10. Dasakanip±to

1. K±¼ud±yittherag±th±vaººan±

Dasakanip±te aªg±rinoti-±dik± ±yasmato k±¼ud±yittherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi padumuttarabuddhassa k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbatto satthu dhammadesana½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ kulappas±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± tajja½ abhin²h±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi.
So y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto amh±ka½ bodhisattassa m±tukucchiya½ paµisandhiggahaºadivase kapilavatthusmi½yeva amaccagehe paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Bodhisattena saddhi½ ekadivasa½yeva j±toti ta½divasa½yeva na½ duk³lacumbaµe nipajj±petv± bodhisattassa upaµµh±na½ nayi½su. Bodhisattena hi saddhi½ bodhirukkho, r±hulam±t±, catt±ro nidh², ±rohaniyahatth², assakaº¹ako, channo k±¼ud±y²ti ime satta ekadivasa½yeva j±tatt± sahaj±t± n±ma ahesu½. Athassa n±maggahaºadivase sakalanagarassa udaggacittadivase j±tatt± ud±y²tveva n±ma½ aka½su, thoka½ k±¼adh±tukatt± pana k±¼ud±y²ti paññ±yittha. So bodhisattena saddhi½ kum±rak²¼a½ k²¼anto vuddhi½ agam±si.
Aparabh±ge lokan±the mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv± anukkamena sabbaññuta½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakke r±jagaha½ upaniss±ya ve¼uvane viharante suddhodanamah±r±j± ta½ pavatti½ sutv± purisasahassapariv±ra½ eka½ amacca½ “putta½ me idh±neh²”ti pesesi. So dhammadesan±vel±ya satthu santika½ gantv± parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ sutv± sapariso arahatta½ p±puºi. Atha ne satth± “etha, bhikkhavo”ti hattha½ pas±reti. Sabbe taªkhaºa½yeva iddhimayapattac²varadhar± vassasaµµhikatther± viya ahesu½. Arahatta½ pattato paµµh±ya pana ariy± majjhatt±va honti, tasm± raññ± pahitas±sana½ dasabalassa na kathesi. R±j± “neva gatabalakoµµhako ±gacchati, na s±sana½ suyyat²”ti aparampi amacca½ purisasahassena pesesi Tasmimpi tath± paµipanne aparanti eva½ navahi amaccehi saddhi½ nava purisasahass±ni pesesi sabbe arahatta½ patv± tuºh² ahesu½.
Atha r±j± cintesi– “ettak± jan± mayi sineh±bh±vena dasabalassa idh±gamanatth±ya na kiñci kathayi½su, aya½ kho pana ud±y² dasabalena samavayo sahapa½suk²¼iko, mayi ca sinehav±, ima½ pesess±m²”ti ta½ pakkos±petv±, “t±ta, tva½ purisasahassapariv±ro r±jagaha½ gantv± dasabala½ ±neh²”ti vatv± pesesi. So pana gacchanto “sac±ha½, deva, pabbajitu½ labhiss±mi, ev±ha½ bhagavanta½ idh±ness±m²”ti vatv± “ya½ kiñci katv± mama putta½ dasseh²”ti vutto r±jagaha½ gantv± satthu dhammadesan±vel±ya parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ sutv± sapariv±ro arahatta½ patv± ehibhikkhubh±ve patiµµh±si. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.4.48-63)–
“Padumuttarabuddhassa, lokajeµµhassa t±dino;
addh±na½ paµipannassa, carato c±rika½ tad±.
“Suphulla½ paduma½ gayha, uppala½ mallikañcaha½;
paramanna½ gahetv±na, ad±si½ satthuno aha½.
“Paribhuñji mah±v²ro, paramanna½ subhojana½;
tañca puppha½ gahetv±na, janassa sampadassayi.
“Iµµha½ kanta½ piya½ loke, jalaja½ pupphamuttama½;
sudukkara½ kata½ tena, yo me puppha½ ad±sida½.
“Yo pupphamabhiropesi, paramannañcad±si me;
tamaha½ kittayiss±mi, suº±tha mama bh±sato.
“Dasa aµµha cakkhattu½ so, devarajja½ karissati;
uppala½ padumañc±pi, mallikañca taduttari.
“Assa puññavip±kena, dibbagandhasam±yuta½;
±k±se chadana½ katv±, dh±rayissati t±vade.
“Pañcav²satikkhattuñca cakkavatt² bhavissati;
pathaby± rajja½ pañcasata½, vasudha½ ±vasissati.
“Kappasatasahassamhi, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Sakakamm±bhiraddho so, sukkam³lena codito;
saky±na½ nandijanano, ñ±tibandhu bhavissati.
“So pacch± pabbajitv±na, sukkam³lena codito;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, nibb±yissatin±savo.
“Paµisambhidamanuppatta½, katakiccaman±sava½;
gotamo lokabandhu ta½, etadagge µhapessati.
“Padh±napahitatto so, upasanto nir³padhi;
ud±y² n±ma n±mena, hessati satthu s±vako.
“R±go doso ca moho ca, m±no makkho ca dha½sito;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, vihar±mi an±savo.
“Tosayiñc±pi sambuddha½, ±t±p² nipako aha½;
pas±dito ca sambuddho, etadagge µhapesi ma½.
“Paµisambhid± catasso…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± “na t±v±ya½ dasabalassa kulanagara½ gantu½ k±lo, vasante pana upagate pupphitesu vanasaº¹esu haritatiºasañchann±ya bh³miy± gamanak±lo bhavissat²”ti k±la½ paµim±nento vasante sampatte satthu kulanagara½ gantu½ gamanamaggavaººa½ sa½vaººento–
527. “aªg±rino d±ni dum± bhadante, phalesino chadana½ vippah±ya;
te accimantova pabh±sayanti, samayo mah±v²ra bh±g²ras±na½.
528. “Dum±ni phull±ni manoram±ni, samantato sabbadis± pavanti;
patta½ pah±ya phalam±sas±n±, k±lo ito pakkaman±ya v²ra.
529. “Nev±tis²ta½ na pan±ti-uºha½, sukh± utu addhaniy± bhadante;
passantu ta½ s±kiy± ko¼iy± ca, pacch±mukha½ rohiniya½ taranta½.
530. “¾s±ya kasate khetta½, b²ja½ ±s±ya vappati;
±s±ya v±ºij± yanti, samudda½ dhanah±rak±;
y±ya ±s±ya tiµµh±mi, s± me ±s± samijjhatu.
531. “Punappunañceva vapanti b²ja½, punappuna½ vassati devar±j±;
punappuna½ khetta½ kasanti kassak±, punappuna½ dhaññamupeti raµµha½.
532. “Punappuna½ y±canak± caranti, punappuna½ d±napat² dadanti;
punappuna½ d±napat² daditv±, punappuna½ saggamupenti µh±na½.
533. “V²ro have sattayuga½ puneti, yasmi½ kule j±yati bh³ripañño;
maññ±maha½ sakkati devadevo, tay± hi j±to muni saccan±mo.
534. “Suddhodano n±ma pit± mahesino, buddhassa m±t± pana m±yan±m±;
y± bodhisatta½ parihariya kucchin±, k±yassa bhed± tidivamhi modati.
535. “S± gotam² k±lakat± ito cut±, dibbehi k±mehi samaªgibh³t±;
s± modati k±maguºehi pañcahi, pariv±rit± devagaºehi tehi.
536. “Buddhassa puttomhi asayhas±hino, aªg²rasassappaµimassa t±dino;
pitupit± mayha½ tuva½si sakka, dhammena me gotama ayyakos²”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha aªg±rinoti aªg±r±ni viy±ti aªg±r±ni, rattapav±¼avaºº±ni rukkh±na½ pupphapallav±ni, t±ni etesa½ sant²ti aªg±rino, atilohitakusumakisalayehi aªg±ravuµµhisa½parikiºº± viy±ti attho. Id±n²ti imasmi½ k±le. Dum±ti rukkh±. Bhadanteti, bhadda½ ante etass±ti bhadanteti ekassa dak±rassa lopa½ katv± vuccati, guºavisesayutto, guºavisesayutt±nañca aggabh³to satth±. Tasm± bhadanteti satthu ±lapana½. Paccattavacanañceta½ ek±ranta½ “sukaµe paµikamme sukhe dukkhepi ce”ti-±d²su viya. Idha pana sambodhanatthe daµµhabba½. Tena vutta½ “bhadanteti ±lapanan”ti. “Bhaddasaddasam±nattha½ padantaramekan”ti keci. Phal±ni esant²ti phalesino. Acetanepi hi sacetanakiriyam±ropetv± voharanti, yath± kula½ patituk±manti, phal±ni gahetum±raddh± sampattiphalagahaºak±l±ti attho. Chadana½ vippah±y±ti pur±ºapaºº±ni pajahitv± sampannapaº¹upal±s±ti attho. Teti dum±. Accimantova pabh±sayant²ti d²pasikh±vanto viya jalita-agg² viya v± obh±sayanti sabb± dis±ti adhipp±yo. Samayoti k±lo, “anuggah±y±”ti vacanaseso. Mah±v²r±ti mah±vikkanta. Bh±g² ras±nanti attharas±d²na½ bh±g². Vuttañheta½ dhammasen±patin±– “bh±g² v± bhagav± attharasassa dhammarasass±”ti-±di (c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 2). Mah±v²ra, bh±g²ti ca idampi dvaya½ sambodhanavacana½ daµµhabba½. Bh±g²rath±nanti pana p±µhe bhag²ratho n±ma ±dir±j±. Tabba½saj±tat±ya s±kiy± bh±g²rath±, tesa½ bh±g²rath±na½ upak±ratthanti adhipp±yo.
Dum±n²ti liªgavipall±sena vutta½, dum± rukkh±ti attho. Samantato sabbadis± pavant²ti, samantato sabbabh±gato sabbadis±su ca phull±ni, tath± phullatt± eva sabbadis± pavanti gandha½ vissajjenti. ¾sam±n±ti ±s²sant± gahituk±m±. Eva½ rukkhasobh±ya gamanamaggassa r±maºeyyata½ dassetv± id±ni “nev±tis²tan”ti-±din± utusampatti½ dasseti. Sukh±ti n±tis²tan±ti-uºhabh±veneva sukh± iµµh±. Utu addhaniy±ti addh±nagamanayogg± utu. Passantu ta½ s±kiy± ko¼iy± ca, pacch±mukha½ rohiniya½ tarantanti rohin² n±ma nad² s±kiyako¼iyajanapad±na½ antare uttaradisato dakkhiºamukh± sandati, r±jagaha½ cass± puratthimadakkhiº±ya dis±ya, tasm± r±jagahato kapilavatthu½ gantu½ ta½ nadi½ tarant± pacch±mukh± hutv± taranti. Ten±ha “passantu ta½…pe… tarantan”ti. “Bhagavanta½ pacch±mukha½ rohini½ n±ma nadi½ atikkamanta½ s±kiyako¼iyajanapadav±sino passant³”ti kapilavatthugaman±ya bhagavanta½ ±y±canto uss±heti.
Id±ni attano patthana½ upam±hi pak±sento “±s±ya kasate”ti g±tham±ha. ¾s±ya kasate khettanti kassako kasanto khetta½ phal±s±ya kasati. B²ja½ ±s±ya vappat²ti kasitv± ca vapantena phal±s±ya eva b²ja½ vappati nikkhip²yati. ¾s±ya v±ºij± yant²ti dhanah±rak± v±ºij± dhan±s±ya samudda½ taritu½ desa½ upagantu½ samudda½ n±v±ya yanti gacchanti. Y±ya ±s±ya tiµµh±m²ti eva½ ahampi y±ya ±s±ya patthan±ya bhagav± tumh±ka½ kapilapuragamanapatthan±ya idha tiµµh±mi. S± me ±s± samijjhatu, tumhehi “kapilavatthu gantabban”ti vadati, ±s±ya sadisat±ya cettha kattukamyat±chanda½ ±s±ti ±ha.
Gamanamaggasa½vaººan±din± anekav±ra½ y±can±ya k±raºa½ dassetu½ “punappunan”ti-±di vutta½. Tassattho– saki½ vuttamattena vappe asampajjam±ne kassak± punappuna½ dutiyampi tatiyampi b²ja½ vapanti. Pajjunno devar±j±pi ekav±rameva avassitv± punappuna½ k±lena k±la½ vassati. Kassak±pi ekav±rameva akasitv± sassasampatti-attha½ pa½su½ kaddama½ v± mudu½ k±tu½ khetta½ punappuna½ kasanti. Ekav±rameva dhañña½ saªgaha½ katv± “alamett±vat±”ti aparitussanato koµµh±g±r±d²su paµis±manavasena manussehi upan²yam±na½ punappuna½ s±li-±didhañña½ raµµha½ upeti upagacchati.
Y±canak±pi y±cant± punappuna½ kul±ni caranti upagacchanti, na ekav±rameva, y±cit± pana tesa½ punappuna½ d±napat² dadanti, na saki½yeva. Tath± pana deyyadhamma½ punappuna½ d±napat² daditv± d±namaya½ puñña½ upacinitv± punappuna½ apar±para½ saggamupenti µh±na½ paµisandhivasena devaloka½ upagacchanti. Tasm± ahampi punappuna½ y±c±mi bhagav± mayha½ manoratha½ matthaka½ p±peh²ti adhipp±yo.
Id±ni yadattha½ satth±ra½ kapilavatthugamana½ y±cati, ta½ dassetu½ “v²ro have”tig±tham±ha. Tassattho– v²ro v²riyav± mah±vikkanto bh³ripañño mah±pañño puriso yasmi½ kule j±yati nibbattati, tattha have eka½sena sattayuga½ sattapurisayuga½ y±vasattama½ pit±mahayuga½ samm±paµipattiy± puneti sodhet²ti lokav±do ativ±do aññesu. Bhagav± pana sabbesa½ dev±na½ uttamadevat±ya devadevo p±paniv±raºena kaly±ºapatiµµh±panena tato parampi sodhetu½ sakkati sakkot²ti maññ±mi aha½. Kasm±? Tay± hi j±to muni saccan±mo yasm± tay± satth±r± ariy±ya j±tiy± j±to munibh±vo, muni v± sam±no attahitaparahit±na½ idhalokaparalok±nañca munanaµµhena “mun²”ti avitathan±mo, monav± v± muni, “samaºo pabbajito is²”ti avitathan±mo tay± j±to. Tasm± satt±na½ ekantahitapaµil±bhahetubh±vato bhagav± tava tattha gamana½ y±c±m±ti attho.
Id±ni “sattayugan”ti vutte pituyuga½ dassetu½ “suddhodano n±m±”ti-±di vutta½. Suddha½ odana½ j²vana½ etass±ti suddhodano. Buddhapit± hi eka½sato suvisuddhak±yavac²manosam±c±ro suvisuddh±j²vo hoti tath± abhin²h±rasampannatt±. M±yan±m±ti kular³pas²l±c±r±disampattiy± ñ±timitt±d²hi “m± y±h²”ti vattabbaguºat±ya “m±y±”ti laddhan±m±. Parihariy±ti dh±retv±. K±yassa bhed±ti sadevakassa lokassa cetiyasadisassa attano k±yassa vin±sato uddha½. Tidivamh²ti tusitadevaloke.
ti m±y±dev². Gotam²ti gottena ta½ kitteti. Dibbehi k±meh²ti, tusitabhavanapariy±pannehi dibbehi vatthuk±mehi. Samaªgibh³t±ti samann±gat±. K±maguºeh²ti k±makoµµh±sehi, “k±meh²”ti vatv± puna “k±maguºeh²”ti vacanena anekabh±gehi vatthuk±mehi paric±riyat²ti d²peti. Teh²ti yasmi½ devanik±ye nibbatti, tehi tusitadevagaºehi, tehi v± k±maguºehi. “Samaªgibh³t± pariv±rit±”ti ca itthiliªganiddeso purimattabh±vasiddha½ itthibh±va½, devat±bh±va½ v± sandh±ya kato, dev³papatti pana purisabh±veneva j±t±.
Eva½ therena y±cito bhagav± tattha gamane bah³na½ vises±dhigama½ disv± v²satisahassa kh²º±savaparivuto r±jagahato aturitac±rik±vasena kapilavatthug±mimagga½ paµipajji. Thero iddhiy± kapilavatthu½ gantv± rañño purato ±k±se µhito adiµµhapubba½ vesa½ disv± raññ± “kosi tvan”ti pucchito, “sace amaccaputta½ tay± bhagavato santika½ pesita½ ma½ na j±n±si, eva½ pana j±n±h²”ti dassento–
“Buddhassa puttomhi asayhas±hino, aªg²rasassappaµimassa t±dino;
pitupit± mayha½ tuva½si sakka, dhammena me gotama ayyakos²”ti.–

Os±nag±tham±ha.

Tattha buddhassa puttomh²ti, sabbaññubuddhassa ure j±tat±ya orasaputto amhi. Asayhas±hinoti, abhisambodhito pubbe µhapetv± mah±bodhisatta½ aññehi sahitu½ vahitu½ asakkuºeyyatt± asayhassa sakalassa bodhisambh±rassa mah±k±ruºik±dhik±rassa ca sahanato vahanato, tato parampi aññehi sahitu½ abhibhavitu½ asakkuºeyyatt± asayh±na½ pañcanna½ m±r±na½ sahanato abhibhavanato, ±say±nusayacarit±dhimutti-±divibh±g±vabodhanena yath±raha½ veneyy±na½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi anus±san²saªkh±tassa aññehi asayhassa buddhakiccassa ca sahanato, tattha v± s±dhuk±r²bh±vato asayhas±hino. Aªg²rasass±ti aªg²katas²l±disampattikassa. “Aªgamaªgehi niccharaºaka-obh±sass±”ti apare. Keci pana “aªg²raso, siddhatthoti dve n±m±ni pitar±yeva gahit±n²”ti vadanti. Appaµimass±ti an³pamassa. Iµµh±niµµhesu t±dilakkhaºappattiy± t±dino. Pitupit± mayha½ tuva½s²ti ariyaj±tivasena mayha½ pitu samm±sambuddhassa lokavoh±rena tva½ pit± asi. Sakk±ti j±tivasena r±j±na½ ±lapati. Dhammen±ti sabh±vena ariyaj±ti lokiyaj±t²ti dvinna½ j±t²na½ sabh±vasamodh±nena gotam±ti r±j±na½ gottena ±lapati. Ayyakos²ti pit±maho asi. Ettha ca “buddhassa puttomh²”ti-±di½ vadanto thero añña½ by±k±si.
Eva½ pana att±na½ j±n±petv± haµµhatuµµhena raññ± mah±rahe pallaªke nis²d±petv± attano paµiy±ditassa n±naggarasassa bhojanassa patta½ p³retv± dinne gaman±k±ra½ dasseti. “Kasm± gantuk±mattha, bhuñjath±”ti ca vutte, “satthu santika½ gantv± bhuñjiss±m²”ti. “Kaha½ pana satth±”ti? “V²satisahassabhikkhupariv±ro tumh±ka½ dassanatth±ya magga½ paµipanno”ti. “Tumhe ima½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± y±va mama putto ima½ nagara½ samp±puº±ti, t±vassa itova piº¹ap±ta½ harath±”ti. Thero bhattakicca½ katv± rañño paris±ya ca dhamma½ kathetv± satthu ±gamanato puretarameva sakala½ r±janivesana½ ratanattaye abhippasanna½ karonto sabbesa½ passant±na½yeva satthu ±haritabbabhattapuººa½ patta½ ±k±se vissajjetv± sayampi veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± piº¹ap±ta½ upanetv± satthu hatthe µhapesi. Satth± ta½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñji. Eva½ saµµhiyojana½ magga½ divase divase yojana½ gacchantassa satthu r±jagehatova bhatta½ ±haritv± ad±si. Atha na½ bhagav± “mayha½ pitu mah±r±jassa sakalanivesana½ pas±des²”ti kulappas±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.

K±¼ud±yittherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.