5. Sus±radattherag±th±vaººan±

S±dhu suvihit±na dassananti ±yasmato sus±radattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? So kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± vijj±padesu nipphatti½ gantv± k±mesu ±d²nava½ disv± ghar±v±sa½ pah±ya t±pasapabbajja½ pabbajitv± himavantappadese araññ±yatane assama½ k±retv± vih±si. Atha na½ anuggaºhanto padumuttaro bhagav± bhikkh±c±ravel±ya½ upasaªkami. So d³ratova disv± pasannam±naso paccuggantv± patta½ gahetv± madhur±ni phal±ni pakkhipitv± ad±si. Bhagav± ta½ paµiggahetv± anumodana½ katv± pakk±mi. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de dhammasen±patino ñ±tibr±hmaºakule nibbattitv± mandapaññatt± sus±radoti gahitan±mo aparabh±ge dhammasen±patissa santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.13.75-83)–
“Ajjh±yako mantadharo, tiººa½ ved±na p±rag³;
himavantass±vid³re, vas±mi assame aha½.
“Aggihuttañca me atthi, puº¹ar²kaphal±ni ca;
puµake nikkhipitv±na, dumagge laggita½ may±.
“Padumuttaro lokavid³, ±hut²na½ paµiggaho;
mamuddharituk±mo so, bhikkhanto mamup±gami.
“Pasannacitto sumano, phala½ buddhassad±saha½;
vittisañjanano mayha½, diµµhadhammasukh±vaho.
“Suvaººavaººo sambuddho, ±hut²na½ paµiggaho;
antalikkhe µhito satth±, ima½ g±tha½ abh±satha.
“Imin± phalad±nena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
kapp±na½ satasahassa½, duggati½ nupapajjasi.
“Teneva sukkam³lena, anubhotv±na sampad±;
pattomhi acala½ µh±na½, hitv± jayapar±jaya½.
“Ito sattasate kappe, r±j± ±si½ sumaªgalo;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± sappuris³panissay±nisa½sakittan±padesena añña½ by±karonto–
75. “s±dhu suvihit±na dassana½, kaªkh± chijjati buddhi va¹¹hati;
b±lampi karonti paº¹ita½, tasm± s±dhu sata½ sam±gamo”ti.–

G±tha½ abh±si.

Tattha s±dh³ti sundara½, bhaddakanti attho. Suvihit±na dassananti suvihit±na½ dassana½. G±th±sukhattha½ anusv±ralopo kato. S²l±diguºehi susa½vihitattabh±v±na½ par±nudday±ya suµµhu vihitadhammadesan±na½ ariy±na½ dassana½ s±dh³ti yojan±. “Dassanan”ti nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½ savan±d²nampi bahuk±ratt±. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Ye te bhikkh³ s²lasampann± sam±dhisampann± paññ±sampann± vimuttisampann± vimuttiñ±ºadassanasampann± ov±dak± viññ±pak± sandassak± sam±dapak± samuttejak± sampaha½sak± ala½samakkh±t±ro saddhammassa, dassanamp±ha½, bhikkhave, tesa½ bhikkh³na½ bah³pak±ra½ vad±mi, savana½…pe… upasaªkamana½…pe… payirup±sana½…pe… anussaraºa½…pe… anupabbajjamp±ha½, bhikkhave, tesa½ bhikkh³na½ bah³pak±ra½ vad±m²”ti (itivu. 104).
Dassanam³lakatt± v± itaresa½ dassanamevettha vutta½, kaªkh± chijjat²ti-±di tattha k±raºavacana½. T±dis±nañhi kaly±ºamitt±na½ dassane sati viññuj±tiko atthak±mo kulaputto te upasaªkamati payirup±sati “ki½, bhante, kusala½, ki½ akusalan”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.296) pañha½ pucchati. Te cassa anekavihitesu kaªkh±µµh±n²yesu kaªkha½ paµivinodenti, tena vutta½ “kaªkh± chijjat²”ti. Yasm± ca te dhammadesan±ya tesa½ kaªkha½ paµivinodetv± pubbabh±ge kammapathasamm±diµµhi½ vipassan±samm±diµµhiñca upp±denti, tasm± tesa½ buddhi va¹¹hati. Yad± pana te vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± sacc±ni paµivijjhanti, tad± so¼asavatthuk± aµµhavatthuk± ca vicikicch± chijjati samucchijjati, nippariy±yena paññ± buddhi va¹¹hati. B±lyasamatikkamanato te paº¹it± honti. So tehi buddhi½ va¹¹heti, b±lampi karonti paº¹itanti. Tasm±ti-±di nigamana½, yasm± s±dh³na½ dassana½ vuttanayena kaªkh± chijjati buddhi va¹¹hati, te b±la½ paº¹ita½ karonti, tasm± tena k±raºena s±dhu sundara½ sata½ sappuris±na½ ariy±na½ sam±gamo, tehi samodh±na½ samm± va¹¹hananti attho.

Sus±radattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.