5. Pañcamavaggo

1. Kum±rakassapattherag±th±vaººan±

Aho buddh± aho dhamm±ti ±yasmato kum±rakassapattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave puññ±ni upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± viññuta½ p±puºi. “Kulagehe”ti pana aªguttaraµµhakath±ya½ (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.217) vutta½. So satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ cittakathik±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± sayampi ta½ µh±nantara½ ±kaªkhanto paºidh±na½ katv± tadanur³p±ni puññ±ni karonto kassapassa bhagavato k±le samaºadhamma½ katv± sugat²suyeva sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de r±jagahe seµµhidh²t±ya kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi. S± kira kum±rik±k±leyeva pabbajituk±m± hutv± m±t±pitaro y±citv± pabbajja½ alabham±n± kulaghara½ gat±pi gabbhasaºµhitampi aj±nant² s±mika½ ±r±dhetv± tena anuññ±t± bhikkhun²su pabbajit±. Tass± gabbhinibh±va½ disv± bhikkhuniyo devadatta½ pucchi½su. So “assamaº²”ti ±ha. Puna dasabala½ pucchi½su. Satth± up±litthera½ paµicch±pesi. Thero s±vatthinagarav±s²ni kul±ni vis±khañca up±sika½ pakkos±petv± sar±jik±ya paris±ya vinicchinanto “pure laddho gabbho, pabbajj± arog±”ti ±ha. Satth± “suvinicchita½ adhikaraºan”ti therassa s±dhuk±ra½ ad±si.
S± bhikkhun² suvaººabimbasadisa½ putta½ vij±yi. Ta½ r±j± pasenadikosalo posesi. “Kassapo”ti cassa n±ma½ aka½su. Aparabh±ge alaªkaritv± satthu santika½ netv± pabb±jesi. Kum±rak±le pabbajitatt± bhagavat± “kassapa½ pakkosatha, ida½ phala½ v± kh±dan²ya½ v± kassapassa deth±”ti vutte “katarakassapass±”ti. “Kum±rakassapass±”ti. Eva½ gahitan±matt± rañño pos±vanikaputtatt± ca vu¹¹hak±lepi kum±rakassapotveva paññ±yittha.
So pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya vipassan±ya ceva kamma½ karoti, buddhavacanañca uggaºh±ti. Atha tena saddhi½ pabbatamatthake samaºadhamma½ katv± an±g±m² hutv± suddh±v±se nibbatto mah±brahm± “vipassan±ya mukha½ dassetv± maggaphalappattiy± up±ya½ kariss±m²”ti pañcadasa pañhe abhisaªkharitv± andhavane vasantassa therassa “ime pañhe satth±ra½ puccheyy±s²”ti ±cikkhitv± gato. So te pañhe bhagavanta½ pucchi. Bhagav±pissa by±k±si. Thero satth±r± kathitaniy±meneva te uggaºhitv± vipassana½ gabbha½ gaºh±petv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.54.150-177)–
“Ito satasahassamhi, kappe uppajji n±yako;
sabbalokahito v²ro, padumuttaran±mako.
“Tad±ha½ br±hmaºo hutv±, vissuto vedap±rag³;
div±vih±ra½ vicara½, addasa½ lokan±yaka½.
“Catusacca½ pak±senta½, bodhayanta½ sadevaka½;
vicittakathik±nagga½, vaººayanta½ mah±jane.
“Tad± muditacittoha½, nimantetv± tath±gata½;
n±n±rattehi vatthehi, alaªkaritv±na maº¹apa½.
“N±n±ratanapajjota½, sasaªgha½ bhojayi½ tahi½;
bhojayitv±na satt±ha½, n±naggarasabhojana½.
“N±n±cittehi pupphehi, p³jayitv± sas±vaka½;
nipacca p±dam³lamhi, ta½ µh±na patthayi½ aha½.
“Tad± munivaro ±ha, karuºekaras±sayo;
passatheta½ dijavara½, padum±nanalocana½.
“P²tip±mojjabahula½ samuggatatan³ruha½;
h±samhitavis±lakkha½, mama s±sanal±lasa½.
“Patita½ p±dam³le me, ek±vatthasum±nasa½;
esa pattheti ta½ µh±na½, vicittakathikattana½.
“Satasahassito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
kum±rakassapo n±ma, hessati satthu s±vako.
“Vicittapupphaduss±na½, ratan±nañca v±has±;
vicittakathik±na½ so, aggata½ p±puºissati.
“Tena kammena sukatena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½samagacchaha½.
“Paribbhama½ bhav±bhave, raªgamajjhe yath± naµo;
s±khamigatrajo hutv±, migiy± kucchimokkami½.
“Tad± mayi kucchigate, vajjhav±ro upaµµhito;
s±khena catt± me m±t±, nigrodha½ saraºa½ gat±.
“Tena s± migar±jena, maraº± parimocit±;
pariccajitv± sap±ºa½, mameva½ ovad² tad±.
“Nigrodhameva seveyya, na s±khamupasa½vase;
nigrodhasmi½ mata½ seyyo, yañce s±khamhi j²vita½.
“Ten±nusiµµh± migay³thapena, ahañca m±t± ca tathetare ca;
±gamma ramma½ tusit±dhiv±sa½, gat± pav±sa½ saghara½ yatheva.
“Puno kassapav²rassa, atthamentamhi s±sane;
±ruyha selasikhara½, yuñjitv± jinas±sana½.
“Id±n±ha½ r±jagahe, j±to seµµhikule ahu½;
±pannasatt± me m±t±, pabbaji anag±riya½.
“Sagabbha½ ta½ viditv±na, devadattamup±nayu½;
so avoca vin±setha, p±pika½ bhikkhuni½ ima½.
“Id±nipi munindena, jinena anukampit±;
sukhin² ajan² mayha½, m±t± bhikkhunupassaye.
“Ta½ viditv± mah²p±lo, kosalo ma½ aposayi;
kum±raparih±nena, n±men±hañca kassapo.
“Mah±kassapam±gamma, aha½ kum±rakassapo;
vammikasadisa½ k±ya½, sutv± buddhena desita½.
“Tato citta½ vimucci me, anup±d±ya sabbaso;
p±y±si½ damayitv±ha½, etadaggamap±puºi½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatta½ pana patv± cittakathikabh±vena satth±r± etadagge µhapito attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± ratanattayaguºavibh±vanamukhena añña½ by±karonto–
201. “aho buddh± aho dhamm±, aho no satthu sampad±;
yattha et±disa½ dhamma½, s±vako sacchik±hiti.
202. “Asaªkheyyesu kappesu, sakk±y±dhigat± ah³;
tesamaya½ pacchimako, carimoya½ samussayo;
j±timaraºasa½s±ro, natthi d±ni punabbhavo”ti.– G±th±dvaya½ abh±si.
Tattha ahoti acchariyatthe nip±to. Buddh±ti sabbaññubuddh±, g±ravavasena bahuvacana½, aho acchariy± sambuddh±ti attho. Dhamm±ti pariyattidhammena saddhi½ nava lokuttaradhamm±. Aho no satthu sampad±ti amh±ka½ satthu dasabalassa aho sampattiyo. Yatth±ti yasmi½ satthari brahmacariyav±sena. Et±disa½ dhamma½, s±vako sacchik±hit²ti et±disa½ evar³pa½ suvisuddhajjh±n±bhiññ±pariv±ra½ anavasesakilesakkhay±vaha½ santa½ paº²ta½ anuttara½ dhamma½ s±vakopi n±ma sacchikarissati, tasm± eva½vidhaguºavises±dhigamahetubh³t± aho acchariy± buddh± bhagavanto, acchariy± dhammaguº±, acchariy± amh±ka½ satthu sampattiyoti ratanattayassa guº±dhimutti½ pavedes²ti. Dhammasampattikittaneneva hi saªghasuppaµipatti kittit± hot²ti.
Eva½ s±dh±raºavasena dassita½ dhammassa sacchikiriya½ id±ni attupan±yika½ katv± dassento “asaªkheyyes³”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha asaªkheyyes³ti gaºanapatha½ v²tivattesu mah±kappesu. Sakk±y±ti pañcup±d±nakkhandh±. Te hi paramatthato vijjam±nadhammasam³hat±ya “sakk±y±”ti vuccanti. Ah³ti nivattan³p±yassa anadhigatatt± anapagat± ahesu½. Tesamaya½ pacchimako carimoya½ samussayoti yasm± aya½ sabbapacchimako, tato eva carimo, tasm± j±timaraºasahito khandh±dipaµip±µisaññito sa½s±ro id±ni ±yati½ punabbhav±bh±vato punabbhavo natthi, ayamantim± j±t²ti attho.

Kum±rakassapattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.