2. Uttam±ther²g±th±vaººan±

Catukkhattu½ pañcakkhattunti-±dik± uttam±ya theriy± g±th±. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±r± tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinant² vipassissa bhagavato k±le bandhumat²nagare aññatarassa kuµumbikassa gehe gharad±s² hutv± nibbatti. S± vayappatt± attano ayyak±na½ veyy±vacca½ karont² j²vati. Tena ca samayena bandhumar±j± puººam²divase uposathiko hutv± purebhatta½ d±n±ni datv± pacch±bhatta½ gantv± dhamma½ suº±ti. Atha mah±jan± yath± r±j± paµipajjati, tatheva puººam²divase uposathaªg±ni sam±d±ya vattanti. Athass± d±siy± etadahosi– “etarahi kho mah±r±j± mah±jan± ca uposathaªg±ni sam±d±ya vattanti, ya½n³n±ha½ uposathadivasesu uposathas²la½ sam±d±ya vatteyyan”ti. S± tath± karont² suparisuddha½ uposathas²la½ rakkhitv± t±vati½sesu nibbatt± apar±para½ sugat²suyeva sa½sarant² imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ seµµhikule nibbattitv± viññuta½ patv± paµ±c±r±ya theriy± santike dhamma½ sutv± pabbajitv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± ta½ matthaka½ p±petu½ n±sakkhi. Paµ±c±r± ther² tass± citt±c±ra½ ñatv± ov±damad±si. S± tass± ov±de µhatv± saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. ther² 2.2.1-21)–
“Nagare bandhumatiy±, bandhum± n±ma khattiyo;
divase puººam±ya so, upavasi uposatha½.
“Aha½ tena samayena, kumbhad±s² aha½ tahi½;
disv± sar±jaka½ sena½, ev±ha½ cintayi½ tad±.
“R±j±pi rajja½ cha¹¹etv±, upavasi uposatha½;
saphala½ n³na ta½ kamma½, janak±yo pamodito.
“Yoniso paccavekkhitv±, duggaccañca daliddata½;
m±nasa½ sampaha½sitv±, upavasi½ uposatha½.
“Aha½ uposatha½ katv±, samm±sambuddhas±sane;
tena kammena sukatena, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Tattha me sukata½ byamha½, ubbhayojanamuggata½;
k³µ±g±ravar³peta½, mah±sanasubh³sita½.
“Acchar± satasahass±, upatiµµhanti ma½ sad±;
aññe deve atikkamma, atiroc±mi sabbad±.
“Catusaµµhidevar±j³na½, mahesittamak±rayi½;
tesaµµhicakkavatt²na½, mahesittamak±rayi½.
“Suvaººavaºº± hutv±na, bhavesu sa½sar±maha½;
sabbattha pavar± homi, uposathassida½ phala½.
“Hatthiy±na½ assay±na½, rathay±nañca s²vika½;
labh±mi sabbameveta½, uposathassida½ phala½.
“Soººamaya½ r³pimaya½, athopi phalik±maya½;
lohitaªgamayañceva, sabba½ paµilabh±maha½.
“Koseyyakambaliy±ni, khomakapp±sik±ni ca;
mahaggh±ni ca vatth±ni, sabba½ paµilabh±maha½.
“Anna½ p±na½ kh±dan²ya½, vatthasen±san±ni ca;
sabbameta½ paµilabhe, uposathassida½ phala½.
“Varagandhañca m±lañca, cuººakañca vilepana½;
sabbameta½ paµilabhe, uposathassida½ phala½.
“K³µ±g±rañca p±s±da½, maº¹apa½ hammiya½ guha½;
sabbameta½ paµilabhe, uposathassida½ phala½.
“J±tiy± sattavass±ha½, pabbaji½ anag±riya½;
a¹¹ham±se asampatte, arahattamap±puºi½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½, bhav± sabbe sam³hat±;
sabb±savaparikkh²º±, natthi d±ni punabbhavo.
“Ekanavutito kappe, ya½ kammamakari½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, uposathassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± ud±navasena–
42. “catukkhattu½ pañcakkhattu½, vih±r± upanikkhami½;
aladdh± cetaso santi½, citte avasavattin².
43. “S± bhikkhuni½ up±gacchi½, y± me saddh±yik± ahu;
s± me dhammamadesesi, khandh±yatanadh±tuyo.
44. “Tass± dhamma½ suºitv±na, yath± ma½ anus±si s±;
satt±ha½ ekapallaªkena, nis²di½ p²tisukhasamappit±;
aµµhamiy± p±de pas±resi½, tamokhandha½ pad±liy±”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha s± bhikkhuni½ up±gacchi½ , y± me saddh±yik± ah³ti y± may± saddh±tabb± saddheyyavacan± ahosi, ta½ bhikkhuni½ s±ha½ upagacchi½ upasaªkami½, paµ±c±r±theri½ saddh±ya vadati. “S± bhikkhun² upagacchi, y± me s±dhayik±”tipi p±µho. S± paµ±c±r± bhikkhun² anukamp±ya ma½ upagacchi, y± mayha½ sadatthassa s±dhik±ti attho. S± me dhammamadesesi, khandh±yatanadh±tuyoti s± paµ±c±r± ther² “ime pañcakkhandh±, im±ni dv±das±yatan±ni, im± aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo”ti khandh±dike vibhajitv± dassent² mayha½ dhamma½ desesi.
Tass± dhamma½ suºitv±n±ti tass± paµisambhid±ppatt±ya theriy± santike khandh±divibh±gapubbaªgama½ ariyamagga½ p±petv± desitasaºhasukhumavipassan±dhamma½ sutv±. Yath± ma½ anus±si s±ti s± ther² yath± ma½ anus±si ovadi, tath± paµipajjant² paµipatti½ matthaka½ p±petv±pi satt±ha½ ekapallaªkena nis²di½. Katha½? P²tisukhasamappit±ti jh±namayena p²tisukhena samaªg²bh³t±. Aµµhamiy± p±de pas±resi½, tamokhandha½ pad±liy±ti anavasesa½ mohakkhandha½ aggamaggena pad±letv± aµµhame divase pallaªka½ bhindant² p±de pas±resi½. Idameva cass± aññ±by±karaºa½ ahosi.

Uttam±ther²g±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.