5. Pañcakanip±to

1. R±jadattattherag±th±vaººan±

Pañcakanip±te bhikkhu sivathika½ gantv±ti-±dik± ±yasmato r±jadattattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro, tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ puñña½ upacinanto, ito catuddase kappe buddhasuññe loke kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto, ekadivasa½ kenacideva karaº²yena vananta½ upagato tattha aññatara½ paccekabuddha½ rukkham³le nisinna½ disv± pasannam±naso suparisuddha½ amb±µakaphala½ ad±si. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ satthav±hakule nibbatti. Tassa mah±r±ja½ vessavaºa½ ±r±dhetv± paµiladdhabh±vato m±t±pitaro r±jadattoti n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto pañcahi sakaµasatehi bhaº¹a½ ±d±ya v±ºijjavasena r±jagaha½ agam±si. Tena ca samayena r±jagahe aññatar± gaºik± abhir³p± dassan²y± paramasobhaggayogato divase divase sahassa½ labhati. Atha so satthav±haputto divase divase tass± gaºik±ya sahassa½ datv± sa½v±sa½ kappento nacirasseva sabba½ dhana½ khepetv± duggato hutv± gh±sacch±danamattampi alabhanto ito cito ca paribbhamanto sa½vegappatto ahosi. So ekadivasa½ up±sakehi saddhi½ ve¼uvana½ agam±si.
Tena ca samayena satth± mahatiy± paris±ya parivuto dhamma½ desento nisinno hoti. So parisapariyante nis²ditv± satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± dhutaªg±ni sam±diyitv± sus±ne vasati. Tad± aññataropi satthav±haputto sahassa½ datv± t±ya gaºik±ya saha vasati. S± ca gaºik± tassa hatthe mahaggharatana½ disv± lobha½ upp±detv± aññehi dhuttapurisehi ta½ m±r±petv± ta½ ratana½ gaºhi. Atha tassa satthav±haputtassa manuss± ta½ pavatti½ sutv± ocarakamanusse pesesu½. Te rattiya½ tass± gaºik±ya ghara½ pavisitv± chavi-±d²ni anupahacceva ta½ m±retv± sivathik±ya cha¹¹esu½. R±jadattatthero asubhanimitta½ gahetu½ sus±ne vicaranto tass± gaºik±ya ka¼evara½ paµikkulato manasi k±tu½ upagato katipayav±re yoniso manasi katv± aciramatabh±vato soºasiªg±l±d²hi anupahatachavit±ya visabh±gavatthut±ya ca ayoniso manasikaronto, tattha k±mar±ga½ upp±detv± sa½viggataram±naso attano citta½ paribh±sitv± muhutta½ ekamanta½ apasakkitv± ±dito upaµµhita½ asubhanimittameva gahetv± yoniso manasikaronto jh±na½ upp±detv± ta½ jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± t±vadeva arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.44.55-59)–
“Vipine buddha½ disv±na, sayambhu½ apar±jita½;
amb±µaka½ gahetv±na, sayambhussa ad±saha½.
“Ekati½se ito kappe, ya½ phalamadadi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, phalad±nassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± p²tisomanassaj±to–
315. “bhikkhu sivathika½ gantv±, addasa itthimujjhita½;
apaviddha½ sus±nasmi½, khajjanti½ kimih² phuµa½.
316. “Yañhi eke jigucchanti, mata½ disv±na p±paka½;
k±mar±go p±turahu, andhova savat² ahu½.
317. “Ora½ odanap±kamh±, tamh± µh±n± apakkami½;
satim± sampaj±noha½, ekamanta½ up±visi½.
318. “Tato me manas²k±ro, yoniso udapajjatha;
±d²navo p±turahu, nibbid± samatiµµhatha.
319. “Tato citta½ vimucci me, passa dhammasudhammata½;
tisso vijj± anuppatt±, kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti.–

Im± pañca g±th± abh±si.

Tattha bhikkhu sivathika½ gantv±ti sa½s±re bhayassa ikkhanato bhikkhu, asubhakammaµµh±nattha½ ±makasus±na½ upagantv±. “Bhikkh³”ti ceta½ att±na½ sandh±ya thero saya½ vadati. Itthinti th²yati ettha sukkasoºita½ sattasant±nabh±vena sa½haññat²ti th², m±tug±mo. Evañca sabh±vaniruttivasena “itth²”tipi vuccati. Vañjh±d²su pana ta½sadisat±ya ta½sabh±v±nativattanato ca tabboh±ro. “Itth²”ti itthika¼evara½ vadati. Ujjhitanti pariccatta½ ujjhaniyatt± eva apaviddha½ anapekkhabh±vena khitta½. Khajjanti½ kimih² phuµanti kim²hi p³rita½ hutv± khajjam±na½.
Yañhi eke jigucchanti, mata½ disv±na p±pakanti ya½ apagat±yu-usm±viññ±ºat±ya mata½ ka¼evara½ p±paka½ nih²na½ l±maka½ eke cokkhaj±tik± jigucchanti, oloketumpi na icchanti. K±mar±go p±turah³ti tasmi½ kuºape ayonisomanasik±rassa balavat±ya k±mar±go mayha½ p±turahosi uppajji. Andhova savat² ahunti tasmi½ ka¼evare navahi dv±rehi asuci½ savati sandante asucibh±vassa adassanena andho viya ahosi½. Ten±ha–
“Ratto attha½ na j±n±ti, ratto dhamma½ na passati;
andhatama½ tad± hoti, ya½ r±go sahate naran”ti ca.
“K±macchando kho, br±hmaºa, andhakaraºo acakkhukaraºo”ti ca ±di. Keci panettha tak±r±gama½ katv± “kilesapariyuµµh±nena avasavatti kilesassa v± vasavatt²”ti attha½ vadanti. Apare “andhova asati ahun”ti p±¼i½ vatv± “k±mar±gena andho eva hutv± satirahito ahosin”ti attha½ vadanti. Tadubhaya½ pana p±¼iya½ natthi.
Ora½ odanap±kamh±ti odanap±kato ora½, y±vat± k±lena suparidhotatintataº¹ulan±¼iy± odana½ pacati, tato orameva k±la½, tatopi lahuk±lena r±ga½ vinodento, tamh± µh±n± apakkami½ yasmi½ µh±ne µhitassa me r±go uppajji, tamh± µh±n± apakkami½ apasakki½. Apakkantova satim± sampaj±noha½ samaºasañña½ upaµµhapetv± satipaµµh±namanasik±ravasena satim±, sammadeva dhammasabh±vaj±nanena sampaj±no ca hutv± ekamanta½ up±visi½, pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± nis²di½. Nisinnassa ca tato me manas²k±ro, yoniso udapajjath±ti-±di sabba½ heµµh± vuttanayamev±ti.

R±jadattattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.