13. Terasanip±to

1. Soºako¼ivisattherag±th±vaººan±

Terasanip±te y±hu raµµheti-±dik± ±yasmato soºassa ko¼ivisassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacini. Aya½ kira anomadassissa bhagavato k±le mah±vibhavo seµµhi hutv± up±sakehi saddhi½ vih±ra½ gantv± satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± pasannam±naso satthu caªkamanaµµh±ne sudh±ya parikamma½ k±retv± n±n±vaººehi pupphehi santharitv± upari n±n±vir±gavatthehi vit±na½ bandh±pesi, tath± satthu bhikkhusaªghassa ca d²ghas±la½ k±retv± niyy±desi. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare seµµhikule nibbatti, siriva¹¹hotissa n±ma½ ahosi. So vayappatto vih±ra½ gantv± satthu santike dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ ±raddhav²riy±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv±, sayampi ta½ µh±nantara½ patthento satt±ha½ mah±d±na½ pavattetv± paºidh±namak±si. Satth±pi tassa patthan±ya samijjhanabh±va½ disv± by±karitv± pakk±mi.
Sopi y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto parinibbute kassapadasabale anuppanne amh±ka½ bhagavati b±r±ºasiya½ kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto gaªg±t²re paººas±la½ karitv± eka½ paccekabuddha½ tem±sa½ cat³hi paccayehi sakkacca½ upaµµhahi. Paccekabuddho vuµµhavasso paripuººaparikkh±ro gandham±danameva gato. Sopi kulaputto y±vaj²va½ tattha puññ±ni katv± tato cavitv± devamanussesu sa½saranto amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le camp±nagare usabhaseµµhissa gehe paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Tassa paµisandhiggahaºato paµµh±ya seµµhissa mah±bhogakkhandho abhiva¹¹hi. Tassa j±tadivase sakalanagare mah±sakk±rasampanno ahosi, tassa pubbe paccekabuddhassa satasahassagghanikarattakambalaparicc±gena suvaººavaººo sukhum±lataro ca attabh±vo ahosi, tenassa soºoti n±ma½ aka½su. Mahat± pariv±rena va¹¹hati tassa hatthap±datal±ni bandhuj²vakapupphavaºº±ni ahesu½, satavihatakapp±sassa viya samphasso p±datalesu maºikuº¹al±vaµµavaºº±ni lom±ni j±yi½su. Vayappattassa tassa tiººa½ ut³na½ anucchavike tayo p±s±de k±retv± n±µak±ni upaµµh±pesu½. So tattha mahati½ sampatti½ anubhavanto devakum±ro viya paµivasati.
Atha amh±ka½ satthari sabbaññuta½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakke r±jagaha½ upaniss±ya viharante bimbis±raraññ± pakkos±pito as²tiy± g±mikasahassehi saddhi½ r±jagaha½ ±gato, satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho m±t±pitaro anuj±n±petv± s±sane pabbajitv± laddh³pasampado satthu santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv±, janasa½saggapariharaºattha½ s²tavane vasanto “mama sar²ra½ sukhum±la½, na ca sakk± sukheneva sukha½ adhigantu½, k±ya½ kilametv± samaºadhamma½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti µh±nacaªkamameva adhiµµh±ya, padh±namanuyuñjanto p±datalesu phoµesu uµµhahitesupi vedana½ ajjhupekkhitv± da¼ha½ v²riya½ karonto acc±raddhav²riyat±ya visesa½ nibbattetu½ asakkonto, “eva½ v±yamantopi aha½ magga½ v± phala½ v± nibbattetu½ na sakkomi, ki½ me pabbajj±ya, h²n±y±vattitv± bhoge ca bhuñjiss±mi, puññ±ni ca kariss±m²”ti cintesi. Satth± tassa citt±c±ra½ ñatv± tattha gantv± v²º³pamov±dena ovaditv± v²riyasamat±yojanavidhi½ dassento kammaµµh±na½ sodhetv± gijjhak³µa½ gato. Soºattheropi satthu sammukh± ov±da½ labhitv± v²riyasamata½ yojetv± vipassana½ ussukk±petv± arahatte patiµµh±si. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.5.25-53)–
“Anomadassissa munino, lokajeµµhassa t±dino;
sudh±ya lepana½ katv±, caªkama½ k±rayi½ aha½.
“N±n±vaººehi pupphehi, caªkama½ santhari½ aha½;
±k±se vit±na½ katv±, bhojayi½ buddhamuttama½.
“Añjali½ paggahetv±na, abhiv±detv±na subbata½;
d²ghas±la½ bhagavato, niyy±desimaha½ tad±.
“Mama saªkappamaññ±ya, satth± loke anuttaro;
paµiggahesi bhagav±, anukamp±ya cakkhum±.
“Paµiggahetv±na sambuddho, dakkhiºeyyo sadevake;
bhikkhusaªghe nis²ditv±, im± g±th± abh±satha.
“Yo so haµµhena cittena, d²ghas±la½ ad±si me;
tamaha½ kittayiss±mi, suº±tha mama bh±sato.
“Imassa maccuk±lamhi, puññakammasamaªgino;
sahassayuttassaratho, upaµµhissati t±vade.
“Tena y±nenaya½ poso, devaloka½ gamissati;
anumodissare dev±, sampatte kulasambhave.
“Mah±raha½ byamha½ seµµha½, ratanamattikalepana½;
k³µ±g±ravar³peta½, byamha½ ajjh±vasissati.
“Ti½sakappasahass±ni, devaloke ramissati;
pañcav²sati kapp±ni, devar±j± bhavissati.
“Sattasattatikkhattuñca, cakkavatt² bhavissati;
yasodharasan±m± te, sabbepi ekan±mak±.
“Dve sampatt² anubhotv±, va¹¹hetv± puññasañcaya½;
aµµhav²satikappamhi, cakkavatt² bhavissati.
“Tatr±pi byamha½ pavara½, vissakammena m±pita½;
dasasadd±vivitta½ ta½, puramajjh±vasissati.
“Aparimeyye ito kappe, bh³mip±lo mahiddhiko;
okk±ko n±ma n±mena, r±j± raµµhe bhavissati.
“So¼asitthisahass±na½, sabb±sa½ pavar± ca s±;
abhij±t± khattiy±n², nava putte janessati.
“Nava putte janetv±na, khattiy±n² marissati;
taruº² ca piy± kaññ±, mahesitta½ karissati.
“Okk±ka½ tosayitv±na, vara½ kaññ± labhissati;
vara½ laddh±na s± kaññ±, putte pabb±jayissati.
“Pabb±jit± ca te sabbe, gamissanti naguttama½;
j±tibhedabhay± sabbe, bhagin²hi vasissare.
“Ek± ca kaññ± by±dh²hi, bhavissati parikkhat±;
m± no j±ti pabhijj²ti, nikhaºissanti khattiy±.
“Khattiyo n²haritv±na, t±ya saddhi½ vasissati;
bhavissati tad± bhedo, okk±kakulasambhavo.
“Tesa½ paj± bhavissanti, ko¼iy± n±ma j±tiy±;
tattha m±nusaka½ bhoga½, anubhossatinappaka½.
“Tamh± k±y± cavitv±na, devaloka½ gamissati;
tatr±pi pavara½ byamha½, labhissati manorama½.
“Devalok± cavitv±na, sukkam³lena codito;
±gantv±na manussatta½, soºo n±ma bhavissati.
“¾raddhav²riyo pahitatto, padaha½ satthu s±sane;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, nibb±yissatin±savo.
“Anantadass² bhagav±, gotamo sakyapuªgavo;
visesaññ³ mah±v²ro, aggaµµh±ne µhapessati.
“Vuµµhamhi deve caturaªgulamhi, tiºe anilerita-aªgaºamhi;
µhatv±na yogassa payuttat±dino, tatottari½ p±ramat± na vijjati.
“Uttame damathe danto, citta½ me supaº²hita½;
bh±ro me ohito sabbo, nibbutomhi an±savo.
“Aªg²raso mah±n±go, abhij±tova kesar²;
bhikkhusaªghe nis²ditv±, etadagge µhapesi ma½.
“Paµisambhid± catasso…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± ud±navasena aññ±by±karaºavasena ca–
632. “y±hu raµµhe samukkaµµho, rañño aªgassa paddhag³;
sv±jja dhammesu ukkaµµho, soºo dukkhassa p±rag³.
633. “Pañca chinde pañca jahe, pañca cuttari bh±vaye;
pañcasaªg±tigo bhikkhu, oghatiººoti vuccati.
634. “Unna¼assa pamattassa, b±hir±sassa bhikkhuno;
s²la½ sam±dhi paññ± ca, p±rip³ri½ na gacchati.
635. “Yañhi kicca½ apaviddha½, akicca½ pana kar²yati;
unna¼±na½ pamatt±na½, tesa½ va¹¹hanti ±sav±.
636. “Yesañca susam±raddh±, nicca½ k±yagat± sati;
akicca½ te na sevanti, kicce s±taccak±rino;
sat±na½ sampaj±n±na½, attha½ gacchanti ±sav±.
637. “Ujumaggamhi akkh±te, gacchatha m± nivattatha;
attan± codayatt±na½, nibb±namabhih±raye.
638. “Acc±raddhamhi v²riyamhi, satth± loke anuttaro;
v²ºopama½ karitv± me, dhamma½ deseti cakkhum±;
tass±ha½ vacana½ sutv±, vih±si½ s±sane rato.
639. “Samatha½ paµip±desi½, uttamatthassa pattiy±;
tisso vijj± anuppatt±, kata½ buddhassa s±sana½.
640. “Nekkhamme adhimuttassa, pavivekañca cetaso;
aby±bajjh±dhimuttassa, up±d±nakkhayassa ca.
641. “Taºhakkhay±dhimuttassa, asammohañca cetaso;
disv± ±yatanupp±da½, samm± citta½ vimuccati.
642. “Tassa samm± vimuttassa, santacittassa bhikkhuno;
katassa paticayo natthi, karaº²ya½ na vijjati.
643. “Selo yath± ekaghano, v±tena na sam²rati;
eva½ r³p± ras± sadd±, gandh± phass± ca keval±.
644. “Iµµh± dhamm± aniµµh± ca, nappavedhenti t±dino;
µhita½ citta½ visaññutta½, vayañcass±nupassat²”ti.– Im± g±th± abh±si.
Tattha y±hu raµµhe samukkaµµhoti yo ahu ahosi aªgaraµµhe as²tiy± g±mikasahassehi bhogasampattiy± issariyasampattiy± ca samm± ativiya ukkaµµho seµµho. Rañño aªgassa paddhag³ti cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi paris±ya rañjanaµµhena rañño aªg±dhipatino bimbis±rassa pariv±rabh³to gahapativiseso tassa raµµhe kuµumbiko ah³ti yojetabba½. Sv±jja dhammesu ukkaµµhoti so soºo ajjetarahi lokuttaradhammesu ukkaµµho j±to, gihik±lepi kehici ukkaµµhoyeva hutv± id±ni pabbajitak±lepi ukkaµµhoyeva hot²ti att±nameva para½ viya dasseti. Dukkhassa p±rag³ti sakalassa vaµµadukkhassa p±ra½ pariyanta½ gato, etena dhammesu ukkaµµhoti avisesena vutta½ ukkaµµhabh±va½ viseseti arahatt±dhigamad²panato.
Id±ni y±ya paµipattiy± dukkhap±rag³ j±to, aññ±padesena ta½ dassento “pañca chinde”ti g±tham±ha. Tassattho– ap±yak±masugatisamp±pak±ni pañcorambh±giy±ni sa½yojan±ni puriso satthena p±de baddharajjuka½ viya heµµhimena maggattayena chindeyya, r³p±r³pabhavasamp±pak±ni pañca uddhambh±giy±ni sa½yojan±ni puriso g²v±ya baddharajjuka½ viya aggamaggena jaheyya, chindeyya, tesa½ pana uddhambh±giyasa½yojan±na½ pah±n±ya pañca saddh±d²ni indriy±ni uttari bh±vaye bh±veyya. Eva½bh³to pana bhikkhu r±gasaªgo dosamoham±nadiµµhisaªgoti pañcanna½ saªg±na½ atikkamanena pañcasaªg±tigo hutv±, k±mogho, bhavogho, diµµhogho, avijjoghoti catunna½ ogh±na½ tiººatt± oghatiººoti vuccati.
Ayañca oghataraºapaµipattis²l±d²na½ p±rip³riy±va hoti, s²l±dayo ca m±n±dippah±nena p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, na aññath±ti dassento “unna¼ass±”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha unna¼ass±ti uggatatuccham±nassa. M±no hi unnaman±k±ravuttiy± tucchabh±vena na¼o viy±ti “na¼o”ti vuccati. Pamattass±ti sativossaggena pam±da½ ±pannassa. B±hir±sass±ti b±hiresu ±yatanesu ±s±vato, k±mesu av²tar±gass±ti attho. S²la½ sam±dhi paññ± ca, p±rip³ri½ na gacchat²ti tassa s²l±d²na½ paµipakkhasevino lokiyopi t±va s²l±diguºo p±rip³ri½ na gacchati, pageva lokuttaro.
Tattha k±raºam±ha “yañhi kiccan”ti-±din±. Bhikkhuno hi pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya aparim±ºas²lakkhandhagopana½ araññav±so dhutaªgapariharaºa½ bh±van±r±mat±ti evam±di kicca½ n±ma. Yehi pana ida½ yath±vutta½ attano kicca½, ta½ apaviddha½ akaraºena cha¹¹ita½. Akiccanti pattamaº¹ana½ c²varak±yabandhana-a½sabaddhachattup±hanat±lavaºµadhammakaraºamaº¹ananti evam±di parikkh±ramaº¹ana½ paccayab±huliyanti evam±di bhikkhuno akicca½ n±ma, ta½ kayirati, tesa½ m±nana¼a½ ukkhipitv± caraºena unna¼±na½ sativossaggena pamatt±na½ catt±ropi ±sav± va¹¹hanti.
Yesa½ pana paññ±diguºo va¹¹hati, te dassetu½ “yesan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha susam±raddh±ti suµµhu paggahit±. K±yagat± sat²ti, k±y±nupassan±bh±van±. Akicca½ teti te eta½ pattamaº¹an±di-akicca½. Na sevant²ti na karonti. Kicceti, pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya kattabbe aparim±ºas²lakkhandhagopan±dike. S±taccak±rinoti satatak±rino tesa½ satiy± avippav±sena sat±na½ s±tthakasampajañña½, sapp±yasampajañña½, gocarasampajañña½, asammohasampajaññanti cat³hi sampajaññehi sampaj±n±na½, catt±ropi ±sav± attha½ gacchanti parikkhaya½ abh±va½ gacchant²ti attho.
Id±ni attano santike µhitabhikkh³na½ ov±da½ dento “ujumaggamh²”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha ujumaggamhi akkh±teti antadvayaparivajjanena k±yavaªk±dippah±nena ca ujuke majjhimapaµipad±bh³te ariyamagge satth±r± bh±site. Gacchath±ti paµipajjatha. M± nivattath±ti antar± vos±na½ m±pajjatha. Attan± codayatt±nanti idha atthak±mo kulaputto ap±yabhayapaccavekkhaº±din± attan±va att±na½ codento. Nibb±namabhih±rayeti, att±na½ nibb±na½ abhihareyya upaneyya, yath± na½ sacchikaroti, tath± paµipajjeyy±ti attho.
Id±ni may±pi evameva paµipannanti, attano paµipatti½ dassetu½ “acc±raddhamh²”ti-±di vutta½. Acc±raddhamhi v²riyamh²ti vipassana½ bh±ventena may± sam±dhin± v²riya½ samarasa½ akatv± ativiya v²riye paggahite. Acc±raddhav²riyat± cassa heµµh± vutt±yeva. V²ºopama½ karitv± meti ±yasmato soºassa “ye kho keci bhagavato s±vak± ±raddhav²riy± viharanti. Aha½ tesa½ aññataro, atha ca pana me n±nup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuccati, tasm±ha½ vibbhamiss±m²”ti citte uppanne satth± iddhiy± tassa sammukhe att±na½ dassetv± “kasm± tva½, soºa, ‘vibbhamiss±m²’ti citta½ upp±desi, kusalo tva½ pubbe ag±riyabh³to v²º±ya tantissare”ti pucchitv± tena “eva½, bhante”ti vutte “ta½ ki½ maññasi, soºa? Yad± te v²º±ya tantiyo acc±yat± honti, api nu te v²º± tasmi½ samaye saravat² v± hoti kammaññ± v±ti? No heta½, bhante! Ta½ ki½ maññasi, soºa, yad± te v²º±ya tantiyo atisithil± honti, api nu te v²º± tasmi½ samaye saravat² v± hoti kammaññ± v±ti? No heta½, bhante. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, soºa, yad± pana te v²º±ya tantiyo neva acc±yat± honti, n±tisithil± same guºe patiµµhit±, api nu te v²º± tasmi½ samaye saravat² v± hoti kammaññ± v±ti? Eva½, bhante. Evameva kho, soºa, acc±raddhav²riya½ uddhacc±ya sa½vattati, atil²nav²riya½ kosajj±ya sa½vattati, tasm±tiha tva½, soºa, v²riyasamata½ adhiµµhaha, indriy±nañca samata½ paµivijjh±”ti eva½ v²ºa½ upama½ katv± pavattitena v²ºopamov±dena mayha½ dhamma½ desesi. Tass±ha½ vacana½ sutv±ti tassa bhagavato vacana½ v²ºopamov±da½ sutv± antar± uppanna½ vibbhamituk±mata½ pah±ya satthu s±sane rato abhirato vihari½.
Viharanto ca samatha½ paµip±desi½ v²riyasamata½ yojento saddh±paññ±na½ viya sam±dhiv²riy±na½ samarasata½ upp±dento jh±n±dhiµµh±na½ vipassan±sam±dhi½ samp±desi½ vipassana½ ussukk±pesi½. Tattha payojana½ ±ha “uttamatthassa pattiy±”ti. Uttamatthassa pattiy±ti arahatt±dhigam±y±ti attho.
Id±ni yath± paµipannassa samathavipassan± sampajji½su, ta½ aññ±padesena dassento “nekkhamme”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha nekkhammeti pabbajj±dike k±manissaraºe. Adhimuttass±ti tattha ninnapoºapabbh±rabh±vena yuttappayuttassa, paµhama½ t±va pabbajj±bhimukho hutv± k±me pah±ya pabbajitv± ca s²lavisodhana½ araññav±so dhutaªgapariharaºa½ bh±van±bhiyogoti evam±d²su anavajjadhammesu yuttappayuttass±ti attho. Pavivekañca cetasoti cetaso pavivekañca adhimuttassa eva½ nekkhamm±dhimuttassa sato catukkapañcakajjh±n±na½ nibbattanena viveke yuttassa payuttassa. Aby±bajjh±dhimuttass±ti aby±bajjhe nidukkhat±ya adhimuttassa jh±nasam±pattiyo nibbattetv± samathasukhe yuttappayuttassa. Up±d±nakkhayassa c±ti catunnampi up±d±n±na½ khayante arahatte adhimuttassa. Bhummatthe hi eta½ s±mivacana½. Ta½ yath±dhigata½ jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± arahatt±dhigam±ya vipassana½ anuyuñjantass±ti attho.
Taºhakkhay±dhimuttass±ti taºh± kh²yati etth±ti taºhakkhayo, nibb±na½, tasmi½ adhimuttassa up±di½ bhayato, anup±diñca khemato dassanena nirodhe ninnapoºapabbh±rassa. Asammohañca cetasoti asammohasampajaññavasena cittassa asammohapavatti½ sammohasamucchindanena v± cittassa asammohabh³ta½ ariyamagga½ adhimuttassa. Disv± ±yatanupp±danti cakkh±d²na½ ±yatan±na½ yath±sakapaccayehi khaºe khaºe upp±da½, tappaµipakkhato nirodhañca vipassan±paññ±sahit±ya maggapaññ±ya disv± dassanahetu samm± citta½ vimuccat²ti samm± hetun± ñ±yena maggapaµip±µiy± sabb±savato citta½ vimuccati.
“Tassa samm± vimuttass±”ti-±d²su aya½ saªkhepattho– tassa vuttanayena sammadeva sabbasa½kilesato vimuttassa, tato eva accantupasamena santacittassa kh²º±savabhikkhuno katassa kusalassa akusalassa v± upacayo natthi maggeneva samuggh±titatt±, pariññ±dibheda½ karaº²ya½ na vijjati katakiccatt±. Eva½ bh³tassa yath± ekaghano selo pabbato pakativ±tena na sam²rati na sa½kampati, eva½ iµµh± ca aniµµh± ca r³p±dayo ±rammaºadhamm± t±dino t±dibh±vappattassa µhita½ aneja½ pah²nasabbasokat±ya visa½yutta½ citta½ nappavedhanti na c±lenti. Assa ca ±rammaºadhammassa k±lena k±la½ phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± vipassanto vaya½ nirodha½ khaºe khaºe bhijjanasabh±va½ anupassat²ti añña½ by±k±si.

Soºako¼ivisattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Terasanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.