5. Kuº¹adh±nattherag±th±vaººan±

Pañca chinde pañca jaheti ±yasmato kuº¹adh±nattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? So kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe uppanno vayappatto heµµh± vuttanayeneva bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± dhamma½ suºanto satth±r± eka½ bhikkhu½ paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaºhant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapiyam±na½ disv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetv± tadanur³pa½ puñña½ karonto vicari. So ekadivasa½ padumuttarassa bhagavato nirodhasam±pattito vuµµh±ya nisinnassa manosil±cuººapiñjara½ mahanta½ kadaliphalakaººika½ upanesi, ta½ bhagav± paµiggahetv± paribhuñji. So tena puññakammena ek±dasakkhattu½ devesu devarajja½ k±resi. Catuv²sativ±re r±j± ahosi cakkavatt². Eva½ so punappuna½ puññ±ni katv± apar±para½ devamanussesu sa½saranto kassapabuddhak±le bhummadevat± hutv± nibbatti. D²gh±yukabuddh±nañca n±ma na anvaddham±siko uposatho hoti. Tath± hi vipassissa bhagavato chabbassantare chabbassantare uposatho ahosi. Kassapadasabalo pana chaµµhe chaµµhe m±se p±timokkha½ os±resi. Tassa p±timokkhassa os±raºak±le dis±v±sik± dve sah±yak± bhikkh³ “uposatha½ kariss±m±”ti gacchanti.
Aya½ bhummadevat± cintesi– “imesa½ dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ metti ativiya da¼h±, ki½ nu kho, bhedake sati bhijjeyya, na bhijjeyy±”ti, s± tesa½ ok±sa½ olokayam±n± tesa½ avid³reneva gacchati. Atheko thero ekassa hatthe pattac²vara½ datv± sar²rava¼añjanattha½ udakaph±sukaµµh±na½ gantv± dhotahatthap±do hutv± gumbasam²pato nikkhamati bhummadevat± tassa therassa pacchato uttamar³p± itth² hutv± kese vidhunitv± sa½vidh±ya sambandhant² viya piµµhiya½ pa½su½ puñcham±n± viya s±µaka½ sa½vidh±ya niv±sayam±n± viya ca hutv± therassa pad±nupadik± hutv± gumbato nikkhant±. Ekamante µhito sah±yakatthero ta½ k±raºa½ disv±va domanassaj±to “naµµho d±ni me imin± bhikkhun± saddhi½ d²gharatt±nugato sineho, sac±ha½ eva½vidhabh±va½ j±neyya½, ettaka½ addh±na½ imin± saddhi½ viss±sa½ na kareyyan”ti cintetv± ±gacchantassevassa, “hand±vuso, tuyha½ pattac²vara½, t±disena p±pena saddhi½ ekamagga½ n±gacch±m²”ti ±ha. Ta½ katha½ sutv± tassa lajjibhikkhuno hadaya½ tikhiºasatti½ gahetv± viddha½ viya ahosi. Tato na½ ±ha– “±vuso, ki½ n±meta½ vadasi, aha½ ettaka½ k±la½ dukkaµamattampi ±patti½ na j±n±mi. Tva½ pana ma½ ajja ‘p±po’ti vadasi, ki½ te diµµhan”ti. “Ki½ aññena diµµhena, ki½ tva½ eva½vidhena alaªkatapaµiyattena m±tug±mena saddhi½ ekaµµh±ne hutv± nikkhanto”ti. “Nattheta½, ±vuso, mayha½, n±ha½ evar³pa½ m±tug±ma½ pass±m²”ti. Tassa y±vatatiya½ kathentass±pi itaro thero katha½ asaddahitv± attan± diµµhak±raºa½yeva bh³tatta½ katv± gaºhanto tena saddhi½ ekamaggena agantv± aññena maggena satthu santika½ gato. Itaropi bhikkhu aññena maggena satthu santika½yeva gato.
Tato bhikkhusaªghassa uposath±g±ra½ pavisanavel±ya so bhikkhu ta½ bhikkhu½ uposathagge sañj±nitv±, “imasmi½ uposathagge evar³po n±ma p±pabhikkhu atthi, n±ha½ tena saddhi½ uposatha½ kariss±m²”ti nikkhamitv± bahi aµµh±si. Atha bhummadevat± “bh±riya½ may± kamma½ katan”ti mahallaka-up±sakavaººena tassa santika½ gantv± “kasm±, bhante, ayyo imasmi½ µh±ne µhito”ti ±ha. “Up±saka, ima½ uposathagga½ eko p±pabhikkhu paviµµho, ‘n±ha½ tena saddhi½ uposatha½ karom²’ti bahi µhitomh²”ti. “Bhante, m± eva½ gaºhatha, parisuddhas²lo esa bhikkhu. Tumhehi diµµham±tug±mo n±ma aha½, may± tumh±ka½ v²ma½sanatth±ya ‘da¼h± nu kho imesa½ ther±na½ metti, no da¼h±’ti bhijjan±bhijjanabh±va½ olokentena ta½ kamma½ katan”ti. “Ko pana, tva½ sappuris±”ti? “Aha½ ek± bhummadevat±, bhante”ti devaputto kathento dibb±nubh±vena µhatv± therassa p±desu nipatitv± “mayha½, bhante, khamatha, eta½ dosa½ thero na j±n±ti, uposatha½ karoth±”ti thera½ y±citv± uposathagga½ pavesesi. So thero uposatha½ t±va ekaµµh±ne ak±si, mittasanthavavasena pana puna tena saddhi½ na ekaµµh±ne ahos²ti. Imassa therassa kamma½ na kath²yati, cuditakatthero pana apar±para½ vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto arahatta½ p±puºi.
Bhummadevat± tassa kammassa nissandena eka½ buddhantara½ ap±yabhayato na muccittha. Sace pana kismiñci k±le manussatta½ ±gacchati, aññena yena kenaci kato doso tasseva upari patati. So amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºakule nibbatti. “Dh±nam±ºavo”tissa n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto tayo vede uggaºhitv± mahallakak±le satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbaji, tassa upasampannadivasato paµµh±ya ek± alaªkatapaµiyatt± itth² tasmi½ g±ma½ pavisante saddhi½yeva g±ma½ pavisati, nikkhamante nikkhamati. Vih±ra½ pavisantepi saddhi½ pavisati, tiµµhantepi tiµµhat²ti eva½ nicc±nubandh± paññ±yati. Thero ta½ na passati. Tassa puna purimakammanissandena s± aññesa½ upaµµh±ti. G±me y±gu½ bhikkhañca dadam±n± itthiyo “bhante, aya½ eko y±gu-u¼uªko tumh±ka½, eko imiss± amh±ka½ sah±yik±y±”ti parih±sa½ karonti. Therassa mahat² vihes± hoti. Vih±ragatampi na½ s±maºer± ceva dahar± bhikkh³ ca pariv±retv± “dh±no koº¹o j±to”ti parih±sa½ karonti. Athassa teneva k±raºena kuº¹adh±nattheroti n±ma½ j±ta½. So uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya tehi kariyam±na½ ke¼i½ sahitu½ asakkonto umm±da½ gahetv± “tumhe koº¹±, tumh±ka½ upajjh±yo koº¹o, ±cariyo koº¹o”ti vadati. Atha na½ satthu ±rocesu½ “kuº¹adh±no, bhante, daharas±maºerehi saddhi½ eva½ pharusav±ca½ vadat²”ti. Satth± ta½ pakkos±petv± “sacca½ kira tva½, dh±na, s±maºerehi saddhi½ pharusav±ca½ vadas²”ti vatv± tena “sacca½ bhagav±”ti vutte “kasm± eva½ vades²”ti ±ha. “Bhante, nibaddha½ vihesa½ asahanto eva½ kathem²”ti. “Tva½ pubbe katakamma½ y±vajjadivas± j²r±petu½ na sakkosi, puna evar³pa½ pharusa½ m±vad² bhikkh³”ti vatv± ±ha–
“M±voca pharusa½ kañci, vutt± paµivadeyyu ta½;
dukkh± hi s±rambhakath±, paµidaº¹± phuseyyu ta½.
“Sace neresi att±na½, ka½so upahato yath±;
esa pattosi nibb±na½, s±rambho te na vijjat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 133-134).
Imañca pana tassa therassa m±tug±mena saddhi½ vicaraºabh±va½ kosalaraññopi kathayi½su. R±j± “gacchatha, bhaºe, v²ma½sath±”ti pesetv± sayampi mandeneva pariv±rena therassa vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± ekamante olokento aµµh±si. Tasmi½ khaºe thero s³cikamma½ karonto nisinno hoti, s±pi itth² avid³re µh±ne µhit± viya paññ±yati. R±j± disv± “atthida½ k±raºan”ti tass± µhitaµµh±na½ agam±si. S± tasmi½ ±gacchante therassa vasanapaººas±la½ paviµµh± viya ahosi. R±j±pi t±ya saddhi½ tameva paººas±la½ pavisitv± sabbattha olokento adisv± “n±ya½ m±tug±mo, therassa eko kammavip±ko”ti sañña½ katv± paµhama½ therassa sam²pena gacchantopi thera½ avanditv± tassa k±raºassa abh³tabh±va½ ñatv± ±gamma thera½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinno “kacci, bhante, piº¹akena na kilamath±”ti pucchi. Thero “vaµµati, mah±r±j±”ti ±ha. “J±n±maha½, bhante, ayyassa katha½, evar³pena parikkilesena saddhi½ carant±na½ tumh±ka½ ke n±ma pas²dissanti, ito paµµh±ya vo katthaci gamanakicca½ natthi, aha½ cat³hi paccayehi tumhe upaµµhahiss±mi, tumhe yoniso manasik±re m± pamajjitth±”ti nibaddhabhikkha½ paµµhapesi. Thero r±j±na½ upatthambhaka½ labhitv± bhojanasapp±yena ekaggacitto hutv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tato paµµh±ya s± itth² antaradh±yi.
Tad± mah±subhadd± ugganagare micch±diµµhikakule vasam±n± “satth± ma½ anukampat³”ti uposatha½ adhiµµh±ya nir±magandh± hutv± uparip±s±datale µhit± “im±ni pupph±ni antare aµµhatv± dasabalassa matthake vit±na½ hutv± tiµµhantu, dasabalo im±ya saññ±ya sve pañcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ mayha½ bhikkha½ gaºhat³”ti saccakiriya½ katv± aµµha sumanapupphamuµµhiyo vissajjesi. Pupph±ni gantv± dhammadesan±vel±ya satthu matthake vit±na½ hutv± aµµha½su. Satth± ta½ sumanapupphavit±na½ disv± citteneva subhadd±ya bhikkha½ adhiv±setv± punadivase aruºe uµµhite ±nandatthera½ ±ha– “±nanda, maya½ ajja d³ra½ bhikkh±c±ra½ gamiss±ma, puthujjan±na½ adatv± ariy±na½yeva sal±ka½ deh²”ti. Thero bhikkh³na½ ±rocesi– “±vuso, satth± ajja d³ra½ bhikkh±c±ra½ gamissati, puthujjan± m± gaºhantu, ariy±va sal±ka½ gaºhant³”ti. Kuº¹adh±natthero “±hara, ±vuso sal±kan”ti paµhama½yeva hattha½ pas±resi. ¾nando “satth± t±dis±na½ bhikkh³na½ sal±ka½ na d±peti, ariy±na½yeva d±pet²”ti vitakka½ upp±detv± gantv± satthu ±rocesi. Satth± “±har±pentassa sal±ka½ deh²”ti ±ha. Thero cintesi– “sace kuº¹adh±nassa sal±k± d±tu½ na yutt±, atha satth± paµib±heyya, bhavissati ettha k±raºan”ti “kuº¹adh±nassa sal±ka½ dass±m²”ti gamana½ abhin²hari. Kuº¹adh±no tassa pure ±gaman± eva abhiññ±p±daka½ catutthajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± iddhiy± ±k±se µhatv± “±har±vuso, ±nanda, satth± ma½ j±n±ti, m±disa½ bhikkhu½ paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaºhanta½ na satth± niv±ret²”ti hattha½ pas±retv± sal±ka½ gaºhi. Satth± ta½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± thera½ imasmi½ s±sane paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaºhant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi. Yasm± aya½ thero r±j±na½ upatthambhaka½ labhitv± sapp±y±h±ral±bhena sam±hitacitto vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto upanissayasampannat±ya cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.4.1-16)–
“Satt±ha½ paµisall²na½, sayambhu½ aggapuggala½;
pasannacitto sumano, buddhaseµµha½ upaµµhahi½.
“Vuµµhita½ k±lamaññ±ya, padumuttara½ mah±muni½;
mahanti½ kadal²kaººi½, gahetv± upagacchaha½.
“Paµiggahetv± bhagav±, sabbaññ³ lokan±yako;
mama citta½ pas±dento, paribhuñji mah±muni.
“Paribhuñjitv± sambuddho, satthav±ho anuttaro;
sak±sane nis²ditv±, im± g±th± abh±satha.
“Ye ca santi samit±ro, yakkh± imamhi pabbate;
araññe bh³tabhaby±ni, suºantu vacana½ mama.
“Yo so buddha½ upaµµh±si, migar±ja½va kesari½;
tamaha½ kittayiss±mi, suº±tha mama bh±sato.
“Ek±dasañcakkhattu½ so, devar±j± bhavissati;
catuv²satikkhattuñca, cakkavatt² bhavissati.
“Kappasatasahassamhi, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Akkositv±na samaºe, s²lavante an±save;
p±pakammavip±kena, n±madheyya½ labhissati.
“Tassa dhamme sud±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
kuº¹adh±noti n±mena, s±vako so bhavissati.
“Pavivekamanuyutto, jh±y² jh±narato aha½;
tosayitv±na satth±ra½, vihar±mi an±savo.
“S±vakehi parivuto, bhikkhusaªghapurakkhato;
bhikkhusaªghe nis²ditv±, sal±ka½ g±hay² jino.
“Eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv±, vanditv± lokan±yaka½;
vadata½ varassa purato, paµhama½ aggahesaha½.
“Tena kammena bhagav±, dasasahassikampako;
bhikkhusaªghe nis²ditv±, aggaµµh±ne µhapesi ma½.
“V²riya½ me dhuradhorayha½, yogakkhem±dhiv±hana½;
dh±remi antima½ deha½, samm±sambuddhas±sane.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
eva½bh³tassapi imassa therassa guºe aj±nant± ye puthujjan± bhikkh³ tad± paµhama½ sal±kaggahaºe “ki½ nu kho etan”ti samacintesu½; tesa½ vimatividhamanattha½ thero ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± iddhip±µih±riya½ dassetv± aññ±padesena añña½ by±karonto “pañca chinde”ti g±tha½ abh±si;
15. tattha pañca chindeti ap±y³papattinibbattanak±ni pañcorambh±giy±ni sa½yojan±ni p±de bandhanarajjuka½ viya puriso satthena heµµhimamaggattayena chindeyya pajaheyya; pañca jaheti uparidevalok³papattihetubh³t±ni pañcuddhambh±giyasa½yojan±ni puriso g²v±ya bandhanarajjuka½ viya arahattamaggena jaheyya, chindeyya v±ti attho; pañca cuttari bh±vayeti tesa½yeva uddhambh±giyasa½yojan±na½ pah±n±ya saddh±d²ni pañcindriy±ni uttari an±g±mimagg±dhigamato upari bh±veyya aggamagg±dhigamavasena va¹¹heyya; pañcasaªg±tigoti eva½bh³to pana pañcanna½ r±gadosamoham±nadiµµhisaªg±na½ atikkamanena pah±nena pañcasaªg±tigo hutv±; bhikkhu oghatiººoti vuccat²ti sabbath± bhinnakilesat±ya bhikkh³ti, k±mabhavadiµµhi-avijjoghe taritv± tesa½ p±rabh³te nibb±ne µhitoti ca vuccat²ti attho;

kuº¹adh±nattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;