7. Ekadhammasavan²yattherag±th±vaººan±

Kiles± jh±pit± mayhanti ±yasmato ekadhammasavan²yattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? So kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le rukkhadevat± hutv± nibbatto katipaye bhikkh³ maggam³¼he mah±raññe vicarante disv± anukampam±no attano bhavanato otaritv± te samass±setv± bhojetv± yath±dhippetaµµh±na½ p±pesi. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto kassape bhagavati loke uppajjitv± katabuddhakicce parinibbute tasmi½ k±le b±r±ºasir±j± kik² n±ma ahosi. Tasmi½ k±laªkate tassa puthuvindar±j± n±ma putto ±si. Tassa putto sus±mo n±ma. Tassa putto kik²brahmadatto n±ma hutv± rajja½ k±rento s±sane antarahite dhammassavana½ alabhanto, “yo dhamma½ deseti, tassa sahassa½ damm²”ti ghos±petv± ekampi dhammakathika½ alabhanto, “mayha½ pitupit±mah±d²na½ k±le dhammo sa½vattati, dhammakathik± sulabh± ahesu½. Id±ni pana catuppadikag±th±mattampi kathento dullabho. Y±va dhammasaññ± na vinassati, t±vadeva pabbajiss±m²”ti rajja½ pah±ya himavanta½ uddissa gacchanta½ sakko devar±j± ±gantv±, “anicc± vata saªkh±r±”ti g±th±ya dhamma½ kathetv± nivattesi. So nivattitv± bahu½ puñña½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de setabyanagare seµµhikule nibbattitv± vayappatto bhagavati setabyanagare si½sap±vane viharante satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Tassa satth± ajjh±saya½ oloketv±, “anicc± vata saªkh±r±”ti im±ya g±th±ya dhamma½ desesi. Tassa tattha kat±dhik±rat±ya so aniccasaññ±ya p±kaµatara½ hutv± upaµµhit±ya paµiladdhasa½vego pabbajitv± dhammasammasana½ paµµhapetv± dukkhasañña½ anattasaññañca manasikaronto vipassana½ ussukk±petv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.12.66-71)–
“Padumuttarabuddhassa, s±vak± vanac±rino;
vippanaµµh± brah±raññe, andh±va anusuyyare.
“Anussaritv± sambuddha½, padumuttaran±yaka½;
tassa te munino putt±, vippanaµµh± mah±vane.
“Bhavan± oruhitv±na, agami½ bhikkhusantika½;
tesa½ maggañca ±cikkhi½, bhojanañca ad±saha½.
“Tena kammena dvipadinda, lokajeµµha nar±sabha;
j±tiy± sattavassoha½, arahattamap±puºi½.
“Sacakkh³ n±ma n±mena, dv±dasa cakkavattino;
sattaratanasampann±, pañcakappasate ito.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
tassa ekeneva dhammassavanena nipphannakiccatt± ekadhammasavan²yotveva samaññ± ahosi; so arah± hutv± añña½ by±karonto–
67. “kiles± jh±pit± mayha½, bhav± sabbe sam³hat±;
vikkh²ºo j±tisa½s±ro, natthi d±ni punabbhavo”ti.– G±tha½ abh±si.
Tattha kiles±ti yasmi½ sant±ne uppann±, ta½ kilesenti vib±dhenti upat±penti v±ti kiles±, r±g±dayo. Jh±pit±ti indaggin± viya rukkhagacch±dayo ariyamaggañ±ºaggin± sam³la½ da¹¹h±. Mayhanti may±, mama sant±ne v±. Bhav± sabbe sam³hat±ti k±makammabhav±dayo sabbe bhav± samuggh±µit± kiles±na½ jh±pitatt±. Sati hi kilesavaµµe kammavaµµena bhavitabba½. Kammabhav±na½ sam³hatatt± eva ca upapattibhav±pi sam³hat± eva anuppattidhammat±ya ±p±ditatt±. Vikkh²ºo j±tisa½s±roti j±ti-±diko–
“Khandh±nañca paµip±µi, dh±tu-±yatan±na ca;
abbocchinna½ vattam±n±, sa½s±roti pavuccat²”ti.–

Vuttalakkhaºo sa½s±ro visesato kh²ºo, tasm± natthi d±ni punabbhavo. Yasm± ±yati½ punabbhavo natthi, tasm± vikkh²ºo j±tisa½s±ro. Tasm± ca punabbhavo natthi, yasm± bhav± sabbe sam³hat±ti ±vattetv± vattabba½. Atha v± vikkh²ºo j±tisa½s±ro, tato eva natthi d±ni punabbhavoti yojetabba½.

Ekadhammasavan²yattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.