3. B±kulattherag±th±vaººan±

Yo pubbe karaº²y±n²ti ±yasmato b±kulattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi kira at²te ito kappasatasahass±dhikassa asaªkhyeyyassa matthake anomadassissa bhagavato uppattito puretarameva br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± vayappatto tayo vede uggahetv± tattha s±ra½ apassanto “sampar±yikattha½ gavesiss±m²”ti isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± pabbatap±de viharanto pañc±bhiññ±-aµµhasam±pattil±bh² hutv± viharanto buddhupp±da½ sutv± satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ sutv± saraºesu patiµµhito satthu udar±b±dhe uppanne araññato bhesajj±ni ±haritv± ta½ v³pasametv± tattha puñña½ ±rogyatth±ya pariº±metv± tato cuto brahmaloke nibbattitv± eka½ asaªkhyeyya½ devamanussesu sa½saranto padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbatto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ app±b±dh±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± saya½ ta½ µh±nantara½ ±kaªkhanto paºidh±na½ katv± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ upacinitv± sugat²suyeva sa½saranto vipassissa bhagavato nibbattito puretarameva bandhumat²nagare br±hmaºakule nibbatto purimanayeneva isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± jh±n±bhiññ±l±bh² hutv± pabbatap±de vasanto buddhupp±da½ sutv± satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ sutv± saraºesu patiµµhito bhikkh³na½ tiºapupphakaroge uppanne ta½ v³pasametv± tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± tato cuto brahmaloke nibbattitv± ekanavutikappe devamanussesu sa½saranto kassapassa bhagavato k±le b±r±ºasiya½ kulagehe nibbattitv± ghar±v±sa½ vasanto eka½ jiººa½ vinassam±na½ mah±vih±ra½ disv± tattha uposath±g±r±dika½ sabba½ ±vasatha½ k±retv± tattha bhikkhusaªghassa sabba½ bhesajja½ paµiy±detv± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± eka½ buddhantara½ devamanussesu sa½saranto amh±ka½ bhagavato uppattito puretarameva kosambiya½ seµµhigehe nibbatti. So arogabh±v±ya mah±yamun±ya nh±piyam±no dh±tiy± hatthato macchena gilito macche kevaµµahatthagate b±r±ºasiseµµhibhariy±ya vikkiºitv± gahite ph±liyam±nepi puññabalena arogoyeva hutv± t±ya puttoti gahetv± posiyam±no ta½ pavatti½ sutv± janakehi m±t±pit³hi “aya½ amh±ka½ putto, detha no puttan”ti anuyoge kate raññ± “ubhayesampi s±dh±raºo hot³”ti dvinna½ kul±na½ d±y±dabh±vena vinicchaya½ katv± µhapitatt± b±kuloti laddhan±mo vayappatto hutv± mahati½ sampatti½ anubhavanto ±s²tiko hutv± satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± satt±hameva puthujjano ahosi, aµµhame aruºe saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.40.386-411)–
“Himavantass±vid³re sobhito n±ma pabbato;
assamo sukato mayha½, sakasissehi m±pito.
“Maº¹ap± ca bah³ tattha, pupphit± sindhuv±rak±;
kapitth± ca bah³ tattha, pupphit± j²vaj²vak±.
“Nigguº¹iyo bah³ tattha, badar±malak±ni ca;
ph±rusak± al±b³ ca, puº¹ar²k± ca pupphit±.
“¾¼ak± beluv± tattha, kadal² m±tuluªgak±;
mah±n±m± bah³ tattha, ajjun± ca piyaªguk±.
“Kosamb± sa¼al± nimb±, nigrodh± ca kapitthan±;
ediso assamo mayha½, sasissoha½ tahi½ vasi½.
“Anomadass² bhagav±, sayambh³ lokan±yako;
gavesa½ paµisall±na½, mamassamamup±gami.
“Upetamhi mah±v²re, anomadassimah±yase;
khaºena lokan±thassa, v±t±b±dho samuµµhahi.
“Vicaranto araññamhi, addasa½ lokan±yaka½;
upagantv±na sambuddha½, cakkhumanta½ mah±yasa½.
“Iriyañc±pi disv±na, upalakkhesaha½ tad±;
asa½sayañhi buddhassa, by±dhi no udapajjatha.
“Khippa½ assamam±gañchi½, mama siss±na santike;
bhesajja½ kattuk±moha½, sisse ±mantayi½ tad±.
“Paµissuºitv±na me v±kya½, siss± sabbe sag±rav±;
ekajjha½ sannipati½su, satthug±ravat± mama.
“Khippa½ pabbatam±ruyha, sabbosadhamah±saha½;
p±n²yayoga½ katv±na, buddhaseµµhassad±saha½.
“Paribhutte mah±v²re, sabbaññulokan±yake;
khippa½ v±to v³pasami, sugatassa mahesino.
“Passaddha½ daratha½ disv±, anomadass² mah±yaso;
sak±sane nis²ditv±, im± g±th± abh±satha.
“Yo me p±d±si bhesajja½, by±dhiñca samay² mama;
tamaha½ kittayiss±mi, suº±tha mama bh±sato.
“Kappasatasahass±ni, devaloke ramissati;
v±dite t³riye tattha, modissati sad± aya½.
“Manussalokam±gantv± sukkam³lena codito;
sahassakkhattu½ r±j± ca, cakkavatt² bhavissati.
“Pañcapaññ±sakappamhi, anomo n±ma khattiyo;
c±turanto vijit±v², jambumaº¹assa issaro.
“Sattaratanasampanno, cakkavatt² mahabbalo;
t±vati½sepi khobhetv±, issara½ k±rayissati.
“Devabh³to manusso v±, app±b±dho bhavissati;
pariggaha½ vivajjetv±, by±dhi½ loke tarissati.
“Aparimeyye ito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, nibb±yissatin±savo.
“Kilese jh±payitv±na, taºh±sota½ tarissati;
b±kulo n±ma n±mena, hessati satthu s±vako.
“Ida½ sabba½ abhiññ±ya, gotamo sakyapuªgavo;
bhikkhusaªghe nis²ditv±, etadagge µhapessati.
“Anomadass² bhagav±, sayambh³ lokan±yako;
vivek±nuvilokento, mamassamamup±gami.
“Up±gata½ mah±v²ra½, sabbaññu½ lokan±yaka½;
sabbosadhena tappesi½, pasanno sehi p±ºibhi.
“Tassa me sukata½ kamma½, sukhette b²jasampad±;
khepetu½ neva sakkomi, tad± hi sukata½ mama.
“L±bh± mama suladdha½ me, yoha½ addakkhi n±yaka½;
tena kamm±vasesena, pattomhi acala½ pada½.
“Sabbameta½ abhiññ±ya, gotamo sakyapuªgavo;
bhikkhusaªghe nis²ditv±, etadagge µhapesi ma½.
“Aparimeyye ito kappe, ya½ kammamakari½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, bhesajjassa ida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± ekadivasa½ satth±r± attano s±vake paµip±µiy± µh±nantare µhapentena app±b±dh±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapito so parinibb±nasamaye saªghamajjhe bhikkh³na½ ov±damukhena añña½ by±karonto–
225. “yo pubbe karaº²y±ni, pacch± so k±tumicchati;
sukh± so dha½sate µh±n±, pacch± ca manutappati.
226. “Yañhi kayir± tañhi vade, ya½ na kayir± na ta½ vade;
akaronta½ bh±sam±na½, parij±nanti paº¹it±.
227. “Susukha½ vata nibb±na½, samm±sambuddhadesita½;
asoka½ viraja½ khema½, yattha dukkha½ nirujjhat²”ti.– G±th±ttayamabh±si.
Tattha yo pubbe karaº²y±ni, pacch± so k±tumicchat²ti yo puggalo pubbe puretara½ jar±rog±d²hi anabhibh³tak±leyeva k±tabb±ni attano hitasukh±vah±ni kamm±ni pam±davasena akatv± pacch± so k±tabbak±la½ atikkamitv± k±tu½ icchati. Soti ca nip±tamatta½. Tad± pana jar±rog±d²hi abhibh³tatt± k±tu½ na sakkoti, asakkonto ca sukh± so dha½sate µh±n±, pacch± ca manutappat²ti so puggalo sukh± µh±n± saggato nibb±nato ca tadup±yassa anupp±ditatt± parih±yanto “akata½ me kaly±ºan”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.248; netti. 120) pacch± ca anutappati vippaµis±ra½ ±pajjati. Ma-k±ro padasandhikaro. Aha½ pana karaº²ya½ katv± eva tumhe eva½ vad±m²ti dassento “yañhi kayir±”ti dutiya½ g±tham±ha.
Tattha parij±nant²ti “ettako ayan”ti paricchijja j±nanti na bahu½ maññant²ti attho. Samm±paµipattivasena hi yath±v±d² tath±k±r² eva sobhati, na tato aññath±. Karaº²yapariy±yena s±dh±raºato vuttamattha½ id±ni sar³pato dassetu½ “susukha½ vat±”ti-±din± tatiya½ g±tham±ha. Tassattho– samm± s±ma½ sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± samm±sambuddhena bhagavat± desita½ sabbaso sokahet³na½ abh±vato asoka½ vigatar±g±dirajatt± viraja½ cat³hi yogehi anupaddutatt± khema½ nibb±na½ suµµhu sukha½ vata, kasm±? Yattha yasmi½ nibb±ne sakala½ vaµµadukkha½ nirujjhati accantameva v³pasamat²ti.

B±kulattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.