2. Lakuº¹akabhaddiyattherag±th±vaººan±

Pare amb±µak±r±meti-±dik± ±yasmato lakuº¹akabhaddiyattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare mah±bhoge kule nibbattitv±, vayappatto satthu santike dhamma½ suºanto nisinno tasmi½ khaºe satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ mañjussar±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv±, sayampi ta½ µh±na½ patthento buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ datv±, “aho vat±hampi an±gate aya½ bhikkhu viya ekassa buddhassa s±sane mañjussar±na½ aggo bhaveyyan”ti paºidh±na½ ak±si. Bhagav± ca tassa anantar±yata½ disv± by±karitv± pakk±mi.
So tattha y±vaj²va½ puññ±ni katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto phussassa bhagavato k±le cittapattakokilo hutv± r±juyy±nato madhura½ ambaphala½ tuº¹en±d±ya gacchanto satth±ra½ disv± pasannam±naso “dass±m²”ti citta½ upp±desi. Satth± tassa citta½ ñatv± patta½ gahetv± nis²di. Kokilo dasabalassa patte ambapakka½ patiµµh±pesi. Satth± ta½ paribhuñji. So kokilo pasannam±naso teneva p²tisukhena satt±ha½ v²tin±mesi. Tena ca puññakammena mañjussaro ahosi. Kassapasamm±sambuddhak±le pana cetiye ±raddhe ki½ pam±ºa½ karoma? Sattayojanappam±ºa½. Atimahantameta½. Chayojanappam±ºa½. Etampi atimahanta½. Pañcayojana½, catuyojana½, tiyojana½, dviyojananti vutte aya½ tad± jeµµhava¹¹hak² hutv± “etha, bho, an±gate sukhapaµijaggiya½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vatv± rajjuy± parikkhipanto g±vutamattake µhatv± “ekeka½ mukha½ g±vuta½ g±vuta½ hotu, cetiya½ ekayojan±vaµµa½ yojanubbedha½ bhavissat²”ti ±ha. Te tassa vacane aµµha½su. Iti appam±ºassa buddhassa pam±ºa½ ak±s²ti. Tena pana kammena nibbattanibbattaµµh±ne aññehi n²catarappam±ºo hoti.
So amh±ka½ satthu k±le s±vatthiya½ mah±bhogakule nibbatti, bhaddiyotissa n±ma½ ahosi. Atirassat±ya pana lakuº¹akabhaddiyoti paññ±yittha. So satthu santike dhamma½ sutv±, paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv±, bahussuto dhammakathiko hutv± madhurena sarena paresa½ dhamma½ kathesi. Athekasmi½ ussavadivase ekena br±hmaºena saddhi½ rathena gacchant² aññatar± gaºik± thera½ disv± dantavida½saka½ hasi. Thero tass± dantaµµhike nimitta½ gahetv± jh±na½ upp±detv±, ta½ p±daka½ katv±, vipassana½ paµµhapetv±, an±g±m² ahosi. So abhiºha½ k±yagat±ya satiy± viharanto ekadivasa½ ±yasmat± dhammasen±patin± ovadiyam±no arahatte patiµµhahi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.55.1-33)–
“Padumuttaro n±ma jino, sabbadhammesu cakkhum±;
ito satasahassamhi, kappe uppajji n±yako.
“Tad±ha½ ha½savatiya½ seµµhiputto mahaddhano;
jaªgh±vih±ra½ vicara½, saªgh±r±ma½ agacchaha½.
“Tad± so lokapajjoto, dhamma½ desesi n±yako;
mañjussar±na½ pavara½, s±vaka½ abhikittayi.
“Ta½ sutv± mudito hutv±, k±ra½ katv± mahesino;
vanditv± satthuno p±de, ta½ µh±namabhipatthayi½.
“Tad± buddho viy±k±si, saªghamajjhe vin±yako;
an±gatamhi addh±ne, lacchase ta½ manoratha½.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
bhaddiyo n±ma n±mena, hessati satthu s±vako.
“Tena kammena sukatena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Dvenavute ito kappe, phusso uppajji n±yako;
dur±sado duppasaho, sabbalokuttamo jino.
“Caraºena ca sampanno, brah± uju pat±pav±;
hites² sabbasatt±na½, bahu½ mocesi bandhan±.
“Nand±r±mavane tassa, ahosi½ phussakokilo;
gandhakuµisam±sanne, ambarukkhe vas±maha½.
“Tad± piº¹±ya gacchanta½, dakkhiºeyya½ jinuttama½;
disv± citta½ pas±detv±, mañjun±bhinik³jaha½.
“R±juyy±na½ tad± gantv±, supakka½ kanakattaca½;
ambapiº¹a½ gahetv±na, sambuddhassopan±mayi½.
“Tad± me cittamaññ±ya, mah±k±ruºiko jino;
upaµµh±kassa hatthato, patta½ paggaºhi n±yako.
“Ad±si½ haµµhacittoha½, ambapiº¹a½ mah±mune;
patte pakkhippa pakkhehi, pañjali½ katv±na mañjun±.
“Sarena rajan²yena, savan²yena vaggun±;
vassanto buddhap³jattha½, n²¼a½ gantv± nipajjaha½.
“Tad± muditacitta½ ma½, buddhapemagat±saya½;
sakuºagghi up±gantv±, gh±tay² duµµham±naso.
“Tato cutoha½ tusite, anubhotv± mah±sukha½;
manussayonim±gacchi½, tassa kammassa v±has±.
“Imamhi bhaddake kappe, brahmabandhu mah±yaso;
kassapo n±ma gottena, uppajji vadata½ varo.
“S±sana½ jotayitv± so, abhibhuyya kutitthiye;
vinayitv±na veneyye, nibbuto so sas±vako.
“Nibbute tamhi lokagge, pasann± janat± bah³;
p³janatth±ya buddhassa, th³pa½ kubbanti satthuno.
“Sattayojanika½ th³pa½, sattaratanabh³sita½;
kariss±ma mahesissa, icceva½ mantayanti te.
“Kikino k±sir±jassa, tad± sen±ya n±yako;
hutv±ha½ appam±ºassa, pam±ºa½ cetiye vadi½.
“Tad± te mama v±kyena, cetiya½ yojanuggata½;
aka½su narav²rassa, n±n±ratanabh³sita½.
“Tena kammena sukatena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Pacchime ca bhave d±ni, j±to seµµhikule aha½;
s±vatthiya½ puravare, iddhe ph²te mahaddhane.
“Purappavese sugata½, disv± vimhitam±naso;
pabbajitv±na na cira½, arahattamap±puºi½.
“Cetiyassa pam±ºa½ ya½, akari½ tena kammun±;
lakuº¹akasar²roha½, j±to paribhav±raho.
“Sarena madhuren±ha½, p³jitv± isisattama½;
mañjussar±na½ bhikkh³na½, aggattamanup±puºi½.
“Phalad±nena buddhassa, guº±nussaraºena ca;
s±maññaphalasampanno, vihar±mi an±savo.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
aparabh±ge añña½ by±karonto–
466. “pare amb±µak±r±me, vanasaº¹amhi bhaddiyo;
sam³la½ taºhamabbuyha, tattha bhaddova jh±yati.
467. “Ramanteke mudiªgehi, v²º±hi paºavehi ca;
ahañca rukkham³lasmi½, rato buddhassa s±sane.
468. “Buddho ce me vara½ dajj±, so ca labbhetha me varo;
gaºheha½ sabbalokassa, nicca½ k±yagata½ satin”ti.–

Im± tisso g±th± abh±si.

Tattha pareti seµµhe adhike, visiµµheti attho. Adhikav±c² hi aya½ parasaddo “para½ viya matt±y±”ti-±d²su viya. Amb±µak±r±meti eva½n±make ±r±me. So kira ch±y³dakasampanno vanasaº¹amaº¹ito ramaº²yo hoti tena “pare”ti visesetv± vutto. “Amb±µakavane amb±µakehi abhilakkhitavane”ti ca vadanti. Vanasaº¹amh²ti vanagahane, ghananicitarukkhagacchalat±sam³he vaneti attho. Bhaddiyoti eva½n±mako, att±nameva thero añña½ viya vadati. Sam³la½ taºhamabbuyh±ti taºh±ya m³la½ n±ma avijj±. Tasm± s±vijja½ taºha½ aggamaggena samuggh±µetv±ti attho. Tattha bhaddova jh±yat²ti lokuttarehi s²l±d²hi bhaddo sundaro tasmi½yeva vanasaº¹e katakiccat±ya diµµhadhammasukhavih±ravasena aggaphalajh±nena jh±yati.
Phalasukhena ca jh±nasam±patt²hi ca v²tin±met²ti attano vivekarati½ dassetv± “ramanteke”ti g±th±yapi byatirekamukhena tamevattha½ dasseti. Tattha mudiªgeh²ti aªgik±d²hi murajehi. V²º±h²ti nandin²-±d²hi v²º±hi. Paºaveh²ti turiyehi ramanti eke k±mabhogino, s± pana tesa½ rati anariy± anatthasa½hit±. Ahañc± ti aha½ pana, ekako buddhassa bhagavato s±sane rato, tato eva rukkham³lasmi½ rato abhirato vihar±m²ti attho.
Eva½ attano vivek±bhirati½ kittetv± id±ni ya½ k±yagat±satikammaµµh±na½ bh±vetv± arahatta½ patto, tassa pasa½sanattha½ “buddho ce me”ti g±tham±ha. Tassattho– sace buddho bhagav± “ek±ha½, bhante, bhagavanta½ vara½ y±c±m²”ti may± y±cito “atikkantavar± kho, bhikkhu, tath±gat±”ti apaµikkhipitv± mayha½ yath±y±cita½ vara½ dadeyya, so ca varo mam±dhipp±yap³rako labbhetha mayha½ manoratha½ matthaka½ p±peyy±ti thero parikappavasena vadati. “Bhante, sabbo loko sabbak±la½ k±yagat±satikammaµµh±na½ bh±vet³”ti “sabbalokassa nicca½ k±yagat±sati bh±vetabb±”ti katv± vara½ gaºhe ahanti dassento ±ha “gaºheha½ sabbalokassa, nicca½ k±yagata½ satin”ti. Id±ni aparikkhaºagarah±mukhena parikkhaºa½ pasa½santo–
469. “Ye ma½ r³pena p±mi½su, ye ca ghosena anvag³;
chandar±gavas³pet±, na ma½ j±nanti te jan±.
470. “Ajjhattañca na j±n±ti, bahiddh± ca na passati;
samant±varaºo b±lo, sa ve ghosena vuyhati.
471. “Ajjhattañca na j±n±ti, bahiddh± ca vipassati;
bahiddh± phaladass±v², sopi ghosena vuyhati.
472. “Ajjhattañca paj±n±ti, bahiddh± ca vipassati;
an±varaºadass±v², na so ghosena vuyhat²”ti.–

Im± catasso g±th± abh±si.

Tattha ye ma½ r³pena p±mi½s³ti ye jan± aviddas³ mama r³pena apas±dikena nih²nena “±k±rasadis² paññ±”ti, dhammasar²rena ca ma½ nih²na½ p±mi½su, “orako ayan”ti h²¼ent± paricchindanavasena maññi½s³ti attho. Ye ca ghosena anvag³ti ye ca satt± ghosena mañjun± ma½ sambh±van±vasena anugat± bahu maññi½su, ta½ tesa½ micch±, na hi aha½ r³pamattena avamantabbo, ghosamattena v± na bahu½ mantabbo, tasm± chandar±gavas³pet±, na ma½ j±nanti te jan±ti te duvidh±pi jan± chandar±gassa vasa½ upet± appah²nachandar±g± sabbaso pah²nachandar±ga½ ma½ na j±nanti.
Avisayo tesa½ m±diso ajjhatta½ bahiddh± ca apariññ±tavatthut±y±ti dassetu½ “ajjhattan”ti-±di vutta½. Ajjhattanti attano sant±ne khandh±yatan±didhamma½. Bahiddh±ti parasant±ne. Atha v± ajjhattanti, mama abbhantare asekkhas²lakkhandh±di½. Bahiddh±ti, mameva ±kappasampattiy±diyutta½ bahiddh± r³padhammappavatti½ cakkhuviññ±º±dippavattiñca. Samant±varaºoti eva½ ajjhattañca bahiddh± ca aj±nanena samantato ±varaºayutto ±vaµañ±ºagatiko. Sa ve ghosena vuyhat²ti so paraneyyabuddhiko b±lo ghosena paresa½ vacanena vuyhati niyyati ±ka¹¹h²yati.
Bahiddh± ca vipassat²ti yo ca vuttanayena ajjhatta½ na j±n±ti, bahiddh± pana sut±nus±rena ±kappasampatti-±di-upadh±raºena v± visesato passati. “Guºavisesayutto siy±”ti maññati, sopi bahiddh± phaladass±v² nayagg±hena phalamatta½ gaºhanto vuttanayena ghosena vuyhati, sopi m±dise na j±n±t²ti attho.
Yo pana ajjhattañca kh²º±savassa abbhantare asekkhas²lakkhandh±diguºa½ j±n±ti, bahiddh± cassa paµipattisallakkhaºena visesato guºavisesayoga½ passati. An±varaºadass±v² kenaci an±vaµo hutv± ariy±na½ guºe daµµhu½ ñ±tu½ samattho, na so ghosamattena vuyhati y±th±vato dassanatoti.

Lakuº¹akabhaddiyattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.