12. Kosiyattherag±th±vaººan±

Yo eva gar³nanti-±dik± ±yasmato kosiyattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinanto vipassissa bhagavato k±le kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto ekadivasa½ satth±ra½ disv± pasannacitto ucchukhaº¹ika½ ad±si. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de magadharaµµhe br±hmaºakule nibbatti, kosiyotissa gottavasena n±ma½ ak±si. So viññuta½ patto ±yasmanta½ dhammasen±pati½ abhiºha½ upasaªkamati, tassa santike dhamma½ suº±ti. So tena s±sane paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± kammaµµh±na½ anuyuñjanto nacirasseva arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.44.44-49)–
“Nagare bandhumatiy±, dv±rap±lo ahosaha½;
addasa½ viraja½ buddha½, sabbadhamm±na p±ragu½.
“Ucchukhaº¹ikam±d±ya buddhaseµµhassad±saha½;
pasannacitto sumano, vipassissa mahesino.
“Ekanavutito kappe, ya½ ucchumadadi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, ucchukhaº¹assida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± garuv±sa½ sappuris³panissayañca pasa½santo–
370. “yo ve gar³na½ vacanaññu dh²ro, vase ca tamhi janayetha pema½;
so bhattim± n±ma ca hoti paº¹ito, ñatv± ca dhammesu visesi assa.
371. “Ya½ ±pad± uppatit± u¼±r±, nakkhambhayante paµisaªkhayanta½;
so th±mav± n±ma ca hoti paº¹ito, ñatv± ca dhammesu visesi assa.
372. “Yo ve samuddova µhito anejo, gambh²rapañño nipuºatthadass²;
asa½h±riyo n±ma ca hoti paº¹ito, ñatv± ca dhammesu visesi assa.
373. “Bahussuto dhammadharo ca hoti, dhammassa hoti anudhammac±r²;
so t±diso n±ma ca hoti paº¹ito, ñatv± ca dhammesu visesi assa.
374. “Atthañca yo j±n±ti bh±sitassa,
atthañca ñatv±na tath± karoti;
atthantaro n±ma sa hoti paº¹ito,
ñatv± ca dhammesu visesi ass±”ti.–

Im± pañca g±th± abh±si.

Tattha yoti khattiy±d²su cat³su paris±su yo koci. Veti byatta½. Gar³nanti s²l±digaruguºayutt±na½ paº¹it±na½. Vacanaññ³ti tesa½ anus±san²vacana½ j±nanto, yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±no paµipajjitv± ca tassa phala½ j±nantoti attho. Dh²roti dhitisampanno. Vase ca tamhi janayetha pemanti tasmi½ gar³na½ vacane ov±de vaseyya yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjeyya, paµipajjitv± “imin± vat±ha½ ov±dena ima½ j±ti-±didukkha½ v²tivatto”ti tattha janayetha pema½ g±rava½ upp±deyya. Idañhi dvaya½ “gar³na½ vacanaññu dh²ro”ti padadvayena vuttassevatthassa p±kaµakaraºa½. Soti yo gar³na½ vacanaññ³ dh²ro, so yath±nusiµµha½ paµipattiy± tattha bhattim± ca n±ma hoti, j²vitahetupi tassa anatikkamanato paº¹ito ca n±ma hoti. Ñatv± ca dhammesu visesi ass±ti tath± paµipajjanto ca t±ya eva paµipattiy± catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ j±nanahetu lokiyalokuttaradhammesu vijj±ttay±divasena “tevijjo, cha¼abhiñño, paµisambhid±patto”ti visesi visesav± siy±ti attho.
Yanti ya½ puggala½ paµipattiy± antar±yakaraºato “±pad±”ti laddhavoh±r± sotuºhakhuppip±s±dip±kaµaparissay± ceva r±g±dipaµicchannaparissay± ca uppatit± uppann±, u¼±r± balavantopi nakkhambhayante na kiñci c±lenti. Kasm±? Paµisaªkhayantanti paµisaªkh±yam±na½ paµisaªkh±nabale µhitanti attho. Soti yo da¼hatar±hi ±pad±hipi akkhambhan²yo, so th±mav± dhitim± da¼haparakkamo n±ma hoti. Anavasesasa½kilesapakkhassa abhibhavanakapaññ±balasamaªgit±ya paº¹ito ca n±ma hoti. Tath±bh³to ca ñatv± ca dhammesu visesi ass±ti ta½ vuttatthameva.
Samuddova µhitoti samuddo viya µhitasabh±vo. Yath± hi catur±s²tiyojanasahassagambh²re sinerup±dasam²pe mah±samuddo aµµhahipi dis±hi uµµhitehi pakativ±tehi aniñjanato µhito anejo gambh²ro ca, eva½ kilesav±tehi titthiyav±dav±tehi ca akampan²yato µhito anejo. Gambh²rassa anupacitañ±ºasambh±rehi aladdhag±dhassa nipuºassa sukhumassa paµiccasamupp±d±di-atthassa paµivijjhanena gambh²rapañño nipuºatthadass². Asa½h±riyo n±ma ca hoti paº¹ito so t±diso puggalo kilesehi devaputtam±r±d²su v± kenaci asa½h±riyat±ya asa½h±riyo n±ma hoti, yath±vuttena atthena paº¹ito ca n±ma hoti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Bahussutoti pariyattib±husaccavasena bahussuto, suttageyy±di bahu½ suta½ etass±ti bahussuto. Tameva dhamma½ suvaººabh±jane pakkhittas²havasa½ viya avinassantameva dh±ret²ti dhammadharo ca hoti. Dhammassa hoti anudhammac±r²ti yath±sutassa yath±pariyattassa dhammassa atthamaññ±ya dhammamaññ±ya navalokuttaradhammassa anur³pa½ dhamma½ pubbabh±gapaµipad±saªkh±ta½ catup±risuddhis²ladhutaªga-asubhakammaµµh±n±dibheda½ carati paµipajjat²ti anudhammac±r² hoti, “ajja ajjev±”ti paµivedha½ ±kaªkhanto vicarati. So t±diso n±ma ca hoti paº¹itoti yo puggalo ya½ garu½ niss±ya bahussuto dhammadharo dhammassa ca anudhammac±r² hoti. So ca t±diso tena garun± sadiso paº¹ito n±ma hoti paµipattiy± sadisabh±vato. Tath±bh³to pana so ñatv± ca dhammesu visesi assa, ta½ vuttattha½va.
Atthañca yo j±n±ti bh±sitass±ti yo puggalo samm±sambuddhena bh±sitassa pariyattidhammassa attha½ j±n±ti. J±nanto pana “idha s²la½ vutta½, idha sam±dhi, idha paññ±”ti tattha tattha yath±vutta½ atthañca ñatv±na tath± karoti yath± satth±r± anusiµµha½, tath± paµipajjati. Atthantaro n±ma sa hoti paº¹itoti so evar³po puggalo atthantaro atthak±raº± s²l±di-atthaj±nanamattameva upanissaya½ katv± paº¹ito hoti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Ettha ca paµhamag±th±ya “yo ve gar³nan”ti-±din± saddh³panissayo visesabh±vo vutto, dutiyag±th±ya “ya½ ±pad±”ti ±din± v²riy³panissayo, tatiyag±th±ya “yo ve samuddova µhito”ti-±din± sam±dh³panissayo, catutthag±th±ya “bahussuto”ti-±din± sat³panissayo, pañcamag±th±ya “atthañca yo j±n±t²”ti-±din± paññ³panissayo visesabh±vo vuttoti veditabbo.

Kosiyattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Pañcakanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.