4. Catukkanip±to

1. Bhadd±k±pil±n²ther²g±th±vaººan±

Catukkanip±te putto buddhassa d±y±doti-±dik± bhadd±ya k±pil±niy± theriy± g±th±. S± kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patv± satthu santike dhamma½ suºant² satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhuni½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarant²na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± adhik±rakamma½ katv± sayampi ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetv± y±vaj²va½ puññ±ni katv± tato cut± devamanussesu sa½sarant² anuppanne buddhe b±r±ºasiya½ kulagehe nibbattitv± patikula½ gantv±, ekadivasa½ attano nanand±ya saddhi½ kalaha½ karont² t±ya paccekabuddhassa piº¹ap±te dinne “aya½ imassa d±na½ datv± u¼±rasampatti½ labhissat²”ti paccekabuddhassa hatthato patta½ gahetv± bhatta½ cha¹¹etv± kalalassa p³retv± ad±si. Mah±jano garahi– “b±le, paccekabuddho te ki½ aparajjh²”ti? S± tesa½ vacanena lajjam±n± puna patta½ gahetv± kalala½ n²haritv± dhovitv± gandhacuººena ubbaµµetv± catumadhurassa p³retv± upari ±sittena padumagabbhavaººena sappin± vijjotam±na½ paccekabuddhassa hatthe µhapetv± “yath± aya½ piº¹ap±to obh±saj±to, eva½ obh±saj±ta½ me sar²ra½ hot³”ti patthana½ paµµhapesi. S± tato cavitv± sugat²suyeva sa½sarant² kassapabuddhak±le b±r±ºasiya½ mah±vibhavassa seµµhino dh²t± hutv± nibbatti. Pubbakammaphalena duggandhasar²r± manussehi jigucchitabb± hutv± sa½vegaj±t± attano ±bharaºehi suvaººiµµhaka½ k±retv± bhagavato cetiye patiµµhapesi, uppalahatthena ca p³ja½ ak±si. Tenass± sar²ra½ tasmi½yeva bhave sugandha½ manohara½ j±ta½. S± patino piy± man±p± hutv± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± tato cut± sagge nibbatti. Tatth±pi y±vaj²va½ dibbasukha½ anubhavitv±, tato cut± b±r±ºasirañño dh²t± hutv± tattha devasampattisadisa½ sampatti½ anubhavant² cirak±la½ paccekabuddhe upaµµhahitv±, tesu parinibbutesu sa½vegaj±t± t±pasapabbajj±ya pabbajitv± uyy±ne vasant² jh±n±ni bh±vetv± brahmaloke nibbattitv± tato cut± s±galanagare kosiyagottassa br±hmaºakulassa gehe nibbattitv± mahat± parih±rena va¹¹hitv± vayappatt± mah±titthag±me pipphalikum±rassa geha½ n²t±. Tasmi½ pabbajitu½ nikkhante mahanta½ bhogakkhandha½ mahantañca ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya pabbajjatth±ya nikkhamitv± pañca vass±ni titthiy±r±me pavisitv± aparabh±ge mah±paj±patigotamiy± santike pabbajja½ upasampadañca labhitv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± na cirasseva arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. ther² 2.3.244-313)–
“Padumuttaro n±ma jino, sabbadhamm±na p±rag³;
ito satasahassamhi, kappe uppajji n±yako.
“Tad±hu ha½savatiya½, videho n±ma n±mato;
seµµh² pah³taratano, tassa j±y± ahosaha½.
“Kad±ci so nar±dicca½, upecca saparijjano;
dhammamassosi buddhassa, sabbadukkhabhayappaha½.
“S±vaka½ dhutav±d±na½, agga½ kittesi n±yako;
sutv± satt±hika½ d±na½, datv± buddhassa t±dino.
“Nipacca siras± p±de, ta½ µh±namabhipatthayi½;
sa h±sayanto parisa½, tad± hi narapuªgavo.
“Seµµhino anukamp±ya, im± g±th± abh±satha;
lacchase patthita½ µh±na½, nibbuto hohi puttaka.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
kassapo n±ma gottena, hessati satthu s±vako.
“Ta½ sutv± mudito hutv±, y±vaj²va½ tad± jina½;
mettacitto paricari, paccayehi vin±yaka½.
“S±sana½ jotayitv±na, so madditv± kutitthiye;
veneyya½ vinayitv± ca, nibbuto so sas±vako.
“Nibbute tamhi lokagge, p³janatth±ya satthuno;
ñ±timitte sam±netv±, saha tehi ak±rayi.
“Sattayojanika½ th³pa½, ubbiddha½ ratan±maya½;
jalanta½ satara½si½va, s±lar±ja½va phullita½.
“Sattasatasahass±ni, p±tiyo tattha k±rayi;
na¼agg² viya jotant², rataneheva sattahi.
“Gandhatelena p³retv±, d²p±nujjalay² tahi½;
p³janatth±ya mahesissa, sabbabh³t±nukampino.
“Sattasatasahass±ni, puººakumbh±ni k±rayi;
rataneheva puºº±ni, p³janatth±ya mahesino.
“Majjhe aµµhaµµhakumbh²na½, ussit± kañcanagghiyo;
atirocanti vaººena, saradeva div±karo.
“Catudv±resu sobhanti, toraº± ratan±may±;
ussit± phalak± ramm±, sobhanti ratan±may±.
“Virocanti parikkhitt±, avaµa½s± sunimmit±;
ussit±ni paµ±k±ni, ratan±ni virocare.
“Suratta½ sukata½ citta½, cetiya½ ratan±maya½;
atirocati vaººena, sasañjhova div±karo.
“Th³passa vediyo tisso, harit±lena p³rayi;
eka½ manosil±yeka½, añjanena ca ekika½.
“P³ja½ et±disa½ ramma½, k±retv± varav±dino;
ad±si d±na½ saªghassa, y±vaj²va½ yath±bala½.
“Sah±va seµµhin± tena, t±ni puññ±ni sabbaso;
y±vaj²va½ karitv±na, sah±va sugati½ gat±.
“Sampattiyonubhotv±na, devatte atha m±nuse;
ch±y± viya sar²rena, saha teneva sa½sari½.
“Ekanavutito kappe, vipass² n±ma n±yako;
uppajji c±rudassano, sabbadhammavipassako.
“Tad±ya½ bandhupatiya½, br±hmaºo s±dhusammato;
a¹¹ho santo guºen±pi, dhanena ca suduggato.
“Tad±pi tass±ha½ ±si½, br±hmaº² samacetas±;
kad±ci so dijavaro, saªgamesi mah±muni½.
“Nisinna½ janak±yamhi, desenta½ amata½ pada½;
sutv± dhamma½ pamudito, ad±si ekas±µaka½.
“Gharamekena vatthena, gantv±neta½ sa mabravi;
anumoda mah±puñña½, dinna½ buddhassa s±µaka½.
“Tad±ha½ añjali½ katv±, anumodi½ sup²ºit±;
sudinno s±µako s±mi, buddhaseµµhassa t±dino.
“Sukhito sajjito hutv±, sa½saranto bhav±bhave;
b±r±ºasipure ramme, r±j± ±si mah²pati.
“Tad± tassa mahes²ha½, itthigumbassa uttam±;
tass±ti dayit± ±si½, pubbasnehena bhattuno.
“Piº¹±ya vicarante te, aµµha paccekan±yake;
disv± pamudito hutv±, datv± piº¹a½ mah±raha½.
“Puno nimantayitv±na, katv± ratanamaº¹apa½;
kamm±rehi kata½ patta½, sovaººa½ vata tattaka½.
“Sam±netv±na te sabbe, tesa½ d±namad±si so;
soºº±sane paviµµh±na½, pasanno sehi p±ºibhi.
“Tampi d±na½ sah±d±si½, k±sir±jenaha½ tad±;
pun±ha½ b±r±ºasiya½, j±t± k±sikag±make.
“Kuµumbikakule ph²te, sukhito so sabh±tuko;
jeµµhassa bh±tuno j±y±, ahosi½ supatibbat±.
“Paccekabuddha½ disv±na, kaniyassa mama bhattuno;
bh±ganna½ tassa datv±na, ±gate tamhi p±vadi½.
“N±bhinandittha so d±na½, tato tassa ad±saha½;
ukh± ±niya ta½ anna½, puno tasseva so ad±.
“Tadanna½ cha¹¹ayitv±na, duµµh± buddhassaha½ tad±;
patta½ kalalapuººa½ ta½, ad±si½ tassa t±dino.
“D±ne ca gahaºe ceva, apace padusepi ca;
samacittamukha½ disv±, tad±ha½ sa½viji½ bhusa½.
“Puno patta½ gahetv±na, sodhayitv± sugandhin±,
pasannacitt± p³retv±, saghata½ sakkara½ ada½.
“Yattha yatth³papajj±mi, sur³p± homi d±nato;
buddhassa apak±rena, duggandh± vadanena ca.
“Puna kassapav²rassa, nidh±yantamhi cetiye;
sovaººa½ iµµhaka½ vara½, ad±si½ mudit± aha½.
“Catujj±tena gandhena, nicayitv± tamiµµhaka½;
mutt± duggandhadosamh±, sabbaªgasusam±gat±.
“Satta p±tisahass±ni, rataneheva sattahi;
k±retv± ghatap³r±ni, vaµµ²ni ca sahassaso.
“Pakkhipitv± pad²petv±, µhapayi½ sattapantiyo;
p³janattha½ lokan±thassa, vippasannena cetas±.
“Tad±pi tamhi puññamhi, bh±gin²yi visesato;
puna k±s²su sañj±to, sumitt± iti vissuto.
“Tass±ha½ bhariy± ±si½, sukhit± sajjit± piy±;
tad± paccekamunino, ad±si½ ghanaveµhana½.
“Tass±pi bh±gin² ±si½, moditv± d±namuttama½;
pun±pi k±siraµµhamhi, j±to koliyaj±tiy±.
“Tad± koliyaputt±na½, satehi saha pañcahi;
pañca paccekabuddh±na½, sat±ni samupaµµhahi.
“Tem±sa½ tappayitv±na, ad±si ca tic²vare;
j±y± tassa tad± ±si½, puññakammapath±nug±.
“Tato cuto ahu r±j±, nando n±ma mah±yaso;
tass±pi mahes² ±si½, sabbak±masamiddhin².
“Tad± r±j± bhavitv±na, brahmadatto mah²pati;
padumavat²putt±na½, paccekamunina½ tad±.
“Sat±ni pañcan³n±ni, y±vaj²va½ upaµµhahi½;
r±juyy±ne niv±setv±, nibbut±ni ca p³jayi½.
“Cetiy±ni ca k±retv±, pabbajitv± ubho maya½;
bh±vetv± appamaññ±yo, brahmaloka½ agamhase.
“Tato cuto mah±titthe, suj±to pipphal±yano;
m±t± sumanadev²ti, kosigotto dijo pit±.
“Aha½ madde janapade, s±kal±ya puruttame;
kappilassa dijass±si½, dh²t± m±t± suc²mati.
“Gharakañcanabimbena, nimminitv±na ma½ pit±;
ad± kassapadh²rassa, k±mehi vajjitassama½.
“Kad±ci so k±ruºiko, gantv± kammantapekkhako;
k±k±dikehi khajjante, p±ºe disv±na sa½viji.
“Gharev±ha½ tile j±te, disv±n±tapat±pane;
kim² k±kehi khajjante, sa½vegamalabhi½ tad±.
“Tad± so pabbaj² dh²ro, aha½ tamanupabbaji½;
pañca vass±ni nivasi½, paribb±javate aha½.
“Yad± pabbajit± ±si, gotam² jinaposik±;
tad±ha½ tamupagantv±, buddhena anus±sit±.
“Na cireneva k±lena, arahattamap±puºi½;
aho kaly±ºamittatta½, kassapassa sir²mato.
“Suto buddhassa d±y±do, kassapo susam±hito;
pubbeniv±sa½ yo vedi, sagg±p±yañca passati.
“Atho j±tikkhaya½ patto, abhiññ±vosito muni;
et±hi t²hi vijj±hi, tevijjo hoti br±hmaºo.
“Tatheva bhadd±k±pil±n², tevijj± maccuh±yin²;
dh±reti antima½ deha½, jitv± m±ra½ sav±hana½.
“Disv± ±d²nava½ loke, ubho pabbajit± maya½;
tyamha kh²º±sav± dant±, s²tibh³t±mha nibbut±.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti; (apa. ther² 2.3.244-313);
arahatta½ pana patv± pubbeniv±sañ±ºe ciººavas² ahosi; tattha s±tisaya½ kat±dhik±ratt± aparabh±ge ta½ satth± jetavane ariyagaºamajjhe nisinno bhikkhuniyo paµip±µiy± µh±nantaresu µhapento pubbeniv±sa½ anussarant²na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi; s± ekadivasa½ mah±kassapattherassa guº±bhitthavanapubbaka½ attano katakiccat±divibh±vanamukhena ud±na½ ud±nent²–
63. “putto buddhassa d±y±do, kassapo susam±hito;
pubbeniv±sa½ yovedi, sagg±p±yañca passati.
64. “Atho j±tikkhaya½ patto, abhiññ±vosito muni;
et±hi t²hi vijj±hi, tevijjo hoti br±hmaºo.
65. “Tatheva bhadd±k±pil±n², tevijj± maccuh±yin²;
dh±reti antima½ deha½, jetv± m±ra½ sav±hana½.
66. “Disv± ±d²nava½ loke, ubho pabbajit± maya½;
tyamha kh²º±sav± dant±, s²tibh³t±mha nibbut±”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha putto buddhassa d±y±doti buddh±nubuddhabh±vato samm±sambuddhassa anuj±tasuto tato eva tassa d±yabh³tassa navalokuttaradhammassa ±d±nena d±y±do kassapo lokiyalokuttarehi sam±dh²hi suµµhu sam±hitacittat±ya susam±hito. Pubbeniv±sa½ yoved²ti yo mah±kassapatthero pubbeniv±sa½ attano paresañca nivutthakkhandhasant±na½ pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºena p±kaµa½ katv± avedi aññ±si paµivijjhi. Sagg±p±yañca passat²ti chabb²satidevalokabheda½ sagga½ catubbidha½ ap±yañca dibbacakkhun± hatthatale ±malaka½ viya passati.
Atho j±tikkhaya½ pattoti tato para½ j±tikkhayasaªkh±ta½ arahatta½ patto. Abhiññ±ya abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºena abhiññeyya½ dhamma½ abhij±nitv± pariññeyya½ parij±nitv± pah±tabba½ pah±ya sacchik±tabba½ sacchikatv± vosito niµµha½ patto katakicco. ¾savakkhayapaññ±saªkh±ta½ mona½ pattatt± muni.
Tatheva bhadd±k±pil±n²ti yath± mah±kassapo et±hi yath±vutt±hi t²hi vijj±hi tevijjo maccuh±y² ca, tatheva bhadd±k±pil±n² tevijj± maccuh±yin²ti. Tato eva dh±reti antima½ deha½, jetv± m±ra½ sav±hananti att±nameva para½ viya katv± dasseti.
Id±ni yath± therassa paµipatti ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±º±, eva½ mamap²ti dassent² “disv± ±d²navan”ti os±nag±tham±ha. Tattha tyamha kh²º±sav± dant±ti te maya½ mah±kassapatthero ahañca uttamena damena dant± sabbaso kh²º±sav± ca amha. S²tibh³t±mha nibbut±ti tato eva kilesapari¼±h±bh±vato s²tibh³t± sa-up±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± nibbut± ca amha bhav±m±ti attho.

Bhadd±k±pil±n²ther²g±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Catukkanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.