2. Bhaddajittherag±th±vaººan±

Pan±do n±ma so r±j±ti ±yasmato bhaddajittherassa g±th±. K± uppatti? Aya½ kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto br±hmaº±na½ vijj±sippesu p±ra½ gantv± k±me pah±ya t±pasapabbajja½ pabbajitv± araññ±yatane assama½ k±retv± vasanto ekadivasa½ satth±ra½ ±k±sena gacchanta½ disv± pasannam±naso añjali½ paggayha aµµh±si. Satth± tassa ajjh±saya½ ñatv± ±k±sato otari. Otiººassa pana bhagavato madhuñca bhisamu¼±lañca sappiñca kh²rañca upan±mesi, tassa ta½ bhagav± anukampa½ up±d±ya paµiggahetv± anumodana½ vatv± pakk±mi. So tena puññakammena tusite nibbatto tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± tato apar±para½ sugat²suyeva sa½saranto vipassissa bhagavato k±le mahaddhano seµµhi hutv± aµµhasaµµhibhikkhusahassa½ bhojetv± tic²varena acch±desi.
Eva½ bahu½ kusala½ katv± devaloke nibbattitv± tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± tato cavitv± manussesu uppanno buddhasuññe loke pañca paccekabuddhasat±ni cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahitv± tato cuto r±jakule nibbattitv± rajja½ anus±santo putta½ paccekabodhi½ adhigantv± µhita½ upaµµhahitv± tassa parinibbutassa dh±tuyo gahetv± cetiya½ katv± p³jesi. Eva½ tattha tattha t±ni puññ±ni katv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de bhaddiyanagare as²tikoµivibhavassa bhaddiyaseµµhissa ekaputtako hutv± nibbatti, bhaddaj²tissa n±ma½ ahosi. Tassa kira issariyabhogapariv±r±disampatti carimabhave bodhisattassa viya ahosi.
Tad± satth± s±vatthiya½ vassa½ vasitv± bhaddajikum±ra½ saªgaºhitu½ mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ bhaddiyanagara½ gantv± j±tiy±vane vasi tassa ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ±gamayam±no. Sopi upari p±s±de nisinno s²hapañjara½ vivaritv± olokento bhagavato santike dhamma½ sotu½ gacchanta½ mah±jana½ disv± “katth±ya½ mah±jano gacchat²”ti pucchitv± ta½ k±raºa½ sutv± sayampi mahat± pariv±rena satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ suºanto sabb±bharaºapaµimaº¹itova sabbakilese khepetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. thera 2.56.98-116)–
“Oggayha ya½ pokkharaºi½, n±n±kuñjarasevita½;
uddhar±mi bhisa½ tattha, gh±sahetu aha½ tad±.
“Bhagav± tamhi samaye, padumuttarasavhayo;
rattambaradharo buddho, gacchate anilañjase.
“Dhunanto pa½suk³l±ni, sadda½ assosaha½ tad±;
uddha½ nijjh±yam±noha½, addasa½ lokan±yaka½.
“Tattheva µhitako santo, ±y±ci½ lokan±yaka½;
madhu½ bhisehi sahita½, kh²ra½ sappi½ mu¼±lika½.
“Paµiggaºh±tu me buddho, anukamp±ya cakkhum±;
tato k±ruºiko satth±, orohitv± mah±yaso.
“Paµiggaºhi mama½ bhikkha½, anukamp±ya cakkhum±;
paµiggahetv± sambuddho, ak± me anumodana½.
“Sukh² hotu mah±puñña, gati tuyha½ samijjhatu;
imin± bhisad±nena, labhassu vipula½ sukha½.
“Ida½ vatv±na sambuddho, jalajuttaman±mako;
bhikkham±d±ya sambuddho, ±k±sen±gam± jino.
“Tato bhisa½ gahetv±na, ±gacchi½ mama assama½;
bhisa½ rukkhe laggetv±na, mama d±na½ anussari½.
“Mah±v±to uµµhahitv±, sañc±lesi vana½ tad±;
±k±so abhin±dittha, asan² ca phal² tad±.
“Tato me asan²p±to, matthake nipat² tad±;
soha½ nisinnako santo, tattha k±laªkato aha½.
“Puññakammena saññutto, tusita½ upapajjaha½;
ka¼evara½ me patita½, devaloke ram±maha½.
“Cha¼as²tisahass±ni n±riyo samalaªkat±;
s±ya½ p±ta½ upaµµhanti, bhisad±nassida½ phala½.
“Manussayonim±gantv±, sukhito homaha½ tad±;
bhoge me ³nat± natthi, bhisad±nassida½ phala½.
“Anukampitako tena, devadevena t±din±;
sabb±sav± parikkh²º±, natthi d±ni punabbhavo.
“Satasahassito kappe, ya½ bhisa½ adadi½ tad±;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±mi, bhisad±nassida½ phala½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½…pe… kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti;
arahatte pana tena adhigate satth± bhaddiyaseµµhi½ ±mantesi– “tava putto alaªkatapaµiyatto dhamma½ suºanto arahatte patiµµh±si, tenassa id±neva pabbajitu½ yutta½, no ce pabbajati, parinibb±yissat²”ti; seµµhi “na mayha½ puttassa daharasseva sato parinibb±nena kicca½ atthi, pabb±jetha nan”ti ±ha; ta½ satth± pabb±jetv± upasamp±detv± tattha satt±ha½ vasitv± koµig±ma½ p±puºi, so ca g±mo gaªg±t²re; koµig±mav±sino buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ pavattesu½; bhaddajitthero satth±r± anumodan±ya ±raddhamatt±ya bahig±ma½ gantv± “gaªg±t²re maggasam²pe satthu ±gatak±le vuµµhahiss±m²”ti sam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± nis²di; mah±theresu ±gacchantesupi avuµµhahitv± satthu ±gatak±leyeva vuµµhahi; puthujjanabhikkh³, “aya½ adhun± pabbajito mah±theresu ±gacchantesu m±natthaddho hutv± na vuµµh±s²”ti ujjh±yi½su; koµig±mav±sino satthu bhikkhusaªghassa ca bah³ n±v±saªgh±µe bandhi½su, satth± “handassa ±nubh±va½ pak±sem²”ti n±v±saªgh±µe µhatv±, “kaha½, bhaddaj²”ti pucchi; bhaddajitthero “esoha½, bhante”ti satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± añjali½ katv± aµµh±si; satth±, “ehi, bhaddaji, amhehi saddhi½ ekan±va½ abhiruh±”ti; so uppatitv± satthu µhitan±v±ya½ aµµh±si; satth± gaªg±majjha½ gatak±le, “bhaddaji, tay± mah±pan±dar±jak±le ajjh±vuµµharatanap±s±do kahan”ti ±ha; “imasmi½ µh±ne nimuggo”ti; “tena hi, bhaddaji, sabrahmac±r²na½ kaªkha½ chind±”ti; tasmi½ khaºe thero satth±ra½ vanditv± iddhibalena gantv± p±s±dath³pika½ p±daªgulantarena sannirumbhitv± pañcav²satiyojana½ p±s±da½ gahetv± ±k±se uppati, uppatanto ca paññ±sa yojan±ni p±s±da½ udakato ukkhipi; athassa purimabhave ñ±tak± p±s±dagatena lobhena macchakacchapamaº¹³k± hutv± tasmi½ p±s±de uµµhahante parivattitv± udake pati½su; satth± te patante disv± “ñ±tak± te, bhaddaji, kilamant²”ti ±ha; thero satthu vacanena p±s±da½ vissajjesi; p±s±do yath±µh±ne eva patiµµhahi; satth± p±raªgato bhikkh³hi “kad±, bhante, bhaddajittherena aya½ p±s±do ajjh±vuµµho”ti puµµho mah±pan±daj±taka½ (j±. 1.3.40-41) kathetv± mah±jana½ dhamm±mata½ p±yesi; thero pana attano ajjh±vuµµhapubba½ suvaººap±s±da½ dassetv±–
163. “pan±do n±ma so r±j±, yassa y³po suvaººayo;
tiriya½ so¼asubbedho, ubbham±hu sahassadh±.
164. “Sahassakaº¹o satageº¹u, dhaj±lu harit±mayo;
anaccu½ tattha gandhabb±, cha sahass±ni sattadh±”ti.–

Dv²hi g±th±hi vaººento añña½ by±k±si.

Tattha pan±do n±ma so r±j±ti at²te pan±do n±ma so r±j± ahos²ti attabh±va-antarahitat±ya att±na½ para½ viya niddisati. So eva hi rajje µhitak±lato paµµh±ya sad± uss±hasampatti-±din± mahat± r±j±nubh±vena mahat± ca kittisaddena samann±gatatt± “r±j± mah±pan±do”ti paññ±yittha. Yassa y³po suvaººayoti yassa rañño aya½ y³po p±s±do suvaººamayo. Tiriya½ so¼asubbedhoti vitth±rato so¼asakaº¹ap±tappam±ºo. So pana a¹¹hayojanamatto hoti. Ubbh±m±hu sahassadh±ti ubbha½ ucca½ evamassa p±s±dassa sahassadh± sahassakaº¹appam±ºam±hu. So pana yojanato pañcav²satiyojanappam±ºo hoti. Keci panettha g±th±sukhattha½ “±h³”ti d²gha½ kata½. ¾hu ahos²ti attha½ vadanti.
Sahassakaº¹oti sahassabh³miko. Satageº¹³ti anekasataniyy³hako. Dhaj±l³ti tattha tattha niyy³hasikhar±d²su patiµµh±pitehi yaµµhidhajapaµ±kadhaj±didhajehi sampanno. Harit±mayoti c±m²karasuvaººamayo. Keci pana “haritaj±timaºisarikkhako”ti vadanti Gandhabb±ti naµ±. Cha sahass±ni sattadh±ti chamatt±ni gandhabbasahass±ni sattadh± tassa p±s±dassa sattasu µh±nesu rañño abhiram±panattha½ nacci½s³ti attho. Te eva½ naccant±pi r±j±na½ h±setu½ n±sakkhi½su. Atha sakko devar±j± devanaµe pesetv± samajja½ k±resi, tad± r±j± has²ti.

Bhaddajittherag±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.