3. Mah±kappinattherag±th±vaººan±

An±gata½ yo paµikacca passat²ti-±dik± ±yasmato mah±kappinattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savat²nagare kulaghare nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto satthu santike dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ bhikkhu-ov±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± tajja½ adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi.
So tattha y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto kassapasamm±sambuddhak±le b±r±ºasiya½ kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto purisasahassagaºajeµµhako hutv± gabbhasahassapaµimaº¹ita½ mahanta½ pariveºa½ k±r±pesi. Te sabbepi jan± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± ta½ up±saka½ jeµµhaka½ katv± saputtad±r± devaloke nibbattitv± eka½ buddhantara½ devamanussesu sa½sari½su. Tesu gaºajeµµhako amh±ka½ satthu nibbattito puretarameva paccantadese kukkuµan±make nagare r±jagehe nibbatti, tassa kappinoti n±ma½ ahosi. Sesapuris± tasmi½yeva nagare amaccakule nibbatti½su. Kappinakum±ro pitu accayena chatta½ uss±petv± mah±kappinar±j± n±ma j±to. So sutavittakat±ya p±tova cat³hi dv±rehi s²gha½ d³te pesesi– “yattha bahussute passatha, tato nivattitv± mayha½ ±roceth±”ti.
Tena ca samayena amh±ka½ satth± loke uppajjitv± s±vatthi½ upaniss±ya viharati. Tasmi½ k±le s±vatthiv±sino v±ºij± s±vatthiya½ uµµh±nakabhaº¹a½ gahetv± ta½ nagara½ gantv± bhaº¹a½ paµis±metv± “r±j±na½ passiss±m±”ti paºº±k±rahatth± rañño ±roc±pesu½. Te r±j± pakkos±petv± niyy±ditapaºº±k±re vanditv± µhite “kuto ±gatatth±”ti pucchi. “S±vatthito, dev±”ti. “Kacci vo raµµha½ subhikkha½, dhammiko r±j±”ti? “¾ma, dev±”ti. “K²diso dhammo tumh±ka½ dese id±ni pavattat²”ti? “Ta½, deva, na sakk± ucchiµµhamukhehi kathetun”ti. R±j± suvaººabhiªg±rena udaka½ d±pesi. Te mukha½ vikkh±letv± dasabal±bhimukh± añjali½ paggahetv±, “deva, amh±ka½ dese buddharatana½ n±ma uppannan”ti ±ha½su. Rañño “buddho”ti vacane sutamatteyeva sakalasar²ra½ pharam±n± p²ti uppajji. Tato “buddhoti, t±t±, vadeth±”ti ±ha. “Buddhoti, deva, vad±m±”ti. Eva½ tikkhattu½ vad±petv± “buddhoti pada½ aparim±ºan”ti tasmi½yeva pade pasanno satasahassa½ datv± “apara½ vadeth±”ti pucchi. “Deva, loke dhammaratana½ n±ma uppannan”ti. Tampi sutv± tatheva satasahassa½ datv± “apara½ vadeth±”ti pucchi. “Deva, saªgharatana½ n±ma uppannan”ti. Tampi sutv± tatheva satasahassa½ datv± “buddhassa bhagavato santike pabbajiss±m²”ti tatova nikkhami. Amacc±pi tatheva nikkhami½su. So amaccasahassena saddhi½ gaªg±t²ra½ patv± “sace satth± samm±sambuddho, imesa½ ass±na½ khuramattampi m± temet³”ti sacc±dhiµµh±na½ katv± udakapiµµheneva p³ra½ gaªg±nadi½ atikkamitv± aparampi a¹¹hayojanavitth±ra½ nadi½ tatheva atikkamitv± tatiya½ candabh±ga½ n±ma mah±nadi½ patv± tampi t±ya eva saccakiriy±ya atikkami.
Satth±pi ta½divasa½ pacc³sasamaya½yeva mah±karuº±sam±pattito vuµµh±ya loka½ volokento “ajja mah±kappino tiyojanasatika½ rajja½ pah±ya amaccasahassapariv±ro mama santike pabbajitu½ ±gamissat²”ti disv± “may± tesa½ paccuggamana½ k±tu½ yuttan”ti p±tova sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto sayameva ±k±sena gantv± candabh±g±ya nadiy± t²re tesa½ uttaraºatitthass±bhimukhaµµh±ne mah±nigrodham³le pallaªkena nisinno chabbaººabuddharasmiyo vissajjesi. Te tena titthena uttarant± buddharasmiyo ito cito ca vidh±vantiyo olokento bhagavanta½ disv± “ya½ satth±ra½ uddissa maya½ ±gat±, addh± so eso”ti dassaneneva niµµha½ gantv± diµµhaµµh±nato paµµh±ya onamitv± paramanipacc±k±ra½ karont± bhagavanta½ upasaªkami½su. R±j± bhagavato gopphakesu gahetv± satth±ra½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di saddhi½ amaccasahassena. Satth± tesa½ dhamma½ desesi. Desan±pariyos±ne saddhi½ paris±ya arahatte patiµµh±si. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.54.66-107)–
“Padumuttaro n±ma jino, sabbadhamm±na p±rag³;
udito ajaµ±k±se, rav²va saradambare.
“Vacan±bh±ya bodheti, veneyyapadum±ni so;
kilesapaªka½ soseti, matira½s²hi n±yako.
“Titthiy±na½ yase hanti, khajjot±bh± yath± ravi;
saccatth±bha½ pak±seti, ratana½va div±karo.
“Guº±na½ ±yatibh³to, ratan±na½va s±garo;
pajjunnoriva bh³t±ni, dhammameghena vassati.
“Akkhadasso tad± ±si½, nagare ha½sasavhaye;
upecca dhammamassosi½, jalajuttaman±mino.
“Ov±dakassa bhikkh³na½, s±vakassa kat±vino;
guºa½ pak±sayantassa, tappayantassa me mana½.
“Sutv± pat²to sumano, nimantetv± tath±gata½;
sasissa½ bhojayitv±na, ta½ µh±namabhipatthayi½.
“Tad± ha½sasamabh±go, ha½sadundubhinissano;
passatheta½ mah±matta½, vinicchayavis±rada½.
“Patita½ p±dam³le me, samuggatatan³ruha½;
j²m³tavaººa½ p²ºa½sa½, pasannanayan±nana½.
“Pariv±rena mahat±, r±jayutta½ mah±yasa½;
eso kat±vino µh±na½, pattheti mudit±sayo.
“Imin± paºip±tena, c±gena paºidh²hi ca;
kappasatasahass±ni, nupapajjati duggati½.
“Devesu devasobhagga½, manussesu mahantata½;
anubhotv±na sesena, nibb±na½ p±puºissati.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
kappino n±ma n±mena, hessati satthu s±vako.
“Tatoha½ sukata½ k±ra½, katv±na jinas±sane;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, tusita½ agam±saha½.
“Devam±nusarajj±ni, sataso anus±siya;
b±r±ºasiyam±sanne, j±to keºiyaj±tiya½.
“Sahassapariv±rena, sapaj±patiko aha½;
pañcapaccekabuddh±na½, sat±ni samupaµµhahi½.
“Tem±sa½ bhojayitv±na, pacch±damha tic²vara½;
tato cut± maya½ sabbe, ahumha tidas³pag±.
“Puno sabbe manussatta½, agamimha tato cut±;
kukkuµamhi pure j±t±, himavantassa passato.
“Kappino n±maha½ ±si½, r±japutto mah±yaso;
ses±maccakule j±t±, mameva pariv±rayu½.
“Mah±rajjasukha½ patto, sabbak±masamiddhim±;
v±ºijehi samakkh±ta½, buddhupp±damaha½ suºi½.
“Buddho loke samuppanno, asamo ekapuggalo;
so pak±seti saddhamma½, amata½ sukhamuttama½.
“Suyutt± tassa siss± ca, sumutt± ca an±sav±;
sutv± nesa½ suvacana½, sakkaritv±na v±ºije.
“Pah±ya rajja½ s±macco, nikkhami½ buddham±mako;
nadi½ disv± mah±canda½, p³rita½ samatittika½.
“Appatiµµha½ an±lamba½, duttara½ s²ghav±hini½;
guºa½ saritv± buddhassa, sotthin± samatikkami½.
“Bhavasota½ sace buddho, tiººo lokantag³ vid³;
etena saccavajjena, gamana½ me samijjhatu.
“Yadi santigamo maggo, mokkho caccantika½ sukha½;
etena saccavajjena, gamana½ me samijjhatu.
“Saªgho ce tiººakant±ro, puññakkhetto anuttaro;
etena saccavajjena, gamana½ me samijjhatu.
“Saha kate saccavare, magg± apagata½ jala½;
tato sukhena uttiººo, nad²t²re manorame.
“Nisinna½ addasa½ buddha½, udenta½va pabhaªkara½;
jalanta½ hemasela½va, d²parukkha½va jotita½.
“Sasi½va t±r±sahita½, s±vakehi purakkhata½;
v±sava½ viya vassanta½, desan±jaladantara½.
“Vanditv±na sah±macco, ekamantamup±visi½;
tato no ±saya½ ñatv±, buddho dhammamadesayi.
“Sutv±na dhamma½ vimala½, avocumha maya½ jina½;
pabb±jehi mah±v²ra, nibbind±mha maya½ bhave.
“Svakkh±to bhikkhave dhammo, dukkhantakaraº±ya vo;
caratha brahmacariya½, icc±ha munisattamo.
“Saha v±c±ya sabbepi, bhikkhuvesadhar± maya½;
ahumha upasampann±, sot±pann± ca s±sane.
“Tato jetavana½ gantv±, anus±si vin±yako;
anusiµµho jinen±ha½, arahattamap±puºi½.
“Tato bhikkhusahass±ni, anus±simaha½ tad±;
mam±nus±sanakar±, tepi ±su½ an±sav±.
“Jino tasmi½ guºe tuµµho, etadagge µhapesi ma½;
bhikkhu-ov±dak±naggo, kappinoti mah±jane.
“Satasahasse kata½ kamma½, phala½ dassesi me idha;
pamutto saravegova, kilese jh±payi½ mama.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ patv± pana te sabbeva satth±ra½ pabbajja½ y±ci½su; satth± te “etha, bhikkhavo”ti ±ha; s± eva tesa½ pabbajj± upasampad± ca ahosi; satth± ta½ bhikkhusahassa½ ±d±ya ±k±sena jetavana½ agam±si; athekadivasa½ bhagav± tassantev±sike bhikkh³ ±ha– “kacci, bhikkhave, kappino bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ deset²”ti? “Na, bhagav±, deseti appossukko diµµhadhammasukhavih±ramanuyutto viharati, ov±damattampi na det²”ti; satth± thera½ pakkos±petv±– “sacca½ kira tva½, kappina, antev±sik±na½ ov±damattampi na des²”ti? “Sacca½, bhagav±”ti; “br±hmaºa, m± eva½ kari, ajja paµµh±ya upagat±na½ dhamma½ deseh²”ti; “s±dhu, bhante”ti thero satthu vacana½ siras± sampaµicchitv± ekov±deneva samaºasahassa½ arahatte patiµµh±pesi; tena na½ satth± paµip±µiy± attano s±vake there µh±nantare µhapento bhikkhu-ov±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi; athekadivasa½ thero bhikkhuniyo ovadanto–
547. “an±gata½ yo paµikacca passati, hitañca attha½ ahitañca ta½ dvaya½;
viddesino tassa hitesino v±, randha½ na passanti samekkham±n±.
548. “¾n±p±nasat² yassa, paripuºº± subh±vit±;
anupubba½ paricit±, yath± buddhena desit±;
soma½ loka½ pabh±seti, abbh± muttova candim±.
549. “Od±ta½ vata me citta½, appam±ºa½ subh±vita½;
nibbiddha½ paggah²tañca, sabb± obh±sate dis±.
550. “J²vate v±pi sappañño, api vittaparikkhayo;
paññ±ya ca al±bhena, vittav±pi na j²vati.
551. “Paññ± sutavinicchin², paññ± kittisilokavaddhan²;
paññ±sahito naro idha, api dukkhesu sukh±ni vindati.
552. “N±ya½ ajjatano dhammo, nacchero napi abbhuto;
yattha j±yetha m²yetha, tattha ki½ viya abbhuta½.
553. “Anantarañhi j±tassa, j²vit± maraºa½ dhuva½;
j±t± j±t± marant²dha, eva½ dhamm± hi p±ºino.
554. “Na hetadatth±ya matassa hoti, ya½ j²vitattha½ paraporis±na½;
matamhi ruººa½ na yaso na lokya½, na vaººita½ samaºabr±hmaºehi.
555. “Cakkhu½ sar²ra½ upahanti tena, nih²yati vaººabala½ mat² ca;
±nandino tassa dis± bhavanti, hitesino n±ssa sukh² bhavanti.
556. “Tasm± hi iccheyya kule vasante, medh±vino ceva bahussute ca;
yesañhi paññ±vibhavena kicca½, taranti n±v±ya nadi½va puººan”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha an±gatanti na ±gata½, avindanti, attho. Paµikacc±ti putetara½yeva. Passat²ti oloketi. Atthanti kicca½. Ta½ dvayanti hit±hita½. Viddesinoti amitt±. Hitesinoti mitt±. Randhanti chidda½. Samekkham±n±ti gavesant±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yo puggalo attano hit±vaha½ ahit±vaha½ tadubhayañca attha½ kicca½ an±gata½ asampatta½ puretara½yeva paññ±cakkhun± aha½ viya passati v²ma½sati vic±reti, tassa amitt± v± ahitajjh±sayena mitt± v± hitajjh±sayena randha½ gavesant± na passanti, t±diso paññav± puggalo acchiddavutti, tasm± tumhehi tath±r³pehi bhavitabbanti.
Id±ni ±n±p±nasatibh±van±ya guºa½ dassento tattha t±ni yojetu½ “±n±p±nasat² yass±”ti dutiya½ g±tham±ha. Tattha ±nanti ass±so. Ap±nanti pass±so. Ass±sapass±sanimitt±rammaº± sati ±n±p±nasati. Satis²sena cettha ta½sampayuttasam±dhibh±van± adhippet±. Yass±ti, yassa yogino. Paripuºº± subh±vit±ti catunna½ satipaµµh±n±na½ so¼asannañca ±k±r±na½ p±rip³riy± sabbaso puºº± sattanna½ bojjhaªg±na½ vijj±vimutt²nañca p±rip³riy± suµµhu bh±vit± va¹¹hit±. Anupubba½ paricit±, yath± buddhena desit±ti “so satova assasat²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.374; ma. ni. 1.107) yath± bhagavat± desit±, tath± anupubba½ anukkamena paricit± ±sevit± bh±vit±. Soma½ loka½ pabh±seti, abbh± muttova candim±ti so yog±vacaro yath± abbh±di-upakkiles± vimutto cando cand±lokena ima½ ok±saloka½ pabh±seti, eva½ avijj±di-upakkilesavimutto ñ±º±lokena attasant±napatita½ parasant±napatitañca saªkh±raloka½ pabh±seti pak±seti. Tasm± tumhehi ±n±p±nasatibh±van± bh±vetabb±ti adhipp±yo.
Id±ni att±na½ nidassana½ katv± bh±van±bhiyogassa saphalata½ dassento “od±ta½ vata me cittan”ti tatiya½ g±tham±ha. Tassattho– n²varaºamalavigamato od±ta½ suddha½ vata mama citta½. Yath± pam±ºakar± r±g±dayo pah²n±, appam±ºañca nibb±na½ paccakkha½ kata½ ahosi, tath± bh±vitatt± appam±ºa½ subh±vita½, tato eva catusacca½ nibbiddha½ paµivijjhita½, sakalasa½kilesapakkhato paggahitañca hutv± dukkh±dik± pubbant±dik± ca dis± obh±sate tattha vitiººakaªkhatt± sabbadhammesu vigatasammohatt± ca. Tasm± tumhehipi eva½ citta½ bh±vetabbanti dasseti.
Yath± bh±van±may± paññ± cittamalavisodhan±din± purisassa bahupak±r±, eva½ itar±p²ti dassento “j²vate v±pi sappañño”ti catutthag±tham±ha. Tassattho– parikkh²ºadhanopi sappaññaj±tiko itar²tarasantosena santuµµho anavajj±ya j²vik±ya j²vatiyeva. Tassa hi j²vita½ j²vita½ n±ma. Ten±ha bhagav±– “paññ±j²vi½ j²vitam±hu seµµhan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.73, 246; su. ni. 184). Dummedhapuggalo pana paññ±ya al±bhena diµµhadhammika½ sampar±yikañca attha½ vir±dhento vittav±pi na j²vati, garah±dippattiy± j²vanto n±ma na tassa hoti, anup±yaññut±ya v± yath±dhigata½ dhana½ n±sento j²vitampi sandh±retu½ na sakkotiyeva, tasm± p±rih±riyapaññ±pi tumhehi appamattehi samp±detabb±ti adhipp±yo.
Id±ni paññ±ya ±nisa½se dassetu½ “paññ± sutavinicchin²”ti pañcama½ g±tham±ha. Tattha paññ± sutavinicchin²ti paññ± n±mes± sutassa vinicchayin², yath±sute sotapatham±gate atthe “aya½ akusalo, aya½ kusalo, aya½ s±vajjo, aya½ anavajjo”ti-±din± vinicchayajanan². Kittisilokavaddhan²ti kittiy± sammukh± pasa½s±ya silokassa patthaµayasabh±vassa vaddhan², paññavatoyeva hi kitti-±dayo viññ³na½ p±sa½sabh±vato. Paññ±sahitoti p±rih±riyapaññ±ya, vipassan±paññ±ya ca yutto. Api dukkhesu sukh±ni vindat²ti ekantadukkhasabh±vesu khandh±yatan±d²su samm±paµipattiy± yath±bh³tasabh±v±vabodhena nir±mis±nipi sukh±ni paµilabhati.
Id±ni t±sa½ bhikkhun²na½ aniccat±paµisa½yutta½ dh²rabh±v±vaha½ dhamma½ kathento “n±ya½ ajjatano dhammo”ti-±din± sesag±th± abh±si. Tatr±ya½ saªkhepattho– yv±ya½ satt±na½ j±yanam²yanasabh±vo, aya½ dhammo ajjatano adhun±gato na hoti, abhiºhapavattikat±ya na acchariyo, abbhutapubbat±bh±vato n±pi abbhuto. Tasm± yattha j±yetha m²yetha, yasmi½ loke satto j±yeyya, so eka½sena m²yetha, tattha ki½ viya? Ki½ n±ma abbhuta½ siy±? Sabh±vikatt± maraºassa– na hi khaºikamaraºassa kiñci k±raºa½ atthi. Yato anantarañhi j±tassa, j²vit± maraºa½ dhuva½ j±tassa j±tisamanantara½ j²vitato maraºa½ ekantika½ uppann±na½ khandh±na½ eka½sena bhijjanato. Yo panettha j²vat²ti lokavoh±ro, so tadup±d±nassa anekapaccay±yattat±ya anekantiko, yasm± etadeva½, tasm± j±t± marant²dha, eva½dhamm± hi p±ºinoti aya½ satt±na½ pakati, yadida½ j±t±na½ maraºanti j±tiy± maraº±nubandhanata½ ±ha.
Id±ni yasm± t±su bhikkhun²su k±ci sokabandhitacitt±pi atthi, tasm± t±sa½ sokavinodana½ k±tu½ “na hetadatth±y±ti-±di vutta½. Tattha na hetadatth±ya matassa hot²ti ya½ matassa j²vitattha½ j²vitanimitta½ paraporis±na½ parapuggal±na½ ruººa½, eta½ tassa matassa sattassa j²vitattha½ t±va tiµµhatu, kassacipi atth±ya na hoti, ye pana rudanti, tesampi matamhi matapuggalanimitta½ ruººa½, na yaso na lokya½ yas±vaha½ visuddh±vahañca na hoti Na vaººita½ samaºabr±hmaºeh²ti viññuppasaµµhampi na hoti, atha kho viññugarahitamev±ti attho.
Na kevalameteva ye rudato ±d²nav±, atha kho imep²ti dassento “cakkhu½ sar²ra½ upahant²”ti g±tha½ vatv± tato para½ sok±di-anatthapaµib±hanattha½ kaly±ºamittapayirup±san±ya½ t± niyojento “tasm±”ti-±din± os±nag±tham±ha. Tattha tasm±ti yasm± ruººa½ rudantassa puggalassa cakkhu½ sar²rañca upahanti vib±dhati, tena ruººena vaººo bala½ mati ca nih²yati parih±yati, tassa rudantassa puggalassa dis± sapatt± ±nandino pamodavanto p²tivanto bhavanti. Hitesino mitt± dukkh² dukkhit± bhavanti tasm± dhammojapaññ±ya samann±gatatt± medh±vino diµµhadhammik±di-atthasannissitassa b±husaccassa p±rip³riy± bahussute, attano kule vasante iccheyya p±µikaªkheyya kul³pake kareyya. Yesanti yesa½ medh±v²na½ bahussut±na½ paº¹it±na½ paññ±vibhavena paññ±balena yath± mahoghassa puººa½ nadi½ n±v±ya taranti, eva½ kulaputt± attano atthakicca½ taranti p±ra½ p±puºanti. Te iccheyya kule vasanteti yojan±.
Eva½ thero t±sa½ bhikkhun²na½ dhamma½ kathetv± vissajjesi. T± therassa ov±de µhatv± soka½ vinodetv± yoniso paµipajjantiyo sadattha½ parip³resu½.

Mah±kappinattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.