3. Mah±n±gattherag±th±vaººan±

Yassa sabrahmac±r²s³ti-±dik± ±yasmato mah±n±gattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinanto kakusandhassa bhagavato k±le kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto ekadivasa½ kakusandha½ bhagavanta½ arañña½ ajjhog±hetv± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le jh±nasukhena nisinna½ disv± pasannam±naso tassa d±¼imaphala½ ad±si. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±kete madhuv±seµµhassa n±ma br±hmaºassa putto hutv± nibbatti, mah±n±gotissa n±ma½ ahosi. So viññuta½ patto bhagavati s±kete añjanavane viharante ±yasmato gavampatittherassa p±µih±riya½ disv± paµiladdhasaddho therasseva santike pabbajitv± tassov±de µhatv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.45.1-7)–
“Kakusandho mah±v²ro, sabbadhamm±na p±rag³;
gaºamh± v³pakaµµho so, agam±si vanantara½.
“B²jamiñja½ gahetv±na, lat±ya ±vuºi½ aha½;
bhagav± tamhi samaye, jh±yate pabbatantare.
“Disv±naha½ devadeva½, vippasannena cetas±;
dakkhiºeyyassa v²rassa, b²jamiñjamad±saha½.
“Imasmi½yeva kappamhi, ya½ miñjamadadi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, b²jamiñjassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± vimuttisukhena viharanto thero chabbaggiye bhikkh³ sabrahmac±r²su g±rava½ akatv± viharante disv± tesa½ ov±dad±navasena–
387. “yassa sabrahmac±r²su, g±ravo n³palabbhati;
parih±yati saddhamm±, maccho appodake yath±.
388. “Yassa sabrahmac±r²su, g±ravo n³palabbhati;
na vir³hati saddhamme, khette b²ja½va p³tika½.
389. “Yassa sabrahmac±r²su, g±ravo n³palabbhati;
±rak± hoti nibb±n±, dhammar±jassa s±sane.
390. “Yassa sabrahmac±r²su, g±ravo upalabbhati;
na vih±yati saddhamm±, maccho bavhodake yath±.
391. “Yassa sabrahmac±r²su, g±ravo upalabbhati;
so vir³hati saddhamme, khette b²ja½va bhaddaka½.
392. “Yassa sabrahmac±r²su, g±ravo upalabbhati;
santike hoti nibb±na½, dhammar±jassa s±sane”ti.–

Im± cha g±th± abh±si.

Tattha sabrahmac±r²s³ti sam±na½ brahma½ s²l±didhamma½ carant²ti sabrahmac±rino, s²ladiµµhis±maññagat± sahadhammik±, tesu. G±ravoti garubh±vo s²l±diguºanimitta½ garukaraºa½. N³palabbhat²ti na vijjati na pavattati, na upatiµµhat²ti attho. Nibb±n±ti kiles±na½ nibb±panato kilesakkhay±ti attho. Dhammar±jass±ti satthuno. Satth± hi sadevaka½ loka½ yath±raha½ lokiyalokuttarena dhammena rañjeti toset²ti dhammar±j±. Ettha ca “dhammar±jassa s±sane”ti imin± nibb±na½ n±ma dhammar±jasseva s±sane na aññattha. Tattha yo sabrahmac±r²su g±ravarahito, so yath± nibb±n± ±rak± hoti, tath± dhammar±jassa s±sanatopi ±rak± hot²ti dasseti. Bavhodaketi bahu-udake. Santike hoti nibb±nanti nibb±na½ tassa santike sam²pe eva hoti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Im± eva ca therassa aññ±by±karaºag±th± ahesu½.

Mah±n±gattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.