9. Bhadd±kuº¹alakes±ther²g±th±vaººan±

L³nakes²ti-±dik± bhadd±ya kuº¹alakes±ya theriy± g±th±. Ayampi padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patv± ekadivasa½ satthu santike dhamma½ suºant² satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhuni½ khipp±bhiññ±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv±, adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetv± y±vaj²va½ puññ±ni katv± kappasatasahassa½ devamanussesu sa½saritv± kassapabuddhak±le kikissa k±sirañño gehe sattanna½ bhagin²na½ abbhantar± hutv±, v²sati vassasahass±ni dasa s²l±ni sam±d±ya kom±ribrahmacariya½ carant² saªghassa vasanapariveºa½ k±retv±, eka½ buddhantara½ sugat²suyeva sa½saritv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de r±jagahe seµµhikule nibbatti. Bhadd±tiss± n±ma½ ahosi. S± mahat± pariv±rena va¹¹ham±n± vayappatt±, tasmi½yeva nagare purohitassa putta½ sattuka½ n±ma cora½ saho¹¹ha½ gahetv± r±j±º±ya nagaraguttikena m±retu½ ±gh±tana½ niyyam±na½, s²hapañjarena olokent² disv± paµibaddhacitt± hutv± sace ta½ labh±mi, j²viss±mi; no ce, mariss±m²ti sayane adhomukh² nipajji.
Athass± pit± ta½ pavatti½ sutv± ekadh²tut±ya balavasineho sahassalañja½ datv± up±yeneva cora½ vissajj±petv± gandhodakena nh±petv± sabb±bharaºapaµimaº¹ita½ k±retv± p±s±da½ pesesi. Bhadd±pi paripuººamanorath± atirek±laªk±rena alaªkaritv± ta½ paricarati. Sattuko katip±ha½ v²tin±metv± tass± ±bharaºesu uppannalobho bhadde, aha½ nagaraguttikena gahitamattova corapap±te adhivatth±ya devat±ya “sac±ha½ j²vita½ labh±mi, tuyha½ balikamma½ upasa½hariss±m²”ti patthana½ ±y±ci½, tasm± balikamma½ sajj±peh²ti. S± “tassa mana½ p³ress±m²”ti balikamma½ sajj±petv± sabb±bharaºavibh³sit± s±mikena saddhi½ eka½ y±na½ abhiruyha “devat±ya balikamma½ kariss±m²”ti corapap±ta½ abhiruhitu½ ±raddh±.
Sattuko cintesi– “sabbesu abhiruhantesu imiss± ±bharaºa½ gahetu½ na sakk±”ti pariv±rajana½ tattheva µhapetv± tameva balibh±jana½ g±h±petv± pabbata½ abhiruhanto t±ya saddhi½ piyakatha½ na kathesi. S± iªgiteneva tass±dhipp±ya½ aññ±si. Sattuko, “bhadde, tava uttaras±µaka½ omuñcitv± k±y±r³¼hapas±dhana½ bhaº¹ika½ karoh²”ti. S±, “s±mi, mayha½ ko apar±dho”ti? “Ki½ nu ma½, b±le,‘balikammattha½ ±gato’ti sañña½ karosi? Balikamm±padesena pana tava ±bharaºa½ gahetu½ ±gato”ti. “Kassa pana, ayya, pas±dhana½, kassa ahan”ti? “N±ha½ eta½ vibh±ga½ j±n±m²”ti “Hotu, ayya, eka½ pana me adhipp±ya½ p³rehi, alaªkataniy±mena ca ±liªgitu½ deh²”ti. So “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchi. S± tena sampaµicchitabh±va½ ñatv± purato ±liªgitv± pacchato ±liªgant² viya pabbatapap±te p±tesi. So patitv± cuººavicuººa½ ahosi. T±ya kata½ acchariya½ disv± pabbate adhivatth± devat± kosalla½ vibh±vent² im± g±th± abh±si–
“Na hi sabbesu µh±nesu, puriso hoti paº¹ito;
itth²pi paº¹it± hoti, tattha tattha vicakkhaº±.
“Na hi sabbesu µh±nesu, puriso hoti paº¹ito;
itth²pi paº¹it± hoti, lahu½ atthavicintik±”ti. (Apa. ther². 2.3.31-32).
Tato bhadd± cintesi– “na sakk± may± imin± niy±mena geha½ gantu½, itova gantv± eka½ pabbajja½ pabbajiss±m²”ti nigaºµh±r±ma½ gantv± nigaºµhe pabbajja½ y±ci. Atha na½ te ±ha½su– “kena niy±mena pabbajj± hot³”ti? “Ya½ tumh±ka½ pabbajj±ya uttama½, tadeva karoth±”ti. Te “s±dh³”ti tass± t±laµµhin± kese luñcitv± pabb±jesu½. Puna kes± va¹¹hant± kuº¹al±vaµµ± hutv± va¹¹hesu½. Tato paµµh±ya s± kuº¹alakes±ti n±ma j±t±. S± tattha uggahetabba½ samaya½ v±damaggañca uggahetv± “ettaka½ n±ma ime j±nanti, ito uttari viseso natth²”ti ñatv± tato apakkamitv± yattha yattha paº¹it± atthi, tattha tattha gantv± tesa½ j±nanasippa½ uggahetv± attan± saddhi½ kathetu½ samattha½ adisv± ya½ ya½ g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± pavisati, tassa dv±re v±luk±r±si½ katv± tattha jambus±kha½ µhapetv± “yo mama v±da½ ±ropetu½ sakkoti, so ima½ s±kha½ maddat³”ti sam²pe µhitad±rak±na½ sañña½ datv± vasanaµµh±na½ gacchati. Satt±hampi jambus±kh±ya tatheva µhit±ya ta½ gahetv± pakkamati.
Tena ca samayena amh±ka½ bhagav± loke uppajjitv± pavattitavaradhammacakko anupubbena s±vatthi½ upaniss±ya jetavane viharati. Kuº¹alakes±pi vuttanayena g±manigamar±jadh±n²su vicarant² s±vatthi½ patv± nagaradv±re v±luk±r±simhi jambus±kha½ µhapetv± d±rak±na½ sañña½ datv± s±vatthi½ p±visi.
Ath±yasm± dhammasen±pati ekakova nagara½ pavisanto ta½ s±kha½ disv± ta½ dametuk±mo d±rake pucchi– “kasm±ya½ s±kh± eva½ µhapit±”ti? D±rak± tamattha½ ±rocesu½. Thero “yadi eva½ ima½ s±kha½ maddath±”ti ±ha. D±rak± ta½ maddi½su. Kuº¹alakes± katabhattakicc± nagarato nikkhamant² ta½ s±kha½ maddita½ disv± “kenida½ madditan”ti pucchitv± therena madd±pitabh±va½ ñatv± “apakkhiko v±do na sobhat²”ti s±vatthi½ pavisitv± v²thito v²thi½ vicarant² “passeyy±tha samaºehi sakyaputtiyehi saddhi½ mayha½ v±dan”ti ugghosetv± mah±janaparivut± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nisinna½ dhammasen±pati½ upasaªkamitv± paµisanth±ra½ katv± ekamanta½ µhit± “ki½ tumhehi mama jambus±kh± madd±pit±”ti pucchi. “¾ma, may± madd±pit±”ti. “Eva½ sante tumhehi saddhi½ mayha½ v±do hot³”ti. “Hotu, bhadde”ti. “Kassa pucch±, kassa vissajjan±”ti? “Pucch± n±ma amh±ka½ patt±, tva½ ya½ attano j±nanaka½ pucch±”ti. S± sabbameva attano j±nanaka½ v±da½ pucchi. Thero ta½ sabba½ vissajjesi. S± upari pucchitabba½ aj±nant² tuºh² ahosi. Atha na½ thero ±ha– “tay± bahu½ pucchita½, mayampi ta½ eka½ pañha½ pucch±m±”ti. “Pucchatha, bhante”ti. Thero “eka½ n±ma kin”ti ima½ pañha½ pucchi. Kuº¹alakes± neva anta½ na koµi½ passant² andhak±ra½ paviµµh± viya hutv± “na j±n±mi, bhante”ti ±ha. “Tva½ ettakampi aj±nant² añña½ ki½ j±nissas²”ti vatv± dhamma½ desesi. S± therassa p±desu patitv±, “bhante, tumhe saraºa½ gacch±m²”ti ±ha. “M± ma½ tva½, bhadde, saraºa½ gaccha, sadevake loke aggapuggala½ bhagavantameva saraºa½ gacch±”ti. “Eva½ kariss±mi, bhante”ti s± s±yanhasamaye dhammadesan±vel±ya½ satthu santika½ gantv± pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Satth± tass± ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ñatv±–
“Sahassamapi ce g±th±, anatthapadasa½hit±;
eka½ g±th±pada½ seyyo, ya½ sutv± supasammat²”ti.–

Ima½ g±tham±ha. G±th±pariyos±ne yath±µhit±va saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. ther² 2.3.1-54)–

“Padumuttaro n±ma jino, sabbadhamm±na p±rag³;
ito satasahassamhi, kappe uppajji n±yako.
“Tad±ha½ ha½savatiya½, j±t± seµµhikule ahu½;
n±n±ratanapajjote, mah±sukhasamappit±.
“Upetv± ta½ mah±v²ra½, assosi½ dhammadesana½;
tato j±tappas±d±ha½, upesi½ saraºa½ jina½.
“Tad± mah±k±ruºiko, padumuttaran±mako;
khipp±bhiññ±namagganti, µhapesi bhikkhuni½ subha½.
“Ta½ sutv± mudit± hutv±, d±na½ datv± mahesino;
nipacca siras± p±de, ta½ µh±namabhipatthayi½.
“Anumodi mah±v²ro, bhadde ya½ tebhipatthita½;
samijjhissati ta½ sabba½, sukhin² hohi nibbut±.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±d±, oras± dhammanimmit±;
bhadd±kuº¹alakes±ti, hessati satthu s±vik±.
“Tena kammena sukatena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Tato cut± y±mamaga½, tatoha½ tusita½ gat±;
tato ca nimm±narati½, vasavattipura½ tato.
“Yattha yatth³papajj±mi, tassa kammassa v±has±;
tattha tattheva r±j³na½, mahesittamak±rayi½.
“Tato cut± manussesu, r±j³na½ cakkavattina½;
maº¹al²nañca r±j³na½, mahesittamak±rayi½.
“Sampatti½ anubhotv±na, devesu m±nusesu ca;
sabbattha sukhit± hutv±, nekakappesu sa½sari½.
“Imamhi bhaddake kappe, brahmabandhu mah±yaso;
kassapo n±ma gottena, uppajji vadata½ varo.
“Upaµµh±ko mahesissa, tad± ±si narissaro;
k±sir±j± kik² n±ma, b±r±ºasipuruttame.
“Tassa dh²t± catutth±si½, bhikkhud±y²ti vissut±;
dhamma½ sutv± jinaggassa, pabbajja½ samarocayi½.
“Anuj±ni na no t±to, ag±reva tad± maya½;
v²savassasahass±ni, vicarimha atandit±.
“Kom±ribrahmacariya½, r±jakaññ± sukhedhit±;
buddhopaµµh±nanirat±, mudit± satta dh²taro.
“Samaº² samaºagutt± ca, bhikkhun² bhikkhud±yik±;
dhamm± ceva sudhamm± ca, sattam² saªghad±yik±.
“Khem± uppalavaºº± ca, paµ±c±r± aha½ tad±;
kis±gotam² dhammadinn±, vis±kh± hoti sattam².
“Tehi kammehi sukatehi, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Pacchime ca bhave d±ni, giribbajapuruttame;
j±t± seµµhikule ph²te, yad±ha½ yobbane µhit±.
“Cora½ vadhattha½ n²yanta½, disv± ratt± tahi½ aha½;
pit± me ta½ sahassena, mocayitv± vadh± tato.
“Ad±si tassa ma½ t±to, viditv±na mana½ mama;
tass±ham±si½ visaµµh±, at²va dayit± hit±.
“So me bh³sanalobhena, balimajjh±sayo diso;
corappap±ta½ netv±na, pabbata½ cetay² vadha½.
“Tad±ha½ paºamitv±na, sattuka½ sukatañjal²;
rakkhant² attano p±ºa½, ida½ vacanamabravi½.
“Ida½ suvaººakey³ra½, mutt± ve¼uriy± bah³;
sabba½ harassu bhaddante, mañca d±s²ti s±vaya.
“Oropayassu kaly±º², m± b±¼ha½ paridevasi;
na c±ha½ abhij±n±mi, ahantv± dhanam±bhata½.
“Yato sar±mi att±na½, yato pattosmi viññuta½;
na c±ha½ abhij±n±mi, añña½ piyatara½ tay±.
“Ehi ta½ upag³hissa½, katv±na ta½ padakkhiºa½;
na ca d±ni puno atthi, mama tuyhañca saªgamo.
“Na hi sabbesu µh±nesu, puriso hoti paº¹ito;
itth²pi paº¹it± hoti, tattha tattha vicakkhaº±.
“Na hi sabbesu µh±nesu, puriso hoti paº¹ito;
itth²pi paº¹it± hoti, lahu½ atthavicintik±.
“Lahuñca vata khippañca, nikaµµhe samacetayi½;
miga½ uºº± yath± eva½, tad±ha½ sattuka½ vadhi½.
“Yo ca uppatita½ attha½, na khippamanubujjhati;
so haññate mandamati, corova girigabbhare.
“Yo ca uppatita½ attha½, khippameva nibodhati;
muccate sattusamb±dh±, tad±ha½ sattuk± yath±.
“Tad±ha½ p±tayitv±na, giriduggamhi sattuka½;
santika½ setavatth±na½, upetv± pabbaji½ aha½.
“Saº¹±sena ca kese me, luñcitv± sabbaso tad±;
pabbajitv±na samaya½, ±cikkhi½su nirantara½.
“Tato ta½ uggahetv±ha½, nis²ditv±na ekik±;
samaya½ ta½ vicintesi½, suv±no m±nusa½ kara½.
“Chinna½ gayha sam²pe me, p±tayitv± apakkami;
disv± nimittamalabhi½, hattha½ ta½ pu¼av±kula½.
“Tato uµµh±ya sa½vigg±, apucchi½ sahadhammike;
te avocu½ vij±nanti, ta½ attha½ sakyabhikkhavo.
“S±ha½ tamattha½ pucchissa½, upetv± buddhas±vake;
te mam±d±ya gacchi½su, buddhaseµµhassa santika½.
“So me dhammamadesesi, khandh±yatanadh±tuyo;
asubh±niccadukkh±ti, anatt±ti ca n±yako.
“Tassa dhamma½ suºitv±ha½, dhammacakkhu½ visodhayi½;
tato viññ±tasaddhamm±, pabbajja½ upasampada½.
“¾y±cito tad± ±ha, ehi bhaddeti n±yako;
tad±ha½ upasampann±, paritta½ toyamaddasa½.
“P±dapakkh±lanen±ha½, ñatv± sa-udayabbaya½;
tath± sabbepi saªkh±re, ²disa½ cintayi½ tad±.
“Tato citta½ vimucci me, anup±d±ya sabbaso;
khipp±bhiññ±namagga½ me, tad± paññ±pay² jino.
“Iddh²su ca vas² homi, dibb±ya sotadh±tuy±;
paracitt±ni j±n±mi, satthus±sanak±rik±.
“Pubbeniv±sa½ j±n±mi, dibbacakkhu visodhita½;
khepetv± ±save sabbe, visuddh±si½ sunimmal±.
“Pariciººo may± satth±, kata½ buddhassa s±sana½;
ohito garuko bh±ro, bhavanetti sam³hat±.
“Yassatth±ya pabbajit±, ag±rasm±nag±riya½;
so me attho anuppatto, sabbasa½yojanakkhayo.
“Atthadhammanirutt²su, paµibh±ne tatheva ca;
ñ±ºa½ me vimala½ suddha½, buddhaseµµhassa s±sane.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± t±vadeva pabbajja½ y±ci; satth± tass± pabbajja½ anuj±ni; s± bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv±na pabbajitv± phalasukhena nibb±nasukhena ca v²tin±ment² attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± ud±navasena–
107. “l³nakes² paªkadhar², ekas±µ² pure cari½;
avajje vajjamatin², vajje c±vajjadassin².
108. “Div±vih±r± nikkhamma, gijjhak³µamhi pabbate;
addasa½ viraja½ buddha½, bhikkhusaªghapurakkhata½.
109. “Nihacca j±ºu½ vanditv±, sammukh± añjali½ aka½;
ehi bhaddeti ma½ avaca, s± me ±s³pasampad±.
110. “Ciºº± aªg± ca magadh±, vajj² k±s² ca kosal±;
anak± paºº±sa vass±ni, raµµhapiº¹a½ abhuñjaha½.
111. “Puñña½ vata pasavi bahu½, sappañño vat±ya½ up±sako;
yo bhadd±ya c²vara½ ad±si, vippamutt±ya sabbagantheh²”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha l³nakes²ti l³n± luñcit± kes± mayhanti l³nakes², nigaºµhesu pabbajj±ya t±laµµhin± luñcitakes±, ta½ sandh±ya vadati. Paªkadhar²ti dantakaµµhassa akh±danena dantesu malapaªkadh±raºato paªkadhar². Ekas±µ²ti nigaºµhac±rittavasena ekas±µik±. Pure carinti pubbe nigaºµh² hutv± eva½ vicari½. Avajje vajjamatin²ti nh±nucch±danadantakaµµhakh±dan±dike anavajje s±vajjasaññ². Vajje c±vajjadassin²ti m±namakkhapal±savipall±s±dike s±vajje anavajjadiµµh².
Div±vih±r± nikkhamm±ti attano div±vih±raµµh±nato nikkhamitv±. Ayampi µhitamajjhanhikavel±ya½ therena sam±gat± tassa pañhassa vissajjanena dhammadesan±ya ca nihatam±nadabb± pasannam±nas± hutv± satthu santika½ upasaªkamituk±m±va attano vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± div±µµh±ne nis²ditv± s±yanhasamaye satthu santika½ upasaªkamitv±.
Nihacca j±ºu½ vanditv±ti j±ºudvaya½ pathaviya½ nihantv± patiµµhapetv± pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv±. Sammukh± añjali½ akanti satthu sammukh± dasanakhasamodh±nasamujjala½ añjali½ ak±si½. Ehi, bhaddeti ma½ avaca, s± me ±s³pasampad±ti ya½ ma½ bhagav± arahatta½ patv± pabbajjañca upasampadañca y±citv± µhita½ “ehi, bhadde, bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv± bhikkhun²na½ santike pabbaja upasampajjass³”ti avaca ±º±pesi. S± satthu ±º± mayha½ upasampad±ya k±raºatt± upasampad± ±si ahosi.
Ciºº±ti-±dik± dve g±th± aññ±by±karaºag±th±. Tattha ciºº± aªg± ca magadh±ti ye ime aªg± ca magadh± ca vajj² ca k±s² ca kosal± ca janapad± pubbe s±º±ya may± raµµhapiº¹a½ bhuñjantiy± ciºº± carit±, tesuyeva satth±r± sam±gamato paµµh±ya anaº± niddos± apagatakiles± hutv± paññ±sa sa½vacchar±ni raµµhapiº¹a½ abhuñji½ aha½.
Yena abhippasannam±nasena up±sakena attano c²vara½ dinna½, tassa puññavisesakittanamukhena añña½ by±karont² “puñña½ vata pasav² bahun”ti os±nag±tham±ha. S± suviññeyy±va.

Bhadd±kuº¹alakes±ther²g±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.