6. Vaªgantaputta-upasenattherag±th±vaººan±

Vivitta½ appanigghosanti-±dik± ±yasmato upasenattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbattitv± vayappatto satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ suºam±no satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ samantap±s±dik±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± satthu adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetv± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de n±lakag±me r³pas±r²br±hmaºiy± kucchimhi nibbatti, upasenotissa n±ma½ ahosi. So vayappatto tayo vede uggahetv± satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± upasampad±ya ekavassiko “ariyagabbha½ va¹¹hem²”ti eka½ kulaputta½ attano santike upasamp±detv± tena saddhi½ satthu santika½ gato. Satth±r± cassa tassa avassikassa bhikkhuno saddhivih±rikabh±va½ sutv±, “atilahu½ kho tva½, moghapurisa, b±hull±ya ±vatto”ti (mah±va. 75) garahito. “Id±n±ha½ yadipi parisa½ niss±ya satth±r± garahito, parisa½yeva pana niss±ya satthu p±sa½sopi bhaviss±m²”ti vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto nacirasseva arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.2.86-96)–
“Padumuttara½ bhagavanta½, lokajeµµha½ nar±sabha½;
pabbh±ramhi nis²danta½, upagacchi½ naruttama½.
“Kaºik±rapuppha½ disv±, vaºµe chetv±naha½ tad±;
alaªkaritv± chattamhi, buddhassa abhiropayi½.
“Piº¹ap±tañca p±d±si½, paramanna½ subhojana½;
buddhena navame tattha, samaºe aµµha bhojayi½.
“Anumodi mah±v²ro, sayambh³ aggapuggalo;
imin± chattad±nena, paramannapavecchan±.
“Tena cittappas±dena, sampattimanubhossasi;
chatti½sakkhattu½ devindo, devarajja½ karissati.
“Ekav²satikkhattuñca, cakkavatt² bhavissati;
padesarajja½ vipula½, gaºan±to asaªkhiya½.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“S±sane dibbam±namhi, manussatta½ gamissati;
tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito.
“Upasenoti n±mena, hessati satthu s±vako;
samantap±s±dikatt±, aggaµµh±ne µhapessati.
“Carima½ vattate mayha½, bhav± sabbe sam³hat±;
dh±remi antima½ deha½, jetv± m±ra½ sav±hana½.
“Paµisambhid± catasso…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± sayampi sabbe dhutaªgadhamme sam±d±ya vattati, aññepi tadatth±ya sam±dapeti tena na½ bhagav± samantap±s±dik±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi; so aparena samayena kosambiya½ kalahe uppanne bhikkhusaªghe ca dvidh±bh³te ekena bhikkhun± ta½ kalaha½ parivajjituk±mena “etarahi kho kalaho uppanno, saªgho dvidh±bh³to, katha½ nu kho may± paµipajjitabban”ti puµµho vivekav±sato paµµh±ya tassa paµipatti½ kathento–
577. “vivitta½ appanigghosa½, v±¼amiganisevita½;
seve sen±sana½ bhikkhu, paµisall±nak±raº±.
578. “Saªk±rapuñj± ±hatv±, sus±n± rathiy±hi ca;
tato saªgh±µika½ katv±, l³kha½ dh±reyya c²vara½.
579. “N²ca½ mana½ karitv±na, sapad±na½ kul± kula½;
piº¹ik±ya care bhikkhu, guttadv±ro susa½vuto.
580. “L³khenapi v± santusse, n±ñña½ patthe rasa½ bahu½;
rasesu anugiddhassa, jh±ne na ramat² mano.
581. “Appiccho ceva santuµµho, pavivitto vase muni;
asa½saµµho gahaµµhehi, an±g±rehi c³bhaya½.
582. “Yath± ja¼o va m³go va, att±na½ dassaye tath±;
n±tivela½ sambh±seyya, saªghamajjhamhi paº¹ito.
583. “Na so upavade kañci, upagh±ta½ vivajjaye;
sa½vuto p±timokkhasmi½, mattaññ³ cassa bhojane.
584. “Suggah²tanimittassa, cittassupp±dakovido.
Samatha½ anuyuñjeyya, k±lena ca vipassana½.
585. “V²riyas±taccasampanno, yuttayogo sad± siy±;
na ca appatv± dukkhanta½, viss±sa½ eyya paº¹ito.
586. “Eva½ viharam±nassa, suddhik±massa bhikkhuno;
kh²yanti ±sav± sabbe, nibbutiñc±dhigacchat²”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha vivittanti, janavivitta½ suñña½ araññ±di½. Appanigghosanti, nissadda½ saddasaªghaµµanarahita½. V±¼amiganisevitanti, s²habyagghad²piv±¼amigehi carita½. Imin±pi janaviveka½yeva dasseti pantasen±sanabh±vad²panato. Sen±sananti, sayitu½ ±sayituñca yuttabh±vena vasanaµµh±na½ idha sen±sananti adhippeta½. Paµisall±nak±raº±ti, paµisall±nanimitta½, n±n±rammaºato nivattetv± kammaµµh±neyeva cittassa paµi paµi sammadeva all²yanattha½.
Eva½ bh±van±nur³pa½ sen±sana½ niddisanto sen±sane santosa½ dassetv± id±ni c²var±d²supi ta½ dassetu½ “sa½k±rapuñj±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sa½k±rapuñj±ti sa½k±r±na½ puñja½ sa½k±rapuñja½, tato kacavaraµµh±n±. ¾hatv±ti ±haritv±. Tatoti tath± ±haµaco¼akkhaº¹ehi. Karaºe hi ida½ nissakkavacana½ l³khanti satthal³kharajanal³kh±din± l³kha½ avaºº±maµµha½. Dh±reyy±ti niv±san±divasena parihareyya, etena c²varasantosa½ vadati.
N²ca mana½ karitv±n±ti “antamida½, bhikkhave, j²vik±nan”ti-±dika½ (itivu. 91; sa½. ni. 3.80) sugatov±da½ anussaritv± nihatam±nadappa½ citta½ katv±. Sapad±nanti gharesu avakhaº¹arahita½; anugharanti attho. Ten±ha “kul± kulan”ti. Kul± kulanti kulato kula½, kul±nupubbiy± gharapaµip±µiy±ti attho. Piº¹ik±y±ti missakabhikkh±ya, imin± piº¹ap±tasantosa½ vadati. Guttadv±roti supihitacakkh±didv±ro. Susa½vutoti hatthakukkucc±d²na½ abh±vena suµµhu sa½vuto.
L³khenapi v±ti apisaddo samuccaye, v±-saddo vikappe. Ubhayenapi l³khenapi appenapi yena kenaci sulabhena itar²tarena santusse sama½ samm± tusseyya. Ten±ha “n±ñña½ patthe rasa½ bahun”ti. N±ñña½ patthe rasa½ bahunti attan± yath±laddhato añña½ madhur±dirasa½ bahu½ paº²tañca na pattheyya na piheyya, imin± gil±napaccayepi santoso dassito hoti. Rasesu gedhav±raºattha½ pana k±raºa½ vadanto rasesu anugiddhassa, jh±ne na ramat² mano”ti ±ha. Indriyasa½varampi aparip³rentassa kuto vikkhittacittasam±dh±nanti adhipp±yo.
Eva½ cat³su paccayesu sallekhapaµipatti½ dassetv± id±ni avasiµµhakath±vatth³ni dassetu½ “appiccho cev±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha appicchoti, aniccho cat³su paccayesu icch±rahito, tena catubbidhapaccayesu taºhupp±davikkhambhanam±ha. Santuµµhoti, cat³su paccayesu yath±l±bhasantos±din± santuµµho. Yo hi–
“At²ta½ n±nusoceyya, nappajappeyyan±gata½;
paccuppannena y±peyya, so ‘santuµµho’ti pavuccat²”ti.
Pavivittoti gaºasaªgaºika½ pah±ya k±yena pavivitto v³pakaµµho. Cittavivek±dike hi parato vakkhati. Vaseti sabbattha yojetabba½. Moneyyadhammasamann±gamena muni. Asa½saµµhoti dassanasavanasamullapanasambhogak±yasa½sagg±na½ abh±vena asa½saµµho yath±vuttasa½saggarahito. Ubhayanti, gahaµµhehi an±g±rehi c±ti ubhayehipi asa½saµµho. Karaºe hi ida½ paccattavacana½.
Att±na½ dassaye tath±ti aja¼o am³gopi sam±no yath± ja¼o v± m³go v±, tath± att±na½ dasseyya, etena p±gabbiyappah±nam±ha. Ja¼o va m³go v±ti ca g±th±sukhattha½ rassatta½ kata½, samuccayattho ca v±saddo. N±tivela½ sambh±seyy±ti ativela½ atikkantapam±ºa½ na bh±seyya, mattabh±º² ass±ti attho. Saªghamajjhamh²ti bhikkhusaªghe, janasam³he v±.
Na so upavade kañc²ti so yath±vuttapaµipattiko bhikkhu h²na½ v± majjhima½ v± ukkaµµha½ v± ya½kiñci na v±c±ya upavadeyya. Upagh±ta½ vivajjayeti k±yena upagh±ta½ pariviheµhana½ vajjeyya. Sa½vuto p±timokkhasminti p±timokkhamhi p±timokkhasa½varas²le sa½vuto assa, p±timokkhasa½varena pihitak±yav±co siy±ti attho. Mattaññ³ cassa bhojaneti pariyesanapaµiggahaºaparibhogavissajjanesu bhojane pam±ºaññ³ siy±.
Suggah²tanimittass±ti “eva½ me manasi karoto citta½ sam±hita½ ahos²”ti tad±k±ra½ sallakkhento suµµhu gahitasam±dhinimitto assa. “Suggah²tanimitto so”tipi p±µho, so yog²ti attho. Cittassupp±dakovidoti eva½ bh±vayato citta½ l²na½ hoti, “eva½ uddhatan”ti l²nassa uddhatassa ca cittassa uppattik±raºe kusalo assa. L²ne hi citte dhammavicayav²riyap²tisambojjhaªg± bh±vetabb±, uddhate passaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaªg±. Satisambojjhaªgo pana sabbattha icchitabbo. Ten±ha bhagav±– “yasmiñca kho, bhikkhave, samaye l²na½ citta½ hoti, k±lo tasmi½ samaye dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa bh±van±y±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 5.234). Samatha½ anuyuñjeyy±ti samathabh±vana½ bh±veyya, anuppanna½ sam±dhi½ upp±deyya, uppannañca y±va vas²bh±vappatti, t±va va¹¹heyya by³heyy±ti attho. K±lena ca vipassananti yath±laddha½ sam±dhi½ nikantiy± apariy±d±nena h±nabh±giya½ µhitibh±giya½ v± akatv± nibbedhabh±giya½va katv± k±lena vipassanañca anuyuñjeyya. Atha v± k±lena ca vipassananti samatha½ anuyuñjanto tassa thir²bh³tak±le saªkoca½ an±pajjitv± ariyamagg±dhigam±ya vipassana½ anuyuñjeyya. Yath±ha–
“Atha v± sam±dhil±bhena, vivittasayanena v±;
bhikkhu viss±sam±p±di, appatto ±savakkhayan”ti. (Dha. pa. 271-272).
Tena vutta½– “v²riyas±taccasampanno”ti-±di. Satatabh±vo s±tacca½, v²riyassa s±tacca½, tena sampanno samann±gato, satatapavattav²riyo, niccapaggahitav²riyoti attho. Yuttayogo sad± siy±ti sabbak±la½ bh±van±nuyutto siy±. Dukkhantanti vaµµadukkhassa anta½ pariyos±na½ nirodha½ nibb±na½ appatv± viss±sa½ na eyya na gaccheyya. “Aha½ parisuddhas²lo jh±nal±bh² abhiññ±l±bh² vipassana½ matthaka½ p±petv± µhito”ti v± vissaµµho na bhaveyy±ti attho.
Eva½ viharam±nass±ti, eva½ vivittasen±sanasevan±din± vipassan±vasena yuttayogat±pariyos±nena vidhin± viharantassa. Suddhik±mass±ti, ñ±ºadassanavisuddhi½ accantavisuddhi½ nibb±na½ arahattañca icchantassa. Sa½s±re bhayassa ikkhato bhikkhuno, k±m±sav±dayo sabbe ±sav± kh²yanti khaya½ abbhattha½ gacchanti, tesa½ khayagamaneneva sa-up±disesa-anup±disesapabheda½ duvidhampi nibb±na½ adhigacchati p±puº±ti.
Eva½ thero tassa bhikkhuno ov±dad±n±padesena attan± tath±paµipannabh±va½ d²pento añña½ by±k±si.

Vaªgantaputta-upasenattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.