12. Brahmadattattherag±th±vaººan±

Akkodhass±ti-±dik± ±yasmato brahmadattattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinitv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ kosalarañño putto hutv± nibbatti, brahmadattotissa n±ma½ ahosi. So vayappatto jetavanamahe buddh±nubh±va½ disv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto saha paµisambhid±hi cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Ta½ ekadivasa½ nagare piº¹±ya caranta½ aññataro br±hmaºo akkosi. Thero ta½ sutv±pi tuºh²bh³to piº¹±ya caratiyeva, br±hmaºo punapi akkosiyeva. Manuss± eva½ akkosantampi na½ “aya½ thero na kiñci bhaºat²”ti ±ha½su. Ta½ sutv± thero tesa½ manuss±na½ dhamma½ desento–
441. “Akkodhassa kuto kodho, dantassa samaj²vino;
sammadaññ± vimuttassa, upasantassa t±dino.
442. “Tasseva tena p±piyo, yo kuddha½ paµikujjhati;
kuddha½ appaµikujjhanto, saªg±ma½ jeti dujjaya½.
443. “Ubhinnamattha½ carati, attano ca parassa ca;
para½ saªkupita½ ñatv±, yo sato upasammati.
444. “Ubhinna½ tikicchanta½ ta½, attano ca parassa ca;
jan± maññanti b±loti, ye dhammassa akovid±. (Sa½. ni. 1.189).
445. “Uppajje te sace kodho, ±vajja kakac³pama½;
uppajje ce rase taºh±, puttama½s³pama½ sara.
446. “Sace dh±vati citta½ te, k±mesu ca bhavesu ca;
khippa½ niggaºha satiy±, kiµµh±da½ viya duppasun”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha akkodhass±ti kodharahitassa maggena samucchinnakodhassa. Kuto kodhoti kuto n±ma hetu kodho uppajjeyya, tassa uppattik±raºa½ natth²ti attho. Dantass±ti uttamena damena aggamaggadamathena dantassa. Samaj²vinoti k±yavisam±d²ni sabbaso pah±ya k±yasam±d²na½ vasena sama½ j²vantassa sattaµµh±niyena sampajaññena sammadeva vattantassa. Sammadaññ± vimuttass±ti samm± aññ±ya abhiññeyy±dike dhamme j±nitv± sabb±savehi vippamuttassa. Tato eva sabbakilesadarathapari¼±hav³pasamena upasantassa. Iµµh±d²su t±dilakkhaºappattiy± t±dino kh²º±savassa kuto kodhoti aññ±padesena thero attano kodh±bh±va½ tassa ca k±raº±ni vatv± id±ni kodhe akodhe ca ±d²nav±nisa½sadassanena dhamma½ kathento “tassev±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yo kuddha½ paµikujjhat²ti yo puggalo attano upari kuddha½ kupita½ puggala½ paµikujjhati, tasseva tena paµikujjhanapaccakkosanapaµippaharaº±din± p±piyo idhaloke viññ³garah±divasena paraloke nirayadukkh±divasena abhaddakatara½ akaly±ºatara½ hoti. Kujjhanena pana akuddhassa p±pa½ hot²ti vattabbameva natthi. Keci pana “yo akuddha½ paµikuddha½ ±rabbha kujjhat²”ti attha½ vadanti. Kuddha½ appaµikujjhantoti yo pana kuddha½ puggala½ “aya½ kuddho kodhapareto”ti ñatv± na paµikujjhati khamati, so dujjaya½ kilesasaªg±ma½ jeti n±ma. Na kevalañcassa kilesasaªg±majayo eva, atha kho ubhayahitapaµipattimp²ti dassento ±ha “ubhinnamattha½…pe… upasammat²”ti. Yo para½ puggala½ saªkupita½ kuddha½ “kodhapareto”ti ñatv± ta½ mett±yanto ajjhupekkhanto v± sato sampaj±no hutv± upasammati khamati na paµippharati. So attano ca parassa c±ti ubhinna½ ubhayalokasukh±vaha½ attha½ hita½ carati.
Ubhinna½ tikicchanta½ tanti ta½ attano ca parassa c±ti ubhinna½ dvinna½ kodhaby±dhitikicch±ya tikicchanta½ khamanta½ puggala½ ye jan± dhammassa ariy±c±radhamme akusal±, te b±l± “aya½ aviddasu yo att±na½ akkosantassa paharantassa kiñci na karot²”ti maññanti ta½ tesa½ ayoniso maññananti adhipp±yo. “Tikicchanan”tipi paµhanti, tikicchanasabh±vanti attho.
Eva½ therena vuccam±na½ dhamma½ sutv± akkosakabr±hmaºo sa½viggo pasannacitto ca hutv± thera½ kham±petv± tasseva santike pabbaji. Thero tassa kammaµµh±na½ dento “imassa mett±bh±van± yutt±”ti mett±kammaµµh±na½ datv± kodhapariyuµµh±n±d²su paccavekkhaº±dividhi½ dassento “uppajje te”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha uppajje te saceti sace te kammaµµh±na½ anuyuñjantassa kañci puggala½ niss±ya ciraparicayo kodho uppajjeyya, tassa v³pasam±ya–
“Ubhatodaº¹akena cepi, bhikkhave, kakacena cor± ocarak± aªgamaªg±ni okanteyyu½, tatr±pi yo mano pad³seyya, na me so tena s±sanakaro”ti (ma. ni. 1.232)–

Satth±r± vutta½ kakac³pama½ ov±da½ ±vajjehi. Uppajje ce rase taºh±ti sace te madhur±dibhede rase taºh± abhil±so uppajjeyya, tassa v³pasam±ya–

“Puttama½sa½ j±yampatik± yath± kant±ranittharaºatthameva kh±di½su, na rasataºh±ya eva½ kulaputtopi pabbajito piº¹ap±ta½ paµisevati…pe… ph±suvih±ro c±”ti (sa½. ni. 2.63 atthato sam±na½)–

Eva½ vutta½ puttama½s³pamov±da½ sara anussara.

Sace dh±vati te cittanti ayoniso manasi karoto tava citta½ k±mesu pañcak±maguºesu chandar±gavasena, k±mabhav±d²su bhavesu bhavapatthan±vasena sace dh±vati sarati javati. Khippa½ niggaºha satiy±, kiµµh±da½ viya duppasunti tath± dh±vitu½ adento yath± n±ma puriso kiµµh±da½ sassakh±daka½ duppasu½ duµµhagoºa½ yottena thambhe bandhitv± attano vase vatteti, eva½ satiy± satiyottena samm±dhithambhe bandhanto khippa½ s²ghameva niggaºha, yath± kilesavigamena nibbisevana½ hoti, tath± dameh²ti. Keci pana “thero puthujjanova hutv± akkosa½ adhiv±sento tesa½ manuss±na½ ariyaguºe pak±sento dhamma½ kathetv± pacch± dv²hi g±th±hi att±na½ ovadanto vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ patv± añña½ by±karonto im±yeva g±th± abh±s²”ti vadanti.

Brahmadattattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.