4. C³¼apanthakattherag±th±vaººan±

Dandh± mayha½ gat²ti-±dik± ±yasmato c³¼apanthakattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Yadettha aµµhuppattivasena vattabba½, ta½ aµµhakanip±te mah±panthakavatthusmi½ (therag±. aµµha. 2.mah±panthakattherag±th±vaººan±) vuttameva. Aya½ pana viseso– mah±panthakatthero arahatta½ patv± aggaphalasukhena v²tin±mento cintesi– “katha½ nu kho sakk± c³¼apanthakampi imasmi½ sukhe patiµµhapetun”ti? So attano ayyaka½ dhanaseµµhi½ upasaªkamitv± ±ha– “sace, mah±seµµhi, anuj±n±tha aha½ c³¼apanthaka½ pabb±jeyyan”ti. “Pabb±jetha, bhante”ti. Thero ta½ pabb±jesi. So dasasu s²lesu patiµµhito bh±tu santike–
“Paduma½ yath± kokanada½ sugandha½, p±to siy± phullamav²tagandha½;
aªg²rasa½ passa virocam±na½, tapantam±diccamivantalikkhe”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.123; a. ni. 5.195)–

G±tha½ uggaºhanto cat³hi m±sehi gahetu½ n±sakkhi, gahitagahita½ pada½ hadaye na tiµµhati. Atha na½ mah±panthako ±ha– “panthaka, tva½ imasmi½ s±sane abhabbo, cat³hi m±sehi ekag±thampi gahetu½ na sakkosi. Pabbajitakicca½ pana tva½ katha½ matthaka½ p±pessasi? Nikkhama ito”ti. So therena paº±mito dv±rakoµµhakasam²pe rodam±no aµµh±si.

Tena ca samayena satth± j²vakambavane viharati. Atha j²vako purisa½ pesesi, “pañcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ satth±ra½ nimanteh²”ti. Tena ca samayena ±yasm± mah±panthako bhattuddesako hoti. So “pañcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ bhikkha½ paµicchatha, bhante”ti vutto “c³¼apanthaka½ µhapetv± ses±na½ paµicch±m²”ti ±ha. Ta½ sutv± c³¼apanthako bhiyyosomatt±ya domanassappatto ahosi. Satth± tassa cittakkheda½ ñatv±, “c³¼apanthako may± katena up±yena bujjhissat²”ti tassa avid³re µh±ne att±na½ dassetv± “ki½, panthaka, rodas²”ti pucchi. “Bh±t± ma½, bhante, paº±met²”ti ±ha. “Panthaka, m± cintayi, mama s±sane tuyha½ pabbajj±, ehi, ima½ gahetv± ‘rajoharaºa½, rajoharaºan’ti manasi karoh²”ti iddhiy± suddha½ co¼akkhaº¹a½ abhisaªkharitv± ad±si. So satth±r± dinna½ co¼akkhaº¹a½ “rajoharaºa½, rajoharaºan”ti hatthena parimajjanto nis²di. Tassa ta½ parimajjantassa kiliµµhadh±tuka½ j±ta½, puna parimajjantassa ukkhaliparipuñchanasadisa½ j±ta½. So ñ±ºassa paripakkatt± eva½ cintesi– “ida½ co¼akkhaº¹a½ pakatiy± parisuddha½, ima½ up±diººakasar²ra½ niss±ya kiliµµha½ aññath± j±ta½, tasm± anicca½ yath±peta½, eva½ cittamp²”ti khayavaya½ paµµhapetv± tasmi½yeva nimitte jh±n±ni nibbattetv± jh±nap±daka½ vipassana½ paµµhapetv± saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.2.35-54)–
“Padumuttaro n±ma jino, ±hut²na½ paµiggaho;
gaºamh± v³pakaµµho so, himavante vas² tad±.
“Ahampi himavantamhi, vas±mi assame tad±;
acir±gata½ mah±v²ra½, upesi½ lokan±yaka½.
“Pupphacchatta½ gahetv±na, upagacchi½ nar±sabha½;
sam±dhi½ sam±pajjanta½, antar±yamak±saha½.
“Ubho hatthehi paggayha, pupphacchatta½ ad±saha½;
paµiggahesi bhagav±, padumuttaro mah±muni.
“Sabbe dev± attaman±, himavanta½ upenti te;
s±dhuk±ra½ pavattesu½, anumodissati cakkhum±.
“Ida½ vatv±na te dev±, upagacchu½ naruttama½;
±k±se dh±rayantassa, padumacchattamuttama½.
“Satapattachatta½ paggayha, ad±si t±paso mama;
tamaha½ kittayiss±mi, suº±tha mama bh±sato.
“Pañcav²satikapp±ni, devarajja½ karissati;
catutti½satikkhattuñca, cakkavatt² bhavissati.
“Ya½ ya½ yoni½ sa½sarati, devatta½ atha m±nusa½;
abbhok±se patiµµhanta½, paduma½ dh±rayissati.
“Kappasatasahassamhi okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Pak±site p±vacane, manussatta½ labhissati;
manomayamhi k±yamhi, uttamo so bhavissati.
“Dve bh±taro bhavissanti, ubhopi panthakavhay±;
anubhotv± uttamattha½, jotayissanti s±sana½.
“Soha½ aµµh±rasavasso, pabbaji½ anag±riya½;
vises±ha½ na vind±mi, sakyaputtassa s±sane.
“Dandh± mayha½ gat² ±si, paribh³to pure ahu½;
bh±t± ca ma½ paº±mesi, gaccha d±ni saka½ ghara½.
“Soha½ paº±mito santo, saªgh±r±massa koµµhake;
dummano tattha aµµh±si½, s±maññasmi½ apekkhav±.
“Bhagav± tattha ±gacchi, s²sa½ mayha½ par±masi;
b±h±ya ma½ gahetv±na, saªgh±r±ma½ pavesayi.
“Anukamp±ya me satth±, ad±si p±dapuñchani½;
eva½ suddha½ adhiµµhehi, ekamantamadhiµµhaha½.
“Hatthehi tamaha½ gayha, sari½ kokanada½ aha½;
tattha citta½ vimucci me, arahatta½ ap±puºi½.
“Manomayesu k±yesu, sabbattha p±rami½ gato;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, vihar±mi an±savo.
“Paµisambhid± catasso…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahattamaggenevassa tepiµaka½ pañc±bhiññ± ca ±gami½su; satth± ekena ³nehi pañcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ gantv± j²vakassa nivesane paññatte ±sane nis²di; c³¼apanthako pana attano bhikkh±ya appaµicchitatt± eva na gato; j²vako y±gu½ d±tu½ ±rabhi, satth± patta½ hatthena pidahi; “kasm±, bhante, na gaºhath±”ti vutte– “vih±re eko bhikkhu atthi, j²vak±”ti; so purisa½ pahiºi, “gaccha, bhaºe, vih±re nisinna½ ayya½ gahetv± eh²”ti; c³¼apanthakattheropi r³pena kiriy±ya ca ekampi ekena asadisa½ bhikkhusahassa½ nimminitv± nis²di; so puriso vih±re bhikkh³na½ bahubh±va½ disv± gantv± j²vakassa kathesi– “imasm± bhikkhusaªgh± vih±re bhikkhusaªgho bahutaro, pakkositabba½ ayya½ na j±n±m²”ti; j²vako satth±ra½ paµipucchi– “kon±mo, bhante, vih±re nisinno bhikkh³”ti? “C³¼apanthako n±ma, j²vak±”ti; “gaccha bhaºe, ‘c³¼apanthako n±ma kataro’ti pucchitv± ta½ ±neh²”ti; so vih±ra½ gantv± “c³¼apanthako n±ma kataro, bhante”ti pucchi; “aha½ c³¼apanthako”,“aha½ c³¼apanthako”ti ekapah±reneva bhikkhusahassampi kathesi; so pun±gantv± ta½ pavatti½ j²vakassa ±rocesi; j²vako paµividdhasaccatt± “iddhim± maññe, ayyo”ti nayato ñatv± “gaccha, bhaºe, paµhama½ kathanakamayyameva ‘tumhe satth± pakkosat²’ti vatv± c²varakaººe gaºh±”ti ±ha; so vih±ra½ gantv± tath± ak±si, t±vadeva nimmitabhikkh³ antaradh±yi½su; so thera½ gahetv± agam±si;
satth± tasmi½ khaºe y±guñca khajjak±dibhedañca paµiggaºhi; dasabale bhattakicca½ katv± vih±ra½ gate dhammasabh±ya½ kath± udap±di– “aho buddh±na½ ±nubh±vo, yatra hi n±ma catt±ro m±se ekag±tha½ gahetu½ asakkontampi lahukena khaºeneva eva½ mahiddhika½ aka½s³”ti; satth± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ kath±sall±pa½ sutv± ±gantv± buddh±sane nisajja, “ki½ vadetha, bhikkhave”ti pucchitv±, “ima½ n±ma, bhante”ti vutte, “bhikkhave, c³¼apanthakena id±ni mayha½ ov±de µhatv± lokuttarad±yajja½ laddha½, pubbe pana lokiyad±yajjan”ti vatv± tehi y±cito c³¼aseµµhij±taka½ (j±. 1.1.4) kathesi; aparabh±ge ta½ satth± ariyagaºaparivuto dhamm±sane nisinno manomaya½ k±ya½ abhinimminant±na½ bhikkh³na½ cetovivaµµakusal±nañca aggaµµh±ne µhapesi; so aparena samayena bhikkh³hi “tath± dandhadh±tukena katha½ tay± sacc±ni paµividdh±n²”ti puµµho bh±tu paº±manato paµµh±ya attano paµipatti½ pak±sento–
557. “dandh± mayha½ gat² ±si, paribh³to pure aha½;
bh±t± ca ma½ paº±mesi, gaccha d±ni tuva½ ghara½.
558. “Soha½ paº±mito santo, saªgh±r±massa koµµhake;
dummano tattha aµµh±si½, s±sanasmi½ apekkhav±.
559. “Bhagav± tattha ±gacchi, s²sa½ mayha½ par±masi;
b±h±ya ma½ gahetv±na, saªgh±r±ma½ pavesayi.
560. “Anukamp±ya me satth±, p±d±si p±dapuñchani½;
eta½ suddha½ adhiµµhehi, ekamanta½ svadhiµµhita½.
561. “Tass±ha½ vacana½ sutv±, vih±si½ s±sane rato;
sam±dhi½ paµip±desi½, uttamatthassa pattiy±.
562. “Pubbeniv±sa½ j±n±mi, dibbacakkhu visodhita½;
tisso vijj± anuppatt±, kata½ buddhassa s±sana½.
563. “Sahassakkhattumatt±na½, nimminitv±na panthako;
nis²dambavane ramme, y±va k±lappavedan±.
564. “Tato me satth± p±hesi, d³ta½ k±lappavedaka½;
paveditamhi k±lamhi, veh±s±dupasaªkami½.
565. “Vanditv± satthuno p±de, ekamanta½ nis²daha½;
nisinna½ ma½ viditv±na, attha satth± paµiggahi.
566. “¾y±go sabbalokassa, ±hut²na½ paµiggaho;
puññakkhetta½ manuss±na½, paµiggaºhittha dakkhiºan”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha dandh±ti, mand±, catuppadika½ g±tha½ cat³hi m±sehi gahetu½ asamatthabh±vena dubbal±. Gat²ti ñ±ºagati. ¾s²ti, ahosi. Paribh³toti, tato eva “muµµhassati asampaj±no”ti h²¼ito. Pureti, pubbe puthujjanak±le. Bh±t± c±ti samuccayattho ca-saddo, na kevala½ paribh³tova, atha kho bh±t±pi ma½ paº±mesi, “panthaka, tva½ duppañño ahetuko maññe, tasm± pabbajitakicca½ matthaka½ p±petu½ asamattho na imassa s±sanassa anucchaviko, gaccha d±ni tuyha½ ayyakagharan”ti nikka¹¹hesi. Bh±t±ti, bh±tar±.
Koµµhaketi, dv±rakoµµhakasam²pe. Dummanoti, domanassito. S±sanasmi½ apekkhav±ti, samm±sambuddhassa s±sane s±pekkho avibbhamituk±mo.
Bhagav± tattha ±gacch²ti, mah±karuº±sañcoditam±naso ma½ anuggaºhanto bhagav± yatth±ha½ µhito, tattha ±gacchi. ¾gantv± ca, “panthaka, aha½ te satth±, na mah±panthako, ma½ uddissa tava pabbajj±”ti samass±sento s²sa½ mayha½ par±masi j±l±bandhanamudutalunap²ºavar±yataªgulisamupasobhitena vikasitapadumasassir²kena cakkaªkitena hatthatalena “id±niyeva mama putto bhavissat²”ti d²pento mayha½ s²sa½ par±masi. B±h±ya ma½ gahetv±n±ti, “kasm± tva½, idha tiµµhas²”ti candanagandhagandhin± attano hatthena ma½ bhuje gahetv± antosaªgh±r±ma½ pavesesi. P±d±si p±dapuñchaninti p±dapuñchani½ katv± p±d±si “rajoharaºanti manasi karoh²”ti ad±s²ti attho. “Ad±s²”ti “p±dapuñchanin”ti ca paµhanti. Keci pana “p±dapuñchanin”ti p±dapuñchanaco¼akkhaº¹a½ p±d±s²”ti vadanti. Tadayutta½ iddhiy± abhisaªkharitv± co¼akkhaº¹assa dinnatt±. Eta½ suddha½ adhiµµhehi, ekamanta½ svadhiµµhitanti, eta½ suddha½ co¼akkhaº¹a½ “rajoharaºa½, rajoharaºan”ti manasik±rena svadhiµµhita½ katv± ekamanta½ ekamante vivitte gandhakuµipamukhe nisinno adhiµµhehi tath± citta½ sam±hita½ katv± pavattehi.
Tass±ha½ vacana½ sutv±ti, tassa bhagavato vacana½ ov±da½ aha½ sutv± tasmi½ s±sane ov±de rato abhirato hutv± vih±si½ yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajji½. Paµipajjanto ca sam±dhi½ paµip±desi½, uttamatthassa pattiy±ti, uttamattho n±ma arahatta½, tassa adhigam±ya kasiºaparikammavasena r³pajjh±n±ni nibbattetv± jh±nap±daka½ vipassana½ paµµhapetv± maggapaµip±µiy± aggamaggasam±dhi½ samp±desinti attho. Ettha hi sam±dh²ti upac±rasam±dhito paµµh±ya y±va catutthamaggasam±dhi, t±va sam±dhis±maññena gahito, aggaphalasam±dhi pana uttamatthaggahaºena, s±tisaya½ cev±ya½ sam±dhikusalo, tasm± “sam±dhi½ paµip±desin”ti ±ha. Sam±dhikusalat±ya hi ayam±yasm± cetovivaµµakusalo n±ma j±to, mah±panthakatthero pana vipassan±kusalat±ya saññ±vivaµµakusalo n±ma. Eko cettha sam±dhilakkhaºe cheko, eko vipassan±lakkhaºe, eko sam±dhig±¼ho, eko vipassan±g±¼ho eko aªgasa½khitte cheko, eko ±rammaºasa½khitte, eko aªgavavatth±ne, eko ±rammaºavavatth±neti vaººenti. Apica c³¼apanthakatthero s±tisaya½ catunna½ r³p±vacarajjh±n±na½ l±bhit±ya cetovivaµµakusalo vutto, mah±panthakatthero s±tisaya½ catunna½ ar³p±vacarajjh±n±na½ l±bhit±ya saññ±vivaµµakusalo. Paµhamo v± r³p±vacarajjh±nal±bh² hutv± jh±naªgehi vuµµh±ya arahatta½ pattoti cetovivaµµakusalo, itaro ar³p±vacarajjh±nal±bh² hutv± jh±naªgehi vuµµh±ya arahatta½ pattoti saññ±vivaµµakusalo. Manomaya½ pana k±ya½ nibbattento aññe tayo v± catt±ro v± nibbattanti, na bahuke, ekasadiseyeva ca katv± nibbattenti, ekavidhameva kamma½ kurum±ne. Aya½ pana thero ek±vajjanena samaºasahassa½ m±pesi, dvepi na k±yena ekasadise ak±si, na ekavidha½ kamma½ kurum±ne. Tasm± manomaya½ k±ya½ abhinimminant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to.
Id±ni attano adhigatavisesa½ dassetu½ “pubbeniv±sa½ j±n±m²”ti-±dim±ha. K±mañc±ya½ thero cha¼abhiñño, y± pana abhiññ± ±savakkhayañ±º±dhigamassa bah³pak±r±, ta½ dassanattha½ “pubbeniv±sa½ j±n±mi, dibbacakkhu visodhitan”ti vatv± “tisso vijj± anuppatt±”ti vutta½. Pubbeniv±sayath±kammupaga-an±gata½sañ±º±ni hi vipassan±c±rassa bah³pak±r±ni, na tath± itarañ±º±ni.
Sahassakkhattunti sahassa½. “Sahassav±ran”ti keci vadanti. Ek±vajjanena pana thero sahasse manomaye k±ye nimmini, na v±rena. Te ca kho aññamaññamasadise vividhañca kamma½ karonte. “Ki½ pana s±vak±nampi evar³pa½ iddhinimm±na½ sambhavat²”ti? Na sambhavati sabbesa½, abhin²h±rasampattiy± pana ayameva thero evamak±si, tath± hesa imin± aªgena etadagge µhapito. Panthako nis²d²ti att±nameva para½ viya vadati. Ambavaneti, ambavane j²vakena katavih±re. Veh±s±dupasaªkaminti veh±s±ti karaºe nissakkavacana½, veh±sen±ti attho, da-k±ro padasandhikaro. Ath±ti, mama nisajj±ya pacch±. Paµiggah²ti dakkhiºodaka½ paµiggaºhi. ¾y±go sabbalokass±ti, sabbassa sadevakassa lokassa aggadakkhiºeyyat±ya deyyadhamma½ ±netv± yajitabbaµµh±nabh³to. ¾hut²na½ paµiggahoti, mah±phalabh±vakaraºena dakkhiº±hut²na½ paµiggaºhako. Paµiggaºhittha dakkhiºanti j²vakena upan²ta½ y±gukhajj±dibheda½ dakkhiºa½ paµiggahesi.
Atha kho bhagav± katabhattakicco ±yasmanta½ c³¼apanthaka½ ±º±pesi– “anumodana½ karoh²”ti. So sineru½ gahetv± mah±samudda½ manthento viya pabhinnapaµisambhid±ppattat±ya tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ saªkhobhento satthu ajjh±saya½ gaºhanto anumodana½ ak±si. Tath± upanissayasampannopi c±yam±yasm± tath±r³p±ya kammapilotik±ya parib±dhito catuppadika½ g±tha½ cat³hipi m±sehi gahetu½ n±sakkhi. Ta½ panassa upanissayasampatti½ oloketv± satth± pubbacariy±nur³pa½ yonisomanasik±re niyojesi. Tath± hi bhagav± tad± j²vakassa nivesane nisinno eva “c³¼apanthakassa citta½ sam±hita½, v²thipaµipann± vipassan±”ti ñatv± yath±nisinnova att±na½ dassetv±, “panthaka, yadip±ya½ pilotik± sa½kiliµµh± raj±nukiºº±, ito pana añño eva ariyassa vinaye sa½kileso rajo c±ti dassento–
“R±go rajo na ca pana reºu vuccati, r±gasseta½ adhivacana½ rajoti;
eta½ raja½ vippajahitv± bhikkhavo, viharanti te v²tarajassa s±sane.
“Doso rajo…pe… s±sane;
“moho rajo…pe… v²tarajassa s±sane”ti;–

im± tisso obh±sag±th± abh±si; g±th±pariyos±ne c³¼apanthako abhiññ±paµisambhid±pariv±ra½ arahatta½ p±puº²ti;

c³¼apanthakattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;