21. Mah±nip±to

1. Vaªg²sattherag±th±vaººan±

Sattatinip±te nikkhanta½ vata ma½ santanti-±dik± ±yasmato vaªg²sattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savat²nagare mah±bhogakule nibbatto, purimanayeneva vih±ra½ gantv± dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ paµibh±navant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± satthu adhik±rakamma½ katv±– “ahampi an±gate paµibh±navant±na½ aggo bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ katv±, satth±r± by±kato y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± vaªg²soti laddhan±mo tayo bede uggaºhanto ±cariya½ ±r±dhetv±, chavas²samanta½ n±ma sikkhitv± chavas²sa½ nakhena ±koµetv± “aya½ satto asukayoniya½ nibbatto”ti j±n±ti.
Br±hmaº± “aya½ amh±ka½ j²vitamaggo”ti ñatv± vaªg²sa½ gahetv± paµicchannay±ne nis²d±petv± g±manigamar±jadh±niyo vicaranti. Vaªg²sopi tivassamatthake mat±nampi s²sa½ ±har±petv± nakhena ±koµetv± “aya½ satto asukayoniya½ nibbatto”ti vatv± mah±janassa kaªkhacchedanattha½ te te jane ±v±hetv± attano attano gati½ kath±peti. Tena tasmi½ mah±jano abhippas²dati. So ta½ niss±ya mah±janassa hatthato satampi sahassampi labhat²ti. Br±hmaº± vaªg²sam±d±ya yath±ruci½ vicaritv± puna s±vatthi½ agama½su. Vaªg²so satthu guºe sutv± satth±ra½ upasaªkamituk±mo ahosi. Br±hmaº± “samaºo gotamo m±y±ya ta½ ±vaµµessat²”ti paµikkhipi½su. Vaªg²so tesa½ vacana½ an±diyitv± satthu santika½ gantv± madhurapaµisanth±ra½ katv± ekamanta½ nis²di.
Ta½ satth± pucchi– “vaªg²sa, kiñci sippa½ j±n±s²”ti? “¾ma, bho gotama, chavas²samanta½ n±ma j±n±mi. Tena tivassamatthake mat±nampi s²sa½ nakhena ±koµetv± nibbattaµµh±na½ j±n±m²”ti. Satth± tassa eka½ niraye nibbattassa s²sa½ dassesi, eka½ manussesu eka½ devesu, eka½ parinibbutassa s²sa½ dassesi. So paµhama½ s²sa½ ±koµetv±, “bho gotama, aya½ satto niraye nibbatto”ti ±ha. “S±dhu, vaªg²sa, suµµhu tay± diµµha½. Aya½ satto kuhi½ nibbatto”ti pucchi. “Manussaloke”ti. “Aya½ kuhin”ti? “Devaloke”ti tiººannampi nibbattaµµh±na½ kathesi. Parinibbutassa pana s²sa½ nakhena ±koµento neva anta½ na koµi½ passi. Atha na½ satth± “na sakkosi vaªg²s±”ti pucchi. “Upaparikkh±mi t±v±”ti punappuna½ parivattetv± ±koµentopi b±hirakamantena kh²º±savassa gati½ katha½ j±nissati, athassa matthakato sedo mucci. So lajjitv± tuºh²bh³to aµµh±si. Atha na½ satth±– “kilamasi, vaªg²s±”ti ±ha. “¾ma, bho gotama, imassa uppannaµµh±na½ j±nitu½ na sakkomi, sace tumhe j±n±tha, katheth±”ti. “Vaªg²sa, aha½ etampi j±n±mi, ito uttaritarampi j±n±m²”ti vatv±–
“Cuti½ yo vedi satt±na½, upapattiñca sabbaso;
asatta½ sugata½ buddha½, tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºa½.
“Yassa gati½ na j±nanti, dev± gandhabbam±nus±;
kh²º±sava½ arahanta½, tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºan”ti. (Dha. pa. 419-420; su. ni. 648-649)–

Im± dve g±th± abh±si. Vaªg²so “tena hi, bho gotama, ta½ vijja½ me deth±”ti apaciti½ dassetv± satthu santike nis²di. Satth± “amhehi sam±naliªgassa dem±”ti ±ha. Vaªg²so “ya½kiñci katv± may± ima½ manta½ gahetu½ vaµµat²”ti br±hmaºe ±ha– “tumhe mayi pabbajante m± cintayittha, aha½ manta½ uggaºhitv± sakalajambud²pe jeµµhako bhaviss±mi, tumh±kampi tena bhaddakameva bhavissat²”ti mantatth±ya satthusantika½ upasaªkamitv± pabbajja½ y±ci. Tad± ca thero nigrodhakappo bhagavato santike µhito hoti, ta½ bhagav± ±º±pesi– “nigrodhakappa, ima½ pabb±jeh²”ti. So satthu ±º±ya ta½ pabb±jesi. Athassa satth± “mantapariv±ra½ t±va uggaºh±h²”ti dvatti½s±k±rakammaµµh±na½ vipassan±kammaµµh±nañca ±cikkhi. So dvatti½s±k±ra½ sajjh±yantova vipassana½ paµµhapesi. Br±hmaº± vaªg²sa½ upasaªkamitv± “ki½, bho vaªg²sa, samaºasma gotamassa santike sippa½ sikkhitan”ti pucchi½su. “Ki½ sippasikkhanena, gacchatha tumhe, na mayha½ tumhehi kattabbakiccan”ti. Br±hmaº± “tvampi d±ni samaºassa gotamassa vasa½ ±panno, m±y±ya ±vaµµito, ki½ maya½ tava santike kariss±m±”ti ±gatamaggeneva pakkami½su. Vaªg²satthero vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ sacch±k±si. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.55.96-142)–

“Padumuttaro n±ma jino, sabbadhammesu cakkhum±;
ito satasahassamhi, kappe uppajji n±yako.
“Yath±pi s±gare ³mi, gagane viya t±rak±;
eva½ p±vacana½ tassa, arahantehi cittita½.
“Sadev±suran±gehi, manujehi purakkhato;
samaºabr±hmaº±kiººe, janamajjhe jinuttamo.
“Pabh±hi anurañjanto, loke lokantag³ jino;
vacanena vibodhento, veneyyapadum±ni so.
“Ves±rajjehi sampanno, cat³hi purisuttamo;
pah²nabhayas±rajjo, khemappatto vis±rado.
“¾sabha½ pavara½ µh±na½, buddhabh³miñca kevala½;
paµij±n±ti lokaggo, natthi sañcodako kvaci.
“S²han±damasambh²ta½, nadato tassa t±dino;
dev± naro v± brahm± v±, paµivatt± na vijjati.
“Desento pavara½ dhamma½, sant±rento sadevaka½;
dhammacakka½ pavatteti, paris±su vis±rado.
“Paµibh±navata½ agga½, s±vaka½ s±dhusammata½;
guºa½ bahu½ pakittetv±, etadagge µhapesi ta½.
“Tad±ha½ ha½savatiya½, br±hmaºo s±dhusammato;
sabbavedavid³ j±to, v±g²so v±dis³dano.
“Upecca ta½ mah±v²ra½, sutv±ha½ dhammadesana½;
p²tivara½ paµilabhi½, s±vakassa guºe rato.
“Nimantetv±va sugata½, sasaªgha½ lokanandana½;
satt±ha½ bhojayitv±ha½, dussehacch±dayi½ tad±.
“Nipacca siras± p±de, katok±so katañjal²;
ekamanta½ µhito haµµho, santhavi½ jinamuttama½.
“Namo te v±dimaddana, namo te isisattama;
namo te sabbalokagga, namo te abhaya½ kara.
“Namo te m±ramathana, namo te diµµhis³dana;
namo te santisukhada, namo te saraºa½ kara.
“An±th±na½ bhava½ n±tho, bh²t±na½ abhayappado;
viss±mabh³mi sant±na½, saraºa½ saraºesina½.
“Evam±d²hi sambuddha½, santhavitv± mah±guºa½;
avoca½ v±dis³dassa, gati½ pappomi bhikkhuno.
“Tad± avoca bhagav±, anantapaµibh±nav±;
yo so buddha½ abhojesi, satt±ha½ sahas±vaka½.
“Guºañca me pakittesi, pasanno sehi p±ºibhi;
eso patthayate µh±na½, v±dis³dassa bhikkhuno.
“An±gatamhi addh±ne, lacchase ta½ manoratha½;
devam±nusasampatti½, anubhotv± anappaka½.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
vaªg²so n±ma n±mena, hessati satthu s±vako.
“Ta½ sutv± mudito hutv±, y±vaj²va½ tad± jina½;
paccayehi upaµµh±si½, mettacitto tath±gata½;
“tena kammena sukatena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, tusita½ agam±saha½.
“Pacchime ca bhave d±ni, j±to vippakule aha½;
pacc±j±to yad± ±si½, j±tiy± sattavassiko.
“Sabbavedavid³ j±to, v±dasatthavis±rado;
v±dissaro cittakath², parav±dappamaddano.
“Vaªge j±toti vaªg²so, vacane issaroti v±;
vaªg²so iti me n±ma½, abhav² lokasammata½.
“Yad±ha½ viññuta½ patto, µhito paµhamayobbane;
tad± r±jagahe ramme, s±riputtamahaddasa½.
“Piº¹±ya vicaranta½ ta½, pattap±ºi½ susa½vuta½;
alolakkhi½ mitabh±ºi½, yugamatta½ nidakkhita½.
“Ta½ disv± vimhito hutv±, avoca½ mamanucchava½;
kaºik±ra½va nicita½, citta½ g±th±pada½ aha½.
“¾cikkhi so me satth±ra½, sambuddha½ lokan±yaka½;
tad± so paº¹ito v²ro, uttari½ samavoca me.
“Vir±gasa½hita½ v±kya½, katv± duddasamuttama½;
vicittapaµibh±nehi, tosito tena t±din±.
“Nipacca siras± p±de, pabb±jeh²ti ma½ bravi;
tato ma½ sa mah±pañño, buddhaseµµhamup±nayi.
“Nipacca siras± p±de, nis²di½ satthu santike;
mam±ha vadata½ seµµho, kacci vaªg²sa j±n±si.
“Kiñci sippanti tass±ha½, j±n±m²ti ca abravi½;
matas²sa½ vanacchuddha½, api b±rasavassika½;
tava vijj±visesena, sace sakkosi v±caya.
“¾moti me paµiññ±te, t²ºi s²s±ni dassayi;
nirayanaradevesu, upapanne av±cayi½.
“Tad± kh²º±savasseva, s²sa½ dassesi n±yako;
tatoha½ vihat±rabbho, pabbajja½ samay±cisa½.
“Pabbajitv±na sugata½, santhav±mi tahi½ tahi½;
tato ma½ kabbavittosi, ujjh±yantiha bhikkhavo.
“Tato v²ma½sanattha½ me, ±ha buddho vin±yako;
takkik± panim± g±th±, µh±naso paµibhanti ta½.
“Na kabbavittoha½ v²ra, µh±naso paµibhanti ma½;
tena hi d±ni vaªg²sa, µh±naso santhav±hi ma½.
“Tad±ha½ santhavi½ v²ra½, g±th±hi isisattama½;
µh±naso me tad± tuµµho, jino agge µhapesi ma½.
“Paµibh±nena cittena, aññesamatimaññaha½;
pesale tena sa½viggo, arahattamap±puºi½.
“Paµibh±navata½ aggo, añño koci na vijjati;
yath±ya½ bhikkhu vaªg²so, eva½ dh±retha bhikkhavo.
“Satasahasse kata½ kamma½, phala½ dassesi me idha;
sumutto saravegova, kilese jh±payi½ mama.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½, bhav± sabbe sam³hat±;
n±gova bandhana½ chetv±, vihar±mi an±savo.
“Sv±gata½ vata me ±si, buddhaseµµhassa santike;
tisso vijj± anuppatt±, kata½ buddhassa s±sana½.
“Paµisambhid± catasso, vimokkh±pi ca aµµhime;
cha¼abhiññ± sacchikat±, kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti.
Arah± pana hutv± thero satthu santika½ gacchanto cakkhupathato paµµh±ya candena, s³riyena, ±k±sena, mah±samuddena, sinerun± pabbatar±jena, s²hena migaraññ±, hatthin±gen±ti tena tena saddhi½ upamento anekehi padasatehi satth±ra½ vaººentova upagacchati. Tena ta½ satth± saªghamajjhe nisinno paµibh±navant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi. Atha therena arahattappattito pubbe ca pacch± ca ta½ ta½ citta½ ±gamma bh±sit±. Thera½ uddissa ±nandatther±d²hi bh±sit± ca–
1218. “Nikkhanta½ vata ma½ santa½, ag±rasm±nag±riya½;
vitakk± upadh±vanti, pagabbh± kaºhato ime.