7. V±raºattherag±th±vaººan±

Yodha koci manusses³ti ±yasmato v±raºattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni karonto ito dv±navute kappe tissassa bhagavato uppattito puretarameva br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± br±hmaº±na½ vijj±sippesu p±rag³ hutv± isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± catupaºº±sasahass±na½ antev±sik±na½ mante v±cento vasati. Tena ca samayena tissassa bhagavato bodhisattabh³tassa tusit± k±y± cavitv± carimabhave m±tukucchi½ okkamanena mah±pathavikampo ahosi. Ta½ disv± mah±jano bh²to sa½viggo na½ isi½ upasaªkamitv± pathavikampanak±raºa½ pucchi. So “mah±bodhisatto m±tukucchi½ okkami, ten±ya½ pathavikampo, tasm± m± bh±yath±”ti buddhupp±dassa pubbanimittabh±va½ kathetv± samass±sesi, buddh±rammaºañca p²ti½ paµivedesi. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de kosalaraµµhe br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± v±raºoti laddhan±mo vayappatto aññatarassa ±raññakassa therassa santike dhamma½ sutv± laddhappas±do pabbajitv± samaºadhamma½ karoti. So ekadivasa½ buddhupaµµh±na½ gacchanto antar±magge ahinakule aññamañña½ kalaha½ katv± k±laªkate disv± “ime satt± aññamaññavirodhena j²vitakkhaya½ patt±”ti sa½viggam±naso hutv± bhagavato santika½ gato, tassa bhagav± citt±c±ra½ ñatv± tadanur³pameva ov±da½ dento–
237. “Yodha koci manussesu, parap±º±ni hi½sati;
asm± lok± paramh± ca, ubhay± dha½sate naro.
238. “Yo ca mettena cittena, sabbap±º±nukampati;
bahuñhi so pasavati, puñña½ t±disako naro.
239. “Subh±sitassa sikkhetha, samaº³p±sanassa ca;
ek±sanassa ca raho, cittav³pasamass± c±”ti.– Tisso g±th± abh±si.
Tattha yodha koci manusses³ti idha manussesu yo koci khattiyo v± br±hmaºo v± vesso v± suddo v± gahaµµho v± pabbajito v±. Manussaggahaºañcettha ukkaµµhasattanidassananti daµµhabba½. Parap±º±ni hi½sat²ti parasatte m±reti vib±dhati ca. Asm± lok±ti idha lokato. Paramh±ti paralokato. Ubhay± dha½sateti ubhayato dha½sati, ubhayalokapariy±pannahitasukhato parih±yat²ti attho. Naroti satto.
Eva½ parap²¼±lakkhaºa½ p±padhamma½ dassetv± id±ni parap²¼±nivattilakkhaºa½ kusala½ dhamma½ dassento “yo ca metten±”ti-±din± dutiya½ g±tham±ha. Tattha mettena citten±ti mett±sampayuttena cittena appan±pattena itar²tarena v±. Sabbap±º±nukampat²ti sabbe p±ºe attano orasaputte viya mett±yati. Bahuñhi so pasavati, puñña½ t±disako naroti so tath±r³po mett±vih±r² puggalo bahu½ mahanta½ anappaka½ kusala½ pasavati paµilabhati adhigacchati.
Id±ni ta½ sasambh±re samathavipassan±dhamme niyojento “subh±sitass±”ti-±din± tatiya½ g±tham±ha. Tattha subh±sitassa sikkheth±ti appicchakath±dibheda½ subh±sita½ pariyattidhamma½ savanadh±raºaparipucch±divasena sikkheyya. Samaº³p±sanassa c±ti samitap±p±na½ samaº±na½ kaly±ºamitt±na½ up±sak±na½ k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv± payirup±sanañceva paµipattiy± tesa½ sam²pacariyañca sikkheyya. Ek±sanassa ca raho cittav³pasamassa c±ti ekassa asah±yassa k±yaviveka½ anubr³hantassa raho kammaµµh±n±nuyogavasena ±sana½ nisajja½ sikkheyya. Eva½ kammaµµh±na½ anuyuñjanto bh±vanañca matthaka½ p±pento samucchedavasena kiles±na½ cittassa v³pasamañca sikkheyya. Y±hi adhis²lasikkh±d²hi kiles± accantameva v³pasant± pah²n± honti, t± maggaphalasikkh± sikkhantassa accantameva citta½ v³pasanta½ n±ma hot²ti. G±th±pariyos±ne vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.47.59-72)–
“Ajjhog±hetv± himava½, mante v±cemaha½ tad±;
catupaññ±sasahass±ni, siss± mayha½ upaµµhahu½.
“Adhit± vedag³ sabbe, cha¼aªge p±rami½ gat±;
sakavijj±hupatthaddh±, himavante vasanti te.
“Cavitv± tusit± k±y±, devaputto mah±yaso;
uppajji m±tukucchismi½, sampaj±no patissato.
“Sambuddhe upapajjante, dasasahassi kampatha;
andh± cakkhu½ alabhi½su, uppajjantamhi n±yake.
“Sabb±k±ra½ pakampittha, keval± vasudh± aya½;
nigghosasadda½ sutv±na, ubbijji½su mah±jan±.
“Sabbe jan± sam±gamma, ±gacchu½ mama santika½;
vasudh±ya½ pakampittha, ki½ vip±ko bhavissati.
“Avac±si½ tad± tesa½, m± bhetha natthi vo bhaya½;
visaµµh± hotha sabbepi, upp±doya½ suvatthiko.
“Aµµhahet³hi samphussa, vasudh±ya½ pakampati;
tath± nimitt± dissanti, obh±so vipulo mah±.
“Asa½saya½ buddhaseµµho, uppajjissati cakkhum±;
saññ±petv±na janata½, pañcas²le kathesaha½.
“Sutv±na pañcas²l±ni, buddhupp±dañca dullabha½;
ubbegaj±t± suman±, tuµµhahaµµh± aha½su te.
“Dvenavute ito kappe, ya½ nimitta½ viy±kari½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, by±karaºassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;

v±raºattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±;