4. Nandakattherag±th±vaººan±

Dhiratth³ti-±dik± ±yasmato nandakattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare mah±vibhavo seµµhi hutv± satthu santike dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ bhikkhunov±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetv± satasahassagghanikena vatthena bhagavanta½ p³jetv± paºidh±namak±si, satthu bodhirukkhe pad²pap³jañca pavatteti. So tato paµµh±ya devamanussesu sa½saranto kakusandhassa bhagavato k±le karavikasakuºo hutv± madhurak³jita½ k³janto satth±ra½ padakkhiºa½ ak±si. Aparabh±ge may³ro hutv± aññatarassa paccekabuddhassa vasanaguh±ya dv±re pasannam±naso divase divase tikkhattu½ madhuravassita½ vassi, eva½ tattha tattha puññ±ni katv± amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le s±vatthiya½ kulagehe nibbattitv± nandakoti laddhan±mo vayappatto satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.46.22-26)–
“Padumuttarabuddhassa bodhiy± p±daputtame;
pasannacitto sumano, tayo ukke adh±rayi½.
“Satasahassito kappe, soha½ ukkamadh±rayi½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, ukkad±nassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arah± pana hutv± vimuttisukhena v²tin±mento satth±r± bhikkhun²na½ ov±de ±ºatto ekasmi½ uposathadivase pañca bhikkhunisat±ni ekov±deneva arahatta½ p±pesi; tena na½ bhagav± bhikkhunov±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi; athekadivasa½ thera½ s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caranta½ aññatar± pur±ºadutiyik± itth² kilesavasena oloketv± hasi; thero tass± ta½ kiriya½ disv± sar²rassa paµikk³lavibh±vanamukhena dhamma½ kathento–
279. “dhiratthu p³re duggandhe, m±rapakkhe avassute;
navasot±ni te k±ye, y±ni sandanti sabbad±.
280. “M± pur±ºa½ amaññittho, m±s±desi tath±gate;
saggepi te na rajjanti, kimaªga½ pana m±nuse.
281. “Ye ca kho b±l± dummedh±, dummant² mohap±rut±;
t±dis± tattha rajjanti, m±rakhittamhi bandhane.
282. “Yesa½ r±go ca doso ca, avijj± ca vir±jit±;
t±d² tattha na rajjanti, chinnasutt± abandhan±”ti.– G±th± abh±si.
Tattha dh²ti jigucchanatthe nip±to, ratth³ti ra-k±ro padasandhikaro, dh² atthu ta½ jigucch±mi tava dhikk±ro hot³ti attho. P³reti-±d²ni tass± dhikk±tabbabh±vad²pan±ni ±mantanavacan±ni. P³reti ativiya jegucchehi n±n±kuºapehi n±n±vidha-asuc²hi sampuººe. Duggandheti kuºapap³ritatt± eva sabh±vaduggandhe. M±rapakkheti yasm± visabh±gavatthu andhaputhujjan±na½ ayonisomanasik±ranimittat±ya kilesam±ra½ va¹¹heti, devaputtam±rassa ca ot±ra½ paviµµha½ deti. Tasm± m±rassa pakkho hoti. Tena vutta½ “m±rapakkhe”ti. Avassuteti sabbak±la½ kiles±vassavanena tahi½ tahi½ asucinissandanena ca avassute. Id±niss± navasot±ni te k±ye, y±ni sandanti sabbad±ti “akkhimh± akkhig³thako”ti-±din± (su. ni. 199) vutta½ asucino avassavanaµµh±na½ dasseti.
Eva½ pana navachidda½ dhuvassava½ asucibharita½ k±ya½ yath±bh³ta½ j±nant² m± pur±ºa½ amaññitthoti pur±ºa½ aj±nanak±le pavatta½ hasitalapita½ k²¼ita½ m± maññi, “id±nipi eva½ paµipajjissat²”ti m± cintehi. M±s±desi tath±gateti yath± upanissayasampattiy± purimak± buddhas±vak± ±gat±, yath± v± te samm±paµipattiy± gat± paµipann±, yath± ca r³p±r³padhamm±na½ tathalakkhaºa½ tathadhamme ca ariyasacc±ni ±gat± adhigat± avabuddh±, tath± imep²ti eva½ tath± ±gaman±di-atthena tath±gate ariyas±vake pakatisatte viya avaññ±ya kilesavasena ca upasaªkamam±n± m±s±desi. An±s±detabbat±ya k±raºam±ha. Saggepi te na rajjanti, kimaªga½ pana m±nuseti sabbaññubuddhen±pi akkh±nena pariyos±petu½ asakkuºeyyasukhe saggepi te s±vakabuddh± na rajjanti, saªkh±resu ±d²navassa suparidiµµhatt± r±ga½ na janenti, kimaªga½ pana m²¼har±sisadise m±nuse k±maguºe, tattha na rajjant²ti vattabbameva natthi.
Ye ca khoti ye pana b±lyappayogato b±l±, dhammojapaññ±ya abh±vato dummedh±, asubhe subh±nupassanena ducintitacintit±ya dummant², mohena aññ±ºena sabbaso paµicch±ditacittat±ya mohap±rut± t±dis± tath±r³p± andhaputhujjan±, tattha tasmi½ itthisaññite, m±rakhittamhi bandhane m±rena o¹¹ite m±rap±se, rajjanti ratt± giddh± gadhit± mucchit± ajjhopann± tiµµhanti.
Vir±jit±ti yesa½ pana kh²º±sav±na½ telañjanar±go viya dummocan²yasabh±vo r±go sapatto viya laddhok±so dussanasabh±vo doso aññ±ºasabh±v± avijj± ca ariyamaggavir±gena sabbaso vir±jit± pah²n± samucchinn±, t±dis± aggamaggasatthena chinnabhavanettisutt± tato eva katthacipi bandhan±bh±vato abandhan± tattha tasmi½ yath±vutte m±rap±se na rajjanti. Eva½ thero tass± itthiy± dhamma½ kathetv± gato.

Nandakattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.