7. (Apara)-gotamattherag±th±vaººan±

Vij±neyya saka½ atthanti-±dik± ±yasmato aparassa gotamattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinitv± amh±ka½ bhagavato uppattito puretarameva s±vatthiya½ udiccabr±hmaºakule nibbattitv± vayappatto tiººa½ ved±na½ p±rag³ hutv±, v±damagga½ uggahetv± attano v±dassa upari uttari½ vadanta½ alabhanto tehi tehi vigg±hikakatha½ anuyutto vicarati. Atha amh±ka½ bhagav± loke uppajjitv± pavattitavaradhammacakko anupubbena yas±dike veneyye vinetv± an±thapiº¹ikassa abhiy±can±ya s±vatthi½ upagacchi. Tad± satthu jetavanapaµiggahe paµiladdhasaddho satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± dhamma½ sutv± pabbajja½ y±ci. Satth± aññatara½ piº¹ac±rika½ bhikkhu½ ±º±pesi– “bhikkhu, ima½ pabb±jeh²”ti. So tena pabb±jiyam±no khuraggeyeva arahatta½ p±puºitv± kosalajanapada½ gantv± tattha cira½ vasitv± puna s±vatthi½ pacc±gami. Ta½ bah³ ñ±tak± br±hmaºamah±s±l± upasaªkamitv± payirup±sitv± nisinn± “imasmi½ loke bah³ samaºabr±hmaº± sa½s±re suddhiv±d±, tesu katamesa½ nu kho v±do niyy±niko, katha½ paµipajjanto sa½s±rato sujjhat²”ti pucchi½su. Thero tesa½ tamattha½ pak±sento–
587. “Vij±neyya saka½ attha½, avalokeyy±tha p±vacana½;
yañcettha assa patir³pa½, s±mañña½ ajjh³pagatassa.
588. “Mitta½ idha ca kaly±ºa½, sikkh± vipula½ sam±d±na½;
suss³s± ca gar³na½, eta½ samaºassa patir³pa½.
589. “Buddhesu sag±ravat±, dhamme apaciti yath±bh³ta½;
saªghe ca citt²k±ro, eta½ samaºassa patir³pa½.
590. “¾c±ragocare yutto, ±j²vo sodhito ag±rayho;
cittassa ca saºµhapana½, eta½ samaºassa patir³pa½.
591. “C±ritta½ atha v±ritta½, iriy±pathiya½ pas±daniya½;
adhicitte ca ±yogo, eta½ samaºassa patir³pa½.
592. “¾raññak±ni sen±san±ni, pant±ni appasadd±ni;
bhajitabb±ni munin±, eta½ samaºassa patir³pa½.
593. “S²lañca b±husaccañca, dhamm±na½ pavicayo yath±bh³ta½;
sacc±na½ abhisamayo, eta½ samaºassa patir³pa½.
594. “Bh±veyya ca aniccanti, anattasañña½ asubhasaññañca;
lokamhi ca anabhirati½, eta½ samaºassa patir³pa½.
595. “Bh±veyya ca bojjhaªge, iddhip±d±ni indriy±ni bal±ni;
aµµhaªgamaggamariya½, eta½ samaºassa patir³pa½.
596. “Taºha½ pajaheyya muni, sam³lake ±save pad±leyya;
vihareyya vippamutto, eta½ samaºassa patir³pan”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha vij±neyya saka½ atthanti, viññ³j±tiko puriso attano attha½ y±th±vato vic±retv± j±neyya. Vic±rento ca avalokeyy±tha p±vacana½ idha loke puthusamaºabr±hmaºehi samm±sambuddhena ca pavutta½ p±vacana½, samayo. Tattha ya½ niyy±nika½, ta½ olokeyya paññ±cakkhun± passeyya. Ime hi n±n±titthiy± samaºabr±hmaº± anicce “niccan”ti, anattani “att±”ti, asuddhimaggañca “suddhimaggo”ti micch±bhinivesino aññamaññañca viruddhav±d±, tasm± nesa½ v±do aniyy±niko. Samm±sambuddho pana “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±, sabbe dhamm± anatt±, santa½ nibb±nan”ti sayambh³ñ±ºena yath±bh³ta½ abbhaññ±ya pavedeti, tasm± “tassa v±do niyy±niko”ti satthu s±sanamahantata½ olokeyy±ti attho. Yañcettha assa patir³pa½, s±mañña½ ajjh³pagatass±ti, s±mañña½ samaºabh±va½ pabbajja½ upagatassa kulaputtassa ya½ ettha s±sane pabbajitabh±ve v± patir³pa½ yuttar³pa½ s±ruppa½ assa siy±, tampi apalokeyya.
Ki½ pana tanti ±ha “mitta½ idha ca kaly±ºan”ti-±di. Imasmi½ s±sane kaly±ºamitta½ seviyam±na½ samaºassa patir³panti yojan±. Esa nayo itaresupi. Kaly±ºamittañhi niss±ya akusala½ pajahati, kusala½ bh±veti, suddhamatt±na½ pariharati. Sikkh± vipula½ sam±d±nanti vipula½ sikkh±sam±d±na½, mahatiy± nibb±n±vah±ya adhis²l±disikkh±ya anuµµh±nanti attho. Suss³s± ca gar³nanti gar³na½ ±cariyupajjh±y±d²na½ kaly±ºamitt±na½ ov±dassa sotukamyat± p±ricariy± ca. Etanti kaly±ºamittasevan±di.
Buddhesu sag±ravat±ti sabbaññubuddhesu “samm±sambuddho bhagav±”ti g±ravayogo garucitt²k±ro. Dhamme apaciti yath±bh³tanti ariyadhamme y±th±vato apac±yana½ ±darena abhip³jana½. Saªgheti ariyasaªghe. Citt²k±roti sakk±ro samm±nana½. Etanti ratanattayagarukaraºa½.
¾c±ragocare yuttoti k±yikav±casikav²tikkamanasaªkh±ta½ an±c±ra½, piº¹ap±t±d²na½ atth±ya upasaªkamitu½ ayuttaµµh±nabh³ta½ vesiy±di-agocarañca pah±ya k±yikav±casika-av²tikkamanasaªkh±tena ±c±rena piº¹ap±t±d²na½ atth±ya upasaªkamitu½ yuttaµµh±nabh³tena gocarena ca yutto sampanno, sampanna-±c±ragocaroti attho. ¾j²vo sodhitoti ve¼ud±n±di½ buddhapaµikuµµha½ anesana½ pah±ya anavajjupp±de paccaye sevantassa ±j²vo sodhito hoti suvisuddho, sodhitatt± eva ag±rayho viññ³hi. Cittassa ca saºµhapananti yath± cakkh±didv±rehi r³p±di-±rammaºesu abhijjh±dayo nappavattanti, eva½ diµµhe diµµhamatt±divasena cittassa samm± µhapana½. Etanti ±c±ragocarasampatti ±j²vap±risuddhi indriyesu guttadv±rat±ti eta½ taya½.
C±rittanti caritv± parip³retabbas²la½. V±rittanti viratiy± akaraºena parip³retabbas²la½. Iriy±pathiya½ pas±daniyanti paresa½ pas±d±vaha½ ±kappasampattinimitta½ iriy±pathanissita½ sampajañña½. Adhicitte ca ±yogoti samathavipassan±su anuyogo bh±van±.
¾raññak±n²ti araññe pariy±pann±ni. Pant±n²ti vivitt±ni.
S²lanti catup±risuddhis²la½. Heµµh± hi bhinditv± vutta½, idha abhinditv± vadati. B±husaccanti bahussutabh±vo. So hi bh±van±nuyogassa bahuk±ro, bojjhaªgakosalla-anuttaras²tibh±va-adhicittayuttat±d²su samm± pavicayabahulassa samathavipassan±nuyogo sampajjati. Dhamm±na½ pavicayo yath±bh³tanti r³p±r³padhamm±na½ avipar²tasalakkhaºato s±maññalakkhaºato ca pariv²ma½s±. Imin± adhipaññ±dhammavipassanam±ha. Sacc±na½ abhisamayoti dukkh±d²na½ ariyasacc±na½ pariññ±bhisamay±divasena paµivedho.
Sv±ya½ sacc±bhisamayo yath± hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “bh±veyy±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha bh±veyya ca aniccanti “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±”ti-±din± (dha. pa. 277) avibh±gato “ya½ kiñci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppannan”ti-±din± (vibha. 2; sa½. ni. 3.49) vibh±gato v± sabbasaªkh±resu aniccasañña½ bh±veyya upp±deyya ceva va¹¹heyya c±ti attho. Anattasaññanti, “sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti pavatta½ anattasaññañca bh±veyy±ti yojan±. Eva½ sesesupi. Asubhasaññanti, karajak±ye sabbasmimpi v± tebh³makasaªkh±re kiles±sucipaggharaºato “asubh±”ti pavattasañña½. Dukkhasaññ±pariv±r± hi aya½, eteneva cettha dukkhasaññ±pi gahit±ti veditabba½. Lokamhi ca anabhiratinti sabbaloke tebh³makesu saªkh±resu an±bhiratisañña½. Etena ±d²nav±nupassana½ nibbid±nupassanañca vadati.
Eva½ pana vipassan±bh±vana½ anuyutto ta½ ussukk±pento ime dhamme va¹¹heyy±ti dassento “bh±veyya ca bojjhaªge”ti g±tham±ha. Tassattho– bodhiy± sati-±disattavidhadhammas±maggiy±, bodhissa v± ta½samaªgino puggalassa aªg±ti bojjhaªg±, sati-±dayo dhamm±. Te sati-±dike sattabojjhaªge, chanda-±d²ni catt±ri iddhip±d±ni, saddh±d²ni pañcindriy±ni, saddh±d²niyeva pañca bal±ni, samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ vasena aµµhaªga-ariyamaggañca. Ca-saddena satipaµµh±n±ni sammappadh±n±ni ca gahit±n²ti sabbepi sattati½sappabhede bodhipakkhiyadhamme bh±veyya upp±deyya ceva va¹¹heyya ca. Tattha yadetesa½ paµhamamaggakkhaºe upp±dana½, uparimaggakkhaºe ca va¹¹hana½, eta½ samaºassa bhikkhuno s±ruppanti.
Eva½ bodhipakkhiyasattati½sadhamme bh±vento yath± maggasacca½ bh±van±bhisamayavasena abhisameti, eva½ samudayasacca½ pah±n±bhisamayavasena, nirodhasacca½ sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena abhisamet²ti dassento “taºha½ pajaheyy±”ti os±nag±tham±ha. Tattha taºha½ pajaheyy±ti, k±mataºh±dipabheda½ sabba½ taºha½ ariyamaggena anavasesato samucchindeyya, mona½ vuccati ñ±ºa½, tena samann±gatatt± muni. Sam³lake ±save pad±leyy±ti k±mar±g±nusay±disam³lake k±m±sav±dike sabbepi ±save bhindeyya samucchindeyya. Vihareyya vippamuttoti eva½ sabbaso kiles±na½ pah²natt± sabbadhi vimutto sabb³padhipaµinissagga½ nirodha½ nibb±na½ sacchikatv± vihareyya. Etanti yadeta½ viharaºa½, eta½ samaºassa samitap±passa bhikkhuno patir³pa½ s±ruppanti attho.
Eva½ thero samaºas±ruppapaµipattikittanamukhena s±sanassa niyy±nikabh±va½ tabbilomato b±hirakasamayassa aniyy±nikatañca vibh±vesi. Ta½ sutv± te br±hmaºamah±s±l± s±sane abhippasann± saraº±d²su patiµµhahi½su.

(Apara)-gotamattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Dasakanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.