5. Sarabhaªgattherag±th±vaººan±

Sare hattheh²ti-±dik± ±yasmato sarabhaªgattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinitv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de r±jagahe aññatarassa br±hmaºassa putto hutv± nibbatti, anabhilakkhitotissa kulava½s±gata½ n±ma½ ahosi. So vayappatto k±me pah±ya t±pasapabbajja½ pabbajitv± saratiº±ni sayameva bhañjitv± paººas±la½ katv± vasati. Tato paµµh±ya sarabhaªgotissa samaññ± ahosi. Atha bhagav± buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokento tassa arahatt³panissaya½ disv±, tattha gantv±, dhamma½ desesi. So paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto nacirasseva arahatta½ patv± tattheva vasati. Athassa t±pasak±le kat± paººas±l± jiºº± palugg± ahosi. Ta½ disv± manuss± “kissa, bhante, ima½ kuµika½ na paµisaªkharoth±”ti ±ha½su. Thero “kuµik± yath± t±pasak±le kat±, id±ni tath± k±tu½ na sakk±”ti ta½ sabba½ pak±sento–
487. “Sare hatthehi bhañjitv±, katv±na kuµimacchisa½;
tena me sarabhaªgoti, n±ma½ sammutiy± ahu.
488. “Na mayha½ kappate ajja, sare hatthehi bhañjitu½;
sikkh±pad± no paññatt±, gotamena yasassin±”ti.– Dve g±th± abh±si.
Tattha sare hatthehi bhañjitv±ti, pubbe t±pasak±le saratiº±ni mama hatthehi chinditv± tiºakuµi½ katv± acchisa½ vasi½, nis²diñceva nipajjiñca. Ten±ti kuµikaraºattha½ sar±na½ bhañjanena. Sammutiy±ti anvatthasammutiy± sarabhaªgoti, n±ma½ ahu ahosi.
Na mayha½ kappate ajj±ti ajja id±ni upasampannassa mayha½ sare saratiºe hatthehi bhañjitu½ na kappate na vaµµati. Kasm±? Sikkh±pad± no paññatt±, gotamena yasassin±ti. Tena ya½ amh±ka½ satth±r± sikkh±pada½ paññatta½, ta½ maya½ j²vitahetun±pi n±tikkam±m±ti dasseti.
Eva½ ekena pak±rena tiºakuµik±ya apaµisaªkharaºe k±raºa½ dassetv± id±ni aparenapi pariy±yena na½ dassento–
489. “Sakala½ samatta½ roga½, sarabhaªgo n±ddasa½ pubbe;
soya½ rogo diµµho, vacanakaren±tidevass±”ti.– Ima½ g±tham±ha.
Tattha sakalanti sabba½. Samattanti sampuººa½, sabbabh±gato anavasesanti attho. Roganti dukkhadukkhat±divasena rujanaµµhena rogabh³ta½ up±d±nakkhandhapañcaka½ sandh±ya vadati. N±ddasa½ pubbeti satthu ov±dapaµil±bhato pubbe na addakkhi½. Soya½ rogo diµµho, vacanakaren±tidevass±ti sammutidev± upapattidev± visuddhidev±ti sabbepi deve attano s²l±diguºehi atikkamitv± µhitatt± atidevassa samm±sambuddhassa ov±dapaµikarena sarabhaªgena so aya½ khandhapañcakasaªkh±to rogo vipassan±paññ±sahit±ya maggapaññ±ya pañcakkhandhato diµµho, pariññ±toti attho. Etena eva½ attabh±vakuµik±yampi anapekkho b±hira½ tiºakuµika½ katha½ paµisaªkharissat²ti dasseti.
Id±ni ya½ magga½ paµipajjantena may± aya½ attabh±varogo y±th±vato diµµho, sv±ya½ maggo sabbabuddhas±dh±raºo. Yena nesa½ ov±dadhammopi majjhe bhinnasuvaººasadiso yatth±ha½ patiµµh±ya dukkhakkhaya½ pattoti eva½ attano arahattapaµipatti½ by±karonto–
490. “Yeneva maggena gato vipass², yeneva maggena sikh² ca vessabh³;
kakusandhakoº±gamano ca kassapo, tenañjasena agam±si gotamo.
491. “V²tataºh± an±d±n±, satta buddh± khayogadh±;
yeh±ya½ desito dhammo, dhammabh³tehi t±dibhi.
492. “Catt±ri ariyasacc±ni, anukamp±ya p±ºina½;
dukkha½ samudayo maggo, nirodho dukkhasaªkhayo.
493. “Yasmi½ nivattate dukkha½, sa½s±rasmi½ anantaka½;
bhed± imassa k±yassa, j²vitassa ca saªkhay±;
añño punabbhavo natthi, suvimuttomhi sabbadh²”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si–

Tattha yeneva maggen±ti yeneva sapubbabh±gena ariyena aµµhaªgikena maggena. Gatoti paµipanno nibb±na½ adhigato. Vipass²ti vipass² samm±sambuddho. Kakusandh±ti avibhattiko niddeso. “Kakusandhakoº±gaman±”tipi p±µho. Tenañjasen±ti teneva añjasena ariyamaggena.
An±d±n±ti anup±d±n± appaµisandhik± v±. Khayogadh±ti nibb±nogadh± nibb±napatiµµh±. Yeh±ya½ desito dhammoti yehi sattahi samm±sambuddhehi aya½ s±sanadhammo desito pavedito. Dhammabh³teh²ti dhammak±yat±ya dhammasabh±vehi, navalokuttaradhammato v± bh³tehi j±tehi, dhamma½ v± pattehi. T±dibh²ti, iµµh±d²su t±dibh±vappattehi.
“Catt±ri ariyasacc±n²”ti-±din± tehi desita½ dhamma½ dasseti. Tattha catt±r²ti gaºanaparicchedo. Ariyasacc±n²ti paricchinnadhammadassana½. Vacanatthato pana ariy±ni ca avitathaµµhena sacc±ni c±ti ariyasacc±ni, ariyassa v± bhagavato sacc±ni tena desitatt±, ariyabh±vakar±ni v± sacc±n²ti ariyasacc±ni. Kucchitabh±vato tucchabh±vato ca dukkha½, up±d±nakkhandhapañcaka½. Ta½ dukkha½ samudeti etasm±ti samudayo, taºh±. Kilese m±rento gacchati, nibb±natthikehi magg²yat²ti v± maggo, samm±diµµhi-±dayo aµµha dhamm±. Sa½s±rac±rakasaªkh±to natthi ettha rodho, etasmi½ v± adhigate puggalassa rodh±bh±vo hoti, nirujjhati dukkhametth±ti v± nirodho, nibb±na½. Ten±ha “dukkhasaªkhayo”ti. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimagge vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Yasminti yasmi½ nirodhe nibb±ne adhigate. Nivattateti ariyamaggabh±van±ya sati anantaka½ apariyanta½ imasmi½ sa½s±re j±ti-±didukkha½ na pavattati ucchijjati, so nirodhoti aya½ dhammabh³tehi samm±sambuddhehi desito dhammoti yojan±. “Bhed±”ti-±din± “rogo diµµho”ti dukkhapariññ±ya s³cita½ attano arahattappatti½ sar³pato dasseti. “Yasmi½ nibbattate dukkhan”ti pana p±µhe sakalag±th±ya tatth±ya½ yojan±– yasmi½ khandh±dipaµip±µisaññite sa½s±re ida½ anantaka½ j±ti-±didukkha½ nibbatta½, so ito dukkhappattito añño punappuna½ bhavanabh±vato punabbhavo. Imassa j²vitindriyassa saªkhay± k±yasaªkh±tassa khandhapañcakassa bhed± vin±s± uddha½ natthi, tasm± sabbadhi sabbehi kilesehi sabbehi bhavehi suµµhu vimutto visa½yutto amh²ti.

Sarabhaªgattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Sattakanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.