2. Sun²tattherag±th±vaººan±

N²ce kulamh²ti-±dik± ±yasmato sun²tattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinitv± devamanussesu sa½saranto buddhassa suññak±le kulagehe nibbattitv± vayappatto b±lajanehi saddhi½ k²¼±pasuto hutv± vicaranto eka½ paccekabuddha½ g±me piº¹±ya caranta½ disv±, “ki½ tuyha½ sabbaso vaºitasar²rassa viya sakala½ k±ya½ paµicch±detv± bhikkh±caraºena, nanu n±ma kasiv±ºijj±d²hi j²vik± kappetabb±? T±ni ce k±tu½ na sakkosi, ghare ghare muttakar²s±d²ni n²haranto pacch± vatthusodhanena j²v±h²”ti akkosi. So tena kammena niraye paccitv± tasseva kammassa vip±k±vasesena manussalokepi bah³ni j±tisat±ni pupphacha¹¹akakule nibbattitv± tath± j²vika½ kappesi. Imasmiñca buddhupp±de pupphacha¹¹akakule eva nibbatto ukk±rasodhanakammena j²vika½ kappeti gh±sacch±danamattampi alabhanto.
Atha bhagav± pacchimay±me buddh±ciººa½ mah±karuº±sam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± tato vuµµh±ya buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokento sun²tassa hadayabbhantare ghaµe pad²pa½ viya pajjalanta½ arahatt³panissaya½ disv± vibh±t±ya rattiy± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya bhikkhusaªghaparivuto r±jagaha½ piº¹±ya paviµµho. Yassa½ v²thiya½ sun²to ukk±rasodhanakamma½ karoti, ta½ v²thi½ paµipajji. Sun²topi tattha tattha vigh±succ±rasaªk±r±dika½ r±si½ katv± piµakesu pakkhipitv± k±jen±d±ya pariharanto bhikkhusaªghaparivuta½ satth±ra½ ±gacchanta½ disv± s±rajjam±no sambham±kulahadayo gamanamagga½ nil²yanok±sañca alabhanto k±ja½ bhittipasse µhapetv± ekena passena anupavisanto viya bhitti½ all²no pañjaliko aµµh±si. “Bhittichiddena apakkamituk±mo ahos²”tipi vadanti.
Satth± tassa sam²pa½ patv± “aya½ attano kusalam³lasañcodita½ upagata½ ma½ s±rajjam±no j±tiy± kammassa ca nih²nat±ya sammukh²bh±vampi lajjati, handassa ves±rajja½ upp±dess±m²”ti karav²karutamañjun± sakalanagaraninn±davara-gambh²rena brahmassarena “sun²t±”ti ±lapitv± “ki½ im±ya dukkhaj²vik±ya pabbajitu½ sakkhissat²”ti ±ha. Sun²to tena satthu vacanena amatena viya abhisitto u¼±ra½ p²tisomanassa½ paµisa½vedento “bhagav±, sace m±dis±pi idha pabbajja½ labhanti, kasm±ha½ na pabbajiss±mi, pabb±jetha ma½ bhagav±”ti ±ha Satth± “ehi, bhikkh³”ti ±ha. So t±vadeva ehibhikkhubh±vena pabbajja½ upasampadañca labhitv± iddhimayapattac²varadharo vassasaµµhikatthero viya hutv± satthu santike aµµh±si. Bhagav± ta½ vih±ra½ netv± kammaµµh±na½ ±cikkhi. So paµhama½ aµµha sam±pattiyo, pañca ca abhiññ±yo nibbattetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Ta½ sakk±dayo dev± brahm±no ca upasaªkamitv± namassi½su. Tena vutta½–
“T± devat± sattasat± u¼±r±, brahm± ca indo upasaªkamitv±;
±j±n²ya½ j±tijar±bhibh³ta½, sun²ta½ namassanti pasannacitt±”ti-±di.
Bhagav± ta½yeva devasaªghapurakkhata½ disv± sita½ katv± pasa½santo “tapena brahmacariyen±”ti g±th±ya dhamma½ desesi. Atha na½ sambahul± bhikkh³ s²han±da½ nad±petuk±m±, “±vuso sun²ta, kasm± kul± tva½ pabbajito, katha½ v± pabbajito, kathañca sacc±ni paµivijjh²”ti pucchi½su. So ta½ sabba½ pak±sento–
620. “N²ce kulamhi j±toha½, daliddo appabhojano;
h²nakamma½ mama½ ±si, ahosi½ pupphacha¹¹ako.
621. “Jigucchito manuss±na½, paribh³to ca vambhito;
n²ca½ mana½ karitv±na, vandissa½ bahuka½ jana½.
622. “Athaddas±si½ sambuddha½, bhikkhusaªghapurakkhata½;
pavisanta½ mah±v²ra½, magadh±na½ puruttama½.
623. “Nikkhipitv±na by±bhaªgi½, vanditu½ upasaªkami½;
mameva anukamp±ya, aµµh±si purisuttamo.
624. “Vanditv± satthuno p±de, ekamanta½ µhito tad±;
pabbajja½ aham±y±ci½, sabbasatt±namuttama½.
625. “Tato k±ruºiko satth±, sabbalok±nukampako;
‘ehi bhikkh³’ti ma½ ±ha, s± me ±s³pasampad±.
626. “Soha½ eko araññasmi½, viharanto atandito.
Ak±si½ satthu vacana½, yath± ma½ ovad² jino.
627. “Rattiy± paµhama½ y±ma½, pubbaj±timanussari½;
rattiy± majjhima½ y±ma½, dibbacakkhu½ visodhayi½;
rattiy± pacchime y±me, tamokhandha½ pad±layi½.
628. “Tato raty±vivas±ne, s³riyuggamana½ pati; (j±. 1.11.79);
indo brahm± ca ±gantv±, ma½ namassi½su pañjal².
629. “Namo te puris±jañña, namo te purisuttama;
yassa te ±sav± kh²º±, dakkhiºeyyosi m±risa.
630. “Tato disv±na ma½ satth±, devasaªghapurakkhata½;
sita½ p±tukaritv±na, imamattha½ abh±satha.
631. “Tapena brahmacariyena, sa½yamena damena ca;
etena br±hmaºo hoti, eta½ br±hmaºamuttaman”ti.–

Im±hi g±th±hi s²han±da½ nadi.

Tattha n²ceti l±make sabbanih²ne. Uccan²cabh±vo hi n±ma satt±na½ up±d±yup±d±ya, aya½ pana sabbanih²ne pukkusakule uppannata½ dassento “n²ce kulamhi j±to”ti ±ha. Tena vutta½– “n²ceti l±make sabbanih²ne”ti. Daliddoti duggato, dalidd±pi keci kad±ci gh±sacch±danassa l±bhino, akasiravuttino honti, aha½ pana sabbak±la½ kasiravuttit±ya h²no uddhana½ upaµµhapita-ukkhaliko dassanayutta½ thevakampi apassi½ yev±ti dassento “appabhojano”ti ±ha. N²cakulik± dalidd±pi keci an²cakamm±j²v± honti, mayha½ pana na tath±ti dassento ±ha “h²nakamma½ mama½ ±s²”ti. K²disanti ce? Ahosi½ pupphacha¹¹ako, hatthavikalassa hatthav±ti viya upac±ravasen±ya½ imassa samaññ± ahosi yadida½ “pupphacha¹¹ako”ti. Mil±tapupphasantharavaººat±ya v± ukk±rabh³miy± eva½ vutto.
Jigucchitoti j±tiy± ceva kammun± ca h²¼ito. Manuss±nanti manussehi. Paribh³toti avaññ±to. Vambhitoti khu½sito. N²ca½ mana½ karitv±n±ti aññe manusse sineru½ viya ukkhipitv± tesa½ p±dapa½sutopi att±na½ nih²na½ katv± pavattiy± n²ca½ nih²na½ mana½ katv±. Vandissa½ bahuka½ jananti puthumah±jana½ diµµhadiµµhak±le vandi½ sirasi añjali½ karonto paº±mi½.
Ath±ti adhik±rantarad²pane nip±to. Addas±sinti addakkhi½. Magadh±nanti magadh± n±ma j±napadino r±jakum±r±, tesa½ niv±so ekopi janapado ru¼hiy± “magadh±nan”ti vutto, magadhajanapadass±ti attho. Puruttamanti uttama½ nagara½.
By±bhaªginti k±ja½. Pabbajja½ aham±y±cinti, “sun²ta, pabbajitu½ sakkhissas²”ti satth±r± ok±se kate aha½ pabbajja½ ay±ci½. ¾s³pasampad±ti “ehi, bhikkh³”ti satthu vacanamattena ±si upasampad±. Yath± ma½ ovad²ti “eva½ samathapubbaªgama½ vipassana½ bh±veh²”ti yath± ma½ ovadi, tath± satthuno vacana½ ak±si½ paµipajji½. Rattiy±ti-±di tass± paµipattiy± rasadassana½. Tattha pubbeniv±sañ±ºa½ an±gata½sañ±ºañca bahukiccanti “paµhama½ y±ma½ majjhima½ y±man”ti accantasa½yogavasena upayogavacana½ vutta½. Na tath± ±savakkhayañ±ºa½ ek±bhisamayavasena pavattanatoti “pacchime y±me”ti bhummavasena vuttanti daµµhabba½. Indoti sakko devar±j±. Brahm±ti mah±brahm±. Indabrahmaggahaºena aññesa½ k±madev±na½ brahm³nañca ±gamana½ vuttamev±ti daµµhabba½. Ukkaµµhaniddeso hesa yath± “r±j± ±gato”ti. Namassi½s³ti k±yena v±c±ya ca namakk±ra½ aka½su.
Tattha k±yena kata½ namakk±ra½ dassento “pañjal²”ti vatv± v±c±ya kata½ dassetu½ “namo te”ti-±di vutta½. Devasaªghapurakkhatanti devaggahaºena upapattidevabh±vato brahm±nopi gahit±. Sita½ p±tukaritv±n±ti attano ov±dassa mahapphalata½ devabrahm³nañca guºasampatti½ niss±ya satth± sita½ p±tv±k±si. P±tukaronto ca na aññe viya dante vida½seti, mukh±dh±na½ pana thoka½ vivarati, tattakena ca abhibh³tadibbaphalikamuttarasmiyo avahasitat±rak±sasimar²ciyo susukkad±µhasambhav± ghanarasmiyo nikkhamitv± tikkhattu½ satthu mukha½ padakkhiºa½ karonti, ta½ disv± pacchato gacchant±pi satth± sita½ p±tv±k±s²ti sañj±nanti.
Tapen±ti indriyasa½varena, “dhutadhammasam±d±nen±”ti keci. Sa½yamen±ti s²lena. Damen±ti paññ±ya. Brahmacariyen±ti avasiµµhaseµµhacariy±ya. Eten±ti yath±vuttena tap±din±. Br±hmaºo hoti b±hitap±pabh±vato. Etanti tap±di yath±vutta½. Br±hmaºamuttamanti uttama½ br±hmaºa½, br±hmaºesu v± uttama½ sabbaseµµha½, ah³ti vacanaseso. Br±hmaºanti v± brahmaññam±ha, eva½ uttama½ brahmañña½, na jacc±d²ti adhipp±yo. Na hi j±tikulapadesagottasampatti-±dayo ariyabh±vassa k±raºa½, adhis²lasikkh±dayo eva pana k±raºa½. Ten±ha–
“Yath± saªk±raµh±nasmi½, ujjhitasmi½ mah±pathe;
paduma½ tattha j±yetha, sucigandha½ manorama½.
“Eva½ saªk±rabh³tesu, andhabh³te puthujjane;
atirocati paññ±ya, samm±sambuddhas±vako”ti. (Dha. pa. 58-59).
Eva½ thero tehi bhikkh³hi pucchitamattha½ im±hi g±th±hi vissajjento s²han±da½ nad²ti.

Sun²tattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Dv±dasakanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.