2. Khadiravaniyattherag±th±vaººan±

C±le upac±leti ±yasmato khadiravaniyarevatattherassa g±th±. K± uppati? Aya½ kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare titthan±vikakule nibbattitv± mah±gaªg±ya pay±gatitthe titthan±v±kamma½ karonto ekadivasa½ sas±vakasaªgha½ bhagavanta½ gaªg±t²ra½ upagata½ disv± pasannam±naso n±v±saªgh±µa½ yojetv± mahantena p³j±sakk±rena parat²ra½ p±petv± aññatara½ bhikkhu½ satth±r± ±raññak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapiyam±na½ disv± tadattha½ patthana½ paµµhapetv± bhagavato bhikkhusaªghassa ca mah±d±na½ pavattesi. Bhagav± ca tassa patthan±ya avajjhabh±va½ by±k±si. So tato paµµh±ya tattha tattha vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de magadharaµµhe n±lakag±me r³pas±riy± br±hmaºiy± kucchismi½ nibbatti. Ta½ vayappatta½ m±t±pitaro gharabandhanena bandhituk±m± j±t±. So s±riputtattherassa pabbajitabh±va½ sutv± “mayha½ jeµµhabh±t± ayyo upatisso ima½ vibhava½ cha¹¹etv± pabbajito, tena vanta½ khe¼apiº¹a½ kath±ha½ pacch± giliss±m²”ti j±tasa½vego p±sa½ anupagacchanakamigo viya ñ±take vañcetv± hetusampattiy± codiyam±no bhikkh³na½ santika½ gantv± dhammasen±patino kaniµµhabh±va½ nivedetv± attano pabbajj±ya chanda½ ±rocesi. Bhikkh³ ta½ pabb±jetv± paripuººav²sativassa½ upasamp±detv± kammaµµh±ne niyojesu½. So kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± khadiravana½ pavisitv±, “arahatta½ patv± bhagavanta½ dhammasen±patiñca passiss±m²”ti ghaµento v±yamanto ñ±ºassa parip±kagatatt± nacirasseva cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.1.628-643)–
“Gaªg± bh±g²rath² n±ma, himavant± pabh±vit±;
kutitthe n±viko ±si½, orime ca tari½ aha½.
“Padumuttaro n±yako, sambuddho dvipaduttamo;
vas²satasahassehi, gaªg±t²ramup±gato.
“Bah³ n±v± sam±netv±, va¹¹hak²hi susaªkhata½;
n±v±ya chadana½ katv±, paµim±ni½ nar±sabha½.
“¾gantv±na ca sambuddho, ±r³hi tañca n±vaka½;
v±rimajjhe µhito satth±, im± g±th± abh±satha.
“Yo so t±resi sambuddha½, saªghañc±pi an±sava½;
tena cittappas±dena, devaloke ramissati.
“Nibbattissati te byamha½, sukata½ n±vasaºµhita½;
±k±se pupphachadana½, dh±rayissati sabbad±.
“Aµµhapaññ±sakappamhi, t±rako n±ma khattiyo;
c±turanto vijit±v², cakkavatt² bhavissati.
“Sattapaññ±sakappamhi cammako n±ma khattiyo;
uggacchantova s³riyo, jotissati mahabbalo.
“Kappasatasahassamhi, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tidas± so cavitv±na, manussatta½ gamissati;
revato n±ma n±mena, brahmabandhu bhavissati.
“Ag±r± nikkhamitv±na, sukkam³lena codito;
gotamassa bhagavato, s±sane pabbajissati.
“So pacch± pabbajitv±na, yuttayogo vipassako;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, nibb±yissatin±savo.
“V²riya½ me dhuradhorayha½, yogakkhem±dhiv±hana½;
dh±remi antima½ deha½, samm±sambuddhas±sane.
“Satasahasse kata½ kamma½, phala½ dassesi me idha;
sumutto saravegova, kilese jh±pay² mama.
“Tato ma½ vananirata½, disv± lokantag³ muni;
vanav±sibhikkh³nagga½, paññapesi mah±mati.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
cha¼abhiñño pana hutv± thero satth±ra½ dhammasen±patiñca vanditu½ sen±sana½ sa½s±metv± pattac²varam±d±ya anupubbena s±vatthi½ patv± jetavana½ pavisitv± satth±ra½ dhammasen±patiñca vanditv± katip±ha½ jetavane vih±si atha na½ satth± ariyagaºamajjhe nisinno ±raññak±na½ bhikkh³na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi– “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ ±raññak±na½ yadida½ revato khadiravaniyo”ti (a. ni. 1.198, 203); so aparabh±ge attano j±tag±ma½ gantv± “c±l±, upac±l±, s²s³pac±l±”ti tissanna½ bhagin²na½ putte “c±l±, upac±l±, s²s³pac±l±”ti tayo bh±gineyye ±netv± pabb±jetv± kammaµµh±ne niyojesi; te kammaµµh±na½ anuyutt± viharanti; tasmiñca samaye therassa kocideva ±b±dho uppanno; ta½ sutv± s±riputtatthero revata½ “gil±napucchana½ adhigamapucchanañca kariss±m²”ti upagacchi; revatatthero dhammasen±pati½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½ disv± tesa½ s±maºer±na½ satupp±danavasena ovadanto “c±le upac±le”ti g±tha½ abh±si;
42. tattha c±le upac±le s²s³pac±leti tesa½ ±lapana½; “c±l±, upac±l±, s²s³pac±l±”ti hi itthiliªgavasena laddhan±m± te tayo d±rak± pabbajit±pi tath± vohar²yanti; “‘c±l², upac±l², s²s³pac±l²’ti tesa½ n±man”ti ca vadanti; yadattha½ “c±l±”ti-±din± ±mantana½ kata½, ta½ dassento “patissat± nu kho viharath±”ti vatv± tattha k±raºam±ha “±gato vo v±la½ viya vedh²”ti; patissat±ti patissatik±; khoti avadh±raºe; ±gatoti ±gacchi; voti tumh±ka½; v±la½ viya vedh²ti v±lavedh² viya, ayañhettha saªkhepattho– tikkhajavananibbedhikapaññat±ya v±lavedhir³po satthukappo tumh±ka½ m±tulatthero ±gato, tasm± samaºasañña½ upaµµhapetv± satisampajaññayutt± eva hutv± viharatha, “yath±dhigate vih±re appamatt± bhavath±”ti;
ta½ sutv± te s±maºer± dhammasen±patissa paccuggaman±divatta½ katv± ubhinna½ m±tulatther±na½ paµisanth±ravel±ya½ n±tid³re sam±dhi½ sam±pajjitv± nis²di½su; dhammasen±pati revatattherena saddhi½ paµisanth±ra½ katv± uµµh±y±san± te s±maºere upasaªkami, te tath±k±laparicchedassa katatt± there upasaªkamante eva uµµhahitv± vanditv± aµµha½su; thero “katarakataravih±rena viharath±”ti pucchitv± tehi “im±ya im±y±”ti vutte “d±rakepi n±ma eva½ vinento mayha½ bh±tiko paccap±di vata dhammassa anudhamman”ti thera½ pasa½santo pakk±mi;

khadiravaniyattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;