6. N±gitattherag±th±vaººan±

Ito bahiddh± puthu-aññav±dinanti ±yasmato n±gitattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le n±rado n±ma br±hmaºo hutv± ekadivasa½ m±¼ake nisinno bhagavanta½ bhikkhusaªghena purakkhata½ gacchanta½ disv± pasannam±naso t²hi g±th±hi abhitthavi. So tena puññakammena devaloke nibbattitv± apar±para½ puññ±ni katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de kapilavatthunagare sakyar±jakule nibbatti, n±gitotissa n±ma½ ahosi. So bhagavati kapilavatthusmi½ viharante madhupiº¹ikasutta½ (ma. ni. 1.199 ±dayo) sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.14.47-54)–
“Vis±lam±¼e ±s²no, addasa½ lokan±yaka½;
kh²º±sava½ balappatta½, bhikkhusaªghapurakkhata½.
“Satasahass± tevijj±, cha¼abhiññ± mahiddhik±;
pariv±renti sambuddha½, ko disv± nappas²dati.
“ѱºe upanidh± yassa, na vijjati sadevake;
anantañ±ºa½ sambuddha½, ko disv± nappas²dati.
“Dhammak±yañca d²penta½, kevala½ ratan±kara½;
vikappetu½ na sakkonti, ko disv± nappas²dati.
“Im±hi t²hi g±th±hi, n±radovhayavacchalo;
padumuttara½ thavitv±na, sambuddha½ apar±jita½.
“Tena cittappas±dena, buddhasanthavanena ca;
kapp±na½ satasahassa½, duggati½ nupapajjaha½.
“Ito ti½sakappasate, sumitto n±ma khattiyo;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± satthu avitathadesanata½ dhammassa ca niyy±nikata½ niss±ya sañj±tap²tisomanasso p²tivegappavissaµµha½ ud±na½ ud±nento–
86. “ito bahiddh± puthu-aññav±dina½, maggo na nibb±nagamo yath± aya½;
itissu saªgha½ bhagav±nus±sati, satth± saya½ p±ºitaleva dassayan”ti.–

G±tha½ abh±si.

Tattha ito bahiddh±ti imasm± buddhas±san± b±hirake samaye, ten±ha “puthu-aññav±dinan”ti, n±n±titthiy±nanti attho. Maggo na nibb±nagamo yath± ayanti yath± aya½ ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo eka½sena nibb±na½ gacchat²ti nibb±nagamo, nibb±nag±m², eva½ nibb±nagamo maggo titthiyasamaye natthi asamm±sambuddhappaveditatt± aññatitthiyav±dassa. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Idheva bhikkhave, samaºo, idha dutiyo samaºo, idha tatiyo samaºo, idha catuttho samaºo, suññ± parappav±d± samaºebhi aññeh²”ti (d². ni. 2.214; ma. ni. 1.139; a. ni. 4.241).
It²ti eva½. Ass³ti nip±tamatta½. Saªghanti bhikkhusaªgha½, ukkaµµhaniddesoya½ yath± “satth± devamanuss±nan”ti. Saªghanti v± sam³ha½, veneyyajananti adhipp±yo. Bhagav±ti bh±gyavantat±d²hi k±raºehi bhagav±, ayamettha saªkhepo. Vitth±ro pana paramatthad²paniya½ itivuttakavaººan±ya½ vuttanayena veditabbo. Satth±ti diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ anus±sat²ti satth±. Sayanti sayameva. Ayañhettha attho– “s²l±dikkhandhattayasaªgaho samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ aµµhanna½ aªg±na½ vasena aµµhaªgiko nibb±nag±m² ariyamaggo yath± mama s±sane atthi, eva½ b±hirakasamaye maggo n±ma natth²”ti s²han±da½ nadanto amh±ka½ satth± bhagav± sayameva sayambh³ñ±ºena ñ±ta½, sayameva v± mah±karuº±sañcodito hutv± attano desan±vil±sasampattiy± hatthatale ±malaka½ viya dassento bhikkhusaªgha½ veneyyajanata½ anus±sati ovadat²ti.

N±gitattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.