9. Navakanip±to

1. Bh³tattherag±th±vaººan±

Navakanip±te yad± dukkhanti-±dik± ±yasmato bh³tattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ puñña½ upacinanto siddhatthassa bhagavato k±le br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± senoti laddhan±mo viññuta½ patto ekadivasa½ satth±ra½ disv± pasannam±naso “usabha½ pavaran”ti-±din± cat³hi g±th±hi abhitthavi.
So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±ketanagarassa dv±rag±me mah±vibhavassa seµµhissa putto hutv± nibbatti. Tassa kira seµµhino j±t± j±t± d±rak± baddh±gh±tena ekena yakkhena kh±dit±, imassa pana pacchimabhavikatt± bh³t± ±rakkha½ gaºhi½su. Yakkho pana vessavaºassa upaµµh±na½ gato, puna n±gam±si. N±makaraºadivase cassa “eva½ kate amanuss± anukampant± parihareyyun”ti bh³toti n±ma½ aka½su. So pana attano puññabalena anantar±yo va¹¹hi, tassa “tayo p±s±d± ahesun”ti-±di sabba½ yasassa kulaputtassa vibhavakittane viya veditabba½. So viññuta½ patto satthari s±kete vasante up±sakehi saddhi½ vih±ra½ gato. Satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± ajakaraºiy± n±ma nadiy± t²re leºe vasanto vipassana½ paµµhapetv± nacirasseva arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.7.20-28)–
“Usabha½ pavara½ v²ra½, mahesi½ vijit±vina½;
suvaººavaººa½ sambuddha½, ko disv± nappas²dati.
“Himav± v±parimeyyo, s±garova duruttaro;
tatheva jh±na½ buddhassa, ko disv± nappas²dati.
“Vasudh± yath±ppameyy±, citt± vanavaµa½sak±;
tatheva s²la½ buddhassa, ko disv± nappas²dati.
“Anilañjas±saªkhubbho yath±k±so asaªkhiyo;
tatheva ñ±ºa½ buddhassa, ko disv± nappas²dati.
“Im±hi catug±th±hi, br±hmaºo senasavhayo;
buddhaseµµha½ thavitv±na, siddhattha½ apar±jita½.
“Catunnavutikapp±ni, duggati½ nupapajjatha;
sugati½ sukhasampatti½, anubhosimanappaka½.
“Catunnavutito kappe, thavitv± lokan±yaka½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, thoman±ya ida½ phala½.
“C±tuddasamhi kappamhi, caturo ±sumuggat±;
sattaratanasampann±, cakkavatt² mahabbal±.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± aparena samayena ñ±t²na½ anukamp±ya s±keta½ gantv± katip±ha½ tehi upaµµhiyam±no añjanavane vasitv± puna attan± vasitaµµh±nameva gantuk±mo gaman±k±ra½ dassesi; ñ±tak± “idheva, bhante, vasatha, tumhepi na kilamissatha, mayampi puññena va¹¹hiss±m±”ti thera½ y±ci½su; thero attano vivek±bhirati½ tattha ca ph±suvih±ra½ pak±sento–
518. “yad± dukkha½ jar±maraºanti paº¹ito, aviddas³ yattha sit± puthujjan±;
dukkha½ pariññ±ya satova jh±yati, tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindati.
519. “Yad± dukkhass±vahani½ visattika½, papañcasaªgh±tadukh±dhiv±hini½;
taºha½ pahantv±na satova jh±yati, tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindati.
520. “Yad± siva½ dvecaturaªgag±mina½, magguttama½ sabbakilesasodhana½;
paññ±ya passitva satova jh±yati, tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindati.
521. “Yad± asoka½ viraja½ asaªkhata½, santa½ pada½ sabbakilesasodhana½;
bh±veti saññojanabandhanacchida½, tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindati.
522. “Yad± nabhe gajjati meghadundubhi, dh±r±kul± vihagapathe samantato;
bhikkh³ ca pabbh±ragatova jh±yati, tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindati.
523. “Yad± nad²na½ kusum±kul±na½, vicitta-v±neyya-vaµa½sak±na½;
t²re nisinno sumanova jh±yati, tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindati.
524. “Yad± nis²the rahitamhi k±nane, deve ga¼antamhi nadanti d±µhino;
bhikkh³ ca pabbh±ragatova jh±yati, tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindati.
525. “Yad± vitakke uparundhiyattano, nagantare nagavivara½ samassito;
v²taddaro v²takhilova jh±yati, tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindati.
526. “Yad± sukh² malakhilasokan±sano,
niragga¼o nibbanatho visallo;
sabb±save byantikatova jh±yati,
tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindat²”ti.– Im± g±th± abh±si.
Tatth±ya½ padayojan±mukhena paµhamag±th±ya atthavaººan±– khandh±na½ parip±ko jar±. Bhedo maraºa½. Jar±maraºas²sena cettha jar±maraºavanto dhamm± gahit±. “Tayida½ jar±maraºa½ dukkhan”ti aviddas³ yath±bh³ta½ aj±nant± puthujjan± yattha yasmi½ up±d±nakkhandhapañcake sit± paµibandh± all²n±, ta½ “ida½ dukkha½, ettaka½ dukkha½, na ito bhiyyo”ti vipassan±paññ±sahit±ya maggapaññ±ya parij±nitv±, idha imasmi½ s±sane sato sampaj±no, paº¹ito bhikkhu, yad± yasmi½ k±le lakkhaº³panijjh±nena jh±yati. Tato vipassan±ratito maggaphalaratito ca paramatara½ uttamatara½ rati½ na vindati nappaµilabhati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
labhat² p²tip±mojja½, amata½ ta½ vij±nata½.
“Paµhaby± ekarajjena, saggassa gamanena v±;
sabbalok±dhipaccena, sot±pattiphala½ varan”ti. (Dha. pa. 374, 178).
Eva½ pariññ±bhisamayamukhena vivekarati½ dassetv± id±ni pah±n±bhisamay±dimukhenapi ta½ dassetu½ dutiy±dik± tisso g±th± abh±si. Tattha dukkhass±vahaninti dukkhassa ±yati½ pavatti½, dukkhassa nipphattikanti attho. Visattikanti taºha½. S± hi visat±ti visattik±, vis±l±ti visattik±, visaµ±ti visattik±, visakkat²ti visattik±, visa½ harat²ti visattik±, visa½v±dik±ti visattik±, visam³l±ti visattik±, visaphal±ti visattik±, visaparibhog±ti visattik±, vis±l± v± pana s± taºh± r³pe sadde gandhe rase phoµµhabbe dhamme kule gaºe vitthaµ±ti visattik±ti vuccati. Papañcasaªgh±tadukh±dhiv±hininti sattasant±na½ sa½s±re papañcenti vitth±rent²ti papañc±, r±g±dayo m±n±dayo ca. Te eva pavattidukkhassa saªgh±taµµhena saªgh±t±, sadarathapari¼±hasabh±vatt± dukkhañc±ti papañcasaªgh±tadukha½, tassa adhiv±hato nibbattanato papañcasaªgh±tadukh±dhiv±hin². Ta½ taºha½ pahantv±n±ti ariyamaggena samucchinditv±.
Sivanti khema½, akhemakar±na½ kiles±na½ samucchindanena tehi anupaddutanti attho. Samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ vasena dvicaturaªgo hutv± ariye nibb±na½ gamet²ti dvecaturaªgag±mina½, g±th±sukhatthañcettha vibhatti-alopo katoti daµµhabba½. R³p³papattimagg±d²su sabbesu maggesu uttamatt± magguttama½. Ten±ha bhagav±– “magg±naµµhaªgiko seµµho”ti-±di (dha. pa. 273). Sabbehi kilesamalehi satt±na½ sodhanato sabbakilesasodhana½. Paññ±ya passitv±ti paµivedhapaññ±ya bh±van±bhisamayavasena abhisamecca.
Sokahet³na½ abh±vato puggalassa ca sok±bh±vahetuto natthi ettha sokoti asoka½. Tath± vigatar±g±dirajatt± viraja½. Na kenaci paccayena saªkhatanti asaªkhata½. Sabbesa½ kiles±na½ sabbassa ca dukkhassa v³pasamabh±vato, sa½s±radukkhadditehi pajjitabbato adhigantabbato ca santa½ pada½. Sabbehi kilesamalehi sattasant±nassa sodhananimittato sabbakilesasodhana½. Bh±vet²ti sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena abhisameti. Bahukkhattuñhi nibb±na½ ±rabbha sacchikiriy±bhisamaya½ pavattentassa ±lambake labbham±navisesaka½ ±lambitabbe ±ropetv± eva½ vutta½. Sa½yojanasaªkh±t±na½ bandhan±na½ chedanato sa½yojanabandhanacchida½. Nimittañhettha kattubh±vena upac±rita½, yath± ariyabh±vakar±ni sacc±ni ariyasacc±n²ti. Yath± purimag±th±su yad± jh±yati, tad± tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindat²ti yojan±. Eva½ idha yad± bh±veti, tad± tato rati½ paramatara½ na vindat²ti yojan±.
Eva½ thero cat³hi g±th±hi att±na½ anupanetv±va catusaccapaµivedhakittanena añña½ by±karitv± id±ni attan± vasitaµµh±nassa vivittabh±vena ph±suta½ dassento “yad± nabhe”ti-±dik± g±th± abh±si. Tattha nabheti ±k±se. Siniddhagambh²ranigghosat±ya meghoyeva dundubhi meghadundubhi. Samantato paggharant²hi dh±r±hi ±kul±ti dh±r±kul±. Vihag±na½ pakkh²na½ gamanamaggatt± vihagapathe nabheti yojan±. Tatoti jh±naratito.
Kusum±kul±nanti tar³hi ga¼itakusumehi samohit±na½. Vicittav±neyyavaµa½sak±nanti vane j±tatt± v±neyy±ni vanapupph±ni, vicitt±ni v±neyy±ni vaµa½sak±ni et±santi vicittav±neyyavaµa½sak± nadiyo, t±sa½ n±n±vidhavanapupphavaµa½sak±nanti attho. Uttarimanussadhammavasena sundaro mano etass±ti sumano jh±yati.
Nis²theti rattiya½. Rahitamh²ti, janasamb±dhavirahite vivitte. Deveti meghe. Ga¼antamh²ti vuµµhidh±r±yo paggharante vassante. D±µhinoti s²habyaggh±dayo paµipakkhasatt±. Te hi d±µh±vudh±ti “d±µhino”ti vuccanti, nadanti d±µhinoti idampi janavivekadassanatthameva gahita½.
Vitakke uparundhiyattanoti attasant±napariy±pannat±ya attano k±mavitakk±dike micch±vitakke paµipakkhabalena nisedhetv±. Attanoti v± ida½ vindat²ti imin± yojetabba½ “tato rati½ paramatara½ attan± na vindat²”ti. Nagantareti pabbatantare. Nagavivaranti pabbataguha½ pabbh±ra½ v±. Samassitoti nissito upagato. V²taddaroti vigatakilesadaratho. V²takhiloti pah²nacetokhilo.
Sukh²ti jh±n±disukhena sukhito. Malakhilasokan±sanoti r±g±d²na½ mal±na½ pañcannañca cetokhil±na½ ñ±tiviyog±dihetukassa sokassa ca pah±yako. Niragga¼oti, agga¼a½ vuccati avijj± nibb±napurapavesaniv±raºato, tadabh±vato niragga¼o. Nibbanathoti nitaºho. Visalloti, vigatar±g±disallo. Sabb±saveti, k±m±sav±dike sabbepi ±save. Byantikatoti byantikat±v² ariyamaggena vigatante katv± µhito diµµhadhammasukhavih±rattha½ yad± jh±yati, tato jh±naratito paramatara½ rati½ na vindat²ti yojan±. Eva½ pana vatv± thero ajakaraº²t²rameva gato.

Bh³tattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Navakanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.