7. Mitt±ther²g±th±vaººan±

C±tuddasi½ pañcadasinti-±dik± apar±ya mitt±ya theriy± g±th±. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±r± tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinant² vipassissa bhagavato k±le khattiyakule nibbattitv± viññuta½ patv± bandhumassa rañño antepurik± hutv± vipassissa bhagavato s±vika½ eka½ kh²º±savattheri½ disv± pasannam±nas± hutv± tass± hatthato patta½ gahetv± paº²tassa kh±dan²yabhojan²yassa p³retv± mahagghena s±µakayugena saddhi½ ad±si. S± tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½sarant² imasmi½ buddhupp±de kapilavatthusmi½ sakyar±jakule nibbattitv± viññuta½ patv± satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddh± up±sik± ahosi. S± aparabh±ge mah±paj±patigotamiy± santike pabbajitv± katapubbakicc± vipassan±ya kamma½ karont² na cirasseva saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. ther² 2.1.46-59)–
“Nagare bandhumatiy±, bandhum± n±ma khattiyo;
tassa rañño ahu½ bhariy±, ekajjha½ c±ray±maha½.
“Rahogat± nis²ditv±, eva½ cintesaha½ tad±;
±d±ya gaman²yañhi, kusala½ natthi me kata½.
“Mah±bhit±pa½ kaµuka½, ghorar³pa½ sud±ruºa½;
niraya½ n³na gacch±mi, ettha me natthi sa½sayo.
“R±j±na½ upasaªkamma, ida½ vacanamabravi½;
eka½ me samaºa½ dehi, bhojayiss±mi khattiya.
“Ad±si me mah±r±j±, samaºa½ bh±vitindriya½;
tassa patta½ gahetv±na, paramannena p³rayi½.
“P³rayitv± paramanna½, gandh±lepa½ ak±saha½;
j±lena pidahitv±na, vatthayugena ch±dayi½.
“¾rammaºa½ mama½ eta½, sar±mi y±vaj²vita½;
tattha citta½ pas±detv±, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Ti½s±na½ devar±j³na½, mahesittamak±rayi½;
manas± patthita½ mayha½, nibbattati yathicchita½.
“V²s±na½ cakkavatt²na½, mahesittamak±rayi½;
ocitatt±va hutv±na, sa½sar±mi bhavesvaha½.
“Sabbabandhanamutt±ha½ apet± me up±dik±;
sabb±savaparikkh²º±, natthi d±ni punabbhavo.
“Ekanavutito kappe, ya½ d±namadadi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, piº¹ap±tassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti; (apa. ther² 2.1.46-59);
arahatta½ pana patv± attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± p²tisomanassaj±t± ud±navasena–
31. “c±tuddasi½ pañcadasi½, y± ca pakkhassa aµµham²;
p±µih±riyapakkhañca, aµµhaªgasusam±gata½.
32. “Uposatha½ up±gacchi½, devak±y±bhinandin²;
s±jja ekena bhattena, muº¹± saªgh±µip±rut±;
devak±ya½ na pattheha½, vineyya hadaye daran”ti.– Im± dve g±th± abh±si.
Tattha c±tuddasi½ pañcadasinti catuddasanna½ p³raº² c±tuddas², pañcadasanna½ p³raº² pañcadas², ta½ c±tuddasi½ pañcadasiñca, pakkhass±ti sambandho. Accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½. Y± ca pakkhassa aµµham², tañc±ti yojan±. P±µih±riyapakkhañc±ti pariharaºakapakkhañca c±tuddas²pañcadas²-aµµham²na½ yath±kkama½ ±dito antato v± pavesaniggamavasena uposathas²lassa pariharitabbapakkhañca teras²p±µipadasattam²navam²su c±ti attho. Aµµhaªgasusam±gatanti p±º±tip±t± veramaºi-±d²hi aµµhahi aªgehi suµµhu samann±gata½. Uposatha½ up±gacchinti upav±sa½ upagami½, upavasinti attho. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“P±ºa½ na hane na c±dinnam±diye, mus± na bh±se na ca majjapo siy±;
abrahmacariy± virameyya methun±, ratti½ na bhuñjeyya vik±labhojana½.
“M±la½ na dh±re na ca gandham±care, mañce cham±ya½ va sayetha santhate;
etañhi aµµhaªgikam±huposatha½, buddhena dukkhantagun± pak±sitan”ti. (Su. ni. 402-403).
Devak±y±bhinandin²ti tatr³papatti-±kaªkh±vasena c±tumah±r±jik±di½ devak±ya½ abhipatthent² uposatha½ up±gacchinti yojan±. S±jja ekena bhatten±ti s± aha½ ajja imasmi½yeva divase ekena bhattabhojanakkhaºena. Muº¹± saªgh±µip±rut±ti muº¹itakes± saªgh±µip±rutasar²r± ca hutv± pabbajit±ti attho. Devak±ya½ na patthehanti aggamaggassa adhigatatt± kañci devanik±ya½ aha½ na patthaye. Tenev±ha– “vineyya hadaye daran”ti, cittagata½ kilesadaratha½ samucchedavasena vinetv±ti attho. Idameva cass± aññ±by±karaºa½ ahosi.

Mitt±ther²g±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.