10. Dhammikattherag±th±vaººan±

Dhammo haveti-±dik± ±yasmato dhammikattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto sikhissa bhagavato k±le migaluddako hutv± ekadivasa½ araññ±yatane devaparis±ya satthu dhamma½ desentassa “dhammo eso vuccat²”ti desan±ya nimitta½ gaºhi. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de kosalaraµµhe br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± dhammikoti laddhan±mo vayappatto jetavanapaµiggahaºe laddhappas±do pabbajitv± aññatarasmi½ g±mak±v±se ±v±siko hutv± viharanto ±gantuk±na½ bhikkh³na½ vatt±vattesu ujjh±nabahulo akkhamo ahosi. Tena bhikkh³ ta½ vih±ra½ cha¹¹etv± pakkami½su. So ekakova ahosi. Vih±ras±miko up±sako ta½ k±raºa½ sutv± bhagavato ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. Satth± ta½ bhikkhu½ pakkosetv± tamattha½ pucchitv± tena “eva½, bhante”ti vutte– “n±ya½ id±neva akkhamo, pubbepi akkhamo ahos²”ti vatv± bhikkh³hi y±cito rukkhadhamma½ (j±. 1.1.74) kathetv± upari tassa ov±da½ dento–
303. “Dhammo have rakkhati dhammac±ri½, dhammo suciººo sukham±vah±ti;
es±nisa½so dhamme suciººe, na duggati½ gacchati dhammac±r².
304. “Na hi dhammo adhammo ca, ubho samavip±kino;
adhammo niraya½ neti, dhammo p±peti suggati½.
305. “Tasm± hi dhammesu kareyya chanda½, iti modam±no sugatena t±din±;
dhamme µhit± sugatavarassa s±vak±, n²yanti dh²r± saraºavaraggag±mino.
306. “Vipphoµito gaº¹am³lo, taºh±j±lo sam³hato;
so kh²ºasa½s±ro na catthi kiñcana½,
cando yath± dosin± puººam±siyan”ti.– Catasso g±th± abh±si.
Tattha dhammoti lokiyalokuttaro sucaritadhammo. Rakkhat²ti ap±yadukkhato rakkhati, sa½s±radukkhato ca vivaµµ³panissayabh³to rakkhatiyeva. Dhammac±rinti ta½ dhamma½ caranta½ paµipajjanta½. Suciººoti suµµhu ciººo kammaphal±ni saddahitv± sakkacca½ citt²katv± upacito. Sukhanti lokiyalokuttarasukha½. Tattha lokiya½ t±va k±m±vacar±dibhedo dhammo yath±saka½ sukha½ diµµhe v± dhamme upapajje v± apare v± pariy±ye ±vahati nipph±deti, itara½ pana vivaµµ³panissaye µhatv± ciººo parampar±ya ±vahat²ti vattu½ vaµµati anupanissayassa tadabh±vato. Es±nisa½so dhamme suciººe, na duggati½ gacchati dhammac±r²ti dhammac±r² puggalo dhamme suciººe ta½nimitta½ duggati½ na gacchat²ti eso dhamme suciººe ±nisa½so udrayoti attho.
Yasm± dhammeneva sugatigamana½, adhammeneva ca duggatigamana½, tasm± “dhammo adhammo”ti ime aññamañña½ asa½kiººaphal±ti dassetu½ “na hi dhammo”ti-±din± dutiya½ g±tham±ha. Tattha adhammoti dhammapaµipakkho duccarita½. Samavip±kinoti sadisavip±k± sam±naphal±.
Tasm±ti yasm± dhamm±dhamm±na½ aya½ yath±vutto vip±kabhedo, tasm±. Chandanti kattukamyat±chanda½. Iti modam±no sugatena t±din±ti iti eva½ vuttappak±rena ov±dad±nena sugatena sammaggatena samm±paµipannena iµµh±d²su t±dibh±vappattiy± t±din±mavat± hetubh³tena modam±no tuµµhi½ ±pajjam±no dhammesu chanda½ kareyy±ti yojan±. Ett±vat± vaµµa½ dassetv± id±ni vivaµµa½ dassento “dhamme µhit±”ti-±dim±ha. Tassattho– yasm± sugatassa varassa sugatesu ca varassa samm±sambuddhassa s±vak± tassa dhamme µhit± dh²r± ativiya aggabh³tasaraºag±mino teneva saraºagamanasaªkh±te dhamme µhitabh±vena sakalavaµµadukkhatopi n²yanti nissaranti, tasm± hi dhammesu kareyya chandanti.
Eva½ satth±r± t²hi g±th±hi dhamme desite desan±nus±rena yath±nisinnova vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.52.44-50)–
“Migaluddo pure ±si½, araññe vipine aha½;
addasa½ viraja½ buddha½, devasaªghapurakkhata½.
“Catusacca½ pak±senta½, desenta½ amata½ pada½;
assosi½ madhura½ dhamma½, sikhino lokabandhuno.
“Ghose citta½ pas±desi½, asamappaµipuggale;
tattha citta½ pas±detv±, uttari½ duttara½ bhava½.
“Ekati½se ito kappe, ya½ saññamalabhi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, ghosasaññ±yida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
tath± arahatte patiµµhito; arahatta½ pana patv± attan± adhigata½ visesa½ satthu nivedento carimag±th±ya añña½ by±k±si;
tattha vipphoµitoti vidhuto, maggañ±ºena paµinissaµµhoti attho; gaº¹am³loti avijj±; s± hi gaº¹ati savati; “gaº¹oti kho, bhikkhu, pañcanneta½ up±d±nakkhandh±na½ adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.103; a. ni. 6.23; 8.56; 9.15; c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 137) eva½ satth±r± vuttassa dukkham³layogato, kiles±sucipaggharaºato, upp±dajar±bhaªgehi uddhum±tapakkapabhijjanato ca, gaº¹±bhidh±nassa up±d±nakkhandhapañcakassa m³la½ k±raºa½ taºh±j±lo sam³hatoti taºh±saªkh±to j±lo maggena samuggh±µito; so kh²ºasa½s±ro na catthi kiñcananti so aha½ eva½ pah²nataºh±vijjat±ya parikkh²ºasa½s±ro pah²nabhavam³latt± eva na catthi, na ca upalabbhati r±g±dikiñcana½; cando yath± dosin± puººam±siyanti yath± n±ma cando abbhamahik±didosarahito puººam±siya½ paripuººak±le eva½ ahampi arahatt±dhigamena apetar±g±dikiñcano paripuººadhammakoµµh±so ahosinti;

dhammikattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;