6. Sukk±ther²g±th±vaººan±

Ki½me kat± r±jagaheti-±dik± sukk±ya theriy± g±th±. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±r± tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinant² vipassissa bhagavato k±le bandhumat²nagare kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patt± up±sik±hi saddhi½ vih±ra½ gantv± satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddh± pabbajitv± bahussut± dhammadhar± paµibh±navat² ahosi. S± tattha bah³ni vassasahass±ni brahmacariya½ caritv± puthujjanak±lakiriyameva katv± tusite nibbatti. Tath± sikhissa bhagavato, vessabhussa bhagavato k±leti eva½ tiººa½ samm±sambuddh±na½ s±sane s²la½ rakkhitv± bahussut± dhammadhar± ahosi, tath± kakusandhassa, koº±gamanassa, kassapassa ca bhagavato s±sane pabbajitv± visuddhas²l± bahussut± dhammakathik± ahosi.
Eva½ s± tattha tattha bahu½ puñña½ upacinitv± sugat²suyeva sa½sarant² imasmi½ buddhupp±de r±jagahanagare gahapatimah±s±lakule nibbatti, sukk±tiss± n±ma½ ahosi. S± viññuta½ patt± satthu r±jagahapavesane laddhappas±d± up±sik± hutv± aparabh±ge dhammadinn±ya theriy± santike dhamma½ sutv± sañj±tasa½veg± tass± eva santike pabbajitv± vipassan±ya kamma½ karont² nacirasseva saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. ther² 2.4.111-142)–
“Ekanavutito kappe, vipass² n±ma n±yako;
uppajji c±rudassano, sabbadhammavipassako.
“Tad±ha½ bandhumatiya½, j±t± aññatare kule;
dhamma½ sutv±na munino, pabbaji½ anag±riya½.
“Bahussut± dhammadhar±, paµibh±navat² tath±;
vicittakathik± c±pi, jinas±sanak±rik±.
“Tad± dhammakatha½ katv±, hit±ya janata½ bahu½;
tato cut±ha½ tusita½, upapann± yasassin².
“Ekatti½se ito kappe, sikh² viya sikh² jino;
tapanto yasas± loke, uppajji vadata½ varo.
“Tad±pi pabbajitv±na, buddhas±sanakovid±;
jotetv± jinav±ky±ni, tatopi tidiva½ gat±.
“Ekatti½seva kappamhi, vessabh³ n±ma n±yako;
uppajjittha mah±ñ±º², tad±pi ca tathevaha½.
“Pabbajitv± dhammadhar±, jotayi½ jinas±sana½;
gantv± marupura½ ramma½, anubhosi½ mah±sukha½.
“Imamhi bhaddake kappe, kakusandho jinuttamo;
uppajji narasaraºo, tad±pi ca tathevaha½.
“Pabbajitv± munimata½, jotayitv± yath±yuka½;
tato cut±ha½ tidiva½, aga½ sabhavana½ yath±.
“Imasmi½yeva kappamhi, koº±gamanan±yako;
uppajji lokasaraºo, araºo amataªgato.
“Tad±pi pabbajitv±na, s±sane tassa t±dino;
bahussut± dhammadhar±, jotayi½ jinas±sana½.
“Imasmi½yeva kappamhi, kassapo munimuttamo;
uppajji lokasaraºo, araºo maraºantag³.
“Tass±pi narav²rassa, pabbajitv±na s±sane;
pariy±puµasaddhamm±, paripucch± vis±rad±.
“Sus²l± lajjin² ceva, t²su sikkh±su kovid±;
bahu½ dhammakatha½ katv±, y±vaj²va½ mah±mune.
“Tena kammavip±kena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Pacchime ca bhave d±ni, giribbajapuruttame;
j±t± seµµhikule ph²te, mah±ratanasañcaye.
“Yad± bhikkhusahassena, parivuto lokan±yako;
up±gami r±jagaha½, sahassakkhena vaººito.
“Danto dantehi saha pur±ºajaµilehi, vippamutto vippamuttehi;
siªg²nikkhasavaººo, r±jagaha½ p±visi bhagav±.
“Disv± buddh±nubh±va½ ta½, sutv±va guºasañcaya½;
buddhe citta½ pas±detv±, p³jayi½ ta½ yath±bala½.
“Aparena ca k±lena, dhammadinn±ya santike;
ag±r± nikkhamitv±na, pabbaji½ anag±riya½.
“Kesesu chijjam±nesu, kilese jh±payi½ aha½;
uggahi½ s±sana½ sabba½, pabbajitv± cirenaha½.
“Tato dhammamadesesi½, mah±janasam±game;
dhamme desiyam±namhi, dhamm±bhisamayo ahu.
“Nekap±ºasahass±na½, ta½ viditv±tivimhito;
abhippasanno me yakkho, bhamitv±na giribbaja½.
“Ki½me kat± r±jagahe manuss±, madhu½ p²t±va acchare;
ye sukka½ na up±santi, desenti½ amata½ pada½.
“Tañca appaµiv±n²ya½, asecanakamojava½;
pivanti maññe sappaññ±, val±hakamivaddhag³.
“Iddh²su ca vas² homi, dibb±ya sotadh±tuy±;
cetopariyañ±ºassa, vas² homi mah±mune.
“Pubbeniv±sa½ j±n±mi, dibbacakkhu visodhita½;
sabb±savaparikkh²º±, natthi d±ni punabbhavo.
“Atthadhammanirutt²su, paµibh±ne tatheva ca;
ñ±ºa½ mama mah±v²ra, uppanna½ tava santike.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± pañcasatabhikkhunipariv±r± mah±dhammakathik± ahosi; s± ekadivasa½ r±jagahe piº¹±ya caritv± katabhattakicc± bhikkhunupassaya½ pavisitv± sannisinn±ya mahatiy± paris±ya madhubhaº¹a½ p²¼etv± sumadhura½ p±yent² viya amatena abhisiñcant² viya dhamma½ deseti; paris± cass± dhammakatha½ ohitasot± avikkhittacitt± sakkacca½ suº±ti; tasmi½ khaºe theriy± caªkamanakoµiya½ rukkhe adhivatth± devat± dhammadesan±ya pasann± r±jagaha½ pavisitv± rathiy±ya rathiya½ siªgh±µakena siªgh±µaka½ vicaritv± tass± guºa½ vibh±vent²–
54. “ki½me kat± r±jagahe manuss±, madhu½ p²t±va acchare;
ye sukka½ na up±santi, desenti½ buddhas±sana½.
55. “Tañca appaµiv±n²ya½, asecanakamojava½;
pivanti maññe sappaññ±, val±hakamivaddhag³”ti.–

Im± dve g±th± abh±si.

Tattha ki½me kat± r±jagahe manuss±ti ime r±jagahe manuss± ki½ kat±, kismi½ n±ma kicce by±vaµ±. Madhu½ p²t±va acchareti yath± bhaº¹amadhu½ gahetv± madhu½ p²tavanto visaññino hutv± s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na sakkonti eva½ imepi dhammasaññ±ya visaññino hutv± maññe s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na sakkonti, kevala½ acchantiyev±ti attho. Ye sukka½ na up±santi, desenti½ buddhas±sananti buddhassa bhagavato s±sana½ y±th±vato desenti½ pak±senti½ sukka½ theri½ ye na up±santi na payirup±santi. Te ime r±jagahe manuss± ki½ kat±ti yojan±.
Tañca appaµiv±n²yanti tañca pana dhamma½ anivattitabh±v±vaha½ niyy±nika½, abhikkantat±ya v± yath± sotujanasavanamanoharabh±vena anapan²ya½, asecanaka½ an±sittaka½ pakatiy±va mah±rasa½ tato eva ojavanta½. “Osadhan”tipi p±¼i. Vaµµadukkhaby±dhitikicch±ya osadhabh³ta½. Pivanti maññe sappaññ±, val±hakamivaddhag³ti val±hakantarato nikkhanta½ udaka½ nirudakakant±re pathag± viya ta½ dhamma½ sappaññ± paº¹itapuris± pivanti maññe pivant± viya suºanti.
Manuss± ta½ sutv± pasannam±nas± theriy± santika½ upasaªkamitv± sakkacca½ dhamma½ suºi½su. Aparabh±ge theriy± ±yupariyos±ne parinibb±nak±le s±sanassa niyy±nikabh±vavibh±vanattha½ añña½ by±karont²–
56. “Sukk± sukkehi dhammehi, v²tar±g± sam±hit±;
dh±reti antima½ deha½, jetv± m±ra½ sav±hanan”ti.– Ima½ g±tha½ abh±si.
Tattha sukk±ti sukk±ther² att±nameva para½ viya dasseti. Sukkehi dhammeh²ti suparisuddhehi lokuttaradhammehi. V²tar±g± sam±hit±ti aggamaggena sabbaso v²tar±g± arahattaphalasam±dhin± sam±hit±. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.

Sukk±ther²g±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.