5. Kappattherag±th±vaººan±

N±n±kulamalasampuººoti-±dik± ±yasmato kappattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto siddhatthassa bhagavato k±le vibhavasampanne kule nibbattitv± pitu accayena viññuta½ patto n±n±vir±gavaººavicittehi vatthehi anekavidhehi ±bharaºehi n±n±vidhehi maºiratanehi bahuvidhehi pupphad±mam±l±d²hi ca kapparukkha½ n±ma alaªkaritv± tena satthu th³pa½ p³jesi. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de magadharaµµhe maº¹alikar±jakule nibbattitv± pitu accayena rajje patiµµhito k±mesu ativiya ratto giddho hutv± viharati. Ta½ satth± mah±karuº±sam±pattito vuµµh±ya loka½ volokento ñ±ºaj±le paññ±yam±na½ disv±, “ki½ nu kho bhavissat²”ti ±vajjento, “esa mama santike asubhakatha½ sutv± k±mesu virattacitto hutv± pabbajitv± arahatta½ p±puºissat²”ti ñatv± ±k±sena tattha gantv±–
567. “N±n±kulamalasampuººo mah±-ukk±rasambhavo;
candanika½va paripakka½, mah±gaº¹o mah±vaºo.
568. “Pubbaruhirasampuººo, g³thak³pena g±¼hito;
±popaggharaºo k±yo, sad± sandati p³tika½.
569. “Saµµhikaº¹arasambandho, ma½salepanalepito;
cammakañcukasannaddho, p³tik±yo niratthako.
570. “Aµµhisaªgh±taghaµito, nh±rusuttanibandhano;
nekesa½ sa½gat²bh±v±, kappeti iriy±patha½.
571. “Dhuvappay±to maraº±ya, maccur±jassa santike;
idheva cha¹¹ayitv±na, yenak±maªgamo naro.
572. “Avijj±ya nivuto k±yo, catuganthena ganthito;
oghasa½s²dano k±yo, anusay±j±lamotthato.
573. “Pañcan²varaºe yutto, vitakkena samappito;
taºh±m³len±nugato, mohacch±danach±dito.
574. “Ev±ya½ vattate k±yo, kammayantena yantito;
sampatti ca vipatyant±, n±n±bh±vo vipajjati.
575. “Yema½ k±ya½ mam±yanti, andhab±l± puthujjan±;
va¹¹henti kaµasi½ ghora½, ±diyanti punabbhava½.
576. “Yema½ k±ya½ vivajjenti, g³thalitta½va pannaga½;
bhavam³la½ vamitv±na, parinibbissantin±sav±”ti.–

Im±hi g±th±hi tassa asubhakatha½ kathesi. So satthu sammukh± anek±k±ravok±ra½ y±th±vato sar²rasabh±vavibh±vana½ asubhakatha½ sutv± sakena k±yena aµµ²yam±no har±yam±no jiguccham±no sa½viggahadayo satth±ra½ vanditv±, “labheyy±ha½, bhante, bhagavato santike pabbajjan”ti pabbajja½ y±ci. Satth± sam²pe µhitamaññatara½ bhikkhu½ ±º±pesi– “gaccha, bhikkhu, ima½ pabb±jetv± upasamp±detv± ±neh²”ti. So ta½ tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ datv± pabb±jesi. So khuraggeyeva saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. tera 1.4.102-107)–

“Siddhatthassa bhagavato, th³paseµµhassa sammukh±;
vicittadusse lagetv±, kapparukkha½ µhapesaha½.
“Ya½ ya½ yonupapajj±mi, devatta½ atha m±nusa½;
sobhayanto mama dv±ra½, kapparukkho patiµµhati.
“Ahañca paris± ceva, ye keci mamavassit±;
tamh± dussa½ gahetv±na, niv±sema maya½ sad±.
“Catunnavutito kappe, ya½ rukkha½ µhapayi½ aha½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, kapparukkhassida½ phala½.
“Ito ca sattame kappe, suce¼± aµµha khattiy±;
sattaratanasampann±, cakkavatt² mahabbal±.
“Paµisambhid± catasso…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± laddh³pasampado satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinno añña½ by±karonto t± eva g±th± abh±si; teneva t± therag±th± n±ma j±t±;
tattha n±n±kulamalasampuººoti, n±n±kulehi n±n±bh±gehi malehi sampuººo, kesalom±din±n±vidha-asucikoµµh±sabharitoti attho; mah±-ukk±rasambhavoti, ukk±ro vuccati vaccak³pa½; yattakavay± m±t±, tattaka½ k±la½ k±rapariseditavaccak³pasadisat±ya m±tu kucchi idha “mah±-ukk±ro”ti adhippeto; so kucchi sambhavo uppattiµµh±na½ etass±ti mah±-ukk±rasambhavo; candanika½v±ti candanika½ n±ma ucchiµµhodakagabbhamal±d²na½ cha¹¹anaµµh±na½, ya½ jaººumatta½ asucibharitampi hoti, t±disanti attho; paripakkanti, pariºata½ pur±ºa½; tena yath± caº¹±lag±madv±re nid±ghasamaye thullaphusitake deve vassante udakena samupaby³¼hamuttakar²sa-aµµhicammanh±rukhaº¹akhe¼asiªgh±ºik±din±n±kuºapabharita½ kaddamodak±lu¼ita½ katipayadivas±tikkamena sa½j±ta kimikul±kula½ s³riy±tapasant±pakuthita½ upari pheºapubbu¼ak±ni muñcanta½ abhin²lavaººa½ paramaduggandha½ jeguccha½ candanik±v±µa½ neva upagantu½, na daµµhu½ arahar³pa½ hutv± tiµµhati, tath±r³poya½ k±yoti dasseti; sad± dukkhat±m³layogato asucipaggharaºato upp±dajar±maraºehi uddhum±yanaparipaccanabhijjanasabh±vatt± ca mahanto gaº¹o viy±ti mah±gaº¹o; sabbatthakameva dukkhavedan±nubaddhatt± gaº¹±na½ sahanato asucivissandanato ca mahanto vaºo viy±ti mah±vaºo g³thak³pena g±¼itoti, vaccak³pena vacceneva v± bharito; “g³thak³panig±¼hito”tipi p±¼i, vaccak³pato nikkhantoti attho; ±popaggharaºo k±yo, sad± sandati p³tikanti, aya½ k±yo ±podh±tuy± sad± paggharaºas²lo, tañca kho pittasemhasedamutt±dika½ p³tika½ asuci½yeva sandati, na kad±ci sucinti attho;
saµµhikaº¹arasambandhoti g²v±ya uparimabh±gato paµµh±ya sar²ra½ vinaddham±n± sar²rassa purimapacchimadakkhiºav±mapassesu pacceka½ pañca pañca katv± v²sati, hatthap±de vinaddham±n± tesa½ purimapacchimapassesu pañca pañca katv± catt±l²s±ti saµµhiy± kaº¹arehi mah±nh±r³hi sabbaso baddho vinaddhoti saµµhikaº¹arasambandho; ma½salepanalepitoti, ma½sasaªkh±tena lepanena litto, navama½sapesisat±nulittoti attho; cammakañcukasannaddhoti, cammasaªkh±tena kañcukena sabbaso onaddho pariyonaddho paricchinno; p³tik±yoti, sabbaso p³tigandhiko k±yo; niratthakoti, nippayojano; aññesañhi p±º²na½ k±yo camm±diviniyogena siy± sappayojano, na tath± manussak±yoti; aµµhisaªgh±taghaµitoti, atirekatisat±na½ aµµh²na½ saªgh±tena ghaµito sambandho; nh±rusuttanibandhanoti, suttasadisehi navahi nh±rusatehi nibandhito; nekesa½ sa½gat²bh±v±ti, catumah±bh³taj²vitindriya-ass±sapass±saviññ±º±d²na½ samav±yasambandhena suttamerakasamav±yena yanta½ viya µh±n±di-iriy±patha½ kappeti;
dhuvappay±to maraº±y±ti, maraºassa atth±ya ekantagamano, nibbattito paµµh±ya maraºa½ pati pavatto; tato eva maccur±jassa maraºassa santike µhito; idheva cha¹¹ayitv±n±ti, imasmi½yeva loke k±ya½ cha¹¹etv±, yath±rucitaµµh±nag±m² aya½ satto, tasm± “pah±ya gaman²yo aya½ k±yo”ti evampi saªgo na k±tabboti dasseti;
avijj±ya nivutoti, avijj±n²varaºena nivuto paµicch±dit±d²navo, aññath± ko ettha saªga½ janeyy±ti adhipp±yo; catuganthen±ti, abhijjh±k±yaganth±din± catubbidhena ganthena ganthito, ganthaniyabh±vena vinaddhito; oghasa½s²danoti, oghaniyabh±vena k±mogh±d²su cat³su oghesu sa½s²danako; appah²nabh±vena sant±ne anu anu sent²ti anusay±, k±mar±g±dayo anusay±; tesa½ j±lena otthato abhibh³toti anusay±j±lamotthato; mak±ro padasandhikaro, g±th±sukhattha½ d²gha½ katv± vutta½; k±macchand±din± pañcavidhena n²varaºena yutto adhimuttoti pañcan²varaºe yutto, karaºatthe bhummavacana½;
k±mavitakk±din± micch±vitakkena samappito samassitoti vitakkena samappito; taºh±m³len±nugatoti, taºh±saªkh±tena bhavam³lena anubaddho; mohacch±danach±ditoti, sammohasaªkh±tena ±varaºena paliguºµhito; sabbameta½ saviññ±ºaka½ karajak±ya½ sandh±ya vadati; saviññ±ºako hi attabh±vo “ucchinnabhavanettiko, bhikkhave, tath±gatassa k±yo tiµµhati, ayañceva k±yo bahiddh± ca n±mar³pan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.1.147) k±yoti vuccati, ev±ya½ vattate k±yoti eva½ “n±n±kulamalasampuººo”ti-±din± “avijj±ya nivuto”ti-±din± ca vuttappak±rena aya½ k±yo vattati, vattanto ca kammayantena sukatadukkaµena kammasaªkh±tena yantena yantito saªghaµito; yath± v± khemanta½ gantu½ na sakkoti, tath± saªkhobhito sugatiduggat²su vattati paribbhamati; sampatti ca vipatyant±ti y± ettha sampatti, s± vipattipariyos±n±; sabbañhi yobbana½ jar±pariyos±na½, sabba½ ±rogya½ by±dhipariyos±na½, sabba½ j²vita½ maraºapariyos±na½, sabbo sam±gamo viyogapariyos±no; ten±ha “n±n±bh±vo vipajjat²”ti; n±n±bh±voti, vin±bh±vo vippayogo, so kad±ci vippayuñjakassa vasena, kad±ci vippayuñjitabbassa vasen±ti vividha½ pajjati p±puº²yati;
yema½ k±ya½ mam±yant²ti ye andhab±l± puthujjan± eva½ asubha½ anicca½ adhuva½ dukkha½ as±ra½ ima½ k±ya½ “mama idan”ti gaºhant± mam±yanti chandar±ga½ upp±denti, te j±ti-±d²hi niray±d²hi ca ghora½ bhay±naka½ apaº¹itehi abhiramitabbato kaµasisaªkh±ta½ sa½s±ra½ punappuna½ jananamaraº±d²hi va¹¹henti, ten±ha “±diyanti punabbhavan”ti;
yema½ k±ya½ vivajjenti, g³thalitta½va pannaganti yath± n±ma puriso sukhak±mo j²vituk±mo g³thagata½ ±s²visa½ disv± jigucchaniyat±ya v± sappaµibhayat±ya v± vivajjeti na all²yati, evameva½ ye paº¹it± kulaputt± asucibh±vena jeguccha½ anicc±dibh±vena sappaµibhaya½ ima½ k±ya½ vivajjenti chandar±gappah±nena pajahanti; te bhavam³la½ avijja½ bhavataºhañca vamitv± cha¹¹etv± accantameva pah±ya tato eva sabbaso an±sav± sa-up±dises±ya anup±dises±ya ca nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yissant²ti;

kappattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;