10. S²valittherag±th±vaººan±

Te me ijjhi½su saªkapp±ti ±yasmato s²valittherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le heµµh± vuttanayena vih±ra½ gantv± parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ l±bh²na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± “may±pi an±gate evar³pena bhavitu½ vaµµat²”ti dasabala½ nimantetv± satt±ha½ satthu bhikkhusaªghassa ca mah±d±na½ datv± “bhagav± aha½ imin± adhik±rakammena añña½ sampatti½ na patthemi, an±gate pana ekabuddhassa s±sane ahampi tumhehi so etadagge µhapitabhikkhu viya l±bh²na½ aggo bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ ak±si. Satth± anantar±ya½ disv±– “aya½ te patthan± an±gate gotamabuddhassa santike samijjhissat²”ti by±karitv± pakk±mi. Sopi kulaputto y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto vipass²buddhak±le bandhumat²nagarato avid³re ekasmi½ g±make paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Tasmi½ samaye bandhumat²nagarav±sino raññ± saddhi½ s±kacchitv± dasabalassa d±na½ denti. Te ekadivasa½ sabbeva ekato hutv± d±na½ dent± “ki½ nu kho amh±ka½ d±namukhe natth²”ti (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.207) madhuñca gu¼adadhiñca na addasa½su. Te “yato kutoci ±hariss±m±”ti janapadato nagarapavisanamagge purisa½ µhapesu½. Tad± esa kulaputto attano g±mato gu¼adadhiv±raka½ gahetv±, “kiñcideva ±hariss±m²”ti nagara½ gacchanto, “mukha½ dhovitv± dhotahatthap±do pavisiss±m²”ti ph±sukaµµh±na½ olokento naªgalas²samatta½ nimmakkhika½ daº¹akamadhu½ disv± “puññena me ida½ uppannan”ti gahetv± nagara½ p±visi. N±garehi µhapitapuriso ta½ disv±, “bho purisa, kassima½ ±haras²”ti pucchi. “Na kassaci, s±mi, vikkiºitu½ pana me ida½ ±bhatan”ti. “Tena hi, bho, ida½ kah±paºa½ gahetv± eta½ madhuñca gu¼adadhiñca deh²”ti. So cintesi– “ida½ na bahum³la½, ayañca ekappah±reneva bahu½ deti, v²ma½situ½ vaµµat²”ti. Tato na½ “n±ha½ ekena kah±paºena dem²”ti ±ha. “Yadi eva½ dve gahetv± deh²”ti. “Dv²hipi na dem²”ti. Etenup±yena va¹¹hetv± sahassa½ p±puºi.
So cintesi– “ativa¹¹hitu½ na vaµµati, hotu t±va imin± kattabbakicca½ pucchiss±m²”ti. Atha na½ ±ha– “ida½ na bahu½ agghanaka½, tvañca bahu½ desi, kena kammena ida½ gaºh±s²”ti. “Idha, bho, nagarav±sino raññ± saddhi½ paµivirujjhitv± vipass²dasabalassa d±na½ dent± ida½ dvaya½ d±namukhe apassant± pariyesanti, sace ida½ dvaya½ na labhissanti, n±gar±na½ par±jayo bhavissati, tasm± sahassa½ katv± gaºh±m²”ti. “Ki½ paneta½ n±gar±nameva vaµµati, aññesa½ d±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti. “Yassa kassaci d±tu½ av±ritametan”ti. “Atthi pana koci n±gar±na½ d±ne ekadivasa½ sahassa½ d±t±”ti? “Natthi, samm±”ti. “Imesa½ pana dvinna½ sahassagghanakabh±va½ j±n±s²”ti? “¾ma, j±n±m²”ti. “Tena hi gaccha, n±gar±na½ ±cikkha ‘eko puriso im±ni dve m³lena na deti sahattheneva d±tuk±mo, tumhe imesa½ dvinna½ k±raº± nibbitakk± hoth±’ti, tva½ pana me imasmi½ d±namukhe jeµµhakabh±vassa k±yasakkh² hoh²”ti. So paribbayattha½ gahitam±sakena pañcakaµuka½ gahetv± cuººa½ katv± dadhito kañjiya½ gahetv± tattha madhupaµala½ p²¼etv± pañcakaµukacuººena yojetv± ekasmi½ paduminipatte pakkhipitv± ta½ sa½vidahitv± ±d±ya dasabalassa avid³raµµh±ne nis²di mah±janena ±hariyam±nassa sakk±rassa avid³re attano pattav±ra½ olokayam±no, so ok±sa½ ñatv± satthu santika½ gantv± bhagav± aya½ uppannaduggatapaºº±k±ro, ima½ me anukampa½ paµicca paµiggaºhath±ti. Satth± tassa anukampa½ paµicca catumah±r±jadattiyena selamayapattena ta½ paµiggahetv± yath± aµµhasaµµhiy± bhikkhusatasahassassa diyyam±na½ na kh²yati, eva½ adhiµµh±si. So kulaputto niµµhitabhattakicca½ bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ µhito ±ha– “diµµho me, bhagav±, ajja bandhumat²nagarav±sikehi tumh±ka½ sakk±ro ±hariyam±no, ahampi imassa kammassa nissandena nibbattanibbattabhave l±bhaggayasaggappatto bhaveyyan”ti (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.207). Satth±, “eva½ hotu, kulaputt±”ti vatv± tassa ca nagarav±s²nañca bhatt±numodana½ katv± pakk±mi.
Sopi kulaputto y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de suppav±s±ya r±jadh²t±ya kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Paµisandhiggahaºato paµµh±ya s±ya½ p±tañca paºº±k±rasat±ni sakaµen±d±ya suppav±s±ya upan²yanti. Atha na½ puññav²ma½sanattha½ hatthena b²japacchi½ phus±penti. Ekekab²jato sal±kasatampi sal±kasahassampi niggacchati. Ekekakar²sakhette paºº±sampi saµµhipi sakaµappam±º±ni uppajjanti. Koµµhe p³raºak±lepi koµµhadv±ra½ hatthena phus±penti. R±jadh²t±ya puññena gaºhant±na½ gahitagahitaµµh±na½ puna p³rati. Paripuººabhattabh±janatopi “r±jadh²t±ya puññan”ti vatv± yassa kassaci dent±na½ y±va na ukka¹¹hanti, na t±va bhatta½ kh²yati, d±rake kucchigateyeva sattavass±ni atikkami½su.
Gabbhe pana paripakke satt±ha½ mah±dukkha½ anubhosi. S± s±mika½ ±mantetv±, “pure maraº± j²vam±n±va d±na½ dass±m²”ti satthu santika½ pesesi– “gaccha, ima½ pavatti½ satthu ±rocetv± satth±ra½ nimantehi, yañca satth± vadeti, ta½ s±dhuka½ upalakkhetv± ±gantv± mayha½ katheh²”ti. So gantv± tass± s±sana½ bhagavato ±rocesi. Satth±, “sukhin² hotu suppav±s± koliyadh²t± arog±, aroga½ putta½ vij±yat³”ti (ud±. 18) ±ha. R±j± ta½ sutv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± attano g±m±bhimukho p±y±si. Tassa pure ±gaman±yeva suppav±s±ya kucchito dhamakaraº± udaka½ viya gabbho nikkhami, pariv±retv± nisinnajano assumukhova hasitu½ ±raddho tuµµhapahaµµho mah±jano rañño s±sana½ ±rocetu½ agam±si.
R±j± tesa½ ±gamana½ disv±va, “dasabalena kathitakath± nipphann± bhavissati maññe”ti cintesi. So ±gantv± satthu s±sana½ r±jadh²t±ya ±rocesi. R±jadh²t± tay± nimantita½ j²vitabhattameva maªgalabhatta½ bhavissati, gaccha satt±ha½ dasabala½ nimanteh²ti. R±j± tath± ak±si. Satt±ha½ buddhappamukhassa saªghassa mah±d±na½ pavattayi½su. D±rako sabbesa½ ñ±t²na½ santatta½ citta½ nibb±pento j±toti s²valid±rakotvevassa n±ma½ aka½su. So sattavass±ni gabbhe vasitatt± j±tak±lato paµµh±ya sabbakammakkhamo ahosi. Dhammasen±pati s±riputto sattame divase tena saddhi½ kath±sall±pa½ ak±si. Satth±pi dhammapade g±tha½ abh±si–
“Yoma½ palipatha½ dugga½, sa½s±ra½ mohamaccag±;
tiººo p±raªgato jh±y², anejo akatha½kath²;
anup±d±ya nibbuto, tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºan”ti. (Dha. pa. 414).
Atha na½ thero evam±ha– “ki½ pana tay± evar³pa½ dukkhar±si½ anubhavitv± pabbajitu½ na vaµµat²”ti? “Labham±no pabbajeyya½, bhante”ti. Suppav±s± na½ d±raka½ therena saddhi½ kathenta½ disv± “ki½ nu kho me putto dhammasen±patin± saddhi½ kathet²”ti thera½ upasaªkamitv± pucchi– “mayha½ putto tumhehi saddhi½ ki½ katheti, bhante”ti? “Attan± anubh³ta½ gabbhav±sadukkha½ kathetv±, ‘tumhehi anuññ±to pabbajiss±m²’ti vadat²”ti. “S±dhu bhante, pabb±jetha nan”ti. Thero ta½ vih±ra½ netv± tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ datv± pabb±jento “s²vali, na tuyha½ aññena ov±dena kamma½ atthi, tay± satta vass±ni anubh³tadukkhameva paccavekkh±h²”ti. “Bhante, pabb±janameva tumh±ka½ bh±ro, ya½ pana may± k±tu½ sakk±, tamaha½ j±niss±m²”ti. So pana paµhamakesavaµµiy± oh±raºakkhaºeyeva sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si, dutiy±ya oh±raºakkhaºe sakad±g±miphale, tatiy±ya an±g±miphale sabbesa½yeva pana kes±na½ oropanañca arahattasacchikiriy± ca apacch± apurim± ahosi. Tassa pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya bhikkhusaªghassa catt±ro paccay± y±vaticchaka½ uppajjanti. Eva½ ettha vatthu samuµµhita½.
Aparabh±ge satth± s±vatthi½ agam±si. Thero satth±ra½ abhiv±detv±, “bhante, mayha½ puñña½ v²ma½siss±mi, pañca me bhikkhusat±ni deth±”ti ±ha. “Gaºha s²val²”ti. So pañcasate bhikkh³ gahetv± himavant±bhimukha½ gacchanto aµavimagga½ gacchati, tassa paµhama½ diµµhanigrodhe adhivatth± devat± sattadivas±ni d±na½ ad±si. Iti so–
“Nigrodha½ paµhama½ passi, dutiya½ paº¹avapabbata½;
tatiya½ aciravatiya½, catuttha½ varas±gara½.
“Pañcama½ himavanta½ so, chaµµha½ chaddantup±gami;
sattama½ gandham±dana½, aµµhama½ atha revatan”ti.
Sabbaµµh±nesu satta satta divas±neva d±na½ ada½su. Gandham±danapabbate pana n±gadattadevar±j± n±ma sattasu divasesu ekadivase kh²rapiº¹ap±ta½ ad±si, ekadivase sappipiº¹ap±ta½. Bhikkhusaªgho ±ha– “imassa devarañño neva dhenuyo duyham±n± paññ±yanti, na dadhinimmathana½ kuto te devar±ja ida½ uppajjat²”ti. “Bhante kassapadasabalassa k±le kh²rasal±kabhattad±nasseta½ phalan”ti devar±j± ±ha. Aparabh±ge satth± khadiravaniyarevatassa paccuggamana½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± thera½ attano s±sane l±bhaggayasaggappatt±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi.
Eva½ l±bhaggayasaggappattassa pana imassa therassa arahattappatti½ ekacce ±cariy± eva½ vadanti– “heµµh± vuttanayena dhammasen±patin± ov±de dinne ya½ may± k±tu½ sakk±, tamaha½ j±niss±m²ti pabbajitv± vipassan±kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± ta½ divasa½yeva aññatara½ vivitta½ kuµika½ disv± ta½ pavisitv± m±tukucchismi½ satta vass±ni attan± anubh³ta½ dukkha½ anussaritv± tadanus±rena at²t±n±gate tassa avekkhantassa ±ditt± viya tayo bhav± upaµµhahi½su. ѱºassa parip±ka½ gatatt± vipassan±v²thi½ otari, t±vadeva maggappaµip±µiy± sabbepi ±save khepento arahatta½ p±puº²”ti. Ubhayath±pi therassa arahattappattiyeva pak±sit±. Thero pana pabhinnapaµisambhido cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.12.31-39)–
“Varuºo n±ma n±mena, devar±j± aha½ tad±;
upaµµhahesi½ sambuddha½, sayoggabalav±hano.
“Nibbute lokan±thamhi, atthadass²naruttame;
t³riya½ sabbam±d±ya, agama½ bodhimuttama½.
“V±ditena ca naccena, sammat±¼asam±hito;
sammukh± viya sambuddha½, upaµµhi½ bodhimuttama½.
“Upaµµhahitv± ta½ bodhi½, dharaº²ruhap±dapa½;
pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±na, tattha k±laªkato aha½.
“Sakakamm±bhiraddhoha½, pasanno bodhimuttame;
tena cittappas±dena, nimm±na½ upapajjaha½.
“Saµµhit³riyasahass±ni, pariv±renti ma½ sad±;
manussesu ca devesu, vattam±na½ bhav±bhave.
“Tividhagg² nibbut± mayha½, bhav± sabbe sam³hat±;
dh±remi antima½ deha½, samm±sambuddhas±sane.
“Sub±h³ n±ma n±mena, catutti½s±su khattiy±;
sattaratanasampann±, pañcakappasate ito.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± vimuttisukhapaµisa½vedanena p²tivegena ud±nento “te me ijjhi½su saªkapp±”ti g±tha½ abh±si;
60. tattha te me ijjhi½su saªkapp±, yadattho p±visi½ kuµi½, vijj±vimutti½ paccesanti ye pubbe may± k±masaªkapp±d²na½ samucchedakar± nekkhammasaªkapp±dayo abhipatthit±yeva “kad± nu khv±ha½ tad±yatana½ upasampajja vihariss±mi, yadariy± etarahi upasampajja viharant²”ti, vimutt±dhipp±yasaññit± vimutti½ uddissa saªkapp± manorath± abhiºhaso appamatt± yadattho ya½payojano yesa½ nipph±danattha½ kuµi½ suññ±g±ra½ vipassitu½ p±visi½ tisso vijj± phalavimuttiñca paccesanto, gavesanto te me ijjhi½su te sabbeva id±ni mayha½ ijjhi½su samijjhi½su, nipphannakusalasaªkappo paripuººamanoratho j±toti attho; tesa½ samiddhabh±va½ dassetu½ “m±n±nusayamujjahan”ti vutta½; yasm± m±n±nusayamujjaha½ pajahi½ samucchindi½, tasm± te me saªkapp± ijjhi½s³ti yojan±; m±n±nusaye hi pah²ne appah²no n±ma anusayo natthi, arahattañca adhigatameva hot²ti m±n±nusayappah±na½ yath±vuttasaªkappasamiddhiy± k±raºa½ katv± vutta½;

s²valittherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;

chaµµhavaggavaººan± niµµhit±;