3. S²hattherag±th±vaººan±

S²happamatto vihar±ti ±yasmato s²hattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? So kira purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro ito aµµh±rasakappasatamatthake atthadassissa bhagavato k±le candabh±g±ya nadiy± t²re kinnarayoniya½ nibbattitv± pupphabhakkho pupphanivasano hutv± viharanto ±k±sena gacchanta½ atthadassi½ bhagavanta½ disv± pasannacitto p³jetuk±mo añjali½ paggayha aµµh±si. Bhagav± tassa ajjh±saya½ ñatv± ±k±sato oruyha aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le pallaªkena nis²di. Kinnaro candanas±ra½ gha½sitv± candanagandhena pupphehi ca p³ja½ katv± vanditv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de mallar±jakule nibbatti, tassa s²hoti n±ma½ ahosi. So bhagavanta½ disv± pasannam±naso vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Satth± tassa ajjh±saya½ oloketv± dhamma½ kathesi. So dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± araññe viharati. Tassa citta½ n±n±rammaºe vidh±vati, ekagga½ na hoti, sakattha½ nipph±detu½ na sakkoti. Satth± ta½ disv± ±k±se µhatv±–
83. “S²happamatto vihara, rattindivamatandito;
bh±vehi kusala½ dhamma½, jaha s²gha½ samussayan”ti.–

G±th±ya ovadi. So g±th±vas±ne vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.14.17-25)–

“Candabh±g±nad²t²re, ahosi½ kinnaro tad±;
pupphabhakkho caha½ ±si½, pupphanivasano tath±.
“Atthadass² tu bhagav±, lokajeµµho nar±sabho;
vipinaggena niyy±si, ha½sar±j±va ambare.
“Namo te puris±jañña, citta½ te suvisodhita½;
pasannamukhavaººosi, vippasannamukhindriyo.
“Orohitv±na ±k±s±, bh³ripañño sumedhaso;
saªgh±µi½ pattharitv±na, pallaªkena up±visi.
“Vil²na½ candan±d±ya, agam±si½ jinantika½;
pasannacitto sumano, buddhassa abhiropayi½.
“Abhiv±detv±na sambuddha½, lokajeµµha½ nar±sabha½;
p±mojja½ janayitv±na, pakk±mi½ uttar±mukho.
“Aµµh±rase kappasate, candana½ ya½ ap³jayi½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Catuddase kappasate, ito ±si½su te tayo;
rohaº² n±ma n±mena, cakkavatt² mahabbal±.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
y± pana bhagavat± ov±davasena vutt± “s²happamatto”ti g±th±, tattha s²h±ti tassa therassa ±lapana½; appamatto vihar±ti satiy± avippav±sena pam±davirahito sabbiriy±pathesu satisampajaññayutto hutv± vihar±hi; id±ni ta½ appam±davih±ra½ saha phalena saªkhepato dassetu½ “rattindivan”ti-±di vutta½; tassattho– rattibh±ga½ divasabh±gañca “caªkamena nisajj±ya ±varaº²yehi dhammehi citta½ parisodhet²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.239; a. ni. 3.16; vibha. 519) vuttanayena catusammappadh±navasena atandito akus²to ±raddhav²riyo kusala½ samathavipassan±dhammañca lokuttaradhammañca bh±vehi upp±dehi va¹¹hehi ca, eva½ bh±vetv± ca jaha s²gha½ samussayanti tava samussaya½ attabh±va½ paµhama½ t±va tappaµibaddhachandar±gappah±nena s²gha½ nacirasseva pajaha, eva½bh³to ca pacch± carimakacittanirodhena anavasesato ca pajahissat²ti; arahatta½ pana patv± thero añña½ by±karonto tameva g±tha½ paccud±h±s²ti;

s²hattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;