18. Catt±l²sanip±to

1. Mah±kassapattherag±th±vaººan±

Catt±l²sanip±te na gaºena purakkhatoti-±dik± ±yasmato mah±kassapattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare vedeho n±ma as²tikoµivibhavo kuµumbiko ahosi. So buddham±mako, dhammam±mako, saªgham±mako up±sako hutv± viharanto ekasmi½ uposathadivase p±tova subhojana½ bhuñjitv± uposathaªg±ni adhiµµh±ya gandhapupph±d²ni gahetv± vih±ra½ gantv± satth±ra½ p³jetv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di.
Tasmiñca khaºe satth± mah±nisabhatthera½ n±ma tatiyas±vaka½ “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ dhutav±d±na½, yadida½ nisabho”ti etadagge µhapesi. Up±sako ta½ sutv± pasanno dhammakath±vas±ne mah±jane uµµh±ya gate satth±ra½ vanditv± “sve mayha½ bhikkha½ adhiv±seth±”ti nimantesi. “Mah± kho, up±saka bhikkhusaªgho”ti. “Kittako, bhante”ti? “Aµµhasaµµhibhikkhusatasahassan”ti. “Bhante, eka½ s±maºerampi vih±re asesetv± mayha½ bhikkha½ adhiv±seth±”ti. Satth± adhiv±sesi. Up±sako satthu adhiv±sana½ viditv± geha½ gantv± mah±d±na½ sajjetv± punadivase satthu k±la½ ±roc±pesi. Satth± pattac²varam±d±ya bhikkhusaªghaparivuto up±sakassa ghara½ gantv± paññatt±sane nisinno dakkhiºodak±vas±ne y±gu-±d²ni sampaµicchanto bhattavissagga½ ak±si. Up±sakopi satthu santike nis²di.
Tasmi½ antare mah±nisabhatthero piº¹±ya caranto tameva v²thi½ paµipajji. Up±sako disv± uµµh±ya gantv± thera½ vanditv± “patta½, bhante, deth±”ti ±ha. Thero patta½ ad±si. “Bhante, idheva pavisatha, satth±pi gehe nisinno”ti. “Na vaµµissati, up±sak±”ti. So therassa patta½ gahetv± piº¹ap±tassa p³retv± ad±si. Tato thera½ anugantv± nivatto satthu santike nis²ditv± evam±ha– “mah±nisabhatthero, bhante, ‘satth±pi gehe nisinno’ti vuttepi pavisitu½ na icchi, atthi nu kho etassa tumh±ka½ guºehi atirekaguºo”ti. Buddh±nañca vaººamacchera½ n±ma natthi, tasm± satth± evam±ha– “up±saka, maya½ bhikkha½ ±gamayam±n± gehe nis²d±ma, so pana bhikkhu na eva½ nis²ditv± bhikkha½ udikkhati, maya½ g±mantasen±sane vas±ma, so araññasmi½yeva vasati, maya½ channe vas±ma, so abbhok±seyeva vasat²”ti bhagav± “ayañca ayañcetassa guºo”ti mah±samudda½ p³rayam±no viya tassa guºa½ kathesi.
Up±sako pakatiy±pi jalam±napad²po telena ±sitto viya suµµhutara½ pasanno hutv± cintesi– “ki½ mayha½ aññ±ya sampattiy±, an±gate ekassa buddhassa santike dhutav±d±na½ aggabh±vatth±ya patthana½ kariss±m²”ti. So punapi satth±ra½ nimantetv± teneva niy±mena satta divase mah±d±na½ datv± sattame divase buddhappamukhassa mah±bhikkhusaªghassa tic²var±ni datv± satthu p±dam³le nipajjitv± evam±ha– “ya½ me, bhante, satta divase d±na½ dentassa metta½ k±yakamma½, metta½ vac²kamma½, metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµhita½, imin±ha½ na añña½ devasampatti½ v± sakkam±rabrahmasampatti½ v± patthemi, ida½ pana me kamma½ an±gate ekassa buddhassa santike mah±nisabhattherena pattaµµh±nantara½ p±puºanatth±ya terasadhutaªgadhar±na½ aggabh±vassa adhik±ro hot³”ti. Satth± “mahanta½ µh±na½ imin± patthita½, samijjhissati nu kho, no”ti olokento samijjhanabh±va½ disv± ±ha– “man±pa½ te µh±na½ patthita½, an±gate satasahassakapp±vas±ne gotamo n±ma buddho uppajjissati tassa tva½ tatiyas±vako mah±kassapatthero n±ma bhavissas²”ti by±k±si. Ta½ sutv± up±sako “buddh±na½ dve kath± n±ma natth²”ti punadivase pattabba½ viya ta½ sampatti½ amaññittha. So y±vat±yuka½ d±na½ datv±, s²la½ sam±d±ya rakkhitv±, n±nappak±ra½ kaly±ºakamma½ katv±, k±la½ katv±, sagge nibbatti.
Tato paµµh±ya devamanussesu sampatti½ anubhavanto ito ekanavute kappe vipassisamm±sambuddhe bandhumat²nagara½ upaniss±ya kheme migad±ye viharante devalok± cavitv± aññatarasmi½ parijiººabr±hmaºakule nibbatti. Tasmiñca k±le vipass² bhagav± sattame sattame sa½vacchare dhamma½ kathesi, mahanta½ kol±hala½ hoti. Sakalajambud²pe devat± “satth± dhamma½ kathessat²”ti ±rocesu½. Br±hmaºo ta½ s±sana½ assosi Tassa ca niv±sanas±µako ekoyeva hoti, tath± br±hmaºiy±. P±rupana½ pana dvinnampi ekameva. So sakalanagare “ekas±µakabr±hmaºo”ti paññ±yi. So br±hmaº±na½ kenacideva kiccena sannip±te sati br±hmaºi½ gehe µhapetv± saya½ ta½ vattha½ p±rupitv± gacchati. Br±hmaº²na½ sannip±te sati saya½ gehe acchati, br±hmaº² ta½ vattha½ p±rupitv± gacchati. Tasmi½ pana divase br±hmaºo br±hmaºi½ ±ha– “bhoti, ki½ ratti½ dhamma½ suºissasi, div±”ti? “Maya½ m±tug±maj±tik± n±ma ratti½ sotu½ na sakkoma, div± soss±m±”ti br±hmaºa½ gehe µhapetv± ta½ vattha½ p±rupitv± up±sik±hi saddhi½ div± gantv± satth±ra½ vanditv± ekamante nisinn± dhamma½ sutv± up±sik±hiyeva saddhi½ ±gam±si. Atha br±hmaºo br±hmaºi½ gehe µhapetv± ta½ vattha½ p±rupitv± vih±ra½ gato.
Tasmi½ samaye satth± parisamajjhe alaªkatadhamm±sane nisinno cittab²jani½ ±d±ya ±k±sagaªga½ ot±rento viya, sineru½ mantha½ katv± s±gara½ nimmathento viya, dhammakatha½ kathesi. Br±hmaºassa parisapariyante nisinnassa dhamma½ suºantassa paµhamay±masmi½yeva sakalasar²ra½ p³rayam±n± pañcavaºº± p²ti uppajji. So p±rutavattha½ saªgharitv± “dasabalassa dass±m²”ti cintesi. Athassa ±d²navasahassa½ dassayam±na½ macchera½ uppajji. So “br±hmaºiy± mayhañca ekameva vattha½, añña½ kiñci p±rupana½ natthi, ap±rupitv± ca n±ma bahi vicaritu½ na sakk±”ti sabbath±pi ad±tuk±mo ahosi, athassa nikkhante paµhamay±me majjhimay±mepi tatheva p²ti uppajji. Tatheva cintetv± tatheva ad±tuk±mo ahosi. Athassa majjhimay±me nikkhante pacchimay±mepi tatheva p²ti uppajji. Tad± so “ya½ v± hotu ta½ v± pacch±pi j±niss±m²”ti vattha½ saªgharitv± satthu p±dam³le µhapesi. Tato v±mahattha½ ±bhujitv± dakkhiºena hatthena tikkhattu½ apphoµetv± “jita½ me, jita½ me”ti tayo v±re nadi.
Tasmiñca samaye bandhumar±j± dhamm±sanassa pacchato antos±ºiya½ nisinno dhamma½ suº±ti. Rañño ca n±ma “jita½ me”ti saddo aman±po hoti So purisa½ pesesi– “gaccha, eta½ puccha ki½ vadas²”ti. So tena gantv± pucchito “avases± hatthiy±n±d²ni ±ruyha asicamm±d²ni gahetv± parasena½ jinanti, na ta½ acchariya½. Aha½ pana pacchato ±gacchantassa k³µagoºassa muggarena s²sa½ bhinditv± ta½ pal±pento viya maccheracitta½ madditv± p±rutavattha½ dasabalassa ad±si½, ta½ me macchariya½ jitan”ti ±ha. So puriso ±gantv± ta½ pavatti½ rañño ±rocesi. R±j± ±ha– “amhe, bhaºe, dasabalassa anur³pa½ na j±nimha, br±hmaºo j±n²”ti vatthayuga½ pesesi. Ta½ disv± br±hmaºo cintesi– “aya½ mayha½ tuºh²nisinnassa paµhama½ kiñci adatv± satthu guºe kathentassa ad±si. Satthu guºe paµicca uppannena pana mayha½ ko attho”ti tampi vatthayuga½ dasabalasseva ad±si. R±j±pi “ki½ br±hmaºena katan”ti pucchitv± “tampi tena vatthayuga½ tath±gatasseva dinnan”ti sutv± aññ±nipi dve vatthayug±ni pesesi, so t±nipi ad±si. R±j± aññ±nipi catt±r²ti eva½ y±va dvatti½savatthayug±ni pesesi. Atha br±hmaºo “ida½ va¹¹hetv± va¹¹hetv± gahaºa½ viya hot²”ti attano atth±ya eka½, br±hmaºiy± ekanti dve vatthayug±ni gahetv± ti½sayug±ni tath±gatasseva ad±si. Tato paµµh±ya ca so satthu viss±siko j±to.
Atha na½ r±j± ekadivasa½ s²tasamaye satthu santike dhamma½ suºanta½ disv± satasahassagghanaka½ attan± p±rutarattakambala½ datv± ±ha– “ito paµµh±ya ima½ p±rupitv± dhamma½ suº±h²”ti. So “ki½ me imin± kambalena imasmi½ p³tik±ye upan²ten±”ti cintetv± antogandhakuµiya½ tath±gatassa mañcassa upari vit±na½ katv± agam±si. Athekadivasa½ r±j± p±tova vih±ra½ gantv± antogandhakuµiya½ satthu santike nis²di. Tasmiñca samaye chabbaºº± buddharasmiyo kambale paµihaññanti, kambalo ativiya virocati. R±j± ullokento sañj±nitv± ±ha– “amh±ka½, bhante, esa kambalo, amhehi ekas±µakabr±hmaºassa dinno”ti. “Tumhehi, mah±r±ja, br±hmaºo p³jito, br±hmaºena maya½ p³jit±”ti. R±j± “br±hmaºo yutta½ aññ±si, na mayan”ti pas²ditv± ya½ manuss±na½ upak±rabh³ta½, ta½ sabba½ aµµhaµµhaka½ katv± sabbaµµhaka½ n±ma d±na½ datv± purohitaµµh±ne µhapesi. Sopi “aµµhaµµhaka½ n±la catusaµµhi hot²”ti catusaµµhi sal±kabhatt±ni upanibandh±petv± y±vaj²va½ d±na½ datv± s²la½ rakkhitv± tato cuto sagge nibbatti.
Puna tato cuto imasmi½ kappe koº±gamanassa ca bhagavato kassapadasabalassa c±ti dvinna½ buddh±na½ antare b±r±ºasiya½ kuµumbiyaghare nibbatto. So vuddhimanv±ya ghar±v±sa½ vasanto ekadivasa½ araññe jaªghavih±ra½ carati. Tasmiñca samaye paccekabuddho nad²t²re c²varakamma½ karonto anuv±te appahonte saªgharitv± µhapetu½ ±raddho. So disv± “kasm±, bhante, saªgharitv± µhapeth±”ti ±ha. “Anuv±to nappahot²”ti. “Imin±, bhante, karoth±”ti uttaras±µaka½ datv± “nibbattanibbattaµµh±ne me kenaci parih±ni m± hot³”ti patthana½ paµµhapesi.
Gharepissa bhaginiy± saddhi½ bhariy±ya kalaha½ karontiy± paccekabuddho piº¹±ya p±visi. Athassa bhagin² paccekabuddhassa piº¹ap±ta½ datv± tassa bhariya½ sandh±ya “evar³pa½ b±la½ yojanasatena parivajjeyyan”ti patthana½ paµµhapesi. S± gehaªgaºe µhit± sutv± “im±ya dinnabhatta½ m± esa bhuñjat³”ti patta½ gahetv± piº¹ap±ta½ cha¹¹etv± kalalassa p³retv± ad±si. Itar± disv± “b±le, tva½ ma½ t±va akkosa v± pahara v±, evar³passa pana dve asaªkhyeyy±ni p³ritap±ramissa pattato bhatta½ cha¹¹etv± kalala½ d±tu½ na yuttan”ti ±ha. Athassa bhariy±ya paµisaªkh±na½ uppajji. S± “tiµµhatha, bhante”ti kalala½ cha¹¹etv± patta½ dhovitv± gandhacuººena Ubbaµµetv± paº²tabhattassa catumadhurassa ca p³retv± upari ±sittena padumagabbhavaººena sappin± vijjotam±na½ paccekabuddhassa hatthe µhapetv± “yath± aya½ piº¹ap±to obh±saj±to, eva½ obh±saj±ta½ me sar²ra½ hot³”ti patthana½ paµµhapesi. Paccekabuddho anumoditv± ±k±sa½ pakkhandi.
Tepi j±yampatik± y±vat±yuka½ kusala½ katv± sagge nibbattitv± puna tato cavitv± up±sako kassapasamm±sambuddhak±le b±r±ºasiya½ as²tikoµivibhavassa seµµhino putto hutv± nibbatti, itar±pi t±disasseva seµµhino dh²t± hutv± nibbatti. Tassa vuddhippattassa tameva seµµhidh²tara½ ±nayi½su. Tass± pubbe aniµµhavip±kassa p±pakammassa ±nubh±vena patikula½ paviµµhamatt±ya umm±rabbhantare sakalasar²ra½ uggh±µitavaccakuµi viya duggandha½ j±ta½. Seµµhikum±ro “kass±ya½ gandho”ti pucchitv±, “seµµhikaññ±y±”ti sutv±, “n²haratha, n²harath±”ti ±bhataniy±meneva kulaghara½ pesesi. S± eteneva n²h±rena sattasu µh±nesu paµinivattit±.