4. Sop±kattherag±th±vaººan±

Disv± p±s±dach±y±yanti-±dik± ±yasmato sop±kattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto siddhatthassa bhagavato k±le br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto br±hmaº±na½ vijj±sippesu nipphatti½ gato k±mesu ±d²nava½ disv± ghar±v±sa½ pah±ya t±pasapabbajja½ pabbajitv± ekasmi½ pabbate viharati. Satth± ±sannamaraºa½ ta½ ñatv± tassa santika½ agam±si. So bhagavanta½ disv± pasannacitto u¼±ra½ p²tisomanassa½ pavedento pupphamaya½ ±sana½ paññapetv± ad±si. Satth± tattha nis²ditv±, aniccat±paµisa½yutta½ dhammi½ katha½ kathetv± tassa passantasseva ±k±sena agam±si. So pubbe gahita½ niccagg±ha½ pah±ya aniccasañña½ hadaye µhapetv±, k±laªkatv±, devaloke uppajitv±, apar±para½ devamanussesu sa½saranto, imasmi½ buddhupp±de r±jagahe sop±kayoniya½ nibbatti. So j±ti-±gatena sop±koti n±mena paññ±yi. Keci pana “v±ºijakule nibbatto, ‘sop±ko’ti pana n±mamattan”ti vadanti. Ta½ apad±nap±¼iy± virujjhati “pacchime bhave sampatte, sop±kayonup±gamin”ti vacanato.
Tassa catum±saj±tassa pit± k±lamak±si, c³¼apit± posesi. Anukkamena sattavassiko j±to. Ekadivasa½ c³¼apit± “attano puttena kalaha½ karot²”ti kujjhitv±, ta½ sus±na½ netv±, dve hatthe rajjuy± ekato bandhitv±, t±ya eva rajjuy± matamanussassa sar²re g±¼ha½ bandhitv± gato “siªg±l±dayo kh±dant³”ti. Pacchimabhavikat±ya d±rakassa puññaphalena saya½ m±retu½ na visahi, siªg±l±dayopi na abhibhavi½su. D±rako a¹¹harattasamaye eva½ vippalapati–
“K± gati me agatissa, ko v± bandhu abandhuno;
sus±namajjhe bandhassa, ko me abhayad±yako”ti.
Satth± t±ya vel±ya veneyyabandhave olokento d±rakassa hadayabbhantare pajjalanta½ arahatt³panissaya½ disv± obh±sa½ pharitv± sati½ janetv± evam±ha–
“Ehi sop±ka m± bh±yi, olokassu tath±gata½;
aha½ ta½ t±rayiss±mi, r±humukheva candiman”ti.
D±rako buddh±nubh±vena chinnabandhano g±th±pariyos±ne sot±panno hutv± gandhakuµisammukhe aµµh±si. Tassa m±t± putta½ apassant² c³¼apitara½ pucchitv± tenassa pavattiy± akathit±ya tattha tattha gantv± vicinant² “buddh± kira at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ j±nanti, ya½n³n±ha½ bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± mama puttassa pavatti½ j±neyyan”ti satthu santika½ agam±si. Satth±, iddhiy± ta½ paµicch±detv±, “bhante, mama putta½ na pass±mi, apica bhagav± tassa pavatti½ j±n±t²”ti t±ya puµµho–
“Na santi putt± t±º±ya, na pit± n±pi bandhav±;
antaken±dhipannassa, natthi ñ±t²su t±ºat±”ti. (Dha. pa. 288)–

Dhamma½ kathesi. Ta½ sutv± s± sot±pann± ahosi. D±rako arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.2.112-123)–

“Pabbh±ra½ sodhayantassa, vipine pabbatuttame;
siddhattho n±ma bhagav±, ±gacchi mama santika½.
“Buddha½ upagata½ disv±, lokajeµµhassa t±dino;
santhara½ santharitv±na, pupph±sanamad±saha½.
“Pupph±sane nis²ditv±, siddhattho lokan±yako;
mamañca gatimaññ±ya, aniccatamud±hari.
“Anicc± vata saªkh±r±, upp±davayadhammino;
uppajjitv± nirujjhanti, tesa½ v³pasamo sukho.
“Ida½ vatv±na sabbaññ³, lokajeµµho nar±sabho;
nabha½ abbhuggam² v²ro, ha½sar±j±va ambare.
“Saka½ diµµhi½ jahitv±na, bh±vay±niccasaññaha½;
ek±ha½ bh±vayitv±na, tattha k±la½ kato aha½.
“Dve sampatt² anubhotv±, sukkam³lena codito;
pacchime bhave sampatte, sap±kayonup±gami½.
“Ag±r± abhinikkhamma, pabbaji½ anag±riya½;
j±tiy± sattavassoha½, arahattamap±puºi½.
“¾raddhav²riyo pahitatto, s²lesu susam±hito;
tosetv±na mah±n±ga½, alattha½ upasampada½.
“Catunnavutito kappe, ya½ kammamakari½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, pupphad±nassida½ phala½.
“Catunnavutito kappe, ya½ sañña½ bh±vayi½ tad±;
ta½ sañña½ bh±vayantassa, patto me ±savakkhayo.
“Paµisambhid± catasso…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
atha bhagav± iddhi½ paµisa½hari; s±pi putta½ disv± haµµhatuµµho tassa kh²º±savabh±va½ sutv± pabb±jetv± gat±; so satth±ra½ gandhakuµicch±y±ya½ caªkamanta½ upasaªkamitv±, vanditv± anucaªkami; tassa bhagav± upasampada½ anuj±nituk±mo “eka½ n±ma kin”ti-±din± dasa pañhe pucchi; sopi satthu adhipp±ya½ gaºhanto sabbaññutaññ±ºena sa½sandento “sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±”ti-±din± (khu. p±. 4.1) te pañhe vissajjesi; teneva te kum±rapañh± n±ma j±t±; satth± tassa pañhaby±karaºena ±r±dhitacitto upasampada½ anuj±ni; tena s± pañhaby±karaº³pasampad± n±ma j±t±; tassima½ attano pavatti½ pak±setv± thero añña½ by±karonto–
480. “disv± p±s±dach±y±ya½, caªkamanta½ naruttama½;
tattha na½ upasaªkamma, vandissa½ purisuttama½.
481. “Eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv±, sa½haritv±na p±ºayo;
anucaªkamissa½ viraja½, sabbasatt±namuttama½.
482. “Tato pañhe apucchi ma½, pañh±na½ kovido vid³;
acchambh² ca abh²to ca, by±k±si½ satthuno aha½.
483. “Vissajjitesu pañhesu, anumodi tath±gato;
bhikkhusaªgha½ viloketv±, imamattha½ abh±satha.
484. “‘L±bh± aªg±na½ magadh±na½, yes±ya½ paribhuñjati;
c²vara½ piº¹ap±tañca, paccaya½ sayan±sana½;
paccuµµh±nañca s±m²ci½, tesa½ l±bh±’ti c±bravi.
485. “‘Ajjadagge ma½ sop±ka, dassan±yopasaªkama;
es± ceva te sop±ka, bhavatu upasampad±”’.
486. “J±tiy± sattavassena, laddh±na upasampada½;
dh±remi antima½ deha½, aho dhammasudhammat±”ti.– Im± g±th± abh±si.
Tattha p±s±dach±y±yanti gandhakuµicch±y±ya½. Vandissanti, abhivandi½.
Sa½haritv±na p±ºayoti ubho hatthe kamalamaku¼±k±rena saªgate katv±, añjali½ paggahetv±ti attho. Anucaªkamissanti caªkamantassa satthuno anupacchato anugamanavasena caªkami½. Virajanti vigatar±g±diraja½.
Pañheti kum±rapañhe. Vid³ti veditabba½ viditav±, sabbaññ³ti attho. “Satth± ma½ pucchat²”ti uppajjanakassa chambhitattassa bhayassa ca setugh±tena pah²natt± acchambh² ca abh²to ca by±k±si.
Yes±yanti yesa½ aªgamagadh±na½ aya½ sop±ko. Paccayanti gil±napaccaya½. S±m²cinti maggad±nab²jan±dis±m²cikiriya½.
Ajjadaggeti da-k±ro padasandhikaro, ajja agge ±di½ katv±, ajja paµµh±ya. “Ajjatagge”tipi p±¼i, ajjata½ ±di½ katv±ti attho. Dassan±yopasaªkam±ti “h²najacco, vayas± taruºataro”ti v± acintetv± dassan±ya ma½ upasaªkama. Es± cev±ti y± tassa mama sabbaññutaññ±ºena saddhi½ sa½sandetv± kat± pañhavissajjan±. Es±yeva te bhavatu upasampad± iti ca abrav²ti yojan±. “Laddh± me upasampad±”tipi p±¼i. Ye pana “laddh±na upasampadan”tipi paµhanti, tesa½ sattavassen±ti sattamena vassen±ti attho, sattavassena v± hutv±ti vacanaseso. Ya½ panettha avutta½, ta½ suviññeyyameva.

Sop±kattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.