8. Vakkalittherag±th±vaººan±

V±tarog±bhin²toti-±dik± ±yasmato vakkalittherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto satthu santika½ gacchantehi up±sakehi saddhi½ vih±ra½ gantv± parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ saddh±dhimutt±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± sayampi ta½ µh±na½ patthento satt±ha½ mah±d±na½ datv± paºidh±na½ ak±si. Satth± tassa anantar±yata½ disv± by±kari.
Sopi y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto amh±ka½ satthu k±le s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºakule nibbatti, vakkal²tissa n±ma½ aka½su. So vuddhippatto tayo vede uggaºhitv± br±hmaºasippesu nipphatti½ gato satth±ra½ disv± r³pak±yassa sampattidassanena atitto satth±r± saddhi½yeva vicarati. “Ag±ramajjhe vasanto niccak±la½ satth±ra½ daµµhu½ na labhiss±m²”ti satthu santike pabbajitv± µhapetv± bhojanavela½ sar²rakiccak±lañca sesak±le yattha µhitena sakk± dasabala½ passitu½, tattha µhito añña½ kicca½ pah±ya bhagavanta½ olokentova viharati. Satth± tassa ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ±gamento bahuk±la½ tasmi½ r³padassaneneva vicarante kiñci avatv± punekadivasa½ “ki½ te, vakkali, imin± p³tik±yena diµµhena? Yo kho, vakkali, dhamma½ passati, so ma½ passati. Yo ma½ passati, so dhamma½ passati. Dhammañhi, vakkali, passanto ma½ passati, ma½ passanto dhamma½ passat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.87) ±ha.
Satthari eva½ vadantepi thero satthu dassana½ pah±ya aññattha gantu½ na sakkoti. Tato satth± “n±ya½ bhikkhu sa½vega½ alabhitv± bujjhissat²”ti vass³pan±yikadivase “apehi, vakkal²”ti thera½ paº±mesi. So satth±r± paº±mito sammukhe µh±tu½ asakkonto “ki½ mayha½ j²vitena, yoha½ satth±ra½ daµµhu½ na labh±m²”ti gijjhak³µapabbate pap±taµµh±na½ abhiruhi. Satth± tassa ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± “aya½ bhikkhu mama santik± ass±sa½ alabhanto maggaphal±na½ upanissaya½ n±seyy±”ti att±na½ dassetu½ obh±sa½ vissajjento–
“P±mojjabahulo bhikkhu, pasanno buddhas±sane;
adhigacche pada½ santa½, saªkh±r³pasama½ sukhan”ti. (Dha. pa. 381)–

G±tha½ vatv± “ehi, vakkal²”ti hattha½ pas±resi. Thero “dasabalo me diµµho, ‘eh²’ti avh±nampi laddhan”ti balavap²tisomanassa½ upp±detv± “kuto ±gacch±m²”ti attano gamanabh±va½ aj±nitv± satthu sammukhe ±k±se pakkhandanto paµhamap±dena pabbate µhitoyeva satth±r± vuttag±tha½ ±vajjento ±k±seyeva p²ti½ vikkhambhetv± saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puº²ti aªguttaraµµhakath±ya½ (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.208) dhammapadavaººan±yañca (dha. pa. aµµha. 2.381) ±gata½.

Idha pana eva½ vadanti– “ki½ te, vakkal²”ti-±din± satth±r± ovadito gijjhak³µe viharanto vipassana½ paµµhapesi, tassa saddh±ya balavabh±vato eva vipassan± v²thi½ na otarati, bhagav± ta½ ñatv± kammaµµh±na½ sodhetv± ad±si. Puna vipassana½ matthaka½ p±petu½ n±sakkhiyeva, athassa ±h±ravekallena v±t±b±dho uppajji, ta½ v±t±b±dhena p²¼iyam±na½ ñatv± bhagav± tattha gantv± pucchanto–
350. “V±tarog±bhin²to tva½, vihara½ k±nane vane;
paviddhagocare l³khe, katha½ bhikkhu karissas²”ti.–

¾ha. Ta½ sutv± thero–

351. “P²tisukhena vipulena, pharam±no samussaya½;
l³khampi abhisambhonto, vihariss±mi k±nane.
352. “Bh±vento satipaµµh±ne, indriy±ni bal±ni ca;
bojjhaªg±ni ca bh±vento, vihariss±mi k±nane.
353. “¾raddhav²riye pahitatte, nicca½ da¼haparakkame;
samagge sahite disv±, vihariss±mi k±nane.
354. “Anussaranto sambuddha½, agga½ danta½ sam±hita½;
atandito rattindiva½, vihariss±mi k±nane”ti.–

Catasso g±th± abh±si.

Tattha v±tarog±bhin²toti v±t±b±dhena aseribh±va½ upan²to, v±taby±dhin± abhibh³to. Tvanti thera½ ±lapati. Viharanti tena iriy±pathavih±rena viharanto. K±nane vaneti k±nanabh³te vane, mah±-araññeti attho. Paviddhagocareti vissaµµhagocare dullabhapaccaye. V±tarogassa sapp±y±na½ sappi-±dibhesajj±na½ abh±vena pharusabh³mibh±gat±ya ca l³khe l³khaµµh±ne. Katha½ bhikkhu karissas²ti bhikkhu tva½ katha½ viharissas²ti bhagav± pucchi.
Ta½ sutv± thero nir±misap²tisomanass±din± attano sukhavih±ra½ pak±sento “p²tisukhen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha p²tisukhen±ti ubbegalakkhaº±ya pharaºalakkhaº±ya ca p²tiy± ta½sampayuttasukhena ca. Ten±ha “vipulen±”ti u¼±ren±ti attho. Pharam±no samussayanti yath±vuttap²tisukhasamuµµhitehi paº²tehi r³pehi sakala½ k±ya½ phar±pento nirantara½ phuµa½ karonto. L³khampi abhisambhontoti araññ±v±sajanita½ sallekhavuttihetuka½ dussahampi paccayal³kha½ abhibhavanto adhiv±sento. Vihariss±mi k±naneti jh±nasukhena vipassan±sukhena ca araññ±yatane vihariss±m²ti attho. Ten±ha– “sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedesin”ti (p±r±. 11).
“Yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
labhat² p²tip±mojja½, amata½ ta½ vij±natan”ti ca. (Dha. pa. 374).
Bh±vento satipaµµh±neti maggapariy±panne k±y±nupassan±dike catt±ro satipaµµh±ne upp±dento va¹¹hento ca. Indriy±n²ti maggapariy±pann±ni eva saddh±d²ni pañcindriy±ni. Bal±n²ti tath± saddh±d²ni pañca bal±ni. Bojjhaªg±n²ti tath± satisambojjhaªg±d²ni satta bojjhaªg±ni. Ca-saddena sammappadh±na-iddhip±damaggaªg±ni saªgaºh±ti. Tadavin±bh±vato hi taggahaºeneva tesa½ gahaºa½ hoti. Vihariss±m²ti yath±vutte bodhipakkhiyadhamme bh±vento maggasukhena tadadhigamasiddhena phalasukhena nibb±nasukhena ca vihariss±mi.
¾raddhav²riyeti catubbidhasammappadh±navasena paggahitav²riye. Pahitatteti nibb±na½ patipesitacitte. Nicca½ da¼haparakkameti sabbak±la½ asithilav²riye. Aviv±davasena k±yas±maggid±navasena ca samagge. Diµµhis²las±maññena sahite sabrahmac±r² disv±. Etena kaly±ºamittasampatti½ dasseti.
Anussaranto sambuddhanti samm± s±ma½ sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± samm±sambuddha½ sabbasattuttamat±ya, agga½ uttamena damathena danta½, anuttarasam±dhin± sam±hita½ atandito analaso hutv±, rattindiva½ sabbak±la½ “itipi so bhagav± arahan”ti-±din± anussaranto vihariss±mi. Etena buddh±nussatibh±van±ya yutt±k±radassanena sabbattha kammaµµh±n±nuyogam±ha, purimena p±rih±riyakammaµµh±n±nuyoga½.
Eva½ pana vatv± thero vipassana½ ussukk±petv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.54.28-65)–
“Ito satasahassamhi, kappe uppajji n±yako;
anoman±mo amito, n±mena padumuttaro.
“Padum±k±ravadano, padum±malasucchav²;
loken±nupalittova, toyena paduma½ yath±.
“V²ro padumapattakkho, kanto ca paduma½ yath±;
padumuttaragandhova, tasm± so padumuttaro.
“Lokajeµµho ca nimm±no, andh±na½ nayan³pamo;
santaveso guºanidhi, karuº±matis±garo.
“Sa kad±ci mah±v²ro, brahm±surasuraccito;
sadevamanuj±kiººe, janamajjhe jinuttamo.
“Vadanena sugandhena, madhurena rutena ca;
rañjaya½ parisa½ sabba½, santhav² s±vaka½ saka½.
“Saddh±dhimutto sumati, mama dassanal±laso;
natthi et±diso añño, yath±ya½ bhikkhu vakkali.
“Tad±ha½ ha½savatiya½, nagare br±hmaºatrajo;
hutv± sutv± ca ta½ v±kya½, ta½ µh±namabhirocayi½.
“Sas±vaka½ ta½ vimala½, nimantetv± tath±gata½;
satt±ha½ bhojayitv±na, dussehacch±dayi½ tad±.
“Nipacca siras± tassa, anantaguºas±gare;
nimuggo p²tisampuººo, ida½ vacanamabravi½.
“Yo so tay± santhavito, ito sattamake muni;
bhikkhu saddh±vata½ aggo, t±diso homaha½ mune.
“Eva½ vutte mah±v²ro, an±varaºadassano;
ima½ v±kya½ ud²resi, paris±ya mah±muni.
“Passatheta½ m±ºavaka½, p²tamaµµhaniv±sana½;
hemayaññopacitaªga½, jananettamanohara½.
“Eso an±gataddh±ne, gotamassa mahesino;
aggo saddh±dhimutt±na½, s±vakoya½ bhavissati.
“Devabh³to manusso v±, sabbasant±pavajjito;
sabbabhogapariby³¼ho, sukhito sa½sarissati.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
vakkali n±ma n±mena, hessati satthu s±vako.
“Tena kammavisesena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Sabbattha sukhito hutv±, sa½saranto bhav±bhave;
s±vatthiya½ pure j±to, kule aññatare aha½.
“Non²tasukhum±la½ ma½, j±tapallavakomala½;
manda½ utt±nasayana½, pis±cabhayatajjit±.
“P±dam³le mahesissa, s±yesu½ d²nam±nas±;
ima½ dad±ma te n±tha, saraºa½ hohi n±yaka.
“Tad± paµiggahi so ma½, bh²t±na½ saraºo muni;
j±lin± cakkaªkitena, mudukomalap±ºin±.
“Tad± pabhuti ten±ha½, arakkheyyena rakkhito;
sabbaveravinimutto, sukhena parivuddhito.
“Sugatena vin± bh³to, ukkaºµh±mi muhuttaka½;
j±tiy± sattavassoha½, pabbaji½ anag±riya½.
“Sabbap±ramisambh³ta½ n²lakkhinayana½ vara½;
r³pa½ sabbasubh±kiººa½, atitto vihar±maha½.
“Buddhar³parati½ ñatv±, tad± ovadi ma½ jino;
ala½ vakkali ki½ r³pe, ramase b±lanandite.
“Yo hi passati saddhamma½, so ma½ passati paº¹ito;
apassam±no saddhamma½, ma½ passampi na passati.
“Anant±d²navo k±yo, visarukkhasam³pamo;
±v±so sabbarog±na½, puñjo dukkhassa kevalo.
“Nibbindiya tato r³pe, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
passa upakkiles±na½, sukhenanta½ gamissasi.
“Eva½ ten±nusiµµhoha½, n±yakena hitesin±;
gijjhak³µa½ sam±ruyha, jh±y±mi girikandare.
“Ýhito pabbatap±damhi, ass±sayi mah±muni;
vakkal²ti jino v±ca½, ta½ sutv± mudito aha½.
“Pakkhandi½ selapabbh±re, anekasataporise;
tad± buddh±nubh±vena, sukheneva mahi½ gato.
“Punopi dhamma½ deseti, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
tamaha½ dhammamaññ±ya, arahattamap±puºi½.
“Sumah±parisamajjhe, tad± ma½ caraºantago;
agga½ saddh±dhimutt±na½, paññapesi mah±mati.
“Satasahassito kappe, ya½ kammamakari½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± añña½ by±karontopi thero im± eva g±th± abh±si; atha na½ satth± bhikkhusaªghamajjhe nisinno saddh±dhimutt±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti;

vakkalittherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;