3. Sabhiyattherag±th±vaººan±

Pare ti-±dik± ±yasmato sabhiyattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto kakusandhassa bhagavato k±le kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto ekadivasa½ satth±ra½ div±vih±r±ya gacchanta½ disv± pasannam±naso up±hana½ ad±si. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto kassape bhagavati parinibbute patiµµhite suvaººacetiye chahi kulaputtehi saddhi½ attasattamo s±sane pabbajitv± kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± araññe viharanto visesa½ nibbattetu½ asakkonto itare ±ha– “maya½ piº¹ap±t±ya gacchanto j²vite s±pekkh± homa, j²vite s±pekkhena ca na sakk± lokuttaradhamma½ adhigantu½, puthujjanak±laªkiriy± ca dukkh±. Handa, maya½ nisseºi½ bandhitv± pabbata½ abhiruyha k±ye ca j²vite ca anapekkh± samaºadhamma½ karom±”ti. Te tath± aka½su.
Atha nesa½ mah±thero upanissayasampannatt± tadaheva cha¼abhiñño hutv± uttarakuruto piº¹ap±ta½ upanesi. Itare– “tumhe, bhante, katakicc± tumhehi saddhi½ sall±pamattampi papañco, samaºadhammameva maya½ kariss±ma, tumhe attan± diµµhadhammasukhavih±ramanuyuñjath±”ti vatv± piº¹ap±ta½ paµikkhipi½su. Thero ne sampaµicch±petu½ asakkonto agam±si.
Tato nesa½ eko dv²hat²haccayena abhiññ±pariv±ra½ an±g±miphala½ sacchikatv± tatheva vatv± tehi paµikkhitto agam±si. Tesu kh²º±savatthero parinibb±yi, an±g±m² suddh±v±sesu uppajji. Itare puthujjanak±laªkiriyameva katv± chasu k±masaggesu anulomapaµilomato dibbasampatti½ anubhavitv± amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le devalok± cavitv± eko mallar±jakule paµisandhi½ gaºhi, eko gandh±rar±jakule, eko b±hiraraµµhe, eko r±jagahe ekiss± kulad±rik±ya kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Itaro aññatariss± paribb±jik±ya kucchimhi paµisandhi½ aggahesi. S± kira aññatarassa khattiyassa dh²t±, na½ m±t±pitaro– “amh±ka½ dh²t± samayantara½ j±n±t³”ti ekassa paribb±jakassa niyy±dayi½su. Atheko paribb±jako t±ya saddhi½ vippaµipajji. S± tena gabbha½ gaºhi. Ta½ gabbhini½ disv± paribb±jak± nikka¹¹hi½su. S± aññattha gacchant² antar±magge sabh±ya½ vij±yi. Tenassa sabhiyotveva n±ma½ ak±si. So va¹¹hitv± paribb±jakapabbajja½ pabbajitv± n±n±satth±ni uggahetv± mah±v±d² hutv± v±dappasuto vicaranto attan± sadisa½ adisv± nagaradv±re assama½ k±retv± khattiyakum±r±dayo sippa½ sikkh±pento viharanto attano m±tuy± itthibh±va½ jigucchitv± jh±na½ upp±detv± brahmaloke uppann±ya abhisaªkharitv± dinne v²satipañhe gahetv± te te samaºabr±hmaºe pucchi. Te cassa tesa½ pañh±na½ attha½ by±k±tu½ n±sakkhi½su. Sabhiyasuttavaººan±ya½ (su. ni. aµµha. 2. sabhiyasuttavaººan±) pana “suddh±v±sabrahm± te pañhe abhisaªkharitv± ad±s²”ti ±gata½.
Yad± pana bhagav± pavattavaradhammacakko anupubbena r±jagaha½ ±gantv± ve¼uvane vih±si, tad± sabhiyo tattha gantv± satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± te pañhe pucchi. Satth± tassa te pañhe by±k±s²ti sabba½ sabhiyasutte (su. ni. sabhiyasutta½) ±gatanayena veditabba½. Sabhiyo pana bhagavat± tesu pañhesu by±katesu paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.46.27-31)–
“Kakusandhassa munino, br±hmaºassa vus²mato;
div±vih±ra½ vajato, akkamanamad±saha½.
“Imasmi½yeva kappamhi, ya½ d±namadadi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, akkamanassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arah± pana hutv± devadatte saªghabhed±ya parakkamante devadattapakkhik±na½ bhikkh³na½ ov±da½ dento–
275. “pare ca na vij±nanti, mayamettha yam±mase;
ye ca tattha vij±nanti, tato sammanti medhag±.
276. “Yad± ca avij±nant±, iriyantyamar± viya;
vij±nanti ca ye dhamma½, ±turesu an±tur±.
277. “Ya½ kiñci sithila½ kamma½, sa½kiliµµhañca ya½ vata½;
saªkassara½ brahmacariya½, na ta½ hoti mahapphala½.
278. “Yassa sabrahmac±r²su, g±ravo n³palabbhati;
±rak± hoti saddhamm±, nabha½ puthaviy± yath±”ti.–

Cat³hi g±th±hi dhamma½ desesi.

Tattha pareti paº¹ite µhapetv± tato aññe– “adhamma½ dhammo”ti “dhamma½ adhammo”ti-±dibhedakaravatthud²panavasena viv±dappasut± pare n±ma. Te tattha viv±da½ karont± “maya½ yam±mase uparam±ma nass±ma satata½ samita½ maccusantika½ gacch±m±”ti na j±nanti. Ye ca tattha vij±nant²ti ye tattha paº¹it±– “maya½ maccusam²pa½ gacch±m±”ti vij±nanti. Tato sammanti medhag±ti evañhi te j±nant± yonisomanasik±ra½ upp±detv± medhag±na½ kalah±na½ v³pasam±ya paµipajjanti. Atha nesa½ t±ya paµipattiy± te medhag± sammanti. Atha v± pare c±ti ye satthu ov±d±nus±saniy± aggahaºena s±sanato b±hirat±ya pare, te y±va “maya½ micch±g±ha½ gahetv± ettha idha loke s±sanassa paµinigg±hena yam±mase v±yam±m±”ti na vij±nanti, t±va viv±d± na v³pasammanti, yad± pana tassa g±hassa vissajjanavasena ye ca tattha tesu viv±dappasutesu adhammadhamm±dike adhammadhamm±dito yath±bh³ta½ vij±nanti, tato tesa½ santik± te paº¹itapurise niss±ya viv±dasaªkh±t± medhag± sammant²ti evampettha attho veditabbo.
Yad±ti yasmi½ k±le. Avij±nant±ti viv±dassa v³pasam³p±ya½, dhamm±dhamme v± y±th±vato aj±nant±. Iriyantyamar± viy±ti amar± viya jar±maraºa½ atikkant± viya uddhat± unna¼± capal± mukhar± vippakiººav±c± hutv± vattanti caranti vicaranti tad± viv±do na v³pasammateva. Vij±nanti ca ye dhamma½, ±turesu an±tur±ti ye pana satthu s±sanadhamma½ yath±bh³ta½ j±nanti, te kilesarogena ±turesu sattesu an±tur± nikkiles± an²gh± viharanti, tesa½ vasena viv±do accantameva v³pasammat²ti adhipp±yo.
Ya½ kiñci sithila½ kammanti oliyitv± karaºena sithilag±ha½ katv± s±thalibh±vena kata½ ya½ kiñci kusalakamma½. Sa½kiliµµhanti ves²-±dike agocare caraºena, kuhan±dimicch±j²vena v± sa½kiliµµha½ vatasam±d±na½. Saªkassaranti saªk±hi saritabba½, vih±re kiñci as±ruppa½ sutv±– “n³na asukena katan”ti parehi asaªkitabba½, uposathakicc±d²su aññatarakiccavasena sannipatitampi saªgha½ disv±, “addh± ime mama cariya½ ñatv± ma½ ukkhipituk±m± sannipatit±”ti eva½ attano v± ±saªk±hi sarita½ usaªkita½ parisaªkita½. Na ta½ hot²ti ta½ evar³pa½ brahmacariya½ samaºadhammakaraºa½ tassa puggalassa mahapphala½ na hoti. Tassa amahapphalabh±veneva paccayad±yak±nampissa na mahapphala½ hoti. Tasm± sallekhavuttin± bhavitabba½. Sallekhavuttino ca viv±dassa avasaro eva natth²ti adhipp±yo.
G±ravo n³palabbhat²ti anus±saniy± apadakkhiºagg±hibh±vena garuk±tabbesu sabrahmac±r²su yassa puggalassa g±ravo garukaraºa½ na vijjati. ¾rak± hoti saddhamm±ti so evar³po puggalo paµipattisaddhammatopi paµivedhasaddhammatopi d³re hoti, na hi ta½ gar³ sikkh±penti, asikkhiyam±no an±diyanto na paµipajjati, appaµipajjanto kuto sacc±ni paµivijjhissat²ti. Ten±ha– “±rak± hoti saddhamm±”ti. Yath± ki½? “Nabha½ puthaviy± yath±”ti yath± nabha½ ±k±sa½ puthaviy± pathav²dh±tuy± sabh±vato d³re. Na kad±ci sammissabh±vo. Tenev±ha–
“Nabhañca d³re pathav² ca d³re, p±ra½ samuddassa tad±hu d³re;
tato have d³ratara½ vadanti, satañca dhammo asatañca r±j±”ti.(J±. 2.21.414).

Sabhiyattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.