3. M±ºavattherag±th±vaººan±

Jiººañca disv± dukhitañca by±dhitanti ±yasmato m±ºavattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinanto ito ekanavute kappe br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± lakkhaºadharo hutv± vipassissa bhagavato abhij±tiy± lakkhaº±ni pariggahetv± pubbanimitt±ni s±vetv±, “eka½sena aya½ buddho bhavissat²”ti by±karitv± n±n±nayehi thometv± abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi. So tena puññakammena sugat²suyeva sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºamah±s±lassa gehe nibbattitv± y±va sattavass±ni, t±va antoghareyeva va¹¹hitv± sattame sa½vacchare upanayanattha½ uyy±na½ n²to antar±magge jiºº±turamate disv± tesa½ adiµµhapubbatt± te parijane pucchitv± jar±rogamaraºasabh±va½ sutv± sañj±tasa½vego tato anivattanto vih±ra½ gantv± satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± m±t±pitaro anuj±n±petv± pabbajitv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± nacirasseva arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.13.41-64)–
“J±yam±ne vipassimhi, nimitta½ by±kari½ aha½;
nibb±payiñca janata½, buddho loke bhavissati.
“Yasmiñca j±yam±nasmi½, dasasahassi kampati;
so d±ni bhagav± satth±, dhamma½ deseti cakkhum±.
“Yasmiñca j±yam±nasmi½, ±loko vipulo ahu;
so d±ni bhagav± satth±, dhamma½ deseti cakkhum±.
“Yasmiñca j±yam±nasmi½, sarit±yo na sandayu½;
so d±ni bhagav± satth±, dhamma½ deseti cakkhum±.
“Yasmiñca j±yam±nasmi½, av²caggi na pajjali;
so d±ni bhagav± satth±, dhamma½ deseti cakkhum±.
“Yasmiñca j±yam±nasmi½, pakkhisaªgho na sañcari;
so d±ni bhagav± satth±, dhamma½ deseti cakkhum±.
“Yasmiñca j±yam±nasmi½, v±takkhandho na v±yati;
so d±ni bhagav± satth±, dhamma½ deseti cakkhum±.
“Yasmiñca j±yam±nasmi½, sabbaratan±ni jotayu½;
so d±ni bhagav± satth±, dhamma½ deseti cakkhum±.
“Yasmiñca j±yam±nasmi½, satt±su½ padavikkam±;
so d±ni bhagav± satth±, dhamma½ deseti cakkhum±.
“J±tamatto ca sambuddho, dis± sabb± vilokayi;
v±c±sabhimud²resi, es± buddh±na dhammat±.
“Sa½vejayitv± janata½, thavitv± lokan±yaka½;
sambuddha½ abhiv±detv±, pakk±mi½ p±cin±mukho.
“Ekanavutito kappe, ya½ buddhamabhithomayi½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, thoman±ya ida½ phala½.
“Ito navutikappamhi, sammukh±thavikavhayo;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Pathav²dundubhi n±ma, ek³nanavutimhito;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Aµµh±s²timhito kappe, obh±so n±ma khattiyo;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Satt±s²timhito kappe, saritacchedanavhayo;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Agginibb±pano n±ma, kapp±na½ cha¼as²tiy±;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Gatipacchedano n±ma, kapp±na½ pañcas²tiy±;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“R±j± v±tasamo n±ma, kapp±na½ cullas²tiy±;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Ratanapajjalo n±ma, kapp±na½ te-as²tiy±;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Padavikkamano n±ma, kapp±na½ dve-as²tiy±;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“R±j± vilokano n±ma, kapp±na½ ekas²tiy±;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Giras±roti n±mena, kappes²timhi khattiyo;
sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
adhigat±rahatto pana bhikkh³hi, “kena, tva½ ±vuso, sa½vegena atidaharova sam±no pabbajito”ti pucchito attano pabbajj±nimittakittan±padesena añña½ by±karonto–
73. “jiººañca disv± dukhitañca by±dhita½, matañca disv± gatam±yusaªkhaya½;
tato aha½ nikkhamit³na pabbaji½, pah±ya k±m±ni manoram±n²”ti.–

G±tha½ abh±si.

Tattha jiººanti jar±ya abhibh³ta½, khaº¹iccap±liccavalittacat±d²hi samaªg²bh³ta½. Dukhitanti dukkhappatta½. By±dhitanti gil±na½. Ettha ca “by±dhitan”ti vuttepi dukkhappattabh±vo siddho, “dukhitan”ti vacana½ tassa b±¼hagil±nabh±vaparid²panattha½. Matanti k±laªkata½, yasm± k±laªkato ±yuno khaya½ vaya½ bheda½ gato n±ma hoti, tasm± vutta½ “gatam±yusaªkhayan”ti. Tasm± jiººaby±dhimat±na½ diµµhatt±, “ime jar±dayo n±ma na imesa½yeva, atha kho sabbas±dh±raº±, tasm± ahampi jar±dike anativatto”ti sa½viggatt±. Nikkhamit³n±ti nikkhamitv±, ayameva v± p±µho. Pabbajj±dhipp±yena gharato niggantv±. Pabbajinti satthu s±sane pabbaja½ upagato. Pah±ya k±m±ni manoram±n²ti iµµhakant±dibh±vato av²tar±g±na½ mano rament²ti manorame vatthuk±me pajahitv±, tappaµibaddhassa chandar±gassa ariyamaggena samucchindanena nirapekkhabh±vena cha¹¹etv±ti attho. K±m±na½ pah±nakittanamukhena ceta½ therassa aññ±by±karaºa½ ahosi. M±ºavak±le pabbajitatt± imassa therassa m±ºavotveva samaññ± j±t±ti.

M±ºavattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.