13. Sirimaº¹attherag±th±vaººan±

Channamativassat²ti-±dik± ±yasmato sirimaº¹attherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinitv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de sa½sum±ragire br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± sirimaº¹oti laddhan±mo vayappatto bhesakal±vane bhagavati viharante satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± laddh³pasampado samaºadhamma½ karonto ekasmi½ uposathadivase p±timokkhuddesaµµh±ne nisinno nid±nuddesassa pariyos±ne “±vikat± hissa ph±su hot²”ti (mah±va. 134) p±¼iy± attha½ upadh±rento ±panna½ ±patti½ an±vikatv± paµicch±dento upar³pari ±pattiyo ±pajjati, tenassa na ph±su hoti, ±vikatv± pana yath±dhamma½ paµikarontassa ph±su hot²ti imamattha½ manasi katv± “aho satthu s±sana½ suvisuddhan”ti laddhappas±do tath± uppanna½ p²ti½ vikkhambhetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ patv± attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± pasannam±naso bhikkh³na½ ov±da½ dento–
447. “Channamativassati, vivaµa½ n±tivassati;
tasm± channa½ vivaretha, eva½ ta½ n±tivassati.
448. “Maccun±bbh±hato loko, jar±ya pariv±rito;
taºh±sallena otiººo, icch±dh³p±yito sad±. (Sa½. ni. 1.66).
449. “Maccun±bbh±hato loko, parikkhitto jar±ya ca;
haññati niccamatt±ºo, pattadaº¹ova takkaro.
450. “¾gacchantaggikhandh±va, maccu by±dhi jar± tayo;
paccuggantu½ bala½ natthi, javo natthi pal±yitu½.
451. “Amogha½ divasa½ kayir±, appena bahukena v±;
ya½ ya½ vijahate ratti½, tad³na½ tassa j²vita½.
452. “Carato tiµµhato v±pi, ±s²nasayanassa v±;
upeti carim± ratti, na te k±lo pamajjitun”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha channanti ch±dita½ yath±bh³ta½ avivaµa½ appak±sita½ duccarita½. Ativassat²ti ±pattivassañceva kilesavassañca ativiya vassati. ¾pattiy± hi ch±dana½ alajjibh±v±din± t±disova, ch±danena tato aññath±va punapi tath±r³pa½ tato v± p±piµµhatara½ ±patti½ ±pajjeyy±ti ch±dana½ vassanassa k±raºa½ vutta½. Vivaµanti pak±sita½ appaµicchanna½. N±tivassat²ti ettha at²ti upasaggamatta½, na vassat²ti attho. Avassanañcettha vuttavipariy±yena veditabba½ cittasant±nassa visodhitatt±. Tasm±ti vuttamevattha½ k±raºabh±vena pacc±masati, channassa duccaritassa ±pattivass±d²na½ ativassanato vivaµassa ca avassanatoti attho. Channa½ vivareth±ti puthujjanabh±vena ch±dan±dhipp±ye uppannepi ta½ ananuvattitv± vivaretha ±vikareyya, yath±dhamma½ paµikareyya. Evanti vivaraºena yath±dhamma½ paµipattiy±. Tanti ta½ channa½ duccarita½. N±tivassati ±pattivassa½ kilesavassañca na vassati, suddhante puggala½ patiµµhapet²ti attho.
Id±ni “eka½sena s²gha½yeva ca att± sodhetabbo, appam±do k±tabbo”ti tassa k±raºa½ sa½vegavatthu½ dassento “maccun±bbh±hato loko”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha maccun±bbh±hato lokoti aya½ sabbopi sattaloko coro viya coragh±takena, sabbavaµµanip±tin± maccun± maraºena abhihato, na tassa hatthato muccati. Jar±ya pariv±ritoti aya½ loko upp±dato uddha½ maraº³panayanaras±ya jar±ya pariv±rito ajjhotthaµo, jar±saªgh±taparimukkoti attho. Taºh±sallena otiººoti sar²rassa anto nimuggena visap²takhurappena viya up±d±nalakkhaºena taºh±saªkh±tena sallena otiººo hadayabbhantare og±¼ho. Taºh± hi p²¼±jananato anto tudanato duruddh±rato ca “sallo”ti vuccati. Icch±dh³p±yitoti ±rammaº±bhipatthanalakkhaº±ya icch±ya sant±pito. Ta½ visaya½ icchanto hi puggalo yadicchita½ visaya½ labhanto v± alabhanto v± t±ya eva anudahanalakkhaº±ya icch±ya santatto pari¼±happatto hoti. Sad±ti sabbak±la½, idañca pada½ sabbapadesu yojetabba½.
Parikkhitto jar±ya c±ti na kevala½ maccun± abbh±hatoyeva, atha kho jar±ya ca parikkhitto. Jar±ya samavaruddho jar±p±k±raparikkhitto, na ta½ samatikkamat²ti attho. Haññati niccamatt±ºoti at±ºo asaraºo hutv± niccak±la½ jar±maraºehi haññati vib±dh²yati. Yath± ki½? Pattadaº¹ova takkaro yath± takkaro coro kat±par±dho vajjhappatto at±ºo r±j±º±ya haññati, evamaya½ loko jar±maraºeh²ti dasseti.
¾gacchantaggikhandh±v±ti mah±vane ¹ayham±ne ta½ abhibhavant± mahant± aggikkhandh± viya maccu by±dhi jar±ti ime tayo anudahanaµµhena aggikkhandh± ima½ sattaloka½ abhibhavant± ±gacchanti tesa½ pana paµibalo hutv± paccuggantu½ abhibhavitu½ bala½ uss±ho natthi, imassa lokassa, javo natthi pal±yitu½ javantesu, ajjhottharantesu. Yattha te n±bhibhavanti, piµµhi½ dassetv± tato pal±yitumpi imassa lokassa jaªgh±javo natthi, eva½ attan± asamattho m±y±d²hi up±yehi appaµik±re tividhe balavati pacc±mitte niccupaµµhite ki½ k±tabbanti ce? Amogha½ divasa½ kayir±, appena bahukena v±ti appena antamaso gadd³hanamattampi k±la½ pavattitena bahukena v± sakala½ ahoratta½ pavattitena vipassan±manasik±rena amogha½ avañjha½ divasa½ kareyya, yasm± ya½ ya½ vijahate ratti½, tad³na½ tassa j²vita½ aya½ satto ya½ ya½ ratti½ vijahati n±seti khepeti, tad³na½ tena ³na½ tassa sattassa j²vita½ hoti. Etena rattikkhayo n±ma j²vitakkhayo tassa anivattanatoti dasseti. Ten±ha–
“Yamekaratti½ paµhama½, gabbhe vasati m±ºavo;
abbhuµµhitova so y±ti, sa gaccha½ na nivattat²”ti. (J±. 1.15.363).
Na kevala½ rattivaseneva, atha kho iriy±pathavasen±pi j²vitakkhayo upadh±retabboti ±ha “carato”ti-±di. Caratoti gacchantassa. Tiµµhatoti µhita½ kappentassa. ¾s²nasayanassa v±ti ±s²nassa sayanassa v±, nisinnassa nipajjantassa v±ti attho. “¾s²danan”tipi paµhanti, tattha s±mi-atthe upayogavacana½ daµµhabba½. Upeti carim± ratt²ti carimakacittasahit± ratti upagacchati, rattiggahaºañcettha desan±s²samatta½. Gaman±d²su yena kenaci iriy±pathena samaªg²bh³tassa carimak±loyeva, tenevassa iriy±pathakkhaº± j²vita½ khepetv± eva gacchanti, tasm± na te k±lo pamajjitu½ n±ya½ tuyha½ pam±da½ ±pajjitu½ k±lo “imasmi½ n±ma k±le maraºa½ na hot²”ti aviditatt±. Vutta½ hi–
“Animittamanaññ±ta½, macc±na½ idha j²vita½;
kasirañca parittañca, tañca dukkhena sa½yutan”ti. (Su. ni. 579).
Tasm± eva½ att±na½ ovaditv± appamattena t²su sikkh±su anuyogo k±tabboti adhipp±yo.

Sirimaº¹attherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.