.
Ahamamhi kantasall±ti ariyamaggena samucchinnag±r±disall± aha½ amhi. Ohitabh±r±ti oropitak±makhandhakiles±bhisaªkh±rabh±r±. Katañhi karaº²yanti pariññ±dibheda½ so¼asavidhampi kicca½ kata½ pariyosita½. Suvimuttacitt± ima½ bhaº²ti sabbaso vimuttacitt± kis±gotam² ther² imamattha½ “kaly±ºamittat±”ti-±din± g±th±bandhavasena abhaº²ti att±na½ para½ viya ther² vadati. Tatrida½ imiss± theriy± apad±na½ (apa. ther² 2.3.55-94)–
“Padumuttaro n±ma jino, sabbadhamm±na p±rag³;
ito satasahassamhi, kappe uppajji n±yako.
“Tad±ha½ ha½savatiya½, j±t± aññatare kule;
upetv± ta½ naravara½, saraºa½ samup±gami½.
“Dhammañca tassa assosi½, catusacc³pasañhita½;
madhura½ paramass±da½, vaµµasantisukh±vaha½.
“Tad± ca bhikkhuni½ v²ro, l³khac²varadh±rini½;
µhapento etadaggamhi, vaººay² purisuttamo.
“Janetv±nappaka½ p²ti½, sutv± bhikkhuniy± guºe;
k±ra½ katv±na buddhassa, yath±satti yath±bala½.
“Nipacca munivara½ ta½, ta½ µh±namabhipatthayi½;
tad±numodi sambuddho, µh±nal±bh±ya n±yako.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±d±, oras± dhammanimmit±;
kis±gotam² n±mena, hessasi satthu s±vik±.
“Ta½ sutv± mudit± hutv±, y±vaj²va½ tad± jina½;
mettacitt± paricari½, paccayehi vin±yaka½.
“Tena kammena sukatena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Imamhi bhaddake kappe, brahmabandhu mah±yaso;
kassapo n±ma gottena, uppajji vadata½ varo.
“Upaµµh±ko mahesissa, tad± ±si narissaro;
k±sir±j± kik² n±ma, b±r±ºasipuruttame.
“Pañcam² tassa dh²t±si½, dhamm± n±mena vissut±;
dhamma½ sutv± jinaggassa, pabbajja½ samarocayi½.
“Anuj±ni na no t±to, ag±reva tad± maya½;
v²savassasahass±ni, vicarimha atandit±.
“Kom±ribrahmacariya½, r±jakaññ± sukhedhit±;
buddhopaµµh±nanirat±, mudit± satta dh²taro.
“Samaº² samaºagutt± ca, bhikkhun² bhikkhud±yik±;
dhamm± ceva sudhamm± ca, sattam² saªghad±yik±.
“Khem± uppalavaºº± ca, paµ±c±r± ca kuº¹al±;
ahañca dhammadinn± ca, vis±kh± hoti sattam².
“Tehi kammehi sukatehi, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Pacchime ca bhave d±ni, j±t± seµµhikule aha½;
duggate adhane naµµhe, gat± ca sadhana½ kula½.
“Pati½ µhapetv± ses± me, dessanti adhan± iti;
yad± ca pass³t± ±si½, sabbesa½ dayit± tad±.
“Yad± so taruºo bhaddo, komalako sukhedhito;
sap±ºamiva kanto me, tad± yamavasa½ gato.
“Sokaµµ±d²navadan±, assunett± rudammukh±;
mata½ kuºapam±d±ya, vilapant² gam±maha½.
“Tad± ekena sandiµµh±, upetv±bhisakkuttama½;
avoca½ dehi bhesajja½, puttasañj²vananti bho.
“Na vijjante mat± yasmi½, gehe siddhatthaka½ tato;
±har±ti jino ±ha, vinayop±yakovido.
“Tad± gamitv± s±vatthi½, na labhi½ t±disa½ ghara½;
kuto siddhatthaka½ tasm±, tato laddh± sati½ aha½.
“Kuºapa½ cha¹¹ayitv±na, upesi½ lokan±yaka½;
d³ratova mama½ disv±, avoca madhurassaro.
“Yo ca vassasata½ j²ve, apassa½ udayabbaya½;
ek±ha½ j²vita½ seyyo, passato udayabbaya½.
“Na g±madhammo nigamassa dhammo, na c±piya½ ekakulassa dhammo;
sabbassa lokassa sadevakassa, eseva dhammo yadida½ aniccat±.
“S±ha½ sutv±nim± g±th±, dhammacakkhu½ visodhayi½;
tato viññ±tasaddhamm±, pabbaji½ anag±riya½.
“Tath± pabbajit± sant², yuñjant² jinas±sane;
na cireneva k±lena, arahattamap±puºi½.
“Iddh²su ca vas² homi, dibb±ya sotadh±tuy±;
paracitt±ni j±n±mi, satthus±sanak±rik±.
“Pubbeniv±sa½ j±n±mi, dibbacakkhu visodhita½;
khepetv± ±save sabbe, visuddh±si½ sunimmal±.
“Pariciººo may± satth±, kata½ buddhassa s±sana½;
ohito garuko bh±ro, bhavanetti sam³hat±.
“Yassatth±ya pabbajit±, ag±rasm±nag±riya½;
so me attho anuppatto, sabbasa½yojanakkhayo.
“Atthadhammanirutt²su, paµibh±ne tatheva ca;
ñ±ºa½ me vimala½ suddha½, buddhaseµµhassa v±has±.
“Saªk±rak³µ± ±hitv±, sus±n± rathiy±pi ca;
tato saªgh±µika½ katv±, l³kha½ dh±remi c²vara½.
“Jino tasmi½ guºe tuµµho, l³khac²varadh±raºe;
µhapesi etadaggamhi, paris±su vin±yako.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti.

Kis±gotam²ther²g±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Ek±dasanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.