2. Ekavih±riyattherag±th±vaººan±

Purato pacchato v±ti-±dik± ±yasmato ekavih±riyattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto kassapadasabalassa k±le kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± arañña½ pavisitv± vivekav±sa½ vasi.
So tena puññakammena eka½ buddhantara½ devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de bhagavati parinibbute dhamm±sokarañño kaniµµhabh±t± hutv± nibbatti. Asokamah±r±j± kira satthu parinibb±nato dvinna½ vassasat±na½ upari aµµh±rasame vasse sakalajambud²pe ekarajj±bhiseka½ patv± attano kaniµµha½ tissakum±ra½ oparajje µhapetv± ekena up±yena ta½ s±sane abhippasanna½ ak±si. So ekadivasa½ migava½ gato araññe yonakamah±dhammarakkhitatthera½ hatthin±gena s±las±kha½ gahetv± b²jiyam±na½ nisinna½ disv± sañj±tapas±do “aho vat±hampi aya½ mah±thero viya pabbajitv± araññe vihareyyan”ti cintesi. Thero tassa citt±c±ra½ ñatv± tassa passantasseva ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± asok±r±me pokkharaºiy± abhijjam±ne udake µhatv± c²varañca uttar±saªgañca ±k±se olaggetv± nh±yitu½ ±rabhi. Kum±ro therassa ±nubh±va½ disv± abhippasanno araññato nivattitv± r±jageha½ gantv± “pabbajiss±m²”ti rañño ±rocesi. R±j± ta½ anekappak±ra½ y±citv± pabbajj±dhipp±ya½ nivattetu½ n±sakkhi. So up±sako hutv± pabbajj±sukha½ patthento–
537. “Purato pacchato v±pi, aparo ce na vijjati;
at²va ph±su bhavati, ekassa vasato vane.
538. “Handa eko gamiss±mi, arañña½ buddhavaººita½;
ph±su ekavih±rissa, pahitattassa bhikkhuno.
539. “Yog²-p²tikara½ ramma½, mattakuñjarasevita½;
eko atthavas² khippa½, pavisiss±mi k±nana½.
540. “Supupphite s²tavane, s²tale girikandare;
gatt±ni parisiñcitv±, caªkamiss±mi ekako.
541. “Ek±kiyo adutiyo, ramaº²ye mah±vane;
kad±ha½ vihariss±mi, katakicco an±savo.
542. “Eva½ me kattuk±massa, adhipp±yo samijjhatu;
s±dhayiss±maha½yeva, n±ñño aññassa k±rako”ti.–

Im± cha g±th± abh±si.

Tattha purato pacchato v±ti attano purato v± pacchato v±, -saddassa vikappatthatt± passato v± aparo añño jano na vijjati ce, at²va ativiya ph±su cittasukha½ bhavati. Ekavih±r²bh±vena ekassa asah±yassa. Vane vasatoti ciraparicitena vivekajjh±sayena ±ka¹¹hiyam±nahadayo so rattindiva½ mah±janaparivutassa vasato saªgaºikavih±ra½ nibbindanto vivekasukhañca bahu½ maññanto vadati.
Hand±ti vossaggatthe nip±to, tena id±ni kar²yam±nassa araññagamanassa nicchitabh±vam±ha. Eko gamiss±m²ti “suññ±g±re kho, gahapati, tath±gat± abhiramant²”ti-±divacanato (c³¼ava. 306) buddhehi vaººita½ pasaµµha½ arañña½ eko asah±yo gamiss±mi v±s±dhipp±yena upagacch±mi. Yasm± ekavih±rissa µh±n±d²su asah±yabh±vena ekavih±rissa nibb±na½ paµipesitacittat±ya pahitattassa adhis²lasikkh±dik± tisso sikkh± sikkhato bhikkhuno arañña½ ph±su iµµha½ sukh±vahanti attho.
Yog²-p²tikaranti yog²na½ bh±van±ya yuttappayutt±na½ appasadd±dibh±vena jh±navipassan±dip²ti½ ±vahanato yog²-p²tikara½. Visabh±g±rammaº±bh±vena paµisall±nas±ruppat±ya ramma½. Mattakuñjarasevitanti mattavarav±raºavicarita½, imin±pi brah±raññabh±vena janaviveka½yeva dasseti. Atthavas²ti idha atthoti samaºadhammo adhippeto. “Katha½ nu kho so me bhaveyy±”ti tassa vasa½ gato.
Supupphiteti suµµhu pupphite. S²tavaneti ch±y³dakasampattiy± s²te vane. Ubhayenapi tassa ramaº²yata½yeva vibh±veti. Girikandareti gir²na½ abbhantare kandare. Kanti hi udaka½, tena d±rita½ ninnaµµh±na½ kandara½ n±ma. T±dise s²tale girikandare ghammaparit±pa½ vinodetv± attano gatt±ni parisiñcitv± nh±yitv± caªkamiss±mi ekakoti katthaci an±yattavuttita½ dasseti.
Ek±kiyoti ek±k² asah±yo. Adutiyoti taºh±saªkh±tadutiy±bh±vena adutiyo. Taºh± hi purisassa sabbad± avijahanaµµhena dutiy± n±ma. Ten±ha bhagav±– “taºh±dutiyo puriso, d²ghamaddh±na sa½saran”ti (itivu. 15, 105).
Eva½ me kattuk±mass±ti “handa eko gamiss±m²”ti-±din± vuttavidhin± arañña½ gantv± bh±van±bhiyoga½ kattuk±massa me. Adhipp±yo samijjhat³ti “kad±ha½ vihariss±mi, katakicco an±savo”ti eva½ pavatto manoratho ijjhatu siddhi½ p±puº±tu. Arahattappatti ca yasm± na ±y±canamattena sijjhati, n±pi aññena s±dhetabb±, tasm± ±ha “s±dhayiss±maha½yeva, n±ñño aññassa k±rako”ti.
Eva½ upar±jassa pabbajj±ya da¼hanicchayata½ ñatv± r±j± asok±r±magaman²ya½ magga½ alaªk±r±petv± kum±ra½ sabb±laªk±ravibh³sita½ mahatiy± sen±ya mahaccar±j±nubh±vena vih±ra½ nesi. Kum±ro padh±naghara½ gantv± mah±dhammarakkhitattherassa santike pabbaji, anekasat± manuss± ta½ anupabbaji½su. Rañño bh±gineyyo saªghamitt±ya s±miko aggibrahm±pi tameva anupabbaji. So pabbajitv± haµµhatuµµho attan± k±tabba½ pak±sento–
543. “Esa bandh±mi sann±ha½, pavisiss±mi k±nana½;
na tato nikkhamiss±mi, appatto ±savakkhaya½.
544. “M±lute upav±yante, s²te surabhigandhike;
avijja½ d±layiss±mi, nisinno nagamuddhani.
545. “Vane kusumasañchanne, pabbh±re n³na s²tale;
vimuttisukhena sukhito, ramiss±mi giribbaje”ti.–

Tisso g±th± abh±si.

Tattha esa bandh±mi sann±hanti es±ha½ v²riyasaªkh±ta½ sann±ha½ bandh±mi, k±ye ca j²vite ca nirapekkho v²riyasann±hena sannayh±mi. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± n±ma s³ro puriso paccatthike paccupaµµhite ta½ jetuk±mo añña½ kicca½ pah±ya kavacapaµimuccan±din± yuddh±ya sannayhati, yuddhabh³miñca gantv± paccatthike ajetv± tato na nivattati, evamahampi kilesapaccatthike jetu½ ±dittampi s²sa½ celañca ajjhupekkhitv± catubbidhasammappadh±nav²riyasann±ha½ sannayh±mi, kilese ajetv± kilesavijayayogga½ vivekaµµh±na½ na vissajjem²ti. Tena vutta½ “pavisiss±mi k±nana½ na tato nikkhamiss±mi, appatto ±savakkhayan”ti.
“M±lute upav±yante”ti-±din± araññaµµh±nassa kammaµµh±nabh±van±yogyata½ vadati, ramiss±mi n³na giribbajeti yojan±. Pabbataparikkhepe abhiramiss±mi maññeti an±gatattha½ parikappento vadati. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.
Eva½ vatv± thero arañña½ pavisitv± samaºadhamma½ karonto upajjh±yena saddhi½ kaliªgaraµµha½ agam±si. Tatthassa p±de cammik±b±dho uppajji, ta½ disv± eko vejjo “sappi½, bhante, pariyesatha, tikicchiss±mi nan”ti ±ha. Thero sappipariyesana½ akatv± vipassan±ya eva kamma½ karoti, rogo va¹¹hati, vejjo therassa tattha appossukkata½ disv± sayameva sappi½ pariyesitv± thera½ aroga½ ak±si. So arogo hutv± nacirasseva arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.44.1-12)–
“Imamhi bhaddake kappe, brahmabandhu mah±yaso;
kassapo n±ma gottena, uppajji vadata½ varo.
“Nippapañco nir±lambo, ±k±sasamam±naso;
suññat±bahulo t±d², animittarato vas².
“Asaªgacitto nikleso, asa½saµµho kule gaºe;
mah±k±ruºiko v²ro, vinayop±yakovido.
“Uyyutto parakiccesu, vinayanto sadevake;
nibb±nagamana½ magga½, gati½ paªkavisosana½.
“Amata½ paramass±da½, jar±maccuniv±raºa½;
mah±parisamajjhe so, nisinno lokat±rako.
“Karav²karuto n±tho, brahmaghoso tath±gato;
uddharanto mah±dugg±, vippanaµµhe an±yake.
“Desento viraja½ dhamma½, diµµho me lokan±yako;
tassa dhamma½ suºitv±na, pabbaji½ anag±riya½.
“Pabbajitv± tad±p±ha½, cintento jinas±sana½;
ekakova vane ramme, vasi½ sa½saggap²¼ito.
“Sakk±yav³pak±so me, hetubh³to mam±bhav²;
manaso v³pak±sassa, sa½saggabhayadassino.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± there tattha viharante r±j± koµidhanaparicc±gena bhojakagirivih±ra½ n±ma k±retv± thera½ tattha v±sesi; so tattha viharanto parinibb±nak±le–
546. “soha½ paripuººasaªkappo, cando pannaraso yath±;
sabb±savaparikkh²ºo, natthi d±ni punabbhavo”ti.–

Os±nag±tham±ha. S± utt±natth±va. Tadeva ca therassa aññ±by±karaºa½ ahos²ti.

Ekavih±riyattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.