12. Muditattherag±th±vaººan±

Pabbajinti-±dik± ±yasmato muditattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto vipassissa bhagavato k±le kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto ekadivasa½ satth±ra½ disv± pasannam±naso eka½ mañcamad±si. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de kosalaraµµhe gahapatikule nibbattitv± muditoti laddhan±mo viññuta½ p±puºi. Tena ca samayena ta½ kula½ raññ± kenacideva karaº²yena palibuddha½ ahosi. Mudito r±jabhay±bh²to pal±yitv± arañña½ paviµµho aññatarassa kh²º±savattherassa vasanaµµh±na½ upagacchi. Thero tassa bh²tabh±va½ ñatv± “m± bh±y²”ti samass±sesi. So “kittakena nu kho, bhante, k±lena ida½ me bhaya½ v³pasamessat²”ti pucchitv± “sattaµµham±se atikkamitv±”ti vutte– “ettaka½ k±la½ adhiv±setu½ na sakkomi, pabbajiss±maha½, bhante, pabb±jetha man”ti j²vitarakkhaºattha½ pabbajja½ y±ci. Thero ta½ pabb±jesi. So pabbajitv± s±sane paµiladdhasaddho bhaye v³pasantepi samaºadhamma½yeva rocento kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto– “arahatta½ appatv± imasm± vasanagabbh± bahi na nikkhamiss±m²”ti-±din± paµiñña½ katv± vipassana½ ussukk±petv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.36.30-33)–
“Vipassino bhagavato, lokajeµµhassa t±dino;
eka½ mañca½ may± dinna½, pasannena sap±ºin±.
“Hatthiy±na½ assay±na½, dibbay±na½ samajjhaga½;
tena mañcakad±nena, pattomhi ±savakkhaya½.
“Ekanavutito kappe, ya½ mañcamadadi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, mañcad±nassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± vimuttisukha½ paµisa½vedento sah±yabhikkh³hi adhigata½ pucchito attano paµipann±k±ra½ kathento–
311. “pabbaji½ j²vikatthoha½, laddh±na upasampada½;
tato saddha½ paµilabhi½, da¼hav²riyo parakkami½.
312. “K±ma½ bhijjatuya½ k±yo, ma½sapes² vis²yaru½;
ubho jaººukasandh²hi, jaªgh±yo papatantu me.
313. “N±sissa½ na piviss±mi, vih±r± ca na nikkhame;
napi passa½ nip±tessa½, taºh±salle an³hate.
314. “Tassa meva½ viharato, passa v²riyaparakkama½;
tisso vijj± anuppatt±, kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti.–

Catasso g±th± abh±si.

Tattha j²vikatthoti j²vik±ya atthiko j²vikappayojano. “Ettha pabbajitv± nibbhayo sukhena akilamanto j²viss±m²”ti eva½ j²vikatth±ya pabbajinti attho. Laddh±na upasampadanti paµhama½ s±maºerapabbajj±ya½ µhito ñatticatutthena kammena upasampada½ labhitv±. Tato saddha½ paµilabhinti tato upasampannak±lato paµµh±ya kaly±ºamitte sevanto dve m±tik±, tisso anumodan±, ekacca½ sutta½, samathakammaµµh±na½, vipassan±vidhiñca uggaºhanto buddh±d²na½ mah±nubh±vata½ disv±– “samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to dhammo, suppaµipanno saªgho”ti ratanattaye saddha½ paµilabhi½. Da¼hav²riyo parakkaminti eva½ paµiladdhasaddho hutv± vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto nacirasseva saccapaµivedh±ya da¼hav²riyo thirav²riyo hutv± parakkami½, akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upasampad±ya sammadeva padahi½.
Yath± pana parakkami½, ta½ dassetu½ “k±man”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha k±manti yath±k±ma½ eka½sato v± bhijjatu. Aya½ k±yoti aya½ mama p³tik±yo, imin± v²riyapat±pena bhijjati ce, bhijjatu chinnabhinna½ hotu. Ma½sapes² vis²yarunti imin± da¼haparakkamena imasm± k±y± ma½sapesiyo vis²yanti ce, vis²yantu ito cito viddha½santu. Ubho jaººukasandh²hi, jaªgh±yo papatantu meti ubhohi jaººukasandh²hi saha mama ubho jaªgh±yo satthiyo ³rubandhato bhijjitv± bh³miya½ papatantu. “Man”tipi p±µho, so evattho. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanayameva.

Muditattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Catukkanip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.