3. Tatiyavaggo

1. Nigrodhattherag±th±vaººan±

N±ha½ bhayassa bh±y±m²ti ±yasmato nigrodhattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira ito aµµh±rase kappasate br±hmaºamah±s±lakule nibbattitv± vayappatto k±mesu ±d²nava½ nekkhamme ca ±nisa½sa½ disv± gharabandhana½ pah±ya araññ±yatana½ pavisitv± aññatarasmi½ s±lavane paººas±la½ katv± t±pasapabbaja½ pabbajitv± vanam³laphal±h±ro vasati. Tena samayena piyadass² n±ma samm±sambuddho loke uppajjitv± sadevakassa lokassa dhamm±matavassena kilesasant±pa½ nibb±pento ekadivasa½ t±pase anukamp±ya ta½ s±lavana½ pavisitv± nirodhasam±patti½ sam±panno. T±paso vanam³laphalatth±ya gacchanto bhagavanta½ disv± pasannam±naso pupphitas±ladaº¹as±kh±yo gahetv± s±lamaº¹apa½ katv± ta½ sabbatthakameva s±lapupphehi sañch±detv± bhagavanta½ vanditv± p²tisomanassavaseneva ±h±ratth±yapi agantv± namassam±no aµµh±si. Satth± nirodhato vuµµh±ya tassa anukamp±ya “bhikkhusaªgho ±gacchat³”ti cintesi, “bhikkhusaªghepi citta½ pas±dessat²”ti. T±vadeva bhikkhusaªgho ±gato. So bhikkhusaªghampi disv± pasannam±naso vanditv± añjali½ paggayha aµµh±si. Satth± sitassa p±tukaraº±padesena tassa bh±vini½ sampatti½ pak±sento dhamma½ kathetv± pakk±mi saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena. So tena puññakammena devamanussesuyeva sa½saranto vivaµµ³panissaya½ bahu½ kusala½ upacinitv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºamah±s±lakule nibbatti, nigrodhotissa n±ma½ ahosi. So jetavanapaµiggahaºadivase buddh±nubh±vadassanena sañj±tappas±do pabbajitv± vipassana½ ±rabhitv± nacirasseva cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.49.190-220)–
“Ajjhog±hetv± s±lavana½, sukato assamo mama;
s±lapupphehi sañchanno, vas±mi vipine tad±.
“Piyadass² ca bhagav±, sayambh³ aggapuggalo;
vivekak±mo sambuddho, s±lavanamup±gami.
“Assam± abhinikkhamma, pavana½ agam±saha½;
m³laphala½ gavesanto, ±hind±mi vane tad±.
“Tatthaddas±si½ sambuddha½, piyadassi½ mah±yasa½;
sunisinna½ sam±panna½, virocanta½ mah±vane.
“Catudaº¹e µhapetv±na, buddhassa upar² aha½;
maº¹apa½ sukata½ katv±, s±lapupphehi ch±dayi½.
“Satt±ha½ dh±rayitv±na, maº¹apa½ s±lach±dita½;
tattha citta½ pas±detv±, buddhaseµµhamavandaha½.
“Bhagav± tamhi samaye, vuµµhahitv± sam±dhito;
yugamatta½ pekkham±no, nis²di purisuttamo.
“S±vako varuºo n±ma, piyadassissa satthuno;
vas²satasahassehi, upagacchi vin±yaka½.
“Piyadass² ca bhagav±, lokajeµµho nar±sabho;
bhikkhusaªghe nis²ditv±, sita½ p±tukar² jino.
“Anuruddho upaµµh±ko, piyadassissa satthuno;
eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv±, apucchittha mah±muni½.
“Ko nu kho bhagav± hetu, sitakammassa satthuno;
k±raºe vijjam±namhi, satth± p±tukare sita½.
“Satt±ha½ s±lacchadana½, yo me dh±resi m±ºavo;
tassa kamma½ saritv±na, sita½ p±tukari½ aha½.
“Anok±sa½ na pass±mi, yattha puñña½ vipaccati;
devaloke manusse v±, ok±sova na sammati.
“Devaloke vasantassa, puññakammasamaªgino;
y±vat± paris± tassa, s±lacchann± bhavissati.
“Tattha dibbehi naccehi, g²tehi v±ditehi ca;
ramissati sad± santo, puññakammasam±hito.
“Y±vat± paris± tassa, gandhagandh² bhavissati;
s±lassa pupphavasso ca, pavassissati t±vade.
“Tato cutoya½ manujo, m±nusa½ ±gamissati;
idh±pi s±lacchadana½, sabbak±la½ dharissati.
“Idha naccañca g²tañca, sammat±¼asam±hita½;
pariv±ressanti ma½ nicca½, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Uggacchante ca s³riye, s±lavassa½ pavassate;
puññakammena sa½yutta½, vassate sabbak±lika½.
“Aµµh±rase kappasate, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma n±mena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhamme sud±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, nibb±yissatin±savo.
“Dhamma½ abhisamentassa, s±lacchanna½ bhavissati;
citake jh±yam±nassa, chadana½ tattha hessati.
“Vip±ka½ kittayitv±na, piyadass² mah±muni;
paris±ya dhamma½ desesi, tappento dhammavuµµhiy±.
“Ti½sakapp±ni devesu, devarajjamak±rayi½;
saµµhi ca sattakkhattuñca, cakkavatt² ahosaha½.
“Devalok± idh±gantv±, labh±mi vipula½ sukha½;
idh±pi s±lacchadana½, maº¹apassa ida½ phala½.
“Aya½ pacchimako mayha½, carimo vattate bhavo;
idh±pi s±lacchadana½, hessati sabbak±lika½.
“Mah±muni½ tosayitv±, gotama½ sakyapuªgava½;
pattomhi acala½ µh±na½, hitv± jayapar±jaya½.
“Aµµh±rase kappasate, ya½ buddhamabhip³jayi½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, buddhap³j±yida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½, bhav± sabbe sam³hat±;
n±gova bandhana½ chetv±, vihar±mi an±savo.
“Sv±gata½ vata me ±si, buddhaseµµhassa santike;
tisso vijj± anuppatt±, kata½ buddhassa s±sana½.
“Paµisambhid± catasso, vimokkh±pi ca aµµhime;
cha¼abhiññ± sacchikat±, kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti.
Eva½ pana cha¼abhiñño hutv± phalasukhena v²tin±mento s±sanassa niyy±nikabh±vavibh±vanattha½ aññ±by±karaºavasena “n±ha½ bhayassa bh±y±m²”ti g±tha½ abh±si.
21. Tattha bh±yanti etasm±ti bhaya½, j±tijar±di. Bhayass±ti nissakke s±mivacana½, bhayato bh±yitabbanimitta½ j±tijar±maraº±din± hetun± n±ha½ bh±y±m²ti attho. Tattha k±raºam±ha “satth± no amatassa kovido”ti. Amh±ka½ satth± amate kusalo veneyy±na½ amatad±ne cheko. Yattha bhaya½ n±vatiµµhat²ti yasmi½ nibb±ne yath±vutta½ bhaya½ na tiµµhati ok±sa½ na labhati. Ten±ti tato nibb±nato. Vajant²ti abhayaµµh±nameva gacchanti. Nibb±nañhi abhayaµµh±na½ n±ma. Kena pana vajant²ti ±ha “maggena vajanti bhikkhavo”ti, aµµhaªgikena ariyamaggena satthu ov±dakaraº± bhikkh³ sa½s±re bhayassa ikkhanak±ti attho. Yatth±ti v± ya½ nimitta½ yassa ariyamaggassa adhigamahetu att±nuv±d±dika½ pañcav²satividhampi bhaya½ n±vatiµµhati patiµµha½ na labhati, tena ariyena maggena vajanti abhayaµµh±na½ satthu s±sane bhikkh³, tena maggena ahampi gato, tasm± n±ha½ bhayassa bh±y±m²ti thero añña½ by±k±si.

Nigrodhattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.