4. N²tattherag±th±vaººan±

Sabbaratti½ supitv±n±ti ±yasmato n²tattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le sunando n±ma br±hmaºo hutv± anekasate br±hmaºe mante v±cento v±japeyya½ n±ma yañña½ yaji, bhagav± ta½ br±hmaºa½ anukampanto yaññaµµh±na½ gantv± ±k±se caªkami. Br±hmaºo satth±ra½ disv± pasannam±naso sissehi pupph±ni ±har±petv± ±k±se khipitv± p³ja½ ak±si. Buddh±nubh±vena ta½ µh±na½ sakalañca nagara½ pupphapaµavit±nika½ viya ch±dita½ ahosi. Mah±jano satthari u¼±ra½ p²tisomanassa½ paµisa½vedesi. Sunandabr±hmaºo tena kusalam³lena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ aññatarassa br±hmaºassa putto hutv± nibbatti, n²totissa n±ma½ ahosi. So viññuta½ patto “ime samaº± sakyaputtiy± sukhas²l± sukhasam±c±r± subhojan±ni bhuñjitv± niv±tesu sen±sanesu viharanti, imesu pabbajitv± sukhena viharitu½ sakk±”ti sukh±bhil±s±ya pabbajitv±va satthu santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± katip±hameva manasikaritv± ta½ cha¹¹etv± y±vadattha½ udar±vadehaka½ bhuñjitv± divasabh±ga½ saªgaºik±r±mo tiracch±nakath±ya v²tin±meti, rattibh±gepi thinamiddh±bhibh³to sabbaratti½ supati. Satth± tassa hetuparip±ka½ oloketv± ov±da½ dento–
84. “Sabbaratti½ supitv±na, div± saªgaºike rato;
kud±ssu n±ma dummedho, dukkhassanta½ karissat²”ti.– G±tha½ abh±si.
Tattha sabbarattinti sakala½ ratti½. Supitv±n±ti nidd±yitv±, “rattiy± paµhama½ y±ma½ caªkamena nisajj±ya ±varaº²yehi dhammehi citta½ parisodhet²”ti-±din± vutta½ j±gariya½ ananuyuñjitv± kevala½ rattiy± t²supi y±mesu nidda½ okkamitv±ti attho. Div±ti divasa½, sakala½ divasabh±ganti attho. Saªgaºiketi tiracch±nakathikehi k±yada¼hibahulapuggalehi sannisajj± saªgaºiko, tasmi½ rato abhirato tattha avigatacchando “saªgaºike rato”ti vutto “saªgaºik±rato”tipi p±¼i. Kud±ssu n±m±ti kud± n±ma. Ass³ti nip±tamatta½, kasmi½ n±ma k±leti attho. Dummedhoti nippañño. Dukkhass±ti vaµµadukkhassa. Antanti pariyos±na½. Accantameva anupp±da½ kad± n±ma karissati, edisassa dukkhassantakaraºa½ natth²ti attho. “Dummedha dukkhassanta½ karissas²”tipi p±¼i.
Eva½ pana satth±r± g±th±ya kathit±ya thero sa½vegaj±to vipassana½ paµµhapetv± nacirasseva arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.14.26-33)–
“Sunando n±ma n±mena, br±hmaºo mantap±rag³;
ajjh±yako y±cayogo, v±japeyya½ ay±jayi.
“Padumuttaro lokavid³, aggo k±ruºiko isi;
janata½ anukampanto, ambare caªkam² tad±.
“Caªkamitv±na sambuddho, sabbaññ³ lokan±yako;
mett±ya aphari satte, appam±ºe nir³padhi.
“Vaºµe chetv±na pupph±ni, br±hmaºo mantap±rag³;
sabbe sisse sam±netv±, ±k±se ukkhip±payi.
“Y±vat± nagara½ ±si, pupph±na½ chadana½ tad±;
buddhassa ±nubh±vena, satt±ha½ na vigacchatha.
“Teneva sukkam³lena, anubhotv±na sampad±;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, tiººo loke visattika½.
“Ek±rase kappasate, pañcati½s±su khattiy±;
ambara½sasan±m± te, cakkavatt² mahabbal±.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± thero añña½ by±karonto tameva g±tha½ paccud±h±si;

n²tattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;