6. Chakkanip±to

1. Uruvelakassapattherag±th±vaººan±

Chakkanip±te disv±na p±µih²r±n²ti-±dik± ±yasmato uruvelakassapattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le kulagehe nibbattitv±, vayappatto satthu santike dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ mah±paris±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv±, sayampi ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetv± mah±d±na½ datv± paºidh±namak±si. Bhagav± cassa anantar±yata½ disv±, “an±gate gotamabuddhassa s±sane mah±paris±na½ aggo bhavissat²”ti by±k±si.
So tattha y±vaj²va½ puññ±ni katv± tato cavitv± devamanussesu sa½saranto ito dv±navutikappamatthake phussassa bhagavato vem±tikakaniµµhabh±t± hutv± nibbatti. Aññepissa dve kaniµµhabh±taro ahesu½. Te tayopi buddhappamukha½ saªgha½ param±ya p³j±ya p³jetv± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto amh±ka½ bhagavato nibbattito puretarameva b±r±ºasiya½ br±hmaºakule bh±taro hutv±, anukkamena nibbatt± gottavasena tayopi kassap± eva n±ma j±t±. Te vayappatt± tayo vede uggaºhi½su. Tesa½ jeµµhabh±tikassa pañca m±ºavakasat±ni pariv±ro, majjhimassa t²ºi, kaniµµhassa dve. Te attano ganthe s±ra½ olokent± diµµhadhammikameva attha½ disv± pabbajja½ rocesu½. Tesu jeµµhabh±t± attano pariv±rena saddhi½ uruvela½ gantv± isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± uruvelakassapo n±ma j±to mah±gaªg±nad²vaªke pabbajito nad²kassapo n±ma j±to, gay±s²se pabbajito gay±kassapo n±ma j±to.
Eva½ tesu isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± tattha tattha vasantesu bah³na½ divas±na½ accayena amh±ka½ bodhisatto mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv±, paµividdhasabbaññutaññ±ºo anukkamena dhammacakka½ pavattetv±, pañcavaggiyatthere arahatte patiµµh±petv± yasappamukhe pañcapaññ±sa sah±yake vinetv± saµµhi arahante “caratha, bhikkhave, c±rikan”ti vissajjetv±, bhaddavaggiye vinetv± uruvelakassapassa vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± vasanatth±ya agy±g±ra½ pavisitv± tattha katan±gadamana½ ±di½ katv± a¹¹hu¹¹hasahassehi p±µih±riyehi uruvelakassapa½ saparisa½ vinetv± pabb±jesi. Tassa pabbajitabh±va½ ñatv± itarepi dve bh±taro saparis± ±gantv± satthu santike pabbaji½su. Sabbeva ehibhikkh³ iddhimayapattac²varadhar± ahesu½.
Satth± ta½ samaºasahassa½ ±d±ya gay±s²sa½ gantv± piµµhip±s±ºe nisinno ±dittapariy±yadesan±ya sabbe arahatte patiµµh±pesi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.54.251-295)–
“Padumuttaro n±ma jino, sabbalokavid³ muni;
ito satasahassamhi, kappe uppajji cakkhum±.
“Ov±dako viññ±pako, t±rako sabbap±ºina½;
desan±kusalo buddho, t±resi janata½ bahu½.
“Anukampako k±ruºiko, hites² sabbap±ºina½;
sampatte titthiye sabbe, pañcas²le patiµµhapi.
“Eva½ nir±kula½ ±si, suññata½ titthiyehi ca;
vicitta½ arahantehi, vas²bh³tehi t±dibhi.
“Ratan±naµµhapaññ±sa½, uggato so mah±muni;
kañcanagghiyasaªk±so, b±tti½savaralakkhaºo.
“Vassasatasahass±ni, ±yu vijjati t±vade;
t±vat± tiµµham±no so, t±resi janata½ bahu½.
“Tad±ha½ ha½savatiy±, br±hmaºo s±dhusammato;
upecca lokapajjota½, assosi½ dhammadesana½.
“Tad± mah±parisati½, mah±parisas±vaka½;
µhapenta½ etadaggamhi, sutv±na mudito aha½.
“Mahat± pariv±rena, nimantetv± mah±jina½;
br±hmaº±na½ sahassena, sahad±namad±saha½.
“Mah±d±na½ daditv±na, abhiv±diya n±yaka½;
ekamanta½ µhito haµµho, ida½ vacanamabravi½.
“Tayi saddh±ya me v²ra, adhik±raguºena ca;
paris± mahat² hotu, nibbattassa tahi½ tahi½.
“Tad± avoca parisa½, gajagajjitasussaro;
karav²karuto satth±, eta½ passatha br±hmaºa½.
“Hemavaººa½ mah±b±hu½, kamal±nanalocana½;
udaggatanuja½ haµµha½, saddhavanta½ guºe mama.
“Esa patthayate µh±na½, s²haghosassa bhikkhuno;
an±gatamhi addh±ne, lacchase ta½ manoratha½.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
kassapo n±ma gottena, hessati satthu s±vako.
“Ito dvenavute kappe, ahu satth± anuttaro;
an³pamo asadiso, phusso lokaggan±yako.
“So ca sabba½ tama½ hantv±, vijaµetv± mah±jaµa½;
vassate amata½ vuµµhi½, tappayanto sadevaka½.
“Tad± hi b±r±ºasiya½, r±j±pacc± ahumhase;
bh±taromha tayo sabbe, sa½visaµµh±va r±jino.
“V²raªgar³p± balino, saªg±me apar±jit±;
tad± kupitapaccanto, amhe ±ha mah²pati.
“Etha gantv±na paccanta½, sodhetv± aµµav²bala½;
khema½ vijirita½ katv±, puna deth±ti bh±satha.
“Tato maya½ avocumha, yadi deyy±si n±yaka½;
upaµµh±n±ya amh±ka½, s±dhayiss±ma vo tato.
“Tato maya½ laddhavar±, bh³mip±lena pesit±;
nikkhittasattha½ paccanta½, katv± punarupecca ta½.
“Y±citv± satthupaµµh±na½, r±j±na½ lokan±yaka½;
muniv²ra½ labhitv±na, y±vaj²va½ yajimha ta½.
“Mahaggh±ni ca vatth±ni, paº²t±ni ras±ni ca;
sen±san±ni ramm±ni, bhesajj±ni hit±ni ca.
“Datv± sasaªghamunino, dhammenupp±dit±ni no;
s²lavanto k±ruºik±, bh±van±yuttam±nas±.
“Saddh± paricaritv±na, mettacittena n±yaka½;
nibbute tamhi lokagge, p³ja½ katv± yath±bala½.
“Tato cut± santusita½, gat± tattha mah±sukha½;
anubh³t± maya½ sabbe, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“M±y±k±ro yath± raªge, dassesi vikati½ bahu½;
tath± bhave bhamantoha½, videh±dhipat² ahu½.
“Guº±celassa v±kyena, micch±diµµhigat±sayo;
naraka½ maggam±r³¼ho, ruc±ya mama dh²tuy±.
“Ov±da½ n±diyitv±na, brahmun± n±radenaha½;
bahudh± sa½sito santo, diµµhi½ hitv±na p±pika½.
“P³rayitv± visesena, dasa kammapath±niha½;
hitv±na dehamagami½, sagga½ sabhavana½ yath±.
“Pacchime bhave sampatte, brahmabandhu ahosaha½;
b±r±ºasiya½ ph²t±ya½, j±to vippamah±kule.
“Maccuby±dhijar±bh²to, og±hetv± mah±vana½;
nibb±na½ padamesanto, jaµilesu paribbaji½.
“Tad± dve bh±taro mayha½, pabbaji½su may± saha;
uruvel±ya½ m±petv±, assama½ nivasi½ aha½.
“Kassapo n±ma gottena, uruvelaniv±siko;
tato me ±si paññatti, uruvelakassapo iti.
“Nad²sak±se bh±t± me, nad²kassapasavhayo;
±s² sak±san±mena, gay±ya½ gay±kassapo.
“Dve sat±ni kaniµµhassa, t²ºi, majjhassa bh±tuno;
mama pañca sat±n³n±, siss± sabbe mam±nug±.
“Tad± upecca ma½ buddho, katv±na vividh±ni me;
p±µih²r±ni lokaggo, vinesi naras±rathi.
“Sahassapariv±rena, ahosi½ ehibhikkhuko;
teheva saha sabbehi, arahattamap±puºi½.
“Te cevaññe ca bahavo, siss± ma½ pariv±rayu½;
bh±situñca samatthoha½, tato ma½ isisattamo.
“Mah±parisabh±vasmi½, etadagge µhapesi ma½;
aho buddhe kata½ k±ra½, saphala½ me aj±yatha.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± s²han±da½ nadanto–
375. “disv±na p±µih²r±ni, gotamassa yasassino;
na t±v±ha½ paºipati½, iss±m±nena vañcito.
376. “Mama saªkappamaññ±ya, codesi naras±rathi;
tato me ±si sa½vego, abbhuto lomaha½sano.
377. “Pubbe jaµilabh³tassa, y± me siddhi parittik±;
t±ha½ tad± nir±katv±, pabbaji½ jinas±sane.
378. “Pubbe yaññena santuµµho, k±madh±tupurakkhato;
pacch± r±gañca dosañca, mohañc±pi sam³hani½.
379. “Pubbeniv±sa½ j±n±mi, dibbacakkhu visodhita½;
iddhim± paracittaññ³, dibbasotañca p±puºi½.
380. “Yassa catth±ya pabbajito, ag±rasm±nag±riya½;
so me attho anuppatto, sabbasa½yojanakkhayo”ti.–

Im± cha g±th± abh±si.

Tattha disv±na p±µih²r±n²ti n±gar±jadaman±d²ni a¹¹hu¹¹hasahass±ni p±µih±riy±ni disv±. “P±µih²ra½, p±µihera½, p±µih±riyan”ti hi atthato eka½, byañjanameva n±na½. Yasassino”ti “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± sadevake loke yath±bhucca½ patthaµakittisaddassa. Na t±v±ha½ paºipatinti y±va ma½ bhagav± “neva kho tva½, kassapa, arah±, n±pi arahattamagga½ sam±panno, s±pi te paµipad± natthi, y±ya tva½ arah± v± assa, arahattamagga½ v± sam±panno”ti na tajjesi, t±va aha½ na paºip±tana½ ak±si½. Ki½k±raº±? Iss±m±nena vañcito, “imassa mayi s±vakatta½ upagate mama l±bhasakk±ro parih±yissati, imassa eva va¹¹hissat²”ti eva½ parasampatti-asahanalakkhaº±ya iss±ya ceva, “aha½ gaºap±mokkho bahujanasammato”ti eva½ abbhunnatilakkhaºena m±nena ca vañcito, palambhito hutv±ti attho.
Mama saªkappamaññ±y±ti mayha½ micch±saªkappa½ j±nitv±, ya½ ya½ bhagav± uttari manussadhamm± iddhip±µih±riya½ dasseti, ta½ ta½ disv± “mahiddhiko kho mah±samaºo mah±nubh±vo”ti cintetv±pi “na tveva kho arah± yath± ahan”ti eva½ pavatta½ micch±vitakka½ j±nantopi ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ±gamento ajjhupekkhitv± pacch± nerañjar±ya majjhe samantato udaka½ uss±retv± reºuhat±ya bh³miy± caªkamitv± tena ±bhatan±v±ya µhito tad±pi “mahiddhiko”ti-±dika½ cintetv± puna “na tveva kho arah± yath± ahan”ti pavattita½ micch±saªkappa½ ñatv±ti attho. Codesi naras±rath²ti tad± me ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ñatv± “neva kho tva½ arah±”ti-±din± purisadammas±rathi satth± ma½ codesi niggaºhi. Tato me ±si sa½vego, abbhuto lomaha½sanoti tato yath±vuttacodan±hetu ettaka½ k±la½ abh³tapubbat±ya abbhuto lomaha½sanavasena pavattiy± lomaha½sano “anarah±va sam±no ‘arah±’ti maññin”ti sa½vego sahottappo ñ±ºupp±do mayha½ ahosi.
Jaµilabh³tass±ti t±pasabh³tassa. Siddh²ti l±bhasakk±rasamiddhi. Parittik±ti appamattik±. T±hanti ta½ aha½. Tad±ti bhagavato codan±ya sa½veguppattik±le. Nir±katv±ti apanetv± cha¹¹etv±, anapekkho hutv±ti attho. “Iddh²ti bh±van±maya-iddh²”ti vadanti. Tadayutta½ tad± tassa ajh±nal±bh²bh±vato. Tath± hi vutta½ “k±madh±tupurakkhato”ti.
Yaññena santuµµhoti “yañña½ yajitv± saggasukha½ anubhaviss±mi, alamett±vat±”ti yaññayajanena santuµµho niµµhitakiccasaññ². K±madh±tupurakkhatoti k±masugati½ ±rabbha uppannataºho yaññayajanena k±maloka½ purakkhatv± µhito. So ce yañño p±º±tip±tapaµisa½yutto hoti, na tena sugati½ sakk± laddhu½. Na hi akusalassa iµµho kanto vip±ko nibbattati. Y± pana tattha d±n±dikusalacetan±, t±ya sati paccayasamav±ye sugati½ gaccheyya. Pacch±ti t±pasapabbajj±to pacch± satthu ov±dena t±pasaladdhi½ pah±ya catusaccakammaµµh±n±nuyogak±le. Sam³haninti vipassana½ ussukk±petv± maggapaµip±µiy± r±gañca dosañca mohañca anavasesato samuggh±tesi½.
Yasm± pan±ya½ thero ariyamaggena r±g±dayo sam³hanantoyeva cha¼abhiñño ahosi, tasm± ta½ attano cha¼abhiññabh±va½ dassento “pubbeniv±sa½ j±n±m²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha pubbeniv±sa½ j±n±m²ti attano paresañca pubbeniv±sa½ at²t±su j±t²su nibbattakkhandhe khandhapaµibaddhe ca pubbeniv±sañ±ºena hatthatale ±malaka½ viya paccakkhato j±n±mi bujjh±mi. Dibbacakkhu visodhitanti dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ visodhita½, pakaticakkhun± ±p±thagata½ pakatir³pa½ viya dibba½ m±nusampi d³ra½ tiroµµhita½ atisukhumañca r³pa½ vibh±vetu½ samatthañ±ºa½ bh±van±ya may± visuddha½ katv± paµiladdhanti attho. Iddhim±ti adhiµµh±niddhivikubbaniddhi-±d²hi iddh²hi iddhim±, iddhividhañ±ºal±bh²ti attho. Sar±g±dibhedassa paresa½ cittassa j±nanato paracittaññ³, cetopariyañ±ºal±bh²ti vutta½ hoti. Dibbasotañca p±puºinti dibbasotañ±ºañca paµilabhi½.
So me attho anuppatto, sabbasa½yojanakkhayoti yo sabbesa½ sa½yojan±na½ khayabh³to khayena v± laddhabbo, so sadattho paramattho ca may± ariyamagg±dhigamena adhigatoti. Evamet±ya g±th±ya therassa aññ±by±karaºa½ ahos²ti veditabbo.

Uruvelakassapattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.