9. Yasojattherag±th±vaººan±

K±lapabbaªgasaªk±soti ±yasmato yasojattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto vipassissa bhagavato k±le ±r±magopakakule nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto ekadivasa½ vipassi½ bhagavanta½ ±k±sena gacchanta½ disv± pasannam±naso labujaphala½ ad±si.
So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthinagaradv±re kevaµµag±me pañcakulasatajeµµhakassa kevaµµassa putto hutv± nibbatti, yasojotissa n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto attano sah±yehi kevaµµaputtehi saddhi½ macchagahaºattha½ aciravatiya½ nadiya½ j±la½ khipi. Tattheko suvaººavaººo mah±maccho antoj±la½ p±visi. Ta½ te rañño pasenadissa dassesu½ R±j± “imassa suvaººavaººassa macchassa vaººak±raºa½ bhagav± j±n±t²”ti maccha½ g±h±petv± bhagavato dassesi. Bhagav± “aya½ kassapassa samm±sambuddhassa s±sane osakkam±ne pabbajitv± micch± paµipajjanto s±sana½ osakk±petv± niraye nibbatto eka½ buddhantara½ niraye paccitv± tato cuto aciravatiya½ maccho hutv± nibbatto”ti vatv± tassa bhagin²nañca niraye nibbattabh±va½, tassa bh±tikattherassa parinibbutabh±vañca teneva kath±petv± imiss± aµµhuppattiy± kapilasutta½ desesi.
Satthu desana½ sutv± yasojo sa½vegaj±to saddhi½ attano sah±yehi bhagavato santike pabbajitv± patir³pe µh±ne vasanto ekadivasa½ sapariso bhagavanta½ vanditu½ jetavana½ agam±si. Tassa ±gamane sen±sanapaññ±pan±din± vih±re ucc±saddamah±saddo ahosi. Ta½ sutv± “bhagav± saparisa½ yasoja½ paº±mes²”ti (ud±. 23) sabba½ ud±ne ±gatanayena veditabba½. Paº±mito pana ±yasm± yasojo kas±bhihato bhaddo ass±j±n²yo viya sa½viggam±naso saddhi½ paris±ya vaggumud±ya nadiy± t²re vasanto ghaµento v±yamanto vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± antovasseyeva cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.47.32-39)–
“Nagare bandhumatiy±, ±r±miko aha½ tad±;
addasa½ viraja½ buddha½, gacchanta½ anilañjase.
“Labuja½ phalam±d±ya, buddhaseµµhassad±saha½;
±k±seva µhito santo, paµiggaºhi mah±yaso.
“Vittisañj±nano mayha½, diµµhadhammasukh±vaho;
phala½ buddhassa datv±na, vippasannena cetas±.
“Adhigañchi½ tad± p²ti½, vipula½ sukhamuttama½;
uppajjateva ratana½, nibbattassa tahi½ tahi½.
“Ekanavutito kappe, ya½ phala½ adadi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, phalad±nassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
cha¼abhiñña½ pana sam±na½ saparisa½ ±yasmanta½ yasoja½ satth± pakkositv± ±neñjasam±pattin± paµisanth±ramak±si; so sabbepi dhutaªgadhamme sam±d±ya vattati; tenassa sar²ra½ kisa½ ahosi l³kha½ dubbaººa½, ta½ bhagav± paramappicchat±ya pasa½santo–
243. “k±lapabbaªgasaªk±so kiso dhamanisanthato;
mattaññ³ annap±namhi, ad²nam±naso naro”ti.– Paµhama½ g±tham±ha.
Tattha k±lapabbaªgasaªk±soti ma½s³pacayavigamena kisadusaºµhitasar²r±vayavat±ya dantilat±pabbasadisaªgo, ten±ha “kiso dhamanisanthato”ti. Kisoti moneyyapaµipad±p³raºena kisasar²ro. Dhamanisanthatoti dhaman²hi santhatagatto appama½salohitat±ya p±kaµ²hi kaº¹arasir±hi vitatasar²ro. Mattaññ³ti pariyesanapaµiggahaºaparibhogavissajjanesu pam±ºaññ³. Ad²nam±nasoti kosajj±d²hi anabhibh³tatt± al²nacitto akus²tavutti. Naroti puriso, porisassa dhurassa vahanato porisalakkhaºasampanno purisadhorayhoti adhipp±yo.
Eva½ thero satth±r± pasaµµho pasaµµhabh±v±nur³pa½ attano adhiv±sanakhantiv²riy±rambhavivek±bhiratikittanamukhena bhikkh³na½ dhamma½ kathento–
244. “Phuµµho ¹a½sehi makasehi, araññasmi½ brah±vane;
n±go saªg±mas²seva, sato tatr±dhiv±saye.
245. “Yath± brahm± tath± eko, yath± devo tath± duve;
yath± g±mo tath± tayo, kol±hala½ tatuttarin”ti.–

Im± dve g±th± abh±si.

Tattha n±go saªg±mas²sev±ti yath± n±ma ±j±neyyo hatthin±go yuddhamaº¹ale asisattitomar±dippah±re adhiv±setv± parasena½ viddha½seti, eva½ bhikkhu araññasmi½ brah±vane araññ±niya½ ¹a½s±diparissaye sato sampaj±no adhiv±seyya, adhiv±setv± ca bh±van±balena m±rabala½ vidhameyya.
Yath± brahm±ti yath± brahm± ekako cittappakoparahito jh±nasukhena niccameva sukhito viharati tath± ekoti bhikkhupi eko adutiyo vivekasukhamanubr³hento sukha½ viharati. Ekassa s±maññasukha½ paº²tanti hi vutta½. Etena ekavih±r² bhikkhu “brahmasamo”ti ov±da½ deti. Yath± devo tath± duveti yath± dev±na½ antarantar± cittappakopopi siy±, tath± dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ sahav±se ghaµµan±pi bhaveyy±ti sadutiyav±sena bhikkhu “devasamo”ti vutto. Yath± g±mo tath± tayoti asmimeva p±µhe tiººa½ bhikkh³na½ sahav±so g±mav±sasadiso vivekav±so na hot²ti adhipp±yo Kol±hala½ tatuttarinti tato tayato upari ca bah³na½ sa½v±so kol±hala½ ucc±saddamah±saddamah±janasannip±tasadiso, tasm± ekavih±rin± bhavitabbanti adhipp±yoti.

Yasojattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.