4. Moghar±jattherag±th±vaººan±

Chavip±paka cittabhaddak±ti ±yasmato moghar±jattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto ekadivasa½ satthu santike dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ l³khac²varadhar±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± ta½ µh±nantara½ ±kaªkhanto paºidh±na½ katv± tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni karonto atthadassissa bhagavato k±le br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± br±hmaº±na½ vijj±sippesu nipphatti½ gato br±hmaºam±ºave vijj±sipp±ni sikkh±pento ekadivasa½ atthadassi½ bhagavanta½ bhikkhusaªghaparivuta½ gacchanta½ disv± pasannam±naso pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± sirasi añjali½ katv± “y±vat± r³pino satt±”ti-±din± chahi g±th±hi abhitthavitv± bh±jana½ p³retv± madhu½ upan±mesi. Satth± madhu½ paµiggahetv± anumodana½ ak±si.
So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto kassapassa bhagavato k±le kaµµhav±hanassa n±ma rañño amacco hutv± tena satthu ±nayanattha½ purisasahassena pesito satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajitv± v²sativassasahass±ni samaºadhamma½ katv± tato cuto eka½ buddhantara½ sugat²suyeva parivattento imasmi½ buddhupp±de br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± moghar±j±ti laddhan±mo b±var²br±hmaºassa santike uggahitasippo sa½vegaj±to t±pasapabbajja½ pabbajitv± t±pasasahassapariv±ro ajit±d²hi saddhi½ satthu santika½ pesito tesa½ pannarasamo hutv± pañhe pucchitv± pañhavissajjanapariyos±ne arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 1.4.64-83)–
“Atthadass² tu bhagav±, sayambh³ apar±jito;
bhikkhusaªghapariby³¼ho, rathiya½ paµipajjatha.
“Sissehi samparivuto, gharamh± abhinikkhami½;
nikkhamitv±naha½ tattha, addasa½ lokan±yaka½.
“Abhiv±diya sambuddha½, sire katv±na añjali½;
saka½ citta½ pas±detv±, santhavi½ lokan±yaka½.
“Y±vat± r³pino satt±, ar³p² v± asaññino;
sabbe te tava ñ±ºamhi, anto honti samogadh±.
“Sukhumacchikaj±lena, udaka½ yo parikkhipe;
ye keci udake p±º±, antoj±le bhavanti te.
“Yesañca cetan± atthi, r³pino ca ar³pino;
sabbe te tava ñ±ºamhi, anto honti samogadh±.
“Samuddharasima½ loka½, andhak±rasam±kula½;
tava dhamma½ suºitv±na, kaªkh±sota½ taranti te.
“Avijj±nivute loke, andhak±rena otthaµe;
tava ñ±ºamhi jotante, andhak±r± padha½sit±.
“Tuva½ cakkh³si sabbesa½, mah±tamapan³dano;
tava dhamma½ suºitv±na, nibb±yati bahujjano.
“Puµaka½ p³rayitv±na, madhukhuddamane¼aka½;
ubho hatthehi paggayha, upanesi½ mahesino.
“Paµiggaºhi mah±v²ro, sahatthena mah± isi;
bhuñjitv± tañca sabbaññ³, veh±sa½ nabhamuggami.
“Antalikkhe µhito satth±, atthadass² nar±sabho;
mama citta½ pas±dento, im± g±th± abh±satha.
“Yenida½ thavita½ ñ±ºa½, buddhaseµµho ca thomito;
tena cittappas±dena, duggati½ so na gacchati.
“Catuddasañca khattu½ so, devarajja½ karissati;
pathaby± rajja½ aµµhasata½, vasudha½ ±vasissati.
“Pañceva satakkhattuñca, cakkavatt² bhavissati;
padesarajja½ asaªkheyya½, mahiy± k±rayissati.
“Ajjh±yako mantadharo, tiººa½ ved±na p±rag³;
gotamassa bhagavato, s±sane pabbajissati.
“Gambh²ra½ nipuºa½ attha½, ñ±ºena vicinissati;
moghar±j±ti n±mena, hessati satthu s±vako.
“T²hi vijj±hi sampanna½, katakiccaman±sava½;
gotamo satthav±haggo, etadagge µhapessati.
“Hitv± m±nusaka½ yoga½, chetv±na bhavabandhana½;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, vihar±mi an±savo.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± satthal³kha½ suttal³kha½ rajanal³khanti visesena tividhenapi l³khena samann±gata½ pa½suk³la½ dh±resi; tena na½ satth± l³khac²varadhar±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi; aparabh±ge purimakammappaccay± parih±rassa akaraºato therassa sar²re daddup²¼ak±d²ni uppajjitv± va¹¹hi½su; so “sen±sana½ dussat²”ti hemantepi magadhakkhettesu pal±lasanth±r±ni attharitv± seti; ta½ ekadivasa½ upaµµh±na½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinna½ satth± paµisanth±ravasena “chavip±pak±”ti-±din± paµhamag±th±ya pucchi;
207. tattha chavip±pak±ti daddukacchup²¼ak±hi bhinnacchavibh±vato h²nacchavika duµµhacchavika cittabhaddak±ti anavasesakilesappah±nena brahmavih±rasevan±ya ca bhaddacitta sundaracitta; moghar±j±ti tassa ±lapana½; satata½ sam±hitoti aggaphalasam±dhin± niccak±la½ abhiºha½ sam±hitam±naso; hemantikas²tak±larattiyoti hemantasamaye s²tak±larattiyo; accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½; “hemantik± s²tak±larattiyo”tipi p±¼i; tattha hemantik±ti hemantogadh± hemantapariy±pann±ti attho; bhikkhu tva½ s²ti bhikkhu ko tva½ asi, eva½bh³to paresu tava sen±sana½ katv± adentesu saªghikañca sen±sana½ apavisanto; katha½ karissas²ti yath±vutte s²tak±le katha½ attabh±va½ pavattes²ti satth± pucchi; eva½ pana puµµho thero satthu tamattha½ kathento–
208. “sampannasass± magadh±, keval± iti me suta½;
pal±lacchannako seyya½, yathaññe sukhaj²vino”ti.– G±tham±ha.
Tattha sampannasass±ti nipphannasass±. Magadh±ti magadharaµµha½ vadati. Magadh± n±ma j±napadino r±jakum±r±, tesa½ niv±so ekopi janapado ru¼h²vasena “magadh±”tveva bahuvacanena vuccati. Keval±ti anavases±. Iti me sutanti eva½ may± suta½. Tattha yo adiµµho padeso, tassa vasena sutanti vutta½. Tena edise k±le magadhesu yattha katthaci may± vasitu½ sakk±ti dasseti. Pal±lacchannako seyya½, yathaññe sukhaj²vinoti yath± aññe sukhaj²vino bhikkh³ sen±sanasapp±ya½ laddh± sundarehi attharaºap±vuraºehi sukhena sayanti, eva½ ahampi pal±lasanth±rameva heµµh± santharitv± upari tiriyañca pal±lacchadaneneva ch±ditasar²rat±ya pal±lacchannako seyya½ sayi½, seyya½ kappesinti attano yath±l±bhasantosa½ vibh±veti.

Moghar±jattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.