8. Bharatattherag±th±vaººan±

Ehi nandaka, gacch±m±ti ±yasmato bharatattherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira anomadassissa bhagavato k±le kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto ekadivasa½ manuññadassana½ mudusukhasamphassa½ up±hanadvaya½ gahetv± gacchanto satth±ra½ caªkamanta½ disv± pasannam±naso up±han± upan±metv±, “abhiruhatu bhagav± up±han±, ya½ mama assa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±”ti ±ha. Abhiruhi bhagav± tassa anuggaºhanattha½ up±han±. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de camp±nagare gahapatikule nibbatti, bharatotissa n±ma½ ahosi. So viññuta½ patto soºattherassa pabbajitabh±va½ sutv± “sopi n±ma pabbaj²”ti sañj±tasa½vego pabbajitv± katapubbakicco vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto nacirasseva cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.48.71-89)–
“Anomadass² bhagav±, lokajeµµho nar±sabho;
div±vih±r± nikkhamma, patham±ruhi cakkhum±.
“P±nadhi½ sukata½ gayha, addh±na½ paµipajjaha½;
tatthaddas±si½ sambuddha½, pattika½ c±rudassana½.
“Saka½ citta½ pas±detv±, n²haritv±na p±nadhi½;
p±dam³le µhapetv±na, ida½ vacanamabravi½.
“Abhir³ha mah±v²ra, sugatinda vin±yaka;
ito phala½ labhiss±mi, so me attho samijjhatu.
“Anomadass² bhagav±, lokajeµµho nar±sabho;
p±nadhi½ abhir³hitv±, ida½ vacanamabravi.
“Yo p±nadhi½ me ad±si, pasanno sehi p±ºibhi;
tamaha½ kittayiss±mi, suº±tha mama bh±sato.
“Buddhassa giramaññ±ya, sabbe dev± sam±gat±;
udaggacitt± suman±, vedaj±t± katañjal².
“P±nadh²na½ pad±nena, sukhitoya½ bhavissati;
pañcapaññ±sakkhattuñca, devarajja½ karissati.
“Sahassakkhattu½ r±j± ca, cakkavatt² bhavissati;
padesarajja½ vipula½, gaºan±to asaªkhiya½.
“Aparimeyye ito kappe, okk±kakulasambhavo;
gotamo n±ma gottena, satth± loke bhavissati.
“Tassa dhammesu d±y±do, oraso dhammanimmito;
sabb±save pariññ±ya, nibb±yissatin±savo.
“Devaloke manusse v±, nibbattissati puññav±;
devay±napaµibh±ga½, y±na½ paµilabhissati.
“P±s±d± sivik± vayha½, hatthino samalaªkat±;
rath± v±jaññasa½yutt±, sad± p±tubhavanti me.
“Ag±r± nikkhamantopi, rathena nikkhami½ aha½;
kesesu chijjam±nesu, arahattamap±puºi½.
“L±bh± mayha½ suladdha½ me, v±ºijja½ suppayojita½;
datv±na p±nadhi½ eka½, pattomhi acala½ pada½.
“Aparimeyye ito kappe, ya½ p±nadhimad±saha½;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, p±nadhissa ida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
cha¼abhiñño pana hutv± attano kaniµµhabh±tikena nandakattherena heµµh± vuttanayena aññ±by±karaºe kate “id±ni nandakopi arah± j±to, handa maya½ ubhopi satthu santika½ gantv± vusitabrahmacariyata½ nivedess±m±ti uppanna½ parivitakka½ nandakattherassa kathento–
175. “ehi nandaka gacch±ma, upajjh±yassa santika½;
s²han±da½ nadiss±ma, buddhaseµµhassa sammukh±.
176. “Y±ya no anukamp±ya, amhe pabb±jay² muni;
so no attho anuppatto, sabbasa½yojanakkhayo”ti.– G±th±dvaya½ abh±si.
Tattha nandak±ti ±lapana½. Eh²ti tassa attano santikakaraºa½. Gacch±m±ti tena attan± ca ekajjha½ k±tabbakiriy±vacana½, upajjh±yass±ti samm±sambuddhassa, samm±sambuddho hi samantacakkhun± buddhacakkhun± ca satt±na½ ±say±nusayacarit±d²na½ yath±bh³tavilokanena sadevakassa lokassa vajj±vajja½ upanijjh±yat²ti visesato upajjh±yoti vattabbata½ arahati. Yadattha½ gamana½, ta½ dassetu½ “s²han±da½ nadiss±ma, buddhaseµµhassa sammukh±”ti ±ha. Yath±bhuccaguº±bhiby±h±rat±ya abh²tan±dabh±vato s²han±da½ buddhassa samm±sambuddhassa tato eva sabbasattuttamat±ya seµµhassa, buddh±na½ v± s±vakabuddh±d²na½ seµµhassa sammukh± purato nadiss±m±ti attho.
Yath± pana s²han±da½ nadituk±mo, ta½ dassento “y±y±”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha y±y±ti yadattha½, y±ya yadatth±nuppattiy±ti attho. Noti amh±ka½. Anukamp±y±ti anuggaºhanena amhe dvepi pabb±jayi pabb±jesi. Mun²ti bhagav±. So no attho anuppattoti so attho sabbesa½ sa½yojan±na½ khayabh³ta½ arahattaphala½ no amhehi anuppatto, adhigatoti attho.

Bharatattherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.