Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Khuddakanik±ye

Ther²g±th±-aµµhakath±

1. Ekakanip±to

1. Ańńatar±ther²g±th±vaŗŗan±

Id±ni ther²g±th±na½ atthasa½vaŗŗan±ya ok±so anuppatto. Tattha yasm± bhikkhun²na½ ±dito yath± pabbajj± upasampad± ca paµiladdh±, ta½ pak±setv± atthasa½vaŗŗan±ya kar²yam±n±ya tattha tattha g±th±na½ aµµhuppatti½ vibh±vetu½ sukar± hoti sup±kaµ± ca, tasm± ta½ pak±setu½ ±dito paµµh±ya saŖkhepato aya½ anupubbikath±–
Ayańhi lokan±tho “manussatta½ liŖgasampatt²”ty±din± vutt±ni aµµhaŖg±ni samodh±netv± d²paŖkarassa bhagavato p±dam³le katamah±bhin²h±ro samati½sap±ramiyo p³rento catuv²satiy± buddh±na½ santike laddhaby±karaŗo anukkamena p±ramiyo p³retv± ń±tatthacariy±ya lokatthacariy±ya buddhatthacariy±ya ca koµi½ patv± tusitabhavane nibbattitv± tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± dasasahassacakkav±¼adevat±hi buddhabh±v±ya–
“K±lo kho te mah±v²ra, uppajja m±tukucchiya½;
sadevaka½ t±rayanto, bujjhassu amata½ padan”ti. (Bu. va½. 1.67)–

¾y±citamanuss³papattiko t±sa½ devat±na½ paµińńa½ datv±, katapańcamah±vilokano sakyar±jakule suddhodanamah±r±jassa gehe sato sampaj±no m±tukucchi½ okkanto dasam±se sato sampaj±no tattha µhatv±, sato sampaj±no tato nikkhanto lumbin²vane laddh±bhij±tiko vividh± dh±tiyo ±di½ katv± mahat± parih±rena sammadeva parihariyam±no anukkamena vu¹¹hippatto t²su p±s±desu vividhan±µakajanaparivuto devo viya sampatti½ anubhavanto jiŗŗaby±dhimatadassanena j±tasa½vego ń±ŗassa parip±kata½ gatatt±, k±mesu ±d²nava½ nekkhamme ca ±nisa½sa½ disv±, r±hulakum±rassa j±tadivase channasah±yo kaŗ¹aka½ assar±ja½ ±ruyha devat±hi vivaµena dv±rena a¹¹harattikasamaye mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv±, teneva ratt±vasesena t²ŗi rajj±ni atikkamitv± anom±nad²t²ra½ patv± ghaµik±ramah±brahmun± ±n²te arahattaddhaje gahetv± pabbajito, t±vadeva vassasaµµhikatthero viya ±kappasampanno hutv±, p±s±dikena iriy±pathena anukkamena r±jagaha½ patv±, tattha piŗ¹±ya caritv± paŗ¹avapabbatapabbh±re piŗ¹ap±ta½ paribhuńjitv±, m±gadhar±jena rajjena nimantiyam±no ta½ paµikkhipitv±, bhaggavass±r±ma½ gantv±, tassa samaya½ pariggaŗhitv± tato ±¼±rudak±na½ samaya½ pariggaŗhitv±, ta½ sabba½ analaŖkaritv± anukkamena uruvela½ gantv± tattha chabbass±ni dukkarak±rika½ katv±, t±ya ariyadhammapaµivedhass±bh±va½ ńatv± “n±ya½ maggo bodh±y±”ti o¼±rika½ ±h±ra½ ±haranto katip±hena bala½ g±hetv± vis±kh±puŗŗamadivase suj±t±ya dinna½ varabhojana½ bhuńjitv±, suvaŗŗap±ti½ nadiy± paµisota½ khipitv±, “ajja buddho bhaviss±m²”ti katasanniµµh±no s±yanhasamaye k±¼ena n±gar±jena abhitthutiguŗo bodhimaŗ¹a½ ±ruyha acalaµµh±ne p±c²nalokadh±tu-abhimukho apar±jitapallaŖke nisinno caturaŖgasamann±gata½ v²riya½ adhiµµh±ya, s³riye anatthaŖgateyeva m±rabala½ vidhamitv±, paµhamay±me pubbeniv±sa½ anussaritv± majjhimay±me dibbacakkhu½ visodhetv±, pacchimay±me paµiccasamupp±de ń±ŗa½ ot±retv±, anulomapaµiloma½ paccay±k±ra½ sammasanto vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± sabbabuddhehi adhigata½ anańńas±dh±raŗa½ samm±sambodhi½ adhigantv±, nibb±n±rammaŗ±ya phalasam±pattiy± tattheva satt±ha½ v²tin±metv±, teneva nayena itarasatt±hepi bodhimaŗ¹eyeva v²tin±metv±, r±j±yatanam³le madhupiŗ¹ikabhojana½ bhuńjitv±, puna ajap±lanigrodham³le nisinno dhammat±ya dhammagambh²rata½ paccavekkhitv± appossukkat±ya citte namante mah±brahmun± ±y±cito buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokento tikkhindriyamudindriy±dibhede satte disv± mah±brahmun± dhammadesan±ya katapaµińńo “kassa nu kho aha½ paµhama½ dhamma½ deseyyan”ti ±vajjento ±¼±rudak±na½ k±laŖkatabh±va½ ńatv±, “bahupak±r± kho me pańcavaggiy± bhikkh³, ye ma½ padh±napahitatta½ upaµµhahi½su, ya½n³n±ha½ pańcavaggiy±na½ bhikkh³na½ paµhama½ dhamma½ deseyyan”ti (mah±va. 10) cintetv±, ±s±¼hipuŗŗam±ya½ mah±bodhito b±r±ŗasi½ uddissa aµµh±rasayojana½ magga½ paµipanno antar±magge upakena ±j²vakena saddhi½ mantetv±, anukkamena isipatana½ patv± tattha pańcavaggiye sańń±petv± “dveme, bhikkhave, ant± pabbajitena na sevitabb±”ti-±din± (mah±va. 13; sa½. ni. 5.1081; paµi. ma. 2.30) dhammacakkapavattanasuttantadesan±ya ańń±sikoŗ¹ańńappamukh± aµµh±rasabrahmakoµiyo dhamm±mata½ p±yetv± p±µipade bhaddiyatthera½, pakkhassa dutiy±ya½ vappatthera½, pakkhassa tatiy±ya½ mah±n±matthera½, catutthiya½ assajitthera½, sot±pattiphale patiµµh±petv±, pańcamiya½ pana pakkhassa anattalakkhaŗasuttantadesan±ya (mah±va. 20; sa½. ni. 3.59) sabbepi arahatte patiµµh±petv± tato para½ yasad±rakappamukhe pańcapaŗŗ±sapurise, kapp±sikavanasaŗ¹e ti½samatte bhaddavaggiye, gay±s²se piµµhip±s±ŗe sahassamatte pur±ŗajaµileti eva½ mah±jana½ ariyabh³mi½ ot±retv± bimbis±rappamukh±ni ek±dasanahut±ni sot±pattiphale nahuta½ saraŗattaye patiµµh±petv± ve¼uvana½ paµiggahetv± tattha viharanto assajittherassa v±has± adhigatapaµhamamagge sańcaya½ ±pucchitv±, saddhi½ paris±ya attano santika½ upagate s±riputtamoggall±ne aggaphala½ sacchikatv± s±vakap±ramiy± matthaka½ patte aggas±vakaµµh±ne µhapetv± k±¼ud±yittherassa abhiy±can±ya kapilavatthu½ gantv±, m±natthaddhe ń±take yamakap±µih±riyena dametv±, pitara½ an±g±miphale, mah±paj±pati½ sot±pattiphale paµiµµh±petv± nandakum±ra½ r±hulakum±rańca pabb±jetv±, satth± punadeva r±jagaha½ pacc±gacchi.

Ath±parena samayena satthari ves±li½ upaniss±ya k³µ±g±ras±l±ya½ viharante suddhodanamah±r±j± setacchattassa heµµh±va arahatta½ sacchikatv± parinibb±yi. Atha mah±paj±patiy± gotamiy± pabbajj±ya citta½ uppajji, tato rohin²nad²t²re kalahaviv±dasuttantadesan±ya (su. ni. 868 ±dayo) pariyos±ne nikkhamitv±, pabbajit±na½ pańcanna½ kum±rasat±na½ p±daparic±rik± ekajjh±say±va hutv± mah±paj±patiy± santika½ gantv±, sabb±va “satthu santike pabbajiss±m±”ti mah±paj±pati½ jeµµhika½ katv± satthu santika½ gantuk±m± ahesu½. Ayańca mah±paj±pati pubbepi ekav±ra½ satth±ra½ pabbajja½ y±citv± n±lattha, tasm± kappaka½ pakkos±petv± kese chind±petv± k±s±y±ni acch±detv± sabb± t± s±kiy±niyo ±d±ya ves±li½ gantv± ±nandattherena dasabala½ y±c±petv±, aµµhagarudhammapaµiggahaŗena pabbajja½ upasampadańca alattha. Itar± pana sabb±pi ekato upasampann± ahesu½. Ayamettha saŖkhepo. Vitth±rato paneta½ vatthu tattha tattha p±¼iya½ (c³¼ava. 402) ±gatameva.
Eva½ upasampann± pana mah±paj±pati satth±ra½ upasaŖkamitv± abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Athass± satth± dhamma½ desesi. S± satthu santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± arahatta½ p±puŗi. Ses± ca pańcasatabhikkhuniyo nandakov±dapariyos±ne (ma. ni. 3.398) arahatta½ p±puŗi½su. Eva½ bhikkhunisaŖghe suppatiµµhite puthubh³te tattha tattha g±manigamajanapadar±jadh±n²su kulitthiyo kulasuŗh±yo kulakum±rik±yo buddhasubuddhata½ dhammasudhammata½ saŖghasuppaµipattitańca sutv±, s±sane abhippasann± sa½s±re ca j±tasa½veg± attano s±mike m±t±pitaro ń±take ca anuj±n±petv±, s±sane ura½ datv± pabbaji½su. Pabbajitv± ca s²l±c±rasampann± satthuno ca tesa½ ther±nańca santike ov±da½ labhitv± ghaµentiyo v±yamantiyo nacirasseva arahatta½ sacch±ka½su. T±hi ud±n±divasena tattha tattha bh±sit± g±th± pacch± saŖg²tik±rakehi ekajjha½ katv± ekakanip±t±divasena saŖg²ti½ ±ropayi½su “im± ther²g±th± n±m±”ti. T±sa½ nip±t±divibh±go heµµh± vuttoyeva. Tattha nip±tesu ekakanip±to ±di. Tatthapi–
1. “Sukha½ sup±hi therike, katv± co¼ena p±rut±;
upasanto hi te r±go, sukkha¹±ka½va kumbhiyan”ti.–

Aya½ g±th± ±di. Tass± k± uppatti? At²te kira ańńatar± kuladh²t± koŗ±gamanassa bhagavato k±le s±sane abhippasann± hutv± satth±ra½ nimantetv± dutiyadivase s±kh±maŗ¹apa½ k±retv± v±lika½ attharitv± upari vit±na½ bandhitv± gandhapupph±d²hi p³ja½ katv± satthu k±la½ ±roc±pesi. Satth± tattha gantv± pańńatte ±sane nis²di. S± bhagavanta½ vanditv± paŗ²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena parivisitv±, bhagavanta½ bhutt±vi½ on²tapattap±ŗi½ tic²varena acch±desi. Tass± bhagav± anumodana½ katv± pakk±mi. S± y±vat±yuka½ puńń±ni katv± ±yupariyos±ne devaloke nibbattitv± eka½ buddhantara½ sugat²su eva sa½sarant² kassapassa bhagavato k±le gahapatikule nibbattitv± vińńuta½ patv±, sa½s±re j±tasa½veg± s±sane pabbajitv± upasampajjitv± v²sativassahass±ni bhikkhunis²la½ p³retv±, puthujjanak±lakiriya½ katv±, sagge nibbatt± eka½ buddhantara½ saggasampatti½ anubhavitv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de ves±liya½ khattiyamah±s±lakule nibbatti. Ta½ thirasantasar²rat±ya therik±ti vohari½su. S± vayappatt± kulappades±din± sam±naj±tikassa khattiyakum±rassa m±t±pit³hi dinn± patidevat± hutv± vasant² satthu ves±ligamane s±sane paµiladdhasaddh± up±sik± hutv±, aparabh±ge mah±paj±patigotam²theriy± santike dhamma½ sutv± pabbajj±ya ruci½ upp±detv± “aha½ pabbajiss±m²”ti s±mikass±rocesi. S±miko n±nuj±n±ti. S± pana kat±dhik±rat±ya yath±suta½ dhamma½ paccavekkhitv± r³p±r³padhamme pariggahetv± vipassana½ anuyutt± viharati.

Athekadivasa½ mah±nase byańjane paccam±ne mahat² aggij±l± uµµhahi. S± aggij±l± sakalabh±jana½ taµataµ±yanta½ jh±yati. S± ta½ disv± tadev±rammaŗa½ katv± suµµhutara½ aniccata½ upaµµhahanta½ upadh±retv± tato tattha dukkh±nicc±nattatańca ±ropetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± anukkamena ussukk±petv± maggapaµip±µiy± an±g±miphale patiµµhahi. S± tato paµµh±ya ±bharaŗa½ v± alaŖk±ra½ v± na dh±reti. S± s±mikena “kasm± tva½, bhadde, id±ni pubbe viya ±bharaŗa½ v± alaŖk±ra½ v± na dh±res²”ti vutt± attano gihibh±ve abhabbabh±va½ ±rocetv± pabbajja½ anuj±n±pesi. So vis±kho up±sako viya dhammadinna½ mahat± parih±rena mah±paj±patigotamiy± santika½ netv± “ima½, ayye, pabb±jeth±”ti ±ha. Atha mah±paj±patigotam² ta½ pabb±jetv± upasamp±detv± vih±ra½ netv± satth±ra½ dassesi. Satth±piss± pakatiy± diµµh±rammaŗameva vibh±vento “sukha½ sup±h²”ti g±tham±ha.
Tattha sukhanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso. Sup±h²ti ±ŗattivacana½. Theriketi ±mantanavacana½. Katv± co¼ena p±rut±ti appicchat±ya niyojana½. Upasanto hi te r±goti paµipattikittana½. Sukkha¹±ka½v±ti upasametabbassa kilesassa as±rabh±vanidassana½. Kumbhiyanti tad±dh±rassa aniccatucch±dibh±vanidassana½.
Sukhanti ceta½ iµµh±dhivacana½. Sukhena nidukkh± hutv±ti attho. Sup±h²ti nipajjanidassanańceta½ catunna½ iriy±path±na½, tasm± catt±ropi iriy±pathe sukheneva kappehi sukha½ vihar±ti attho. Theriketi ida½ yadipi tass± n±makittana½, pacurena anvatthasańń±bh±vato pana thire s±sane thirabh±vappatte, thirehi s²l±didhammehi samann±gateti attho. Katv± co¼ena p±rut±ti pa½suk³laco¼ehi c²vara½ katv± acch±ditasar²r± ta½ nivatth± ceva p±rut± ca. Upasanto hi te r±goti hi-saddo hetvattho. Yasm± tava sant±ne uppajjanakak±mar±go upasanto an±g±mimaggań±ŗaggin± da¹¹ho, id±ni tadavasesa½ r±ga½ aggamaggań±ŗaggin± dahetv± sukha½ sup±h²ti adhipp±yo. Sukkha¹±ka½va kumbhiyanti yath± ta½ pakke bh±jane appaka½ ¹±kabyańjana½ mahatiy± aggij±l±ya paccam±na½ jh±yitv± sussanta½ v³pasammati, yath± v± udakamisse ¹±kabyańjane uddhana½ ±ropetv± paccam±ne udake vijjam±ne ta½ cicciµ±yati ciµiciµ±yati, udake pana chinne upasantameva hoti, eva½ tava sant±ne k±mar±go upasanto, itarampi v³pasametv± sukha½ sup±h²ti.
Ther² indriy±na½ parip±ka½ gatatt± satthu desan±vil±sena ca g±th±pariyos±ne saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puŗi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. ther² 2.1.26-30).
“Koŗ±gamanabuddhassa, maŗ¹apo k±rito may±;
dhuva½ tic²vara½d±si½, buddhassa lokabandhuno.
“Ya½ ya½ janapada½ y±mi, nigame r±jadh±niyo;
sabbattha p³jito homi, puńńakammassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½, bhav± sabbe sam³hat±;
n±g²va bandhana½ chetv±, vihar±mi an±sav±.
“Sv±gata½ vata me ±si, buddhaseµµhassa santike;
tisso vijj± anuppatt±, kata½ buddhassa s±sana½.
“Paµisambhid± catasso, vimokkh±pi ca aµµhime;
cha¼abhińń± sacchikat±, kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti.
Arahatta½ pana patv± ther² ud±nent² tameva g±tha½ abh±si, ten±ya½ g±th± tass± theriy± g±th± ahosi. Tattha theriy± vuttag±th±ya anavaseso r±go pariggahito aggamaggena tassa v³pasamassa adhippetatt±. R±gav³pasameneva cettha sabbesampi kiles±na½ v³pasamo vuttoti daµµhabba½ tadekaµµhat±ya sabbesa½ kilesadhamm±na½ v³pasamasiddhito. Tath± hi vuccati–
“Uddhaccavicikicch±hi, yo moho sahajo mato;
pah±nekaµµhabh±vena, r±gena saraŗo hi so”ti.
Yath± cettha sabbesa½ sa½kiles±na½ v³pasamo vutto, eva½ sabbatth±pi tesa½ v³pasamo vuttoti veditabba½. Pubbabh±ge tadaŖgavasena, samathavipassan±kkhaŗe vikkhambhanavasena, maggakkhaŗe samucchedavasena, phalakkhaŗe paµippassaddhivasena v³pasamasiddhito. Tena catubbidhass±pi pah±nassa siddhi veditabb± Tattha tadaŖgappah±nena s²lasampad±siddhi, vikkhambhanapah±nena sam±dhisampad±siddhi, itarehi pańń±sampad±siddhi dassit± hoti pah±n±bhisamayopasijjhanato. Yath± bh±van±bhisamaya½ s±dheti tasmi½ asati tadabh±vato, tath± sacchikiriy±bhisamaya½ parińń±bhisamayańca s±dheti ev±ti. Catur±bhisamayasiddhiy± tisso sikkh±, paµipattiy± tividhakaly±ŗat±, sattavisuddhiyo ca paripuŗŗ± im±ya g±th±ya pak±sit± hont²ti veditabba½. Ańńatar±ther² apańń±t± n±magott±divasena ap±kaµ±, ek± ther² lakkhaŗasampann± bhikkhun² ima½ g±tha½ abh±s²ti adhipp±yo.

Ańńatar±ther²g±th±vaŗŗan± niµµhit±.